11.11.The CEO is the key person who is ________ of taking the responsibility of the entire performance of sales and managing the staff under his command in the company.
(A) able (B) capable (C) enabled (D) adequate
20.20._____________ excellent research on wolves, we know much more today about that species than we did five years ago.
(A) Thanks to Dr. Robinson’s (B) Because Dr. Robinson’s (C) As a result of Dr. Robinson has done (D) Despite the fact that Dr. Robinson has done
30.30.Humans, _____________, interact through communicative behavior by means of signs or symbols used conventionally.
(A) like other animals (B) how other animals (C) other animals that (D) do other animals
31.The Obama administration attacked the credibility of the analysis underlying Standard & Poor’s decision to downgrade the United States’ top credit rating. S&P was forced to rmve the number from its analysis after the U.S. Treasury officials found that the rating agency’s 31 of the government’s discretionary spending was too high. The reason the Obama administration felt upset was that S&P decided to downgrade the U.S. credit rating 32 the errors found in the calculations. While S&P cut the long-term U.S. credit rating by one notch to AA-plus, a Treasury spokesman still said that a judgment by a US$2 trillion error speaks for itself. Such mistakes were 33 the rating agency’s unsophisticated understanding of toe U.S. political system. Leaving alone what the U.S. officials claimed，the top S&P official told Reuters that any changes in the calculations 34 into consideration. Also, the US$4 trillion sliced from future budgets was symbolic of the part of the hard-fought deal to lift the nation’s debt’s limit. Even though the error clearly pointed out is bad for the image of the U.S., the rating agency declined to 35 on its downgrade. Dealing with the threat, the U.S. Treasury officials had not only played down the potential impact but also said markets already were aware it was under consideration. 【題組】
31. (A) criticisms (B) targets (C) estimates (D) discussions
36.Both management and labor sides disagreed on the government’s request that the minimum wages should be about 1/20 times more than the original one. According to the Cabinet-level Council of Labor Affairs (CLA), the wage is too high for businesses, but too low for labor 36 . While winding up a five-hour minimum wage meeting, CLA decided to announce that the minimum monthly pay should be raised 37 5.03 percent. However, it was 38 that management and labor representatives could accept the result with the 5.03 percent raise in the minimum wage. The enterprises claimed that they couldn’t accept the 5.03 percent raise in the minimum wage. 39 , they could accept a hike of only 3 percent. If the minimum wage was hiked by 5.03 percent, local employers would face an additional wage payment of NT$34.8 billion per year. On the other hand, the labor representatives were quite dissatisfied with the small hike, which is 40 a 31.2 percent hike they demanded. Since the government ignored the labor representatives9 expected demand they used to stress, they won，t rule out the possibility of appealing to the Control Yuan to correct the CLA’s decision.
【題組】36. (A) advocates (B) presenters (C) descendents (D) residents
Back in the 15th century, just a short distance away from the city of Frankfurt, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg changed the literary world forever. He invented the printing press, thus opening the door to a world in which books could finally be mass produced. Not long after the invention of the printing press, local booksellers organized the first book fair in Frankfurt, and it remained the most important book fair in the world until the end of the 17th century. It was then that the Leipzig Book Fair overtook its Frankfurt counterpart in popularity, but Frankfurt would take center stage once again following WWII, and it has kept its top position ever since. Today, the Frankfurt Book Fair draws hundreds of thousands of people from over 100 countries to its grounds each year. For publishing companies launching new books, those looking to negotiate the international sale of rights and licenses, and anyone wishing to find out more about the publishing market, the Frankfurt Book Fair is a can，t-miss event. Featuring approximately 7,500 exhibitors from every part of the publishing and media industries, ifs a one-stop source for all things related to the written word. Besides, the Frankfurt Book Fair is about much more than books; it also draws people working in the media and entertainment fields with its digital initiative, Frankfurt SPARKS. This is where technology innovators discuss new ways of doing business in the Information Age, and where exciting new business partnerships in music, video games, and social media are bom. Every year, the Frankfurt Book Fair chooses a guest of honor^a different country to be the focus of the festival. In 2011, under the banner of “Fabulous Iceland，，，visitors learned more about the country through book reading, film, music, and other art. Bookworms the world over shouldn’ t miss the year’s fair, which takes place from October 12 to 16th.
【題組】41. Which of the following statements about the Frankfurt Book Fair is NOT true?
(A) It brings people from over 100 nations together in one place.
(B) It is one of the oldest book fairs in the world.
(C) It has always been the most important book fair on the planet.
(D) It is one of the biggest gatherings of the year for the publishing industry.
42.【題組】42. What is implied about the Frankfurt Book Fair?
(A) It was much more important in the past than it is today.
(B) It was at its peak prior to WWII.
(C) Attendance has been declining in recent years.
(D) All publishing companies would be foolish to miss it.
43.【題組】43. What can be found at the Frankfurt Book Fair besides things related to books?
(A) Discussions about music and video games.
(B) Contests and games in which corporations compete against each other.
(C) Screenings of movies that have yet to be shown worldwide.
(D) Displays that have to do with major sports from around the world.
44.【題組】44. What do we know about Iceland at the 2011 book fair?
(A) Books from Iceland are banned from the fair.
(B) Iceland will have the smallest display at this year’s fair.
(C) There will be a special focus on the nation at this year’s fair.
(D) This country will not be attending the 2011 book fair.
45.【題組】45. What is the purpose of this passage?
(A) To get more people to visit Frankfurt.
(B) To introduce the world，s biggest book show.
(C) To show the problems with the publishing business.
(D) To inspire new ways of doing business in the Information Age.
46.Do you want something different for dinner? Try some space food. Scientists are experimenting with ways to grow food in space. Scientists think that in 20 or 30 years, astronauts will be able to live in space colonies off the planet. Already many scientists are living for months on the International Space Station high above the earth. It，s too expensive to carry food to feed people living in space colonies. People in space colonies will need to grow food for themselves. But how can they grow food without soil and sunlight?
Today, we already have hydroponic vegetables. These are vegetables you can grow without soil. The food can grow in an artificial environment. The science of hydroponics is not new. Many writers believe that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were actually a large hydroponic system. This system could have used fresh water that was rich in oxygen and minerals for the plants. Hydroponic systems need light. In addition to sunlight, hydroponic farms can use artificial lights. Instead of soil, hydroponic farms can use special material, such as charcoal and mixtures of chemicals, to feed the plants. And in addition to a natural climate, most hydroponic farms often use greenhouses. One advantage of hydroponics is that diseases and insects that travel through the soil are eliminated. Another advantage is that there are no weeds to pull out.
Nutrition scientists at Cornell University in New York are experimenting with recipes that use these hydroponic vegetables. The National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) is paying for this nutrition research. The scientists are trying to develop new systems that will increase the flavor and the vitamin content of the foods they grow. Some of the Cornell experiments in cooking are unusual. They make imitation meat dishes, such as carrot drumsticks, made from carrots, peppers, onions, garlic, herbs, and bread crumbs, instead of chicken. They make dishes made from tofu and seitan (a wheat protein) instead of meat. How do these unusual foods taste? The scientists invite a group of taste testers into their laboratories. Every week, 25 people came to taste five different dishes. So far, they have tested 200 different recipes. The carrot drumstick dish was a hit. It rated an eight out of nine. Perhaps soon, people will eat meals made from hydroponic vegetables that are truly out of this world.
【題組】46. What is this passage mainly about?
(A) Innovative food for the future. (B) How to grow vegetables well.
(C) Advantages of hydroponic systems. (D) Experiments with new recipes that use vegetables.
48.【題組】48. Which of the following is an advantage of growing hydroponic vegetables?
(A) The vegetables will grow bigger and tastier. (B) Farmers will have more pleasure in weeding.
(C) Farmers can save money in buying fertilizers. (D) The vegetables are less likely to get diseases.
49.【題組】49. What is the purpose of the research conducted by scientists at Cornell University?
(A) To diversify plant species and food resources.
(B) To make the foods they grow look more like meat.
(C) To enhance the appearance of the foods they grow.
(D) To improve the taste and nutrition of the foods they grow.
50.【題組】50. Which statement about the carrot drumsticks in the Cornell experiments is true?
(A) One of their ingredients was meat.
(B) They tasted unusual and strange.
(C) They were the most popular dish in the experiments.
(D) They were sold to NASA as food for astronauts.