幾霸葷>试卷(2014/03/07)

高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文題庫 下載題庫

98 年 - 098年 政府三等#14948 

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1.31 The danger of heart disease is a family affair. Women whose husbands suffer a heart attack often_____ to share many of their husbands’ cardiovascular risk factors.
(A) turn out
(B) make sense
(C) lose out
(D) take pains
2.32 The corporation can offer more opportunities to the efficient and _____employees and thus secure top-flight personnel.
(A) ambitious
(B) anxious
(C) ambivalent
(D) ambiguous
3.33 Although I live in an English-speaking environment, I still read Chinese books._____ does having an English name reduce the importance of Chinese culture in my heart.
(A) Thus
(B) Neither
(C) Nor
(D) In no way
4.34 A doctor’s schedule is always subject to change. He may try to finish his job by midnight but get_____ emergency cases. He will have to change his schedule then.
(A) caught up with
(B) tired of
(C) accustomed to
(D) held off
5.35 Although the Enlightenment may have overestimated the power of reason to guide human conduct, it nevertheless opened to men and women a more humane view of their fellow passengers.
(A) Although the Enlightenment failed to guide human conduct with reasoning, it has helped them understand the meaning of life.
(B) The Enlightenment advocates its main tenet in guiding human behaviors with a more humane view of their fellow passengers.
(C) The Enlightenment may not make human beings more rational, but it has brought them a more humane view of their fellowmen.
(D) Both humanity and reasoning power are the fundamental doctrines of the Enlightenment although reasoning has lost its function
6.36-40 Binge eating is not yet officially classified as a psychiatric disorder. But it may be more common than anorexia and bulimia. __36__ all three eating disorders appear in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, binge eating disorder is not considered a definitive diagnosis like anorexia and bulimia. The __37__ study of eating disorders was published by Harvard researchers in the journal Biological Psychiatry. It found__ 38__ in the general population of 0.6 percent for anorexia, 1 percent for bulimia, and 2.8 percent for binge-eating disorder. The survey was carried out from 2001 to 2003 among adults 18 and older. Eating disorders are commonly accompanied by other psychiatric illnesses. In the survey, more than half of the people with bulimia had major depression and 50 percent had phobias. __39__ , more than 94 percent of people with bulimia, 56 percent of those with anorexia, and 79 percent of those with binge-eating disorder had at least one other psychiatric diagnosis. Dr. Hudson said the most significant limitation of the study was its basis on self-reports, explaining that people tend to __40__ their problems with eating disorders. So the true occurrence, he said, is probably higher than the statistics.
【題組】 36.
(A) Lest
(B) While
(C) If
(D) Since
7.【題組】37
(A) outrageous
(B) deceptive
(C) presentable
(D) representative
8.【題組】38
(A) popularity
(B) extinction
(C) prevalence
(D) expiration
9.【題組】39
(A) Over all
(B) After all
(C) Honestly speaking
(D) To a certain degree
10.【題組】40
(A) clarify
(B) address
(C) grip
(D) underreport
11.41-45 Most Americans do not realize that the tradition of Halloween comes from Ireland and Scotland. It originated from Celts who lived in what is now France and the British Isles over 2000 years ago. A harvest festival was celebrated on October 31st and it also marked the beginning of the long, dark, cold winter. People then believed that the spirits of the dead walked upon the earth in the darkness so great fires were built on the hills to protect the people from bad spirits. Turnips were hollowed out and put a candle inside. When people went outside, they carried them to protect themselves from evil spirits. When the settlers came to America, they brought this custom with them. But they did not have turnips, so they used pumpkins instead. Now, children especially look forward to Halloween and the carving of pumpkins. As Halloween approaches, jack-o’-lanterns pop up on doorsteps everywhere. What is the best title for this passage?
【題組】41.
(A) The History of Halloween
(B) The Value of Pumpkins
(C) The History of the Settlers
(D) The Popularity of the Pumpkin
12.【題組】42 The phrase “pop up” is best replaced by .
(A) glow
(B) ripen
(C) shine
(D) appear
13.【題組】43 Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
(A) The settlers did not celebrate Halloween any more when they arrived in America.
(B) The settlers brought turnips from Europe to America.
(C) Only children celebrate Halloween.
(D) The settlers might not have seen pumpkins before they came to America.
14.【題組】44 Why did people carry a hollowed turnip with a candle in it 2000 years ago?
(A) They used the hollowed turnip as light source.
(B) They tried to protect themselves from bad spirits.
(C) They worked at night.
(D) They needed to keep themselves warm.
15.【題組】45 According to the passage, where did Halloween originate from?
(A) France
(B) America
(C) Ireland and Scotland
(D) Germany
16.46-50 Linguists subscribe to the belief that the languages of about one-third of the human race all developed from one Indo-European language. But who were the speakers of this ancient language? Linguistic detective work offers some clues: you can deduce a people’s history from the words they use. Study of some fifty ancient vocabularies has led to a reconstruction of the lifestyle of the first Indo-Europeans, a vanished people. From the words they used,it seems likely that they lived a half-settled, half-nomadic existence. They worshipped gods who are clear ancestors of Indian, Mediterranean, and Celtic deities. However, exactly who the original Indo-Europeans were and when they lived remain a hotly debated mystery. According to an early theory, they lived in Mesopotamia, but this idea was exploded by nineteenth-century archaeology. Today, some argue for the Krugan culture of the Russian steppes, others for the farming culture of the Danube valley. The most widely accepted theory locates the Indo-Europeans in a cold, northern climate where common words for snow and wolf were important. None of these prehistoric languages had a word for the sea. From this, and from our knowledge of nature, it is clear that the Indo-Europeans must have lived somewhere in northern central Europe.
【題組】46. What is this passage mainly about?
(A) The intellectual climate of the Indo-Europeans
(B) A study of prehistoric lifestyles
(C) A search for ancient Indo-Europeans
(D) Prehistoric ways of living
17.【題組】47 According to the passage, what does the underlined word “exploded” mean?
(A) Disproved
(B) Burst
(C) Arranged
(D) Destroyed
18.【題組】48 According to the passage, who might have created the Krugan culture?
(A) The original Indo-Europeans
(B) A tribe of Celtic origin
(C) A farming people in ancient Mesopotamia
(D) A tribe that led a settled life
19.【題組】49 According to the passage, what kind of study plays a major part in helping us understand the history of the Indo-Europeans?
(A) A study of prehistoric plants
(B) A study of prehistoric deities
(C) A study of prehistoric climate
(D) A study of prehistoric languages
20.【題組】50 According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A) None of the prehistoric languages studied had a word for sea.
(B) About two-thirds of human languages stemmed from Latin.
(C) The Indo-Europeans did not worship their gods and goddesses.
(D) There was an explosion in ancient Mesopotamia.