1. The CEO is the key person who is ________ of taking the responsibility of the entire performance of sales and managing the staff under his command in the company.
(A)able (B)capable (C)enabled (D)adequate
Both management and labor sides disagreed on the government’s request that the minimum wages should be about 1/20 times more than the original one. According to the Cabinet-level Council of Labor Affairs (CLA), the wage is too high for businesses, but too low for labor _____31_____ . While winding up a five-hour minimum wage meeting, CLA decided to announce that the minimum monthly pay should be raised _____32_____ 5.03 percent. However, it was _____33_____ that management and labor representatives could accept the result with the 5.03 percent raise in the minimum wage. The enterprises claimed that they couldn’t accept the 5.03 percent raise in the minimum wage. _____34_____ , they could accept a hike of only 3
percent. If the minimum wage was hiked by 5.03 percent, local employers would face an additional wage payment of NT$34.8 billion per year. On the other hand, the labor representatives were quite dissatisfied with the small hike, which is _____35_____ a 31.2 percent hike they demanded. Since the government ignored the labor representatives’ expected demand they used to stress, they won’t rule out the possibility of appealing to the Control Yuan to correct the CLA’s decision.
31 (A)advocates (B)presenters (C)descendents (D)residents
The Arctic is sometimes called “the land of the midnight sun.” This is because in mid-June, the sun is still shining at midnight. _____36_____ , for several months in the winter, it is dark almost 24 hours a day, and the temperature can be as cold as -50 degrees Fahrenheit. Even in the summer, _____37_____ anything grows this far north. It is difficult for most people to imagine living in the Arctic.
The Inuit, however, have managed to survive in this _____38_____ environment for thousands of years. In order to survive, they _____39_____ their way of living. Their housing, clothing, and transportation exactly suited the conditions in the Arctic.
Since nothing grew in the Arctic, the Inuit hunted and fished. In the winter, they hunted for _____40_____ such as polar bears and seals on the ice. In the summer, they fished and hunted for whales. The Inuit used every part of the animal for food, to make clothes, to build boats and houses, and even to provide heat.
【題組】36 (A)As a result (B)For instance (C)By contrast (D)After all
Do you want something different for dinner? Try some space food. Scientists are experimenting with
ways to grow food in space. Scientists think that in 20 or 30 years, astronauts will be able to live in space
colonies off the planet. Already many scientists are living for months on the International Space Station
high above the earth. It’s too expensive to carry food to feed people living in space colonies. People in
space colonies will need to grow food for themselves. But how can they grow food without soil and
Today, we already have hydroponic vegetables. These are vegetables you can grow without soil. The
food can grow in an artificial environment. The science of hydroponics is not new. Many writers believe
that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were actually a large hydroponic system. This system could have
used fresh water that was rich in oxygen and minerals for the plants. Hydroponic systems need light. In
addition to sunlight, hydroponic farms can use artificial lights. Instead of soil, hydroponic farms can use
special material, such as charcoal and mixtures of chemicals, to feed the plants. And in addition to a
natural climate, most hydroponic farms often use greenhouses. One advantage of hydroponics is that
diseases and insects that travel through the soil are eliminated. Another advantage is that there are no
weeds to pull out.
Nutrition scientists at Cornell University in New York are experimenting with recipes that use these
hydroponic vegetables. The National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) is paying for this nutrition
research. The scientists are trying to develop new systems that will increase the flavor and the vitamin
content of the foods they grow. Some of the Cornell experiments in cooking are unusual. They make
imitation meat dishes, such as carrot drumsticks, made from carrots, peppers, onions, garlic, herbs, and
bread crumbs, instead of chicken. They make dishes made from tofu and seitan (a wheat protein) instead
of meat. How do these unusual foods taste? The scientists invite a group of taste testers into their
laboratories. Every week, 25 people came to taste five different dishes. So far, they have tested 200
different recipes. The carrot drumstick dish was a hit. It rated an eight out of nine. Perhaps soon, people
will eat meals made from hydroponic vegetables that are truly out of this world.
【題組】What is this passage mainly about?
(A)Innovative food for the future. (B)How to grow vegetables well.
(C)Advantages of hydroponic systems. (D)Experiments with new recipes that use vegetables.
43.【題組】Which of the following is an advantage of growing hydroponic vegetables?
(A)The vegetables will grow bigger and tastier.
(B)Farmers will have more pleasure in weeding.
(C)Farmers can save money in buying fertilizers.
(D)The vegetables are less likely to get diseases.
44.【題組】What is the purpose of the research conducted by scientists at Cornell University?
(A)To diversify plant species and food resources.
(B)To make the foods they grow look more like meat.
(C)To enhance the appearance of the foods they grow.
(D)To improve the taste and nutrition of the foods they grow.
45.【題組】Which statement about the carrot drumsticks in the Cornell experiments is true?
(A)One of their ingredients was meat.
(B)They tasted unusual and strange.
(C)They were the most popular dish in the experiments.
(D)They were sold to NASA as food for astronauts.
In 1801, Thomas Jefferson was the first president to take the oath of office in the United States of
America’s permanent capital, Washington D. C.. Although Washington was a new city, it was already
familiar to President Jefferson. In fact, Jefferson had helped plan the capital’s streets and public buildings.
Besides being a city planner and architect, the new President was a writer, a scientist, and the inventor of
Jefferson lived in the Presidential Palace. The Palace was more than a home; it contained offices for
the President and some of his staff and advisors. It also included dining and reception rooms, where the
President could entertain congressmen. However, President Jefferson did not give many formal parties.
This was partly because there was no First Lady. Jefferson’s wife died in 1782. But it was also because
Jefferson liked to live in a simple fashion. Once, he showed up for an important meeting wearing old
clothes and slippers! Neither George Washington nor John Adams would ever have dressed so casually.
Jefferson was different from the first two Presidents in other ways, too. He disagreed with them about
how the country should be run, and about what part a President should play in running it.
【題組】According to the passage, what was the Presidential Palace built to be?
(A)A residential unit. (B)A office for staff.
(C)A meeting place for congressmen. (D)An office building and home.
49.【題組】Which of the following statements about Washington D. C. is true?
(A)It was not the first capital of the United States.
(B)Washington D. C. was planned by John Adams.
(C)There were many old streets in Washington D. C. before 1801.
(D)All the American presidents took the oath of office in Washington D. C..
50.【題組】It can be inferred from the passage that George Washington and John Adams both _____________.
(A)lived in the Presidential Palace (B)were rather formal gentlemen
(C)liked to run the country (D)dressed casually