陳海藻>试卷(2015/06/19)

高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文題庫 下載題庫

102 年 - 102年佐級晉員級 各類別-郵政、港務、公路 英文 #22204 

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1.31 As we all know, the _____ in Canada is much lower than that in Mexico.
(A) tempest
(B) pressure
(C) moisture
(D) temperature
2.32 During election time, one of the hot _____ is whether or not taxes should be raised.
(A) issues
(B) councils
(C) voters
(D) legislators
3.33 In most countries, disabled people are usually given _____ in transportation or entrance fee.
(A) benefits
(B) privileges
(C) options
(D) disadvantages
4.34 The pop singer is going on a tour around the island to _____ his new album.
(A) protect
(B) support
(C) promote
(D) ensure
5.35 The stunt man was _____ from the neck down because of an accident in his performance.
(A) analyzed
(B) paralyzed
(C) paralleled
(D) prohibited
6.36 Christmas is coming, and the Lins start to _____ their Christmas tree.
(A) separate
(B) decorate
(C) operate
(D) moderate
7.請依下文回答第37 題至第41 題 
If a woman decides to take a job outside the home, there are many important questions which are raised. Can she get any job she is 37 of and cut out for? Or are some jobs closed to her because she is a woman? If she gets a job and some of her fellow workers are men doing the same work, will she be paid 38 they are? This issue is considered important in the United States. The government has passed some laws to help women get any job 39 they are qualified, and to help them get the same pay as a man for doing the same work. The government has also passed a law to 40 businesses that get money from the government to be fair to women and minority groups. This is called the Affirmative Action law. It says that 41 a company is not fair to women and other minority groups, the government will not do business with that company. This boosts businesses to provide equal opportunity for women.

【題組】37
(A) independent
(B) innocent
(C) capable
(D) representative
8.【題組】38
(A) as much as
(B) other than
(C) along with
(D) as far as
9.【題組】39
(A) when
(B) what
(C) with which
(D) for which
10.【題組】40
(A) encourage
(B) forbid
(C) cancel
(D) permit
11.【題組】41
(A) unless
(B) if
(C) until
(D) although
12.請依下文回答第42 題至第45 題 
With the increasing water shortages and growing water conflicts, some people start to ask: why don’t we get our drinking water from the ocean? The problem is that the desalination of water requires a lot of energy. Salt dissolves very easily in water, forming strong chemical bonds, and those bonds are difficult to break. Energy and the technology to desalinate water are both expensive. There are environmental costs of desalination as well. Sea life can get sucked into desalination plants, killing small ocean creatures, and upsetting the food chain. Also, there’s the problem of what to do with the separated salt. Pumping this super-salty water back into the ocean can harm local aquatic life. Reducing these impacts is possible, but it adds to the costs. Despite the economic and environmental hurdles, desalination is becoming increasingly attractive as we run out of water from other sources. We are over-pumping groundwater, we have already built more dams than we can afford economically and environmentally, and we have tapped nearly all of the accessible rivers. Far more must be done to use our existing water more efficiently, but with the world’s population escalating and the water supply dwindling, the economic tide may soon turn in favor of desalination.

【題組】42 Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a reason why we don’t desalinate water from the ocean?
(A) Marine ecology might be disrupted.
(B) Desalinating seawater is rather costly.
(C) Land for desalination plants can’t be easily acquired.
(D) The chemical bonds in saltwater are difficult to break.
13.【題組】43 What does the word “hurdles” mean in the passage?
(A) Difficulties
(B) Burdens
(C) Shelters
(D) Protections
14.【題組】44 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a traditional source of water?
(A) Dams
(B) Snow
(C) Rivers
(D) Groundwater
15.【題組】45 What’s the author’s attitude toward desalination?
(A) It should not be supported.
(B) It is unlikely to become a reality.
(C) It might weaken world economy.
(D) It might become a trend in the future.
16.請依下文回答第46 題至第50 題 
Drinking coffee has become a crucial part of the daily routine of 110 million Americans. Over the past 20 years, over 19,000 studies have been conducted to examine the impact of coffee on one’s health. There appears to be both benefits and potential hazards associated with this drink. Some studies have shown that coffee may reduce the risk of diabetes. After analyzing data on 120,000 people over an 18-year period, researchers at Harvard have concluded that drinking 1 to 3 cups of coffee each day can reduce diabetes risk by several percentage points, compared with not drinking coffee at all. Caffeinated and decaffeinated coffees provide similar results, which suggests that a coffee component other than caffeine may have beneficial effects on blood sugar levels. Researchers also find that coffee can lower the risks of Parkinson’s disease, colon cancer, and gallstones. On the other hand, some researchers have found that coffee is not for everyone. In excessive amounts-meaning more than whatever one’s body can tolerate-coffee can decrease the flow of blood to the heart, increase blood pressure, and cause rapid heartbeat. In addition, pregnant women should limit their caffeine intake because fetuses are sensitive to caffeine.

【題組】46 What is the purpose of this passage?
(A) To encourage readers to drink more coffee.
(B) To reveal the results of the author’s study on coffee’s effects.
(C) To point out the good and bad effects of coffee.
(D) To explain the potential danger of coffee.
17.【題組】47 According to the passage, which is NOT one of the diseases that coffee drinkers can avoid?
(A) Diabetes
(B) Parkinson’s disease
(C) Insomnia
(D) Colon cancer
18.【題組】48 What may happen if one drinks too much coffee?
(A) Heartbeat may slow down.
(B) Blood flow to the heart may decrease.
(C) Blood pressure may decrease.
(D) Body weight may drop quickly.
19.【題組】49 Which statement about the Harvard research is true?
(A) The research included 12 thousand subjects.
(B) The research lasted over 18 decades.
(C) The research finds that it is caffeine that can control blood sugar level.
(D) The research suggests that moderate amount of coffee is good for health.
20.【題組】50 What does the word “fetuses” mean?
(A) Eye muscles
(B) Unborn children
(C) Heartbeats
(D) Brain vessels