102 年 - 102年公務人員普通考試 - 英文#12703
1.31.The woman sued her company for gender _____ because she was laid off for her pregnancy.
2.32.It is a _____ that the kid fell from the tenth floor and survived with only some abrasions.
3.33.Many people took _____ surgery to make themselves look prettier.
4.34.It is customary that Chinese _____ red color with good luck.
5.35.Although the company did not make profits this season, the manager is still _____ about the prospect.
6.36.Jewish teaching says that at death the body returns to God, so funerals take place within 24 hours to get the _____ there all the quicker.
7.Robert Frost (1874-1963) is one of the most well-known 20th century American poets. People like to talk about his nature poems which seem to show a spontaneous love of nature and simple little pleasures in life. But little do most people know about the 37 side of the great poet’s life. Robert Frost lost his first son and second daughter when they were little. And in his sixties, two years after his beloved wife’s death, his son, long 38 from depression and suspiciousness, committed suicide with a deer hunting rifle. In his last years, 39 still keeping a terribly busy and active public life, he was tortured by pneumonia, cancer, and embolism. Having learned about the 40 of the poet, we can finally fully appreciate the death wish shown in one of his famous poems of his last years, “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening.”
(D) because of
11.Many people feel jealous from time to time. Jealousy is easy to deal with, once you understand what it’s teaching you. Here are some pointers on working through your feelings of jealousy.
First of all, you should understand your emotions. Jealousy is a combination of fear and anger; a fear of losing something, and anger that someone is “moving in on” something that you feel belongs only to you. When you start feeling jealous, ask yourself: is it more fear based, or more anger based? If you feel a dropping or clutching sensation in your stomach, it’s probably fear. If you feel a burning, tight sensation in your shoulders and jaw, then you’re likely feeling anger. You might also feel a combination of those sensations.
Secondly, understand that jealousy can alert you to what you want, and what is important to you. If you’re jealous of someone talking to a friend of yours, personal relationships may be important to you. If you’re jealous about money, you may have an underlying need for security. When you begin to understand what makes you jealous, you can begin to take positive steps to maintain those things, without the cloud of negative emotion that accompanies jealousy.
What is the best title for this passage?
(A) The Consequences of Jealousy
(B) How to Better Understand Jealousy
(C) The Importance of Personal Relationships
(D) Understanding What You Want
12.【題組】42Which of the following is true about jealousy?
(A) Fear is the primary reason for jealousy.
(B) Jealousy can cause stomachache.
(C) It is not possible to figure out why we are jealous.
(D) People are jealous about the things they dislike.
13.【題組】43What is a symptom of anger-based jealousy?
(A) Coldness in the stomach.
(B) A burning heart.
(C) Lack of appetite.
(D) Tightness in the shoulders.
14.【題組】44What does the author suggest for dealing with jealousy?
(A) Earn more money to be secure.
(B) Talk to an important friend about your jealousy.
(C) Take medicine to deal with fear-based jealousy.
(D) Understand what contributes to your jealousy.
15.【題組】45If you are jealous of someone talking to your good friends, which of the following statements may be true?
(A) You value this relationship greatly.
(B) You do not have financial security.
(C) You are not sociable.
(D) You do not understand your emotions.
16. A young woman went to her mother and told her how life was so hard for her. She did not know how she was going to make it and wanted to give up. Her mother took her to the kitchen. She filled three pots with water and placed each on a high fire. Soon the pots came to boil. In the first she placed carrots, in the second she placed eggs, and in the last she placed ground coffee beans. She let them sit and boil. In about twenty minutes she turned off the burners. She ladled out the carrots, the eggs, and the coffee and placed each in a bowl. Turning to her daughter, she asked, “Tell me what you see.” “Carrots, eggs, and coffee,” she replied.
Her mother brought her closer and asked her to feel the carrots. She noted that they were soft. The mother then asked the daughter to take an egg and break it. After pulling off the shell, she observed the hard boiled egg. Finally, the mother asked the daughter to sip the coffee. The daughter smiled as she tasted its rich aroma. The daughter then asked, “What does it mean, mother?”
Her mother explained that each of these objects had faced the same adversity: boiling water. Each reacted differently. The carrot went in strong, hard, and unrelenting. However, after being subjected to the boiling water, it softened and became weak. The egg had been fragile. Its thin outer shell had protected its liquid interior, but after sitting through the boiling water, its inside became hardened. The ground coffee beans were unique, however. After they were in the boiling water, they had changed the water.
“Which are you?” she asked her daughter. “When adversity knocks on your door, how do you respond? Are you a carrot, an egg, or a coffee bean?”
What is this story mainly about?
(A) How to cook carrots, eggs, and coffee beans.
(B) The importance of cooking for a woman.
(C) A mother’s affection for her daughter.
(D) Different attitudes when facing difficulties.
17.【題組】47 How did the mother cook carrots, eggs, and coffee beans?
(A) She mixed and boiled them in one pot.
(B) With a pot, she cooked each in order.
(C) She boiled them in separate pots.
(D) She placed them directly above the oven.
18.【題組】48 What lesson would the daughter learn from the eggs?
(A) Birds of a feather flock together.
(B) God helps those who help themselves.
(C) The harder the life is, the stronger one becomes.
(D) Don’t bite off more than you can chew.
19.【題組】49 According to the story, which of the following is NOT true?
(A) Like the carrots, one may surrender in a tough situation.
(B) Like the eggs, one may be still as fragile as the shell even after struggling for a long time.
(C) Like the ground coffee beans, one may change the circumstance that brings the pain.
(D) Like the carrots, one may become weaker after a series of adversities.
20.【題組】50 What does “adversity” mean in the third paragraph?