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100 年 - 100年台中一中第一次複習考英文#16245 

选择:56题,非选:3题
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1.1. We were so embarrassed when we_them say that they didn't like the meal we'd cooked for them.
(A) overthrew
(B) overworked
(C) overlooked
(D) overheard
2.2. The air has less oxygen in it at high_than it does at low ones.
(A) altitudes
(B) attitudes
(C) aptitudes
(D) multitudes
3.3. Heat the oil in the pan and firy the_and garlic for about two minutes.
(A) onion
(B) omelette
(C) otter
(D) oxen
4.4. Whenever a camera was pointed at hei; Della would instantly_herself into a radiant star.
(A) trade
(B) trim
(C) exchange
(D) transform
5.5. The boy acts like an adult; that is, he seems_for his age
(A) sophistical
(B) sophisticated
(C) symbolical
(D) subconscious
6.6. I liked the whole play and the singing particularly I thought was_.
(A) treaty
(B) tyrannical
(C) thoughtless
(D) tremendous
7.7. Tom's English has improved by_and bounds for he can converse with foreigners fluently.
(A) laps
(B) hips
(C) leaps
(D) inches
8.8. The executives recently spent their own money buying 30,000 GM shares, which is a_ they often use to boost confidence in a company.
(A) point
(B) react
(C) role
(D) gesture
9.9. It is_of you to follow her advice as she is a prominent scholar in the field of linguistics.
(A) sensitive
(B) sensible
(C) sentimental
(D) sensational
10.10. Locusts are_the most dangerous of all insects, as they will eat almost every green plant.
(A) possible
(B) maybe
(C) perhaps
(D) apt
11.11. The hawk_down, seized the rat and flew away.
(A) swooped
(B) snapped
(C) scratched
(D) sneaked
12.12. The ideal robot must be robust enough to handle the environment for limited periods, but relatively easy to_of as contaminated waste.
(A) impose
(B) compose
(C) dispose
(D) expose
13.13. Whenever he thought of the terrible car accident, he shivered_.
(A) hesitantly
(B) involuntarily
(C) reluctantly
(D) inaccessibly
14.14, If creativity is encouraged, students will become more excited, and _____ produce better work.
(A) in essence
(B) in vain
(C) in detail
(D) in turn
15.15. _, Taiwan has a fairly good public health system. Contagious diseases are nonexistent or are kept well under control.
(A) By and by
(B) On average
(C) On the whole
(D) Once upon a time
16.
第16至20題爲題組

        No bigger than a standard sheet of paper, Picasso's "Tete de Femme (Head of a Woman)'1 is     16    one of his largest works, but that apparently made it all the easier for a thief to steal it from a gallery in San Francisco on Tuesday. The work, a 1965 pencil drawing   17   10 5/8 inches by 8 1/4 inches, was taken from the Weinstein Gallery in tbe city's Union Square neighborhood; the robbery was reported to the police and the work was being offered by the gallery for more than $200,000.

        The police said that witnesses described the thief as a white man, 6 feet tall and 30 to 35 years old, dressed in a dark jacket and dark pants, wearing dark glasses and loafers with no socks. He was said to have left in a waiting taxi cab after taking the drawing. Rowland Weinstein, the gallery's president who returned from a European honeymoon on Tuesday, told the reporter that    18    the stolen Picasso may be difficult for a thief to sell,he    19    concerned for its safety. "My greatest feai;" he said, "is    20    ,with, all this attention on it,the person will realize it's unsellable and will get rid of it in a less-than-proper manner."


【題組】16.
(A) usually
(B) regularly
(C) hardly
(D) vitally
17.【題組】17.
(A) measured
(B) measuring
(C) was measured
(D) measures
18.【題組】18.
(A) if
(B) even
(C) because
(D) while
19.【題組】19.
(A) maintained
(B) detained
(C) remained
(D) retained
20.【題組】20.
(A) that
(B) which
(C) when
(D) although
21.
第21至25題爲題組

        Most airplane crashes occur unexpectedly during take-offs and landings. Although airplanes seldom break up. on impact, they generally catch fire   21   • Most fatalities are due to smoke inhalation.
        Since crashes usually occur with little or no warning, it is best to prepare in advance for the unthinkable. After boarding an airplane, study as much safety information as possible.   22   the four emergency exits that are nearest your seat and know how they operate. Instructions arc printed on the safety information card which is put in each seat-pocket. The card also provides valuable information about such things   23   floatation collars and life rafts. Practice fastening and unfastening your seat belt until it becomes an automatic action. Seat belt operation varies from aircraft to aircraft. Also, pay close attention to all safety briefings given by Hie flight attendants.

        If the unthinkable   24   ,get out of the airplane calmly, but quickly. Unfasten your seat belt and move immediately to the nearest exit. Leave all carry-on items    25    , In case of fire, experts recommend crawling to the nearest exit. The head should be kept at armrest level, however; to avoid toxic gases that may collect near the floor.


【題組】21.
(A) immediately
(B) illogically
(C) intensively
(D) approximately
22.【題組】22.
(A) Locate
(B) To find out
(C) Be sure
(D) Reaching
23.【題組】23.
(A) that
(B) as
(C) like
(D) to be
24.【題組】24.
(A) should have happened
(B) should happen
(C) should be happened
(D) should not have happened
25.【題組】25.
(A).empty
(B) aware
(C) behind
(D) already
26.
第26至30題爲題組

        As recently as a decade ago,farms in the Midwest were commonly marred — at least as a farmer would view it — by unruly patches of milkweed amid the neat rows of emerging com or soybeans.

        Not anymore. Fields are now planted with genetically modified com and soybeans resistant to the herbicide Roundup, allowing farmers to spray the chemical to eradicate weeds, including milkweed. And while that sounds like good news for the farmers, a growing number of scientists fear it is imperiling the monarch butterfly,    26    spectacular migrations make it one of the most beloved of insects — ”the Bambi of the insect world," as an entomologist once put it. Monarchs lay their eggs on milkweed, and their larvae eat it. While the evidence is still preliminary and disputed, experts like Chip Taylor say the growing use of genetically modified crops is threatening the orange-and-black butterfly by depriving it    27    habitat.

        The major evidence that monarch populations are in decline comes from a new study showing a drop over the last 17 years of the area occupied by monarchs in central Mexico, where many of them spend the winter. The amount of land occupied by the monarchs is thought to be a proxy for their population size.

        ”This is the first time we have the data that we can analyze    28    that shows there's a downward trend," said Ernest H. Williams, a professor of biology at Hamilton College and an author of the study along with Dr. Taylor and others. The paper, published online by the journal Insect Conservation and
Diversity,    29    the decrease partly to the loss of milkweed from use of "Roundup Ready" crops. Other causes, it says, are the loss of milkweed to land development, illegal logging at the wintering sites in Mexico, and severe weather.

        The study does not suggest the monarch    30    extinct. But it questions whether the annual migration, the impetus for butterfly festivals around the United States and waves of tourism to Mexico, is sustainable.


【題組】26.
(A) whose
(B) which
(C) what
(D) where
27.【題組】27.
(A) into
(B) of
(C) from
(D) to
28.【題組】28.
(A) sarcastically
(B) statistically
(C) primarily
(D) similarly
29.【題組】29.
(A) prefers
(B) distributes
(C) refers
(D) attributes
30.【題組】30.
(A) turn
(B) has been
(C) will become
(D) goes
31.
三、文意選塡(10%)

第31至40題爲題組

        The number of plants and animals    31    extinction is growing very quickly. The World Conservation Union, an international group of over 7,000 species experts, has released its latest "Red List," which contains 11,167 threatened species.

        Since 2000,the group has added 121 plants and animals    32    its list of endangered species. The list of completely extinct species has grown    33    five in the past two years. Species that the group says have disappeared forever    34    the sea mink, two hippopotamus species, and the Reunion Island sheldgeese.

        Species close to extinction are    35    the "critically endangered" list. Species now on this list include: the Saiga antelope, which    36    in the grasslands of Central Asia, the Bactrian camel, the Ethiopian water mouse, and the Iberian lynx.
 
          The World Conservation Union has studied 18,000 species and subspecies all over Earth. But it    37    time to gather enough evidence of extinction. The two hippo species recently declared extinct were last seen in 1500! Researchers have    38    work ahead as well. There are some 14 million species    39    on Earth, and at this point researchers have only been    40    to document about 1.75 million of them.

請將適合的答案代號填入各題中
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(AB) to               (AC) include     (AD) lives          (AE) lots of (BC) able

(BD) in danger of    (BE) by      (CD) put on        (CE) takes        (DE) living


【題組】31
32.【題組】32
33.【題組】33
34.【題組】34
35.【題組】35
36.【題組】36
37.【題組】37
38.【題組】38
39.【題組】39
40.【題組】40
41.
四、閤讀測驗(32%)


第41至44題爲題組

         When a civil war breaks out in a country, it is often innocent civilians who axe the victims. Guerrilla armies must constantly find new members. When there are not enough volunteers, some people are forced to join. History shows that children are often chosen. Taken from their parents1 homes, they become reluctant participants in the war. The same thing has occurred in many different times and places: Greece in the late 1940s, Afghanistan in the 1980s, and Africa and Latin America today.

         Why are children so often the victims? It is simple. Children are used to doing what they are told. They are easy to teach. Their view of the world has not yet been fully formed, so it is easy to change it. Sometimes the kidnappers want the children to become soldiers in the war. We see this depicted in the film Blood Diamond. Children are given weapons and taught to be violent killers. Sometimes they are even forced to murder their own relatives.

         In other places such as Greece or Afghanistan, children are taken so they can be forced to leam communist ideas. To the children,it is just another school lesson,so they absorb them easily.

         Children who are taken away ftom their homes are often greatly changed by the experience. Even when they escape, their lives will never be the same again. Fortunately, there are organizations which work to help the juvenile victims of war. Whenever possible,they return children back to the
family home where, with the help of loving parents, something like a normal life can begin again.


【題組】41. What is the most appropriate title for the passage?
(A) The Afghan Civil War
(B) Child Abuse in Modem Times
(C) Child Victims of War
(D) The Film Blood Diamond
42.【題組】42. We can infer from the passage that minors are_to attend the war.
(A) unwilling
(B) devoted
(C) refused
(D) voluntary
43.【題組】43. The reasons for children to become victims are as follows EXCEPT that_.
(A) they often do as they are told
(B) their attitude toward life has completely developed
(C) it's easier to instill new ideas into them
(D) it's easier to change their standpoints of the world
44.【題組】44. What kind of assistance do some organizations offer to the poor children?
(A) They sent the children to a concentration camp.
(B) They returned the children to the guerrillas.
(C) Children axe given weapons to fight for themselves.
(D) Children are returned to their parents.
45.
第45至48題爲題組

        Siirat is one of the liveliest commercial centers in India. Its factories and workshops produce chemicals, cut diamonds and textiles. The beggars who swarm through other Indian cities are almost nowhere to be seen, making Surat, by many standards, a picture of India's prosperous future.

        What is wrong with the picture, however, is apparent to any visitor to the city of 2 million in Guajarat state. Untreated sewage oozes into the Tapi River. Factories billow noxious smoke; rats are so numerous that in late 1994, the plague swept through Surat, causing 50 deaths and threatening a nationwide outbreak. "Surat is the epitome of India's shortsighted development policies,” says Ghanshyam Shah, director of the city's Center for Social Studies. "The emphasis is on growth, hoping that the quality of life will take care of itself."

        High on the list of problems is water. Rivers are increasingly polluted, and groundwater levels are falling several meters every year. Deeply bored wells are now used to irrigate more than 30 million hectares. Environmentalists predict fierce competition for the control and use of major waterways.

        Over cultivation is exhausting the soil, leading farmers to clear more forests 一 or leave fanning and crowd into city slums. Meanwhile, urban messiness is growing. Air pollution in New Delhi is among the world's worst, and auto sales are nine times as high as a decade ago. Most industrial pollution comes from small factories, which have multiplied from 15,000 to 2 million. That sector has been shielded from environmental regulations by a succession of governments.

        For centuries the eastern Indian town of Chrapunji, the wettest place on earth, averaged a prodigious 1,200 cm of rainfall a year. Rains still come, but the destruction of pine forests has led to runoff and a water shortage. "If there is no tree,,1 ponders Freeman Singh, chief of the local tribe, "how will the soil hold the water?” The question echoes across a subcontinent.


【題組】45. The main purpose of the article is to_.
(A) urge action
(B) describe a situation
(C) condemn culprits
(D) establish a thesis
46.【題組】46. It can be inferred that Surat differs firom other Indian cities because_.
(A) it is seriously polluted, as few cities are
(B) it has a much larger population
(C) it has the only diamond industry in India
(D) it has few beggars
47.【題組】47. The word "itself1 in the second paragraph means_•
(A) emphasis
(B) growth
(C) quality
(D) life ■ I
48.【題組】48. Which of the following is implied as a cause of air pollution in New Delhi?
(A) cars
(B) large textile factories ■ j
(C) chemical workshops
(D) agriculture
49.
第49至52題爲題組 '

        Most billionaires make efforts to build their fortunes. With the money they earn, they can buy large homes, expensive cars, and private airplanes. But even after spending millions of dollars, they still have huge amounts of money. What do they do with it?

         Charity has always been an option. About 100 years ago, Andrew Carnegie, the world's richest man at the time, gave away most of his money. His gifts went to thousands of libraries, schools, and other groups. Another big giver of the past century was John D. Rockefeller. He donates money to hospitals, universities, and other charities.

        In recent years, we've seen a new group of super givers. At the top of the list is Bill Gates. In 1994,using money from his Microsoft fortune, he set up the William & Melinda Gates Foundation.The foundation first helped US libraries get connected to the Internet. Then, it turned to fighting diseases like AIDS and malaria in poor countries. From 1994 to 2007, the foundation gave away more than $13 billion.

        In 2006, Warren Buffet announced that he too was giving away most of his money. With a fortune of more than $40 billion, Buffet admired what Bill and Melinda Gates were doing. So, under Buffet's plan, 5/6 of the money that he is donating will go to the Gates Foundation.

        Will more of the rich become philanthropists? There is some doubt. Every year; Forbes magazine puts out a list of the world's richest people. Some people believe that billionaires care about their '

place of the list. To keep a high spot, they may hold onto their money. However, with the recent donations of Gates and others, that trend may start to turn around. More wealthy people may try for a high spot on the list of super givers.


【題組】49. What is the article mainly about?
(A) The influence of the Forbes list on charity donations
(B) The differences between past and present givers
(C) The best ways to donate large amounts of money
(D) The generous actions of very rich philanthropists
50.【題組】50. Why did Warren Buffet give so much money to the Gates Foundation?
(A) He wanted most of his fortune to go to schools.
(B) He admired what Bill and Melinda Gates were doing.
(C) He is one of the biggest givers of the 21st century.
(D) He wanted to encourage others to give to charity.
51.【題組】51. Which of the following is NOT one of the Gates Foundation's causes?
(A) Trying to stop the spread of diseases
(B) Helping people in poor countries
(C) Assisting employees of Microsoft
(D) Improving the services of libraries
52.【題組】52. What does the article imply about billionaires?
(A) Some of them are concerned with the Forbes list.
(B) Most of them plan to give all their money away.
(C) Many of them plan to donate to the Gates Foundation.
(D) All of them made their fortunes easily.
53.
第53至56題爲題組

        Traveling through the Ecuadorian Amazon to gather material for his book Savages, author Joe Kane came across a determined priest, a Spaniard who had spent years teaching a tribe of hunter gatherers, the Huaorani, how to survive outside their rainforest habitat "They have to learn this world," the priest insisted. "The lessons are hard, but they must be learned." "Why?" Kane asked. "For the petroleum companies will end their life as they know it. Of that there is no doubt."

        Savages, published in the U.S.,Canada and England last fall and soon to be released in Europe, is the story of how the Huaorani have fought to avoid that fate - to preserve their land and ancient culture from destruction by oil companies rushing to extract the black gold beneath the forest. As the reader quickly guesses in this compelling tale, it is not the Indians that Kane regards as savages.

        Though he is obviously an environmentalist as well as a journalist, Kane has written more than a save-the-rain-forest polemic. Rathei; it is a sometimes comic adventure in which the author sets out to answer the question that has puzzled oil companies and ecologists alike: Who are these Huaorani? In the course of finding out, Kane spent many days being soaked by the constant jungle rains and bitten by countless insects. He contracted a rash of fungal infections and during one expedition nearly starved to death. He grew inured to Huaorani food, including smoked howler-monkey arm and the tribe's version of chicha 一 manioc that has been chewed, spat into a bowl and left to ferment into an alcoholic drink.
        For all the hardships Kane endured, he found the Huaorani a charming people. Once an extremely war-like people, they have fought off every effort to "civilize" them, beginning with incursions by the Incas. But modem opponents are craftier than any Inca warrior. They are the smooth-talking government officials and company executives who try to convince the Huaorani that oil can be sucked from under the tribal homeland without doing any damage.

        Kane befriended half a dozen tribal leaders, and togetber they launched a protest campaign to prevent the Maxus Energy Corp. of Texas from building a new oil road through the heart ofHuaorani territory — a cause that was taken up by environmental groups across Europe and the U.S. But with Ecuador deep in debt and dependent on oil revenues for more than half its foreign exchange, the government could not be pressured. At the time of Kane's last postscript, oil drilling was proceeding apace, and most of the Huaorani leaders had gone over to the other side; they were on the petroleum companies’ payrolls.


【題組】53. According to the author, Kane went through all of the following hardships EXCEPT_?
(A) building a road
(B) starving
(C) catching disease
(D) eating strange food
54.【題組】54. It is implied that many civilized people might find chicha_.
(A) too strong
(B) delicious
(C) unsanitary
(D) chewy
55.【題組】55. Of the following, the best description of the Huaorani would be_.
(A) comic
(B) lazy
(C) blood-thirsty
(D) fascinating
56.【題組】56. The author of the article is primarily concerned with_.
(A) protecting the rain forest
(B) presenting a book
(C) reproving the government
(D) describing the Amazon Basin

【非選題】

第貳部分:非選擇題(占28分) 一、中譯英(8%)

【題組】1.現在越來越常發生暗地裡批評別人的事,尤其是在網路上。

#11582
編輯私有筆記
1F
Jenny Wu 小四下 (2014/05/12 23:13):
It is becoming more common to talk ill behind other's back, especially on the Internet.
2F
Wei Xu 小一上 (2015/12/23 23:01):
Now there are more and more things that criticizing other secretly happened, especially on the internet.
3F
chunyi0211 小六下 (2016/02/01 19:09):
More and more people criticize others in secret, especially on the internet.

【非選題】【題組】2.如果必要的話,我們應該要求嚴厲處罰那些不成熟的人。

#11583
編輯私有筆記
1F
Jenny Wu 小四下 (2014/05/12 23:13):
We should require severe punishment for those immature people if necessarily.
2F
Wei Xu 小一上 (2015/12/23 23:01):
If needed, we should ask for punish those who are immature.

【非選題】二、英文作文(20%) 

 說明:
1.依提示在「答案卷」上寫一篇英文作文。
2.文長约120個單詞(words)左古。 
提示;:請仔細觀察以下圖片的內容,寫出一個涵蓋圖片內容並有完整結局的故事。


 

#11584
編輯私有筆記