Conditions in which people live vary from place to place. That is, we all live and grow up in different environments. 47 These kinds of differences—and of course, similarities—are studied by cross-cultural psychology. 48 It also explores the ways in which particular human activities are influenced by different, sometimes dissimilar, social and cultural forces.
49 It also establishes psychological universals, that is, phenomena common for people in several, many, or perhaps all cultures. In general, human personality traits are relatively enduring patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting. 50 For example, it was found that the same composition of personality is common in
people in various countries such as Germany, Portugal, Israel, China, Korea, and Japan. These universal traits include neuroticism, extroversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness.
(A) Cross-cultural psychology cares not only about differences between cultural groups.
(B) Cross-cultural psychology researchers draw their conclusions from at least two samples representing two cultural groups.
(C) Human actions and mental sets may also fluctuate from group to group.
(D) In particular, cross-cultural psychology examines the linkages between cultural norms and behavior.