concon1933>试卷(2015/02/12)

園藝學原理題庫 下載題庫

102 年 - 102園藝學原理#19377 

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【非選題】
1.1.Andtranspirant: Substances that slow or stop the evaporative loss of water from plants.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
2.2. Apomixes: Seed (embryo) formation without sexual union of gametes. This occurs in Kentucky bluegrass and citrus.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
3.3. Dichogamy: The condition when stamens shed pollen at a time that the stigma is not receptive.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
4.4. Double working: A grafting procedure where an interstem is grafted between an understock and scion usually to overcome incompatibility or to dwarf the plant.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
5.5. Filial: Any generation following the parental. It is designated with the symbol F: The first filial generation is the FI, the second is F2, and so on.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
6.6. Foliar feeding: The act of applying liquid forms of water-soluble fertilizers to leaves.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
7.7. Hardening off: The process of preparing plants for the harsh environmental conditions following transplanting. This generally involves reducing watering, fertilization, and temperatures.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
8.8. Heeling in: The act of covering the roots of plants with soil, sawdust, or mulch for the purpose of temporary storage.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
9.9. Hydroseeding: The process of sowing seeds with 狂 mixture of water, fertilizer, and mulch. Hydroseeding is accomplished with specialized equipment.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
10.10. Incompatibility: A biochemical hindrance to sexual unioa of gametes between plants with, a common sterility gene,among members of a clone, or within a single plant.
【非選題】
11.11.Integrated pest management: A system in which people utilize a range of strategies to control pests while considering the consequences of their actions,(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
12.12. Layerage: An asexual propagation technique in which shoots are induced to root while they remain attached to the mother plant,(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
13.13. Liners: Young plant material that is of adequate size to plant in a nursery.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
14.14. Rouging: The removal of unwanted plants because they are diseased or not true to type.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
15.15. Soilless medium: A medium for growing plants that does not contain any mineral soil. Many soilless media contain sphagnum peat or bark and an inert ingredient such as sand, perlite, or vermiculite.(翻譯並解釋)
【非選題】
16.1.anthesis — bolting — rosette(比較專有名詞之不同)
【非選題】
17.2. bulbii - bulblet(比較專有名詞之不同)
【非選題】
18.3. hardwood cutting — semiiiardwood. cutting - softwood cutting(比較專有名詞之不同)
【非選題】
19.4. hypocotyl-hypogeous - hypogynous(比較專有名詞之不同)
【非選題】
20.5. offshoot - watersprout(比較專有名詞之不同)
【非選題】
21.6. scarification - stratification(比較專有名詞之不同)
【非選題】
22.三、請列舉園藝植物所需姨物營養中的巨量元素(Macronutrients)種類5種,並分別寫出這5種元素的: (1)主要吸收型態1種,(2)常用肥料1種,(3)營養缺乏症先出現在老葉或新葉?(20分)
【非選題】
23.四、請依下列園藝植物分類,每一類寫出兩種台灣平地常見之種類(僅寫中文名即可)。(20分)’ (1)常綠果樹,(2)落葉果樹,(3)葉用蔬菜,(4)非葉用蔬菜,(5)觀花喬木,(6)觀花灌木,(7)藤蔓植物, (8)草本花弃,(9)觀葉植物,(10)地被植物。