Yun Shan Hsie
101 年 - 101年一般警察四等-英文#8814
1.1 A person that truly believes in democracy is always ________ of different opinions.
2.2 Let's ________ for world peace and hope there will be no more war in the world.
3.3 The terrorist in Wednesday’s attack has been ________ as a former factory worker who has been out of job for two years.
4.4 Mr. Lee does not plan to move to Japan ________ . He will stay there for only six months.
5.5 His ________ as a mayor will expire in two months; he plans to take a long vacation in Hawaii.
6.6 Wisdom is more an ______ of life experience than of knowledge. In other words, a learned man is not necessarily a wise man.
7.7 To avoid being heard, she leaned over and ________ the secret in his ear.
8.8 In general, people in Taiwan are friendly and ________ towards their international visitors and guests.
9.9 If the president cannot show up, the vice president may ________ him at some official ceremonies.
10.WARNING: Do not give this medicine to children under age 12. Keep this and all drugs out of 10 of children.
11 overdose, contact a physician or poison control center immediately. Do not use this product if you are pregnant or 12 a baby. Do not use this product while operating a vehicle or machinery. Consult your physician before using this product if you have 13 the following conditions: heart problems, high blood pressure, and asthma.
Adult Dose: Use only 14 by your physician.
USE ONLY IF PRINTED SEAL UNDER CAP IS INTACT.
(A)In case of
(B)In spite of
15.Subjects in many old photos were not smiling at the camera for two reasons. Ann Thomas, curator of photographs at the National Gallery of Canada, says, “In the early days of photography, _____15_____ existed a tradition of formality－handed down from portrait painting－in which posing for a photograph was considered a _____16_____ occasion.”
The second reason, according to Thomas, is that prior to the 1880s, photographs required long exposures. So _____17_____ the process, this could involve 20 minutes or more. This necessitated the subject remaining still, and since maintaining a smile for such an _____18_____ period was difficult, it was discouraged. The arrival of smiling faces in photos came after the invention of the snapshot in the 1880s with the introduction of the Kodak dry-plate camera.
19.Modern cities can be great places in which to live. They can also be hellholes, overcrowded, dirty, noisy, and polluted. Much of the blame for that _____19_____ traffic congestion. But city planners are fighting back and _____20_____ with innovative ways to make some of the world’s great cities good to live in once again. Let’s take London for example. Elected in May 2000, mayor Ken Livingstone vowed to tackle congestion by charging vehicles coming into the city center. In February 2003, his administration introduced a daily $12 toll for entering a 22-square-kilometer central zone. In a 2003 poll, 63 percent of Londoners said they supported the charge, for the simple reason _____21_____ it works. Fifty thousand fewer vehicles a day go into the city. Roads are less congested, there are fewer accidents, and journey hours are faster. London’s success has not gone _____22_____ . “Every major city in the world has asked us about congestion charging,” says Transport for London spokesman Graham Goodwin.
(D)getting in touch
23.Individual exercise has a lot of advantages over team sports. Students who hate team sports because of rough teammates, harsh coaches, and social pressure sometimes grow _____23_____ of all exercise. Individualized exercise programs can help _____24_____ those fears. Moreover, individual exercise is easier to schedule than team sports, because a student can work whenever he or she is free, _____25_____ an overall fitness goal is achieved. If an eighth-grader’s goal is to bring her resting heart rate down to 75 beats per minute in 14 days, she can run or do other aerobic exercise nearly anywhere, any time. There’s no need to make her _____26_____ all the other eighth graders to do so. Finally, individual exercise is more practical as a lifetime pursuit. Not many adults have the time to organize, practice, and play team sports like football._____27_____ any adult, however, can find time to run or ride a bicycle three or four times a week. These activities are ideal for an individualized exercise program.
(A)as long as
(A)come up with
(B)make up for
(C)get ahead of
(D)get together with
28.Being the oldest daughter has both advantages and disadvantages. The responsibility of taking care of a home can be a great _____28_____ to the oldest daughter in a family, especially if she is still in school. _____29_____ , this responsibility also gives her the opportunity to gain the experience that will later help her in her marriage or college life. The disadvantage of being the oldest daughter is that when she becomes responsible for doing all of the housework, she may have a difficult time keeping up with her studies, since both _____30_____ a considerable amount of time and energy. There is, however, at least one advantage to being the oldest daughter in the family. If she has previously experienced the “housewife role” while growing up, she may be able to avoid the trial-and-error approach many women have to _____31_____ when they first get married and have children. _____32_____ the oldest daughter does not choose to get married, her knowledge and experience in taking care of a house will be helpful once she leaves home to live on her own.
33.Harper Lee was born in Monroeville, Alabama, on April 28, 1926. She is an American novelist, best known for her 1960 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel To Kill a Mockingbird. To Kill a Mockingbird was published in 1960 and became an instant international bestseller. In its first year, it sold half a million copies and was translated into 10 languages. It won the Pulitzer Prize for Literature in 1961 and was adapted to the screen the following year. Lee was 34 when the book was published, and it remains her first and only novel.
Lee’s story unfolds in Maycomb, Alabama, in the 1930s when Atticus Finch, a lawyer and a single father, is called upon to defend a black man, Tom Robinson, who is accused of raping a poor white girl, Mayella Ewell. The setting and several of the characters are drawn from real life. Finch was the maiden name of Lee’s mother, and the character of Dill was drawn from Capote, Lee’s childhood friend. The trial itself has parallels to the infamous “Scottsboro Trial,” in which the charge was rape. In both cases, the defendants were African-American men and their accusers, white women.
【題組】33 How many novels has Harper Lee written?
34.【題組】34 When was the novel To Kill a Mockingbird adapted to the screen?
35.【題組】35 In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, what is Tom Robinson charged with?
36.【題組】36 According to this article, what is To Kill a Mockingbird mainly about?
(D)The Scottsboro Trial
37.Since the early 1990s, the Internet has become a powerful force in both communication and business. Some people have compared the Internet business boom with the gold rush thinking in the US in the 1800s. And like the gold rush of that time, there has been a lot of exaggeration and oversimplification about how easy it is to “get rich quick.” Several of the biggest myths about e-commerce are discussed below.
The biggest myth about e-commerce is “It’s easy.” It’s true that putting up a website is easy. But for a site to be effective at selling products is a lot harder. As Charles Feld explains, “A website is like an iceberg. What you see looks small and simple, but below it there are a lot of complicated issues.” Another myth is “It’s cheap.” But especially for large companies which are trying to set up full online commerce sites, the costs are never low. A survey of 100 businesses found that most companies spend about US$750,000 just for the technology of doing e-commerce. Then there are the costs related to marketing the e-commerce sites. Other costs come from integrating the existing business with the business done online. Still another myth is that “Everybody is doing it.” It may be true that almost every company has a website, but many of these sites are for information rather than for commerce. The reason for this is that many companies do not see e-commerce as a big advantage over the old ways of doing business. Customers also just do not see an advantage to shopping online for things like clothes. Online they cannot actually try on the clothes or feel the material.
【題組】37 Which of the following statements best describes the main idea of this passage?
(A)It’s cheap to set up a website for e-commerce.
(B)Both the gold rush and e-commerce are a get-rich-quick scheme.
(C)Many people have some wrong ideas about doing business online.
(D)Making money through e-commerce is easier than opening a store to sell products.
38.【題組】38 Why is the Internet boom similar to the gold rush in the US during the 1800s?
(A)They both started in California.
(B)Many people made a lot of money through both of them.
(C)They both have become a powerful force in communication and business.
(D)There’s much misleading information on how to get rich quick.
39.【題組】39 What does “myth” in the second paragraph mean?
(A)A false belief
(B)A story about gods or fairies
40.【題組】40 Which of the following statements is true?
(A)An e-commerce website is like an iceberg because they are both dangerous.
(B)It doesn’t cost much for a company to be able to do business online effectively.
(C)Many companies think online shopping will soon replace the traditional way of shopping.
(D)A lot of businesses use their websites only to provide information for customers.
41.Men and women seldom mean the same things even when they use the same words. To fully express their feelings, women assume poetic license and use various superlatives, metaphors, and generalizations. Men mistakenly take these expressions literally. Because they misunderstand the intended meaning, they commonly react in an unsupportive manner.
A “literal” translation of a woman’s words could easily mislead a man who is used to using speech as a means of conveying only facts and information. Besides, a man’s responses might lead to an argument. Unclear and unloving communication is the biggest problem in relationships. The number one complaint women have in relationships is: “I don’t feel heard.”
Even this complaint is misunderstood and misinterpreted!
A man’s literal translation of “I don’t feel heard” leads him to invalidate her feelings. He thinks he has heard her if he can repeat what she has said. However, a correct translation of a woman saying “I don’t feel heard” is: “I feel as though you don’t fully understand what I really mean to say or care about how I feel.”
If a man really understood her complaint then he would argue less and be able to respond more positively. When men and women are on the verge of arguing, they are generally misunderstanding each other. At such times, it is important to rethink or translate what they have heard.
【題組】41 According to this passage, what might be the main reason for communication problems in relationships between men and women?
(C)Concealment of true feelings.
42.【題組】42 According to this passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A)Men tend to give supportive responses because they don’t want arguments with women.
(B)Women often don’t feel heard because men have hearing problems.
(C)Women tend to take poetic license to express their feelings.
(D)Men fail to listen to facts and information and so feel tired of women’s nagging.
43.【題組】43 What is the main idea of this passage?
(A)Men tend to interpret women’s talk literally and find fault with women’s logic in speech.
(B)In order to help them understand each other better, men and women need translators when they are talking.
(C)It is hard for men and women to understand each other since they don’t want to listen to each other.
(D)Communication problems between the two sexes often result from men’s and women’s different interpretations of the same words.
44.Knowing the origin of a word can give you a clearer understanding of the word. For example, the word sabotage means “the intentional destruction of materials, machines, or some process of production.” The meaning of the term becomes clear when you learn that sabotage comes from the French word sabat, meaning “wooden shoe,” and it was coined during the French Revolution when workers sabotaged French factories by throwing their shoes into the machinery.
Looking up the origin of a word also reminds you that language is constantly changing, with old words gaining new meanings and new words being born. The word chauvinist, for example, was never used before 1815. It was coined as a result of the fanatic loyalty of a French soldier, Nicolas Chauvin, to Napoleon. Thus, chauvinism has come to mean blind attachment to something, such as one’s beliefs or, as it is commonly used today, one’s sex. The word boycott is another word that has a relatively recent origin, and it also originated from a person’s name. In the 1880s, during the struggle between British landowners and Irish tenant farmers, a man by the name of Captain Charles Boycott was hired to collect the rent from the farmers on a large estate in County Mayo. The impoverished Irish peasants, however, got together and decided to ignore Captain Boycott by refusing to pay and expelling him.
【題組】44 According to this passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A)The words “sabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” were all coined during the French Revolution.
(B)The words “sabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” all have negative implications.
(C)The words “sabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” all originated from people’s names.
(D)The words “sabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” all came from French.
45.【題組】45 According to this passage, which of the following statements about word origin is true?
(A)The word “chauvinism” originated from a French soldier’s blind attachment to his sex.
(B)Captain Boycott was the one who led the protest of the Irish tenant farmers.
(C)From the origin of words, we can see that new words are coined constantly.
(D)Many French words originated from English names.
46.【題組】46 What is the main idea of this passage?
(A)You can depend exclusively on word origin for the sound definition of a word.
(B)The origin of a word helps you remember it because of the picture it creates.
(C)The origin of a world helps us understand social and historical problems better.
(D)If we know the origin of a word, we can understand the word and the language better.
47.A vegetarian diet is often praised for its health benefits. What most people are less aware of, however, are the effects that a vegetarian diet, compared to a non-vegetarian diet, can have on the environment.
How can eating meat have a negative effect on the environment? For a start, all livestock animals such as cows and pigs release methane gas by expelling wind from their bodies. Many environmental experts now believe that methane is more responsible for global warming than carbon dioxide. Another way in which meat production affects the environment is through the use of water and land.
Many people now see the benefits of switching to a vegetarian diet, not just for health reasons, but also because it plays a vital role in protecting the environment. However, some nutritionists believe a vegan diet, which excludes all products from animal sources, such as eggs and milk, can be deficient in many of the necessary vitamins and minerals our bodies need.
Today, more people may realize that more of us will need to become vegetarian in order to preserve the environment and to help the human race to survive.
【題組】47 Which of the following is the most appropriate title for this passage?
(A)Your Diet and the Environment
(B)How to Stay Healthy
(C)Let’s Protect Our Environment
(D)What We Should Eat in the Future
48.【題組】48 The word “vital” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to .
49.【題組】49 This passage would probably be of little interest to .
50.【題組】50 Which of the following can be concluded from the article?
(A)Many vegetarians are at risk of serious illness.
(B)Nutritionists believe that following a vegetarian diet is healthy.
(C)Eating meat is bad for the environment.
(D)There are now too many vegetarians.