Wei-Chan Hsieh>试卷(2012/08/10)

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101 年 - 101年 警察鐵路 三等#8812 

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1.Shu-yu is highly ____ to succeed in her career, so she works fourteen hours every day. 

(A)mortified  
(B)motivated  
(C)monitored  
(D)modified
2.Traditional Chinese medicine plays an important role in treating cancer and managing pain, where the effectiveness of Western _______ is limited.
(A)benefits
(B)commodities
(C)disciplines
(D)remedies
3.The galaxy to which our solar system belongs is so that is takes between 60,000 to 100,000 years at light speed to cross it. 
(A)abundant 
(B)enormous 
(C) imaginable 
(D)various
4.In 1995, Beth plucked up the courage and went to the United States tofurther ______  her singing skill. A year later, she participated in a Canadian contest for vocalists.  
(A)hint  
(B) hone  
(C)hijack  
(D)hibernate
5.After its engine failed, the small boat with the current. 
(A)drifted 
(B)washed 
(C)launched 
(D)waved
6.The environmentalist movement, a reaction against industrial pollution of air and water, grew up in the 1960s. 
(A)Industrialization received negative response but still grew up in the 1960s. 
(B)Environmentalists finally won the fight against industry in the 1960s. 
(C)The environmental movement triggered the industrial revolution in the 1960s. 
(D)Aware of the damage brought by industrialization, people began to protect the environment in the 1960s
7.One similar attribute of all science fictions is that the main character is usually taken on a fantastic journey. 
(A)Most science fictions involve the main character in an exciting and imaginary journey. 
(B)Most science fictions involve the main character in a fun and enjoyable journey. 
(C)If the main character is not on a journey, the story cannot be classified as science fiction. 
(D)Science fictions attribute their success to the fantastic journey the main character takes.
8.While they are not immune to the hot and cold winds of politics, artists have become adept at taking shelter from them most of the time. 
(A)Though they can hardly turn a deaf ear to politics, artists have become better at working for politicians. 
(B)Though they can hardly remain politically impassive, artists have learned better to take a political stance. 
(C)Though they may suffer from the drastic change of politics, artists have been able to adapt such change into their creations. 
(D)Though they may suffer from the drastic change of politics, artists have become skillful in surviving such change.
9.Experience is not what happens to you; it is what you do with what happens to you. 
(A)An experience is not a good one if you simply let it happen and do nothing about it. 
(B)It is not what happens to you but the lesson you learn from it that is called experience. 
(C)What happens to you is part of your experience; it is complete with a follow-up action. 
(D)Experience is more than what happens to you; you need to take some action afterwards
10.Capitalism has improved the lives of billions of people, but it has left out billions more. 
(A)The prevalent adoption of capitalism has resulted in prosperity to millions of people. 
(B)Free enterprise is welcome among the rich but not the poor because of its inequitable nature.
(C)The promotion of private enterprise has not only made poor people’s lives easier but also made the rich more well off. 
(D)A substantial amount of people have gained benefits from capitalism and lived a better life; nevertheless, more have not.
11.This cutting-edge equipment is state-of-the-art. 
(A)These powered knives and saws are very good for arts and crafts. 
(B) This cutlery is designed only for use in art. 
(C)This modern, hi-tech tool is designed especially for art. 
(D)This equipment is the newest and most advanced of its kind.
12.One of the most important features that distinguish man from animals is the ability to laugh. People who have investigated the phenomenon have offered many theories to explain human laughter. Scholars in the field of psychology, for example, have done    42   on the subject of what makes people laugh. But, as usually happens, the experts disagree, and there is much   43   in the field. Some people claim that human beings laugh at things which are strange to their experience. Others feel that people laugh at what they secretly believe to be their own weaknesses. It is   44   that all people do not laugh at the same things. Sometimes people laugh at what they see; sometimes they laugh at what they hear. Humor often    45   on a knowledge of certain words or even on an understanding of a particular cultural background. There are, of course, many different sources of humor, but the important fact is that all people share the great pleasure of laughter.
【題組】 42 
(A)efforts 
(B)explanation 
(C)issues 
(D)research
13.【題組】43  
(A)applause  
(B)controversy  
(C)failure  
(D)objection
14.【題組】44
(A)clear 
(B)dubious 
(C)impossible 
(D)relevant
15.【題組】45
(A)depends 
(B)keeps 
(C)looks 
(D)stays
16.It is easy to understand why the Greeks found geocentric cosmology so appealing. Night after night, we see celestial objects moving across the sky from east to west. Wouldn’t it be natural to assume that the Earth lies motionless at the center of the universe and that the Sun, the moon, planets, and stars revolve around it? In the 4th century B.C., Plato postulated a world system with the stationary Earth as its hub and a huge outer space that carried the planets and stars in its daily revolution. But his two-sphere configuration could not account for a particular motion of certain planets. As a rule, the planets and stars traveled together across the sky every night from east to west. But now and then, inexplicably, some planets seemed to drift backwards. Today we know that retrograde motion is an illusion caused by the fact that we observe planetary motion from a planet that is itself in motion. It never entered the mind of Eudoxus, a young contemporary of Plato’s, that the Earth could actually move. But he did try to accommodate planetary retrogression to the motionless earth by developing from the two-sphere Platonic system a model with twenty-seven spheres, one for every known planet; each was attached to another sphere whose rotation, combined with the rotation of the other planetary spheres, explained the “reversed” direction of certain heavenly bodies.
【題組】46 According to Greek cosmology, which of the following did NOT move? 
(A)The Earth 
(B)The Moon 
(C)Mars 
(D)The Sun
17.【題組】According to the passage, what did Plato’s world system look like? 
(A)A river 
(B)A spoon 
(C)A tent 
(D)A wheel
18.【題組】Which movement of some planets can NOT be explained in Plato’s system? 
(A)Backward 
(B)Forward 
(C)Upward 
(D)Downward
19.【題組】Why do all planets seem NOT to move in the same direction? 
(A)The Sun does not move. 
(B)All planets move sideways. 
(C)The Earth is in motion. 
(D)All planets move backwards.
20.【題組】Which of the following statements is true about Eudoxus? 
(A)He was born two centuries after Plato.
(B)He believed that the Earth was stationary. 
(C) He proposed that the planetary retrogression was an illusion. 
(D)His cosmological structure was smaller in scale than Plato’s.