1.A panda walks into a café. He orders a sandwich, eats it, then draws a gun and fires two shots in the air. “Why?” asks the confused waiter, as the panda makes towards the exit. The panda produces a badly punctuated wildlife manual and tosses it over his shoulder. “I am a panda,” he says, at the door. “Look it up.” The waiter turns to the relevant entry and, sure enough, finds an explanation. “Panda. Large black-and-white bear-like mammal. Native to China. Eats, shoots and leaves.” So, punctuation really does matter, even if it is only occasionally a matter of life and death.
In 2003 Lynne Truss published Eats, Shoots and Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation. The book became a runaway success in the U.K., hitting number one on the best-seller lists and prompting extraordinary headlines such as “Grammar Book Tops Bestseller List” (BBC News). This is a book for people who love punctuation and get upset when it is mishandled. The above passage is printed on its back cover. 【題組】
46. Eats, Shoots and Leaves became a bestseller because it is a book about .
(A) the long-time misuse of punctuation (B) an endangered species in China (C) a panda who runs away successfully after shooting (D) a panda who speaks human language
2.【題組】47. With the comma deleted between the words “eats” and “shoots” in “Eats, shoots and leaves,” the new phrase “Eats shoots and leaves” means the panda eats .
(A) the gun bullets before he leaves (B) the badly punctuated wildlife manual
(C) the sandwich made with bamboo shoots fillings (D) the new growing of bamboo leaves
3.【題組】48. The sentence “Punctuation really does matter, even if it is only occasionally a matter of life and death” means that .
(A) a misplaced punctuation kills a panda
(B) punctuation gives the panda an excuse to kill
(C) a tiny change in the use of punctuation may change the meaning significantly
(D) punctuation matters only in matters of life and death
4.【題組】50. The words “shoots” and “leaves” whose meaning has changed dramatically in different contexts are the primary source of ____ in the panda joke.
(A) spelling (B) strategy (C) definition (D) humor
5.A scorpion and a frog met at the side of a river. The scorpion wanted to cross the river, but he didn’t know how to swim.
“Please, Mr. Frog,” he said, “would
you carry me across the river?”
“I can’t do that,” said the frog. “You are a scorpion, and you will sting me.”
“No,” said the scorpion. “I won’t sting you because then we will both drown in the river.”
This made sense to the frog, and he agreed to help him.
The scorpion climbed onto the back of the frog, and the frog began to swim. When they reached the middle of the river, the scorpion stung the frog. It hurt the frog very much, and they both began to sink under the water.
“Why did you sting me?” asked the frog. “Now I will die, and you will surely drown.”
“I couldn’t help it,” said the scorpion. “I am a scorpion, and that is what scorpions do. And you knew I was a scorpion when you let me ride on your back.”
【題組】47. Which of the following statements is true about the story?
(A) The scorpion asked the frog to teach him to swim. (B) The scorpion did what scorpions would do.
(C) The scorpion swam with the frog. (D) The scorpion helped the frog to swim.
7.【題組】50. The frog in the story agreed to carry the scorpion because .
(A) he did not think the scorpion would sting him (B) he liked to help whoever’s in need
(C) he crossed the river every day (D) he knew how to swim
8.Catherine sells houses for a company. A man has agreed to buy a house for $450,000, but then he changes his mind. Her boss calls her into his office. He is so angry that he speaks rudely to her. She knows it is not her fault, and she bursts into tears.
Having just finished dinner, Jim is talking in the backyard with his wife and children. The phone rings. It is Jim’s mother calling from another city. Jim’s father has just had a heart attack and died. Jim starts crying as he tells his mother he will come as soon as possible.
How do people feel about crying? Catherine was embarrassed and very angry with herself. Jim felt better after he let out his feelings.
Chemists have been studying why people cry. They say the body produces two kinds of tears. One kind cleans out the eye if it gets dirt in it. But when people cry because of their feelings, these tears have poison chemicals in them. The body is getting rid of chemicals produced by strong feelings. 【題組】
46. Catherine’s boss speaks rudely to her because .
(A) he thinks that she didn’t do her job well (B) she sold the house at a lower price
(C) she was late for the appointment with the buyer (D) she refused to listen to his advice
9.【題組】47. Which of the following statements is true about Jim?
(A) He cried because he had a heart problem.
(B) He did not cry, because he hated his father.
(C) He felt better after he cried.
(D) He felt relieved on hearing the news of his father’s death.
11.【題組】49. Which of the following statements is true about the passage?
(A) Catherine sells cars.
(B) Jim learned from his mother’s letter that his father died.
(C) Crying is a way of removing chemicals from the body.
(D) People cry only when they feel very sad.
13.I have a special rule for travel: Never carry a map. I prefer to ask for directions. Sometimes I get lost, but I usually have a good time. And there are some other advantages: I can practice a new language, meet new people, learn new customs, and the like. I can find out about different “styles” of directions every time I ask, “How can I get to the post office?” Here are some illustrations of those differences.
Tourists are often confused in Japan. That’s because most streets there don’t have names; outside big cities, people most often use landmarks in their directions. For example, the Japanese might tell travelers something like this: “Go straight down to the corner. Turn left at the big hotel with the sushi bar and go past the fruit market. The post office is next to the fast-food place.”
People in Los Angeles, California, have no idea of directions or distance on the map. Residents there are almost always in their cars, so they measure distance in time. “How far away is the post office?” you ask. “Oh,” they might answer, “I guess it’s about five minutes from here.” You say, “Yes, but how many miles away is it?” They rarely know.
What if a person doesn’t know the answer to your question about the location of a place? A New Yorker might say, “Sorry, I have no idea” and walk away quickly. But in Yucatan, Mexico, not many residents answer, “I don’t know.” People in Yucatan may believe that a quick “I don’t know” is impolite; they might stay and talk to you—and usually they’ll try to give an answer, sometimes a wrong one. A tourist without a good sense of direction can get very lost in this southern region!
One thing will help you everywhere—in Japan, Los Angeles, Mexico, or any other place. You might not understand a person’s words, but you can probably understand the body language—the facial expressions, gestures, motions, movements, and so on. He or she will usually turn and then point. Go in that direction and you’ll find the post office—maybe! 【題組】46. What’s the best title for the article?
(A)Getting around without a Map (B)The Importance of the Body Language
(C)The Use of Landmarks in Giving Directions (D)How Can I Get to the Post Office?
14.【題組】47. According to the author, which of the following is considered the advantage of travel without maps?
(A)You can meet local people. (B)You get familiar with some landmarks.
(C)You can measure distance in time. (D)You can practice the body language.
15.【題組】48. According to the article, which of the following statements is true?
(A)To avoid confusion, it’s better to include landmarks in directions.
(B)People in various places in the world give directions in different ways.
(C)One of the common ways to give directions is in miles.
(D)All over the world, words in sentences are easier to understand than the body language.
17.【題組】50. What can be inferred from the article?
(A)Mexicans are more friendly and polite than New Yorkers.
(B)Making good use of the body language is very important.
(C)People in Los Angeles cannot read maps very well.
(D)There may be cultural and regional differences in giving directions.
18.One of the nice things about the city of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, is that it has a number of large museums. People who live there can visit one of the fine national museums many times during the year. Although some exhibits are permanent, there are also many special travelling exhibits which are only shown for a short period of time. The entrance fees are not expensive, and they have special rates for groups. So if you like art, natural sciences, technology, American Indian history, or just want to take a walk inside a nice clean air-conditioned museum at a reasonable price, museum visiting is one of the best pastimes. 【題組】
48. The writer of this excerpt likes Washington, D.C. mainly because .
(A)it is a very large city (B) it has some good museums
(C)it is the capital city of the United States (D)it is her hometown