2.Simply defined, ______ is information that has been analyzed and refined so that it is useful to policymakers in making decisions—specifically, decisions about potential threats to our national security.
( (D) improvement
3.The Office of ￼ ______ at the National Police Agency, led by a head prosecutor, is in charge of the investigation of corruption accusation against police officers.
(B) Internal Affairs
( (D) Personnel
4.DNA or ______ typing is sometimes called DNA fingerprinting because it allows police to identify an individual in the same way as fingerprints do.
( (D) proliferating
5.Local police departments report using computers for a variety of ￼ ______ functions, including records management, crime investigation, information sharing, and dispatch.
(A) law enforcement
(B) finger printing
(C) money laundry
( (D) cyber bullying
10.Barack Obama is the 44th president of the United States. He is the first African-American to hold the office, while his predecessors are all ￼ ______ Americans.
11.As a foreigner working in Taiwan, I need to apply for an ARC in order to stay here legally. The ARC is:
￼ (A) Authorized Resident Certificate
(B) Alien Resident Certificate
(C) Automated Resident Certificate
(D) Amateur Resident Certificate
12.To preserve physiological fluids evidence, ______￼ hard objects such as guns, rocks, metals, etc. should not be frozen or refrigerated as subsequent condensation may dilute or otherwise impact the fluids evidence on them.
13.According to the police and procedure manual, in cases where a person is arrested or_____ for assaulting an on-duty or off-duty officer, a sworn supervisor of the rank of lieutenant or above shall be notified.
14.In all field situations where more than two officers are present, the senior officer of the first unit at the scene shall be in charge until officially ______.
16.According to the statistics released by the crime prevention unit, vehicles thought to be stolen are often, in fact, towed due to parking ￼ ￼___ or repossessed due to lack of payment.
17.From the mid-1990s, “intelligence” has increasingly displaced “community” in policing discourses. In the United Kingdom, this has been the case since 1993 when the Audit Commission proposed a new policing model centered on police-informant relationships. Since then, Chief Police Officers have adopted the language of "intelligence-led policing" to describe police services. In essence, intelligence-led policing involves linking together information from a wide range of sources--from open source and publicly available information to that obtained covertly in order to build up a composite picture. This will highlight links between people, objects, locations and events that are essential in supporting the policing purposes described. Identifying these links enables decisions to be made about priorities and resources needed to manage risk.
There was, however, a problem during the latter part of the 1990s when the relationship between intelligence-led and community policing remained unclear. The Home Office and Chief Police Officers touted both simultaneously. As local police units were increasingly empowered to address local problems, Chief Police Officers were also touting an intelligence-led approach that required police to develop and tap into local informant sources. These strategies appeared disparate and even contradictory. The intelligence-led approach seemed appropriate for addressing major cases involving drug trafficking or terrorism whereas many considered community policing to be appropriate for addressing local issues. As a result, constables have generally sustained a reactive style inconsistent with either model.
It was not until the turn of the millennium that the National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS) proposed the National Intelligence Model (NIM)--a single intelligence-led approach at “nearly” all levels of policing. While there has been some recent discussion of reintegrating community policing and the NIM through neighborhood safety initiatives and the hiring of reassurance police officers in the past half-decade, community policing has taken a secondary role to intelligence-led approaches. 【題組】What is the main idea of the passage above?
(A) The United Kingdom attempts to introduce the intelligence-led policing approach to the world.
(B) Linking together information from a wide range of sources is the key to successful policing.
(C) It is important to strike a balance between the intelligence-led policing model and the community policing model.
(D) Intelligence-led policing has gradually become the dominant approach to policing in the United Kingdom.
18.【題組】What does the pronoun “This” with underline refer to?
(A) The Chief Police Office
(B) The Audit Commission
(C) The adoption of intelligence-led policing approach
(D) The open source and publicly available information
20.【題組】Which of the following is the most likely reason for the constables to assume a reactive policing style?
(A) The authorities gave them confusing policies.
(B) They did not think the intelligence-led approach would work.
(C) They were already fully occupied with their policing responsibilities.
￼ (D) There were too many levels in the chain of command.