1._______ communication is the key to business success.
(A)Effective (B)Extraneous (C)Extreme (D)Extravagant
2.It is challenging to lay out a _______ that both parties find acceptable.
(A)temper (B)violation (C)proposal (D)devotion
3.The company encourages its employees to express all ideas no matter how _______ the
ideas could sound.
(A)confident (B)volunteering (C)impractical (D)reluctant
4.To protect the forests, we’ve got to use _______ paper as much as possible.
(A)divorce (B)recycled (C)material (D)tissue
5.Parents should give their teenage children the necessary ______ in order for them to
learn to be responsible for their own decisions and actions.
(A)division (B)emergency (C)ignorance (D)flexibility
6.There are many factors to contribute to the _______ that some applicants may not be
(A)preservation (B)likelihood (C)companion (D)reputation
7.The restaurant does not use food that is precooked and frozen; instead everything is
made from _______.
(A)merchandise (B)inventory (C)scratch (D)chemicals
8.The environmentalists are ______ people to use more public transportation to cut down
energy consumption and reduce air pollution.
(A)exhorting (B)denouncing (C)separating (D)alienating
9.Before he became successful and rich, he _______ unemployed for many years.
(A)has been (B)had been (C)could be (D)would have been
10._______ the fact that the company has been losing several major contracts in the past
few years, it is still the most influential manufacturers.
(A)Owing to (B)As a matter of (C)Because of (D)Despite
11.A procrastinator is the one who tends to put off until later _______ can be done now.
(A)what (B)that (C)which (D)it
12.But for his hesitation, his company _______ the big manufacturing contract last year.
(A)would have won (B)had won (C)could not win (D)might not win
13.When _______ with difficulties, one still needs to continue his efforts without giving up
(A)facing (B)to face (C)faced (D)face
14.This is the most exciting movie this year, _______?
(A)is this (B)isn’t this (C)isn’t it (D)is it
15._______ in math and science, the 12-year-old genius is now working on his doctoral
(A)To excel (B)Excel (C)Excelled (D)Excelling
16.The European Food Safety Authority（EFSA）has ruled that cocoa powder and dark chocolate can help people improve blood circulation — a claim made by Barry Callebaut, the world’s largest maker of chocolate products. The Swiss group said on Tuesday it had provided evidence to EFSA that eating 10 grammes of dark chocolate or its equivalent in cocoa that were high in flavanols _____16_____ blood flow.
For the clinical studies it conducted to back up the claim, Barry Callebaut said it used a special process to make cocoa products that maintain the flavanols, _____17_____ are usually mostly destroyed during conventional chocolate-making. If the European Commission sign off on the EFSA ruling, the company and its customers
would have the right to use the health claim on packaging for products _____18_____ chocolate drinks, cereal bars and biscuits, the company said.
In an opinion posted on the EFSA website, a scientific panel concluded that a cause and effect relationship had been _____19_____ between the consumption of cocoa flavanols and the maintenance of normal vasodilation, which aids blood flow. According to Reuters, the European Union (EU) has been clamping down on health claims for food products. For instance, it approved _____20_____ some 200 out of over 2,500 applications earlier this year and gave food companies until the end of 2012 to remove any rejected claims. 【題組】16. (A)help (B)helped (C)helping (D)to help
17.【題組】17. (A)which (B)that (C)what (D)when
18.【題組】18. (A)as if (B)rather than (C)such as (D)even though
21.To discover the secrets of longevity, health specialists are studying people that reach ages well over 100. Researchers say that about 30 percent of aging is genetic. And for those who get to extreme old ages, family history may play an even more important role. For instance, Ruben Landau’s mother lived to 100. He is nearly 102, and still practices law.
Dr. Thomas Perls also studies these superhuman centenarians, and he has found that many centenarians lack a certain gene, E-4, that’s associated with an increased risk of heart disease and Alzheimer’s. One study found the gene is in 29 percent of young men, but only 15 percent of centenarians. Perls is also trying to determine if those who reach 100 have some type of protective gene. Researchers are also finding that children of centenarians have a 60 percent reduced rate of heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and high blood pressure. One day all this genetic research will lead to drugs that can slow the aging process.
Other experts believe that good diet is very important. The Okinawans are famous for their longevity. They include lots of vegetables, tofu, miso, and little fish and meat in their diet. The elders in Okinawa have been through two world wars and credited this diet to the hardship of the wars - when people were extremely poor. This poor people’s diet will be the key for their longevity today. Besides good habits and diet, experts who studied the Okinawans also contribute their longevity to ‘ikigai’, which translates to “something that makes one’s life worth living.” 【題組】What is the passage mainly about?
(A)The secrets of very long life.
(B)The diets of the elders in Okinawa.
(C)A place where people enjoys long life.
(D)Use of genetic technology to change the genes.
22.【題組】What does the word “centenarian” mean?
(A)A person who exercises frequently.
(B)A person who is at least 100 years old.
(C)A person who is very sentimental.
(D)A person who has good habits and diet.
23.【題組】What is Dr. Thomas Perls’ profession?
(A)A physicist. (B)A psychologist. (C)A geneticist. (D)A journalist.
24.【題組】According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a factor which leads to long life?
(A)Eating healthy food. (B)Not having E-4 gene.
(C)Holding a positive attitude toward life. (D)Living in high mountains.
25.【題組】Which of the following is a reason for the good physical health of the Okinawans?
(A)Good habits and diet. (B)A moderate climate.
(C)A stress-free environment. (D)The water that is high in minerals.