10.When we talk about “communication”, most of us probably think about verbal communication—that is, the words we use when talking. However, there is another important aspect to communication: non-verbal communication, which is communication done by using our bodies, gestures, and tones of voice—simply everything 40 the actual words we use. Actually, non-verbal communication is a rather recent field of study. Originally, scientists called this field kinesics, which is the scientific study of body movements used in communication. Movements 41 gestures, facial expressions, and posture. In addition to these movements, we also communicate with our speech rate and the volume of our speech. Non-verbal communication includes a wide range of actions.
The field of kinesics 42 a great deal to one man: Raymond Birdwhistle. Birdwhistle was a very famous American anthropologist. He predicted that about 70 percent of what is communicated in a conversation is non-verbal. It was Birdwhistle’s belief that the meaning of non-verbal behavior depended on the 43 in which it occurred. Because of this belief, he was very 44 looking at the whole context of non-verbal behavior—how and where certain types of non-verbal behavior appeared, not just the particular behavior alone.
【題組】40 (A)as well as (B)besides (C)except (D)exclusive
15.45 Ticket Agent: May I help you?
Woman: Yes. I have this ticket for next Saturday’s train to Tainan . ________
Ticket Agent: Do you want to go somewhere else?
Woman: No. I’m still going to Tainan, but I need to go today. My sister had her baby early!
(A)I need to buy a ticket to Taipei. (B)I don’t know if it’s on time or not.
(C)I want to know when it will arrive. (D)I need to exchange it.
16.To toot, to cut the cheese, or to pass gas. These are all funny ways to talk about something that everyone does: Farts! A normal person passes about half a liter of gas a day. That equals about 14 farts per day.
Then where do farts come from? There are several sources of fart gas. We get fart gas from the air we swallow. Gas also goes into our intestines from our blood. In addition, gas is also produced from chemical reactions and bacteria living in our intestines. Nervous people usually have more gas. This is because they swallow more air. Besides, food goes through their digestive systems faster. This means oxygen cannot be absorbed from the food in time. It turns into fart gas.
People’s diet affects the stinkiness of farts. The smell has to do with the sulphur in foods such as eggs, meat, and cauliflower. Beans cause a lot of farts, but these farts aren’t usually really stinky. Beans are not high in sulphur, but the sugar in them produces gas in the intestines.
Finally, people wonder, “Where do farts go when you hold them in?” Well, these farts will not poison you. However, you may get a bad stomachache from the pressure. Farts you hold in are neither released nor absorbed. They will come out sooner or later.
【題組】46 What is this passage mainly about?
(A)The way to reduce farts. (B)Facts to know about farts.
(C)How to have a healthy diet. (D)The dangers of holding in farts.
20.【題組】50 When we hold in a fart, where does it go?
(A)It is absorbed by the intestines.
(B)It is released from the mouth or nose.
(C)It is just delayed and will come out later.
(D)It goes back to the stomach and helps with digestion.