elsa11141>试卷(2014/01/02)

高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文題庫 下載題庫

102 年 - 102年 地方三等 專業英文#13848 

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1.1.With support from all the trustees, the motion was _____ approved at the annual board meeting.
(A)acrimoniously
(B)homogeneously
(C)meticulously
(D)unanimously
2.2.Mike started a slow recovery process to _____ at home after being hospitalized for a serious stroke for two months.
(A)conciliate
(B)proliferate
(C)rehabilitate
(D)scintillate
3.3.Color photographs will _____ damage even if we use proper materials and keep the prints in temperature- and humidity-controlled environments.
(A)incur
(B)launch
(C)manipulate
(D)peruse
4.4. Football and baseball may be considered the national pastimes, but rodeo _____ the legacy of the American West.
(A)embodies
(B)foresees
(C)integrates
(D)legitimates
5.5.At the age of 22, Yani Tseng became the youngest golf player to win five major championships. She was said to _____ the golf world.
(A)clench
(B)dominate
(C)engage
(D)humiliate
6.
        Animal studies confirm that the relief some of us get from eating sugar is not just psychological—it is an actual brain-chemistry reaction. In one experiment, Blass and colleagues studied two groups of baby mice who were separated from their mothers and left alone for six minutes. Their resulting “isolation distress” was considered to be a kind of animal equivalent to our human version of depression. The depressed mice who were given sugar water cried only seventy-five times during their isolation—as compared to the more than three hundred cries that came from the mice left 
alone with no sweet treat to alleviate their emotional pain. Apparently, the young mice were literally “medicating” their depression with sugar. 
        Why did sugar have this remarkable effect? Researchers thought that perhaps the sweet food stimulated the release of extra beta-endorphin molecules. Since these molecules help us cope with physical and emotional pain, the sugar had a literally soothing effect. Researchers confirmed their theory by giving both groups of mice Naltrexone, a drug that blocks beta-endorphin receptors. If you take Naltrexone, it does not matter how many beta-endorphins you release—you will not get any relief from pain. Sure enough, when the sugar-fed mice were given Naltrexone, they lost all interest in the sweet substance, suggesting that their only reason for their sweet tooth had been to stimulate the release of beta-endorphins. 
        Numbed by Naltrexone, both groups of mice cried equally often. The poor baby mice were still depressed—but now even sugar could not make them feel better. 


【題組】6. What is the passage mainly about?
(A)People can medicate their depression with sugar.
(B)Baby mice suffered so much from isolation that they should be given some sweet food to relieve their pain.
(C)The soothing effect of sugar is not just something psychological but has a lot to do with an actual chemical reaction.
(D)The result of the mice experiment suggests that people should take more sweet substances to cope with depression.
7.【題組】7.Which of the following statements about the experiment is true?
(A)“Isolation distress” was caused by lack of sweet treat.
(B)Sugar helped the depressed mice to cope with isolation distress.
(C)The depressed mice who were given no sugar water all died of depression.
(D)The depressed mice who were given sugar water cried hundreds of times.
8.【題組】8.According to the article, why does sugar have a soothing effect?
(A)Sweet food can block beta-endorphin receptors.
(B)Sweet food can numb the mice so that they feel no pain.
(C)Sweet food can stimulate the release of beta-endorphins, which help alleviate physical and emotional pain.
(D)Sweet food can stimulate the release of Naltrexone, which helps alleviate physical and emotional pain.
9.【已刪除】【題組】9.How did researchers confirm their theory about the remarkable effect of sugar?
(A)They stopped feeding both groups of mice any more sugar.
(B)They found that both groups of mice lost interest in the sweet food.
(C)They gave both groups of mice a drug that blocks the release of beta-endorphins.
(D)They measured the amount of beta-endorphins released in the blood of the mice.
10.10.With the unemployment rate rising, the President has appointed an _____ committee to deal with the problem.
(A)ad hoc
(B)ad infinitum
(C)adjacent
(D)adjunct
11.11.After the disastrous flooding in Thailand, the dead poultry and the messy environment are now a _____ threat of infectious disease.
(A)flattering
(B)calculating
(C)looming
(D)yielding
12.12.The government officials promised to find out who should have been held _____ for the 250 deaths in the plane crash tragedy.
(A)accountable
(B)discernable
(C)indispensable
(D)vulnerable
13.13.The photo awards are not so much about the award winners as about the power of a photograph, simple and unadorned, to tell a story in ways that words cannot.
(A)The photo awards are given to the winners who can inspire the power of pictures they take.
(B)The photo awards are more a celebration of the power of photographs than the talents of photographers.
(C)The photo awards are given to those who can tell simple and straightforward stories.
(D)Those who cannot tell a story in ways that words cannot will be the winners in the photo contest.
14.14.Poetry is as universal as language and almost as ancient.
(A)Poetry is as universal as language and is almost as old as language.
(B)Poetry is almost as universal as an ancient language.
(C)Poetry is almost as old as a universal language.
(D)Poetry is as old as language and is almost as universal as language.
15.15.Museums should not only be a place to see art but, thanks to their architectural quality, should be an aesthetic experience in themselves.
(A)More than a place to display art, museums themselves are recognized as a piece of art.
(B)People can experience a trip of beauty if they know the value of architectural quality.
(C)Items displayed in museums are installed in the buildings by skillful architects.
(D)Architecture is by nature a form of art that is part of museum collections.
16.16.It is considered common knowledge that rocks are stationary objects that have stayed put for thousands of years.
(A)It is commonly known that rocks are things staying unmoved at the same place for ages.
(B)It is well known that stationery which is made with stones can stay and last for a very long time.
(C)As we have studied rocks for so many years, knowledge of rocks is considered to be ordinary and general.
(D)It is shocking to find that so many big stones have been piled up in the area for thousands of years.
17.17.With the company struggling for many years, Mr. Smith finally sold it to a competitor at a fire-sale price.
(A)Though the business was in trouble, Mr. Smith would not sell his company to another competitor.
(B)In spite of having made efforts to improve his business, Mr. Smith sold it to another company at a very low price.
(C)The competitor set a fire to burn down Mr. Smith’s company, but he worked hard and managed to save it.
(D)Mr. Smith worked so hard for the company; despite this, he was fired in the end due to slow economy.
18.
        We are taught not to judge a book by its cover. But studies of brain seem to suggest that this is exactly what we do in our everyday life; our default cognitive system is configured to choose novel things over the old ones and beautiful things over plain-looking ones. 
        Bianca Wittmann, a British neuroscientist, scanned the brains of 20 video game players while they played a game in which the goal was to accumulate money. In each trial of the game, four pictures were presented to the participants, with each featuring a different mountain view. The participants were then asked to choose one picture. After the game had gone on for a while, the participants would realize that one of the four pictures, if chosen, would grant the participants a cash payoff. Wittmann observed that every time the participants selected an image that would lead to a monetary reward, the neurons or brain cells in a region in their brain called “the striatum”—known to process feelings of pleasure and reward—were activated in anticipation of their cash prize. At one point of the game, Wittmann added new pictures of similar mountain views to each trial. Interestingly, instead of choosing the “old” images that would grant them the cash reward, the participants, including the known moneymakers, chose the novel images over the old ones nearly in all cases. Furthermore, the neurons in the striatum were activated as they chose the novel images. 
        According to Wittmann, this means that the participants treated these novel images with the same degree of excitement, suggesting that our desire to explore new experiences and things perks up the reward system of our brains. So, what is the implication of this finding for marketers of a given product? Well, marketers may be able to bolster the sales of the product simply by repackaging it. Wittmann also warned marketers that although novelty may temporarily boost the sales, they would go down once the customers learn that nothing but the packaging has changed. 

【題組】18. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
(A)Never judge a book by its cover.
(B)Do not deceive your consumers.
(C)Our brains like new things.
(D)There is an alternative way to look into our consumption behaviors.
19.【題組】19.What does the underlined word “bolster” in the last paragraph mean?
(A)Promote
(B)Control
(C)Supplement
(D)Boycott
20.【題組】20.Which of the following statements best captures the author’s view on repackaging old products as a marketing strategy?
(A)It will not help promote the products at all.
(B)The author has contradictory ideas about the effect of this marketing strategy.
(C)It is a great strategy that can perfectly exploit consumers’ fascination with things they consider fresh.
(D)It is an effective way to boost the sales of products, but it can only attract the consumers’ interest for a short term.