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102 年 - 102年國立文華高中教甄英文科試題#10136 

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1.01. Rather than portraying Joseph II as a radical reformer whose reign was strikingly enlightened, the play Amadeus depicts him as a (_____________) thinker, too committed to orthodox theories of musical composition to appreciate an artist of Mozart’s genius.
(A) ostentatious
(B) doctrinaire
(C) prodigious
(D) devoid

2.02. Although he was generally considered an extremely (_____________) individual, his testimony at the trial revealed that he had been very hypocritical.
(A) guileless
(B) formidable
(C) arduous
(D) callous

3.03. Among contemporary writers of fiction, Virginia Woolf is an(_____________) figure, in some ways as radical as James Joyce, in others no more modern than Jane Austen.
(A) abstemious
(B) autonomous
(C) anomalous
(D) anonymous

4.04. When facts are(_____________) and data are hard to come by, even scientists occasionally throw aside the professional disguise, and shamelessly appeal to authority and subjective arguments.
(A) exuberant
(B) sleek
(C) viable
(D) elusive

5.05. The child was so spoiled by her indulgent parents that she became(_____________) when she did not receive all of their attention.
(A) elated
(B) sullen
(C) shrewd
(D) placid

6.06. With broadband becoming(_____________), Internet video is the hottest new thing and YouTube is the place to check it out.
(A) prestigious
(B) ubiquitous
(C) resplendent
(D) malevolent

7.07. In an age of(_____________) consumerism, fueled by the increasing speed of technology, we are often inundated with an over abundance of choices.
(A) transient
(B) immanent
(C) extravagant
(D) burgeoning

8.08. During the trial, the convicted man’s family(_____________) the judge for a higher sentence.
(A) declaimed
(B) supplicated
(C) contorted
(D) coerced

9.09. The salesman promised that his amazing machine─a vacuum cleaner would(_____________) us from hours of backbreaking housework.
(A) conscribe
(B) preside
(C) emancipate
(D) speculate

10.10. Our country has been working(_____________) to strengthen the ties among those countries which have diplomatic relationship with us.
(A) assiduously
(B) anonymously
(C) pervasively
(D) inimically

11.11. The boy was charged with(_____________) a criminal even though he himself did not commit the robbery; he merely drove the get away car.
(A) abating
(B) abetting
(C) amending
(D) assenting

12.12. The fact that in some countries the AIDS virus infects more than 50% of the population is practically(_____________) , but as hard as it is to believe, it is true.
(A) unfathomable
(B) incorrigible
(C) impetuous
(D) untenable

13.13. In most offices, the typewriter has now been(_____________) by the computer. Typewriters are outmoded.
(A) supplanted
(B) slanted
(C) stymied
(D) shunned

14.14. If I want immediate(_____________) of information, I will tell a well-known gossip who will quickly scatter the news.
(A) dissection
(B) defoliation
(C) dissemination
(D) destitution

15.15. Some industrialists in Taiwan are(_____________) benefactors. They are unsparing in their effort to help those in need.
(A) insentient
(B) malodorous
(C) laggard
(D) munificent

16.II. 克漏字 : (20%) ( A ) It is a little known fact that roughly one-third of what American professional women earn goes towards their appearance. Many reasons have been 16 to account for why so many of these seemingly empowered and sophisticated women remain so 17 with their looks, the most often-cited one being that in the world of business, individual looks are an increasingly influential factor. 18 obvious, nevertheless, is the nature of beauty itself— what makes one person visually pleasing, but another 19 to the eye? Now, as the aesthetic 20 of women spur on an ever more lucrative beauty industry, anthropologists and cosmetic companies alike are striving for answers to this eternal question.
【題組】 16.
(A) put forth
(B) set about
(C) carried out
(D) glossed over

(A) preoccupied
(B) fascinated
(C) swamped
(D) infested

(A) The most
(B) Even more
(C) Rather than
(D) Far less

(A) resistant
(B) vulnerable
(C) repulsive
(D) pertinent

(A) aspirations
(B) accumulations
(C) inspirations
(D) possessions

21.( B ) Thomas Watson Jr. told Wharton students in 1973 that good design is good business. The idea seemed quixotic, silly even. To many people, design still meant the 21 polish of nicer homes and cleaner graphics. But Watson had earned the right to his belief. The recently retired IBM CEO was a business oracle, 22 the company tenfold during his tenure by transforming its signature product line. Once 23 the grime of cogs and springs, Big Blue had become the face of a new computer age. Watson had always been a pioneering advocate for design. In 1953, he recruited Eliot Noyes to reinvent the street-level showroom at IBM’s Manhattan headquarters. And as IBM transformed, it became 24 with the rise of modernism. Innovation today is 25 linked with design--- and design has been a decisive advantage in countless industries, not to mention crucial tool to 26 commoditization. The easiest is that design allows us to 27 customer’s lust--- and demand higher prices as a result. So why change? Because good design is very profitable.
(A) artificial
(B) superficial
(C) beneficial
(D) facial

(A) grown
(B) growing
(C) having grown
(D) having been grown

(A) rooted in
(B) presiding over
(C) banked on
(D) showing off

(A) detrimental
(B) feasible
(C) effusive
(D) synonymous

(A) inexplicably
(B) inextricably
(C) infinitely
(D) coincidentally

(A) ward off
(B) kick back
(C) pave the way for
(D) make quick work of

(A) upgrade
(B) sustain
(C) stoke
(D) gauge

28.( C ) The development of human civilization nearly entails how the notion of statistics has evolved and been put into practice. Around two thousand years ago, a census 28 by Caesar Augustus became part of the greatest story ever told. Questionable 29 it may seem to the people at present, the census could be considered unprecedented in the history of statistics. Now it is the census taker that does the traveling in the fond hope that a 30 population will stay long enough to gain a thorough sampling. 31 the completion of census taking, methods of gathering, recording and evaluating information have been innovated a great deal over the centuries. And while it was the modest purpose of Rome to obtain a simple head count as an adequate basis for 32 taxes, now batteries of complicated statistical series 33 governmental agencies and private organizations are eagerly scanned and interpreted by sages and seers to get a clue to future events. 34 our more immediate concern, the reliability of present-day economic forecasting, there are considerable differences of opinion. Some people talked about newfangled computers and high-falutin mathematical systems in terms of excitement and endearment. However, others pointed to the deplorable record of highly esteemed forecasts and forecasters. The president of the American Statistical Association cautioned that “high powered statistical methods are usually in order 35 the facts are crude and inadequate, the exact contrary of what crude and inadequate statisticians assume.”
(A) deciphered
(B) depleted
(C) deployed
(D) decreed

(A) although
(B) as
(C) as if
(D) while

(A) highly mobile
(B) relatively static
(C) solely dynamic
(D) exclusively active

(A) Accelerating
(B) Accelerated
(C) To accelerate
(D) For acceleration

(A) coercing
(B) levying
(C) lauding
(D) hoaxing

(A) furnished by
(B) composed of
(C) involving in
(D) deprived of

(A) In addition to
(B) In spite of
(C) With regard to
(D) As a result of

(A) that
(B) which
(C) how
(D) where

36.III. 文意選填: (10%) The birth of cosmetic reconstructive surgery truly occurred many hundreds of years later and over the past ten years plastic surgery has become very popular with more and more people refusing to grow old 36 . It is however not limited to young women 37 the fact that eating disorders are on the rise among young men; men and women alike are interested in cosmetic surgery and it even gains popularity in mainstream culture. It seems that 38 are people judged on their abilities alone but on their appearance and more and more people are choosing to go under the knife in an effort to shape themselves into an objective and 39 ideal beauty. The “image” of beauty portrayed by the media is usually 40 the adjectives, young, very slim, and most often white. Having a body weight of 15% below normal for one’s height, age and weight is considered ideal. In other words, people should be anorexic to meet the media’s image of beauty. The message is that only their 41 image of beauty is acceptable. This ideal image and weight, however, is unattainable for 99% women and 42 most images of models appearing on magazines have been airbrushed to perfection to attain that “perfect” image of beauty. Sadly, for many people, the 43 for beauty has turned into an all-out obsession. Unsurprisingly, the newfound obsession is a convenient marketing tool because 99% of the female population is not satisfied with their appearance and therefore will be more 44 buy slimming, cosmetics or turn to plastic surgery. The industry uses media to keep people thinking that they should maintain the slender or even skinny shape. This idea is simply unattainable and the desire for it will never be met so the demand for the industry will never decrease. And the very industries that profit from 45 inadequacy will continue to prosper.
(A) quest
(B) little
(C) amenity
(D) ironically
(E) attributed to (AB) fueling (AC) related to (AD) imposed (AE) gracefully (BC) obtrusive (BD) arbitrary (BE) considering (CD) likely to (CE) no longer (DE) widely

(A) quest
(B) little
(C) amenity
(D) ironically
(E) attributed to (AB) fueling (AC) related to (AD) imposed (AE) gracefully (BC) obtrusive (BD) arbitrary (BE) considering (CD) likely to (CE) no longer (DE) widely

(A) quest
(B) little
(C) amenity
(D) ironically
(E) attributed to (AB) fueling (AC) related to (AD) imposed (AE) gracefully (BC) obtrusive (BD) arbitrary (BE) considering (CD) likely to (CE) no longer (DE) widely

(A) quest
(B) little
(C) amenity
(D) ironically
(E) attributed to (AB) fueling (AC) related to (AD) imposed (AE) gracefully (BC) obtrusive (BD) arbitrary (BE) considering (CD) likely to (CE) no longer (DE) widely

(A) quest
(B) little
(C) amenity
(D) ironically
(E) attributed to (AB) fueling (AC) related to (AD) imposed (AE) gracefully (BC) obtrusive (BD) arbitrary (BE) considering (CD) likely to (CE) no longer (DE) widely

(A) quest
(B) little
(C) amenity
(D) ironically
(E) attributed to (AB) fueling (AC) related to (AD) imposed (AE) gracefully (BC) obtrusive (BD) arbitrary (BE) considering (CD) likely to (CE) no longer (DE) widely

(A) quest
(B) little
(C) amenity
(D) ironically
(E) attributed to (AB) fueling (AC) related to (AD) imposed (AE) gracefully (BC) obtrusive (BD) arbitrary (BE) considering (CD) likely to (CE) no longer (DE) widely

(A) quest
(B) little
(C) amenity
(D) ironically
(E) attributed to (AB) fueling (AC) related to (AD) imposed (AE) gracefully (BC) obtrusive (BD) arbitrary (BE) considering (CD) likely to (CE) no longer (DE) widely

(A) quest
(B) little
(C) amenity
(D) ironically
(E) attributed to (AB) fueling (AC) related to (AD) imposed (AE) gracefully (BC) obtrusive (BD) arbitrary (BE) considering (CD) likely to (CE) no longer (DE) widely

(A) quest
(B) little
(C) amenity
(D) ironically
(E) attributed to (AB) fueling (AC) related to (AD) imposed (AE) gracefully (BC) obtrusive (BD) arbitrary (BE) considering (CD) likely to (CE) no longer (DE) widely

46.IV. 閱讀測驗: (5%) A widely held theory today is that the ancestors of today’s Native American peoples traveled to the Western Hemisphere from Asia between 25,000 and 30,000 years ago, which was around the same time that Japan was being settled by Stone Age inhabitants. There is dental evidence and blood-type evidence to support this theory. A dental pattern that is found among most ancient human fossils in the Americas is consistent with the dental pattern of ancient human fossils in northeastern Asia. In blood type, the fact that blood type B is almost nonexistent among Native American populations but exists in Asian populations leads to the conclusion that migrations to the Americas from Asia took place before the evolution of blood type B, which is believed to have occurred around 30,000 years ago. In addition to the dental and blood-type evidence, more general evolutionary evidence suggests that it took more than 20,000 years for the variety of physical traits common to Native American populations to evolve, and linguists broadly concur that the development of the approximately 500 distinct languages of the Native American would require approximately 25,000 years. The proposed migration from Asia to the Americans took place during the Ice Age that characterized the Pleistocene epoch. During that period of time, there were huge glaciers holding enormous volumes of water, and, because of the huge glaciers, sea levels were as much as 100 meters lower than they are today. The reduced sea levels meant that Asia and North America were linked with a 750-mile-wide landmass, named Beringia after the Bering Straits that now cover it, and consisted of treeless grassland with warm summers and cold dry winters. Because of the geographical features of Beringia during the Pleistocene epoch, it was an environment well-suited to the large mammals of the time, such as mammoth, mastodon, bison, horse, and reindeer, as well as to the Stone Age hunters who depended on these animals for their existence. The Stone Age inhabitants of the area used these animals not only for food but also for shelter, clothing, and weapons; they were able to spread out and expand their hunting areas as their populations grew, and their populations most likely grew at a very high rate because of the huge amount of territory available for expansion. In spite of the evidence, not all anthropologists are convinced that the migrations from Asia to the Americas took place as early as 25,000 to 30,000 years ago. There is general agreement that the migrations took place, but some believe that the migrations took place much later. No fossilized human bones have been found in what used to be Beringia; finding human bones dating from 25,000 to 30,000 years ago would be strong proof of the dates when the migration took place. However, because what was once Beringia is submerged beneath ocean waters, it may be a formidable task to uncover fossil evidence of migration from Asia to the Americas through Beringia.
【題組】46..The phrase broadly concur in paragraph 1 is closet in meaning to .
(A) to hold opposite views
(B) to have heated debates
(C) to be skeptical of the status quo
(D) to reach an agreement

47.【題組】47.Which of the following statements is NOT provided as evidence to support the hypothesis that the migration discussed in the passage occurred 25,000 and 30,000 years ago?
(A) The dental patterns of the human fossils found in the Americas and Asia are common.
(B) It took the Native Americas roughly 25,000 years to decide on the universal language.
(C) There are variations in blood types between Asians and Native Americans.
(D) The variety of the physical features of Native Americans requires time to develop.

48.【題組】48.Which of the following statements is TRUE about Beringia?
(A) Beringia serves as the source of the name Bering Straits.
(B) Beringia used to be covered with lush trees and grass as a suitable habitat for many species.
(C) Beringia has become inaccessible because it has been submerged under glaciers.
(D) Beringia provided the inhabitants with a suitable environment for survival due to the spacious territory

49.【題組】49.What can be inferred from paragraph 2?
(A) Since the Ice Age, the amount of water in the oceans has decreased drastically.
(B) Glaciers have grown tremendously since the last Ice Age.
(C) During the Ice Age, sea levels were low because of how much water was frozen.
(D) During the Ice Age, huge glaciers displaced a lot of water, causing the oceans to rise.

50.【題組】50.Which of the following titles can be the best follow-up research topic?
(A) How to reach fossilized human bones in what used to be Beringia.
(B) How to dissect human bones discovered in Beringia.
(C) How to scrutinize the lives of the mammals in the Ice Age.
(D) How to examine the dental structure of human bones discovered in the Pleistocene epoch.