11.Imagine this situation: An American businessman is giving a speech in Germany. He doesn’t speak German, so he is using an interpreter to help him. In the introduction to his speech, he tells a little joke. Everyone laughs. So we would guess that his joke worked. Not really. In fact, the joke was not _11_ because the interpreter knew it was offensive in German culture. So why did everyone laugh? The interpreter told them to. He said, “The speaker has just told a joke. Please laugh.”
As a matter of fact, most interpreters _12_ the same thing. That’s because different cultures find different things _13_ . For example, Americans often make fun of themselves or others in their jokes. But people from China, Japan and other cultures in the Far East do not _14_ jokes that are too personal. Laughing at their own or other people’s mistakes is not considered funny. _15_ , they might feel offended by such a joke. That’s why we should be careful in cross-cultural situations. 【題組】11 (A)translated (B)laughed (C)attacked (D)protected
16.The brain that revolutionized physics now can be downloaded as an app for US$9.99 (NT$290). While Albert Einstein’s genius isn’t included, an exclusive iPad application launched Tuesday promises to make detailed images of his brain more _16_ to scientists than ever before. Teachers, students and anyone who’s curious also can get a look.
A medical museum under development in Chicago obtained funding to scan and digitize nearly 350 fragile and priceless slides made from slices of Einstein’s brain after his death in 1955. The application will _17_ researchers and novices to peer the eccentric Nobel winner’s brain as if they were looking through a microscope. After Einstein died, a pathologist named Thomas Harvey performed an autopsy, removing the great man’s brain _18_ future researchers could discover the secrets behind his genius.
Harvey gave samples to researchers and collaborated on a 1999 study _19_ in the Lancet. That study showed that a region of Einstein’s brain — the parietal lobe — was 15 percent wider than normal. The parietal lobe is important to the _20_ of math, language and spatial relationships. The new iPad app may allow researchers to dig even deeper by looking for brain regions where the neurons are more densely connected than normal. 【題組】16 (A)competitive (B)accessible (C)obscure (D)ultimate