1.31 Sleep ______ occurs when an individual fails to get enough sleep. It can knock hormones out of balance, causing feelings of hunger.
(A)manipulation (B)contraction (C)adaptation (D)deprivation
2.32 The murderer lost control and cried out when the judge sentenced him to life imprisonment without parole.
(A)analytically (B)exclusively (C)hysterically (D)hypothetically
3.33 Lemon, orange, and lavender are popular scents for refreshing the home, but you can experiment with your own favorites to create a air spray.
(A)custom (B)digital (C)mortal (D)remote
4.34 When those billionaires are loved and admired, it is often because people can actually see and enjoy the fruits of their labors.
(A)Oftentimes, people won’t praise the super-rich until they can actually contribute their efforts to the success of those billionaires.
(B)Oftentimes, the super-rich won’t let the public share and benefit from their success until the public actually starts to praise them.
(C)When the public can witness the achievements of the super-rich, they often will start to adore them.
(D)When people can actually receive and enjoy direct help from the super-rich, oftentimes, they will start to praise those billionaires.
5.35 Before you point the finger at others, you might want to make sure that you are more than ready to defend yourself.
(A)Before blaming others, you had better be well-prepared for potential criticism that may come toward you.
(B)Before making a vulgar gesture, you had better be sure that you do not end up defending yourself in court.
(C)Before losing your temper, you might want to stop to think twice about the consequences of your angry words.
(D)Before giving others a hard time, you might want to double-check to see if you know who you are dealing with.
6.36 The voyage to discovery is not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes.
(A)The key to discovery is to be found in exotic land.
(B)The key to discovery lies in having new perspectives.
(C)If you want to discover new things, you should not stop traveling.
(D)If you want to discover new things, you should change your glasses.
7.The gifts have been unwrapped. The champagne has been drained, and vacation season is over. It’s back to the grind of work, and there’s a whole year ahead of us. Instead of feeling uninspired and bummed about the long stretch before the next holiday season, take some time to refocus your energy at the office. The best way to do this is to set small, accomplishable work goals. For instance, someone who takes on too much responsibility might focus on delegating successfully in the coming year. An employee who is shy in meetings might try to speak out more. Someone who is opinionated might try to be a bit more subdued. Setting these goals is a way to stay engaged and active at work. From there take an annual career physical. Ask yourself: do I get paid enough? Does my work challenge me? Am I learning and contributing? If most of the answers aren’t yes, it might be time to look for a new job. If that’s the case, assess the job possibilities in your area and get to know key players locally in your profession. Looking for a new position might be just what you need. If you don’t need a major career overhaul, look around you. It might sound simple, but one thing that drains employees is a messy desk and office. A cluttered desk will keep your mind cluttered too. 【題組】When is this passage most likely written?
(A)After Thanksgiving (B)After the New Year (C)After Easter (D)After Halloween
8.【題組】38 What is the author’s suggestion for people who take on too much responsibility?
(A)To take a long vacation (B)To give part of their work to others
(C)To devote more energy to their work (D)To plan their work carefully
9.【題組】39 What is the author’s suggestion for people who like to express very strong opinions about things?
(A)To be more restrained (B)To be more persistent (C)To be more subversive (D)To be more contented
10.With growing frequency, statistics reveal a considerable prevalence of vandalism and violence in schools all over the United States. The annual reports by the FBI attest to the perennial rise of juvenile delinquency and crime in society at large.
Information released by the New York City Board of Education in December 1975 should cause considerable anxiety. In “Fun City,” the number of acts of crime in the public schools during September-November 1975 was 55% higher than for the corresponding period in 1974. The major criminal actions were assaults on teachers and robberies of teachers, pupils, and others.
The blame for this situation has frequently been laid at the door of the current status and mood of society. Among the contributory factors cited are the deplorable economy, racial tensions and clashes, the availability of weapons, and widespread accessibility of drugs and liquor, the daily depiction of violence in television programs, the inconsistent and light punishment meted out by the courts, and parental and pedagogical permissiveness. Efforts at coping with the waves of school vandalism and crime have been hampered by judicial and social restrictions upon suspension, exclusion, and corporal punishment, accompanied by an insistence upon a broad definition of pupil rights. 【題組】40 According to the passage, what does “Fun City” refer to?
(A)FBI (B)Public schools (C)New York (D)The United States
11.【題組】41 According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A)The authorities are allowed to suspend students.
(B)Attacks and robberies account for most crime actions in schools.
(C)Weapons are not easily accessible to students.
(D)Racial tension has not been an issue since the abolition of segregation laws.
12.【題組】42 According to the passage, which of the following is NOT one of the contributory factors to the situation described?
(A)Parental permissiveness (B)The widespread accessibility of drugs
(C)The inconsistent punishment given by the court (D)The booming economy
13.When children are involved, divorce is never painless. To _____43_____ the problems associated with divorce, parents need to maintain a stable environment for their children. For example, any fighting over finances or child _____44_____ should not occur in front of the children. Also, parents should try to live near each other so that the child has easy _____45_____ to both parents. To further stabilize the child’s life after a divorce, many parents now _____46_____ the “family home.” The kids do not have to change houses to visit each parent; _____47_____ , the parents take turns living in the family home. If parents just remember to put children first, then the effects of divorce on the children can be lessened. 【題組】
43 (A)determine (B)consult (C)minimize (D)realize
16.【題組】46 (A)move out (B)opt for (C)put down (D)take after
17.【題組】47 (A)instead (B)still (C)in addition (D)as a result
18.Nearly two thirds of domestic violence involves drinking. Alcohol abuse by parents is strongly tied to child neglect and juvenile delinquency. Drinking during pregnancy can lead to _____48_____ and is a major cause of such birth defects as _____49_____ limbs and mental retardation. Those who depend on alcohol are _____50_____ happy: over a fourth of the patients in state and county mental institutions have alcohol problems; more than half of all violent crimes are alcohol-related. 【題組】
48 (A)misunderstanding (B)misogyny (C)miscarriage (D)misconduct