4.Packaging is an important form of advertising. A package can sometimes ____39____ someone to buy a product. For example, a small child might ask for a breakfast food ____40____ comes in a box with a picture of a TV character. The child is more interested in the picture than in the breakfast food. Pictures for children to color or cut out, games ____41____ on a package, or small gifts inside a box also make many children want to buy products—or to ask their parents for them.
Some packages suggest that a buyer will get something for ____42____ . Food products sold in reusable containers are examples of this. ____43____ a similar product in a plain container might cost less, people often prefer to buy the product in a reusable glass or dish because they believe the container is free. However, the cost of the container is added to the cost of the product.
【題組】39 (A)motivate (B)prevent (C)equip (D)provide
9.44 Peter: Hi, Bill. My sister Susan is to arrive here tomorrow. Can you join us for dinner?
Bill: I’d like to, but I have an appointment with my professor ________.
Peter: I’m afraid not. She only stays here for three days. Besides, she has a tight schedule.
(A)How can I make up for it? (B)Can I take a rain check?
(C)Are you available tonight? (D)Shall I go and pick her up?
10.45 Ms. Jones: Good morning. May I please speak to Kevin?
Katrina: He stepped out for a minute. He should be back in the next ten or fifteen minutes.
Katrina: Not at all. Who’s calling?
Ms. Jones: This is Ms. Jones from The Central Bank. I’ll be in my office until five.
(A)Do you know where he is now? (B)Should I give him another call later?
(C)Can I have his number? (D)Would you mind if I leave a message?
11.When provided with continuous nourishment, trees, like people, grow “complacent”—the word tree-ring scientists use to describe trees like those on the floor of the Colorado River Valley, whose roots tap into thick reservoirs of moist soil. Complacent trees aren’t much use for learning about climate history, because they pack on wide new rings of wood even in dry years. To find trees that feel the same climatic pulses as the river, trees whose rings widen and narrow from year to year with the river itself, scientists have to climb up the steep, rocky slopes above the valley and look for gnarled, ugly trees, the kind that loggers ignore. For some reason such “sensitive” trees seem to live longer than the complacent ones. “Maybe you can get too much of a good thing,” says Dave Meko, a tree-ring scientist who has been studying the climate history of the western United States for decades. Tree-ring fieldwork is hardly expensive, but during the relatively wet 1980s and early ’90s, Meko found it difficult to raise even the modest funds for his work. “You don’t generate interest to study drought unless you’re in a drought,” he says.
【題組】46 What is the best title for this passage?
(A)Tree Rings in the Colorado River Valley (B)Tree Rings and Climate History
(C)Trees and People in Complacent Life (D)The Protection of Trees in Colorado
12.【題組】47 According to this passage, which kind of trees is Dave Meko’s ideal study subject?
(A)Trees whose roots tap into rich reservoirs of moist soil.
(B)Lush trees growing on the floor of the Colorado River Valley.
(C)Trees that are ideal for loggers.
(D)Gnarled and ignored trees growing on the steep, rocky slopes above the valley.
13.【題組】48 Why aren’t complacent trees good for studying climate history?
(A)Their rings are too narrow. (B)They are not well-nourished.
(C)They do not reflect genuine climate change. (D)They are reserved for loggers for good prices.
14.【題組】49 According to this passage, when are people most likely interested in the study of drought?
(A)In times of war.
(B)After an earthquake.
(C)Right in the midst of water shortage.
(D)At the time when both trees and people grow complacent.
15.【題組】50 What kind of trees best reflect the history of climate?
(A)The trees surviving after a natural disaster.
(B)The sensitive trees in tune with the pulses of the river.
(C)The complacent trees provided with sustainable nourishment.
(D)The ugly trees with wide new rings of wood even in dry years.