9.A big goal of advertising is to increase your consumption. Everyone needs to consume; we all need to eat, drink and buy basic necessities. But a lot of advertising is aimed at convincing us that we should have much more than we need. This involves encouraging us to throw out possessions that are still good or which could be recycled, _____39_____ extra things we may never use. This excess consumption not only _____40_____ the world’s resources but also increases pollution and waste. Children born today in London or New York, for example, will consume, pollute, and waste fifty times more than children born in a developing country.
It’s estimated that more than 1.7 billion people make up the world’s consumer society: people who have more money to spend than _____41_____ to cover their basic needs. This number is increasing every year. But these 1.7 billion do not spend _____42_____ . A fifth of the world’s population, mostly people in Japan, North America, and Europe, are responsible for 90 percent of consumption. 【題組】39 (A)rather than buy (B)so as to buy (C)in spite of buying (D)as well as to buy
13.Allen: What do you do to amuse yourself?
Lisa: I like movies and music. I play the flute every day. How about you?
Allen: ___But I have something just like yours: I am a movie fan.
(A)Going to an amusement park can be fun.
(B)It’s all up to you.
(C)Keep your nose out of it.
(D)I don’t know much about music.
14.A: Good afternoon. Henry’s Russian Restaurant.
B: Hello. I’d like to make reservations for dinner tonight.
A: Yes. _____44_____
B: Five. We’d also like a table near the window, too, please.
A: I’ll certainly see _____45_____ . What time do you want your reservation for?
A: And what is the name, please?
B: The name is Miller. 【題組】44 (A)What would you like to order? (B)How many people are there in your party?
(C)How much does the dinner cost? (D)Do you have a reservation?
17.The melting waters of the Ruwenzori Mountains feed the headwaters of the Nile. Here, for hundreds of thousands of years, people have depended on the river for basic necessities: water, transportation, farming, and fishing.
Now, the glaciers of the Ruwenzori are melting so rapidly that they will soon disappear. Within the next twenty or thirty years, most glaciers in Africa and South America will vanish completely.
The shrinking of the world’s glaciers will have massive consequences for communities that depend on ice melt. In the short-term, these consequences may appear beneficial. For example, extra water from glaciers means that hydroelectric dams will run at maximum power. In the long run, however, the melting of earth’s glaciers could be catastrophic. Today’s extra hydroelectric power has been stolen from the future. Communities with ample power now may have none after the glaciers have melted, and the loss of ice will increase sea levels worldwide.
Temperature change and a lack of snow is causing the retreat of the glaciers. Glaciers are no longer getting built up during the snowy winter months, so they are no longer able to maintain their size over the long run.
Unless there are some changes in the current rate of global warming, the glaciers are essentially doomed. 【題組】What does the word “beneficial” mean in this passage?
(A)Helpful (B)Worthless (C)Dangerous (D)Unbelievable
18.【題組】Which of the following descriptions of glaciers is true?
(A)Glaciers are the main water source for the Nile.
(B)Melting glaciers may help hydroelectric dams run at maximum power for a long time.
(C) As temperature increases, glaciers are getting built up.
(D)Melting glaciers will result in the decline of sea levels.
19.【題組】What is the main idea of this passage?
(A)Someday most glaciers in the world will disappear completely.
(B)Melting glaciers provide water for irrigation, drinking, and transportation.
(C)Temperature change and a lack of snow causes the decrease of glaciers.
(D)The melting of glaciers is potentially disastrous to human beings.
20.【題組】According to this passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A)The Nile is not affected by global warming.
(B)Melting glaciers are caused by global warming.
(C)With the melting of glaciers, we are saving hydroelectric power for the future.
(D)Melting glaciers will only influence the world on a small scale.