阿成>试卷(2013/05/15)

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102 年 - 102年 關務三等#10055 

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1.1 If moral courage is indeed one of the core _____ of humanity, we need to find ways to express and support it.
(A) bounties
(B) pitfalls
(C) seams
(D) virtues
2.2 Justin is an ______ tennis player. He can hit the ball equally well with both his right hand and left hand from the baseline.
(A) ambidextrous
(B) ambiguous
(C) ambivalent
(D) amphibian
3.3 Some college students seemed to have become ______ creatures staying up to chat, to play online games, or to surf the Internet.
(A) cynical
(B) diurnal
(C) filial
(D) nocturnal
4.4 When something goes wrong, people sometimes try to make an innocent person a ______ so that they can blame that person for what happened.
(A) braggart
(B) libelant
(C) renegade
(D) scapegoat
5.5 To write a good cover letter for job application, one should avoid a ______ opening and try something a bit more original.
(A) cognitive
(B) forlorn
(C) mundane
(D) pertinent
6.6 Bill Clinton was _____ by the Democratic Party in 1990 and won the US presidential election in 1992.
(A) demonstrated
(B) estimated
(C) manifested
(D) nominated
7.7 Some researchers concluded that maturation rather than rhythmic training significantly affects 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grade children’s ability to _____ their body movements with rhythmic stimuli.
(A) deviate
(B) diverge
(C) synchronize
(D) swerve
8.8 In this down economy, it's time to work on your quality networking, especially when your network is nothing more than a gaggle of Facebook friends.
(A) To help you better cope with this recession, you should start to meet people outside your current social circle, especially people in your professional circle.
(B) To better face this recession, you should start to enhance the quality of your network, especially when you are poorly connected in your professional circle.
(C) To survive this recession, nothing is more important than working on your quality professional networking since your Facebook friends will be of much help.
(D) To do something about this recession, nothing is more urgent than making more friends through the online network apart from those Facebook friends of yours.
9.9 Diseases that have high profiles and vocal activists such as AIDS attract far more interest and money from big donors based partly on the mistaken belief that they kill most children.
(A)Because of people’s mistaken belief, severe diseases such as AIDS are killing a great deal of people, including children as well as adults.
(B) People are more likely to donate money for the diseases that attract most attention because they mistakenly believe that most children die from those diseases.
(C) The high-profile activists and donors are giving a big sum of money to those diseases that kill most children now because they believe that they were misled in the past.
(D) The disease AIDS was believed to be the main killer for most children, but now it is believed that children are in fact suffering from other more common diseases. 10
10.
    At birth, the infant has only the most elementary emotional life. Newborns show an expression of disgust, for example, in response to strong tastes, and show surprise in reaction to sudden changes. They also show interest, which developmental psychologists consider an emotion in its own right. 
    By ten months, infants display the full range of what are considered the basic emotions: joy, anger, sadness, disgust, surprise, and fear. The emergence of the basic emotions during the first year or two of life seems to be 
programmed by a biological clock for brain development.  As the appropriate brain maturation occurs, the various emotions appear in an infant’s repertory. For example, studies of brain activity in ten-month-olds show that the right frontal regions are more active during positive emotions, and the left during negative emotions. 

【題組】Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
(A) Positive and Negative Emotions in Infants
(B) Stimulating the Development of Infant Emotions
(C) Brain Maturation and Emotional Growth in Infants
(D) Measuring Infant Intelligence and Brain Development
11.【題組】11 In the second paragraph, which of the following generalizations about infants’ emotional behavior does the analogy of a clock refer to?
(A) It emerges rapidly.
(B) It has a complex pattern.
(C) It develops with predictable regularity.
(D) It may change from one minute to the next.
12.【題組】12 According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about ten-month-old infants?
(A) Their brain activity is greater when they are happy.
(B) Their behavior is affected only by positive emotions.
(C) Their emotional range is wider than that of newborns.
(D) Their various emotional responses are difficult to discriminate.
13.【題組】13 Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as an emotion displayed by a newborn?
(A) Interest
(B) Surprise
(C) Fear
(D) Despair
14.
     Wikipedia has become the world’s largest reference work. It is setting a blistering pace with more than 1000 new English-language articles being added each day. Its success has attracted harsh criticism from predictable quarters. In an article published recently on Tech Central Station  website, Robert McHenry, former editor-in-chief of Encyclopaedia Britannica, disdainfully said that using Wikipedia was like visiting a public restroom. McHenry’s vain attempt to turn up the heat is ironic because it is the  old-fangled encyclopedia publishers who are on the hot seat. Wikipedia will put many of them in deep trouble within the next few years. 
    Internet users have been voting with their clicks. Traffic to Wikipedia’s 72 servers on any given day exceeds 80 million hits. Wikipedia articles are cited increasingly by mainstream newspapers and magazines. Encyclopedia publishers lambaste Wikipedia’s reliability, but their outrage has blinded them to a sea change in their core market. The way people research and learn in the Internet age is vastly different than it was only a decade ago, and if they fail to adapt, they will suffer. 
    How did Wikipedia get started? Jimmy Wales, Wikipedia’s co-founder and leader, began with a simple yet 
counterintuitive idea: create an open encyclopedia that anyone can contribute to. (The name Wikipedia comes from the “wiki” sort of collaborative software that powers the website.) The project adopted a few canny rules of order: whenever someone edits an article, a new version of the  article is created and saved. This is important because Wikipedia is an open-content project. Such projects are fuelled by the prestige and social standing derived by the contributors from the work that they do. Your contribution to an article, no matter how small, is kept for posterity and clearly identified as such. 
    The continual creation of new versions also discourages antisocial behavior—vandalized articles can be easily reverted. Each article has a separate page where authors can discuss their changes and air their differences. To reduce bias, Wikipedia’s policy is to present a neutral point of view that fairly represents all sides. 

【題組】Which of the following statements is NOT applicable to Wikipedia?
(A) Anyone can edit an article.
(B) Each time an article is edited, a new version of the article is saved.
(C) Authors can discuss their changes of the article on a separate page.
(D) Articles on Wikipedia represent the viewpoint of the website.
15.【題組】15 Which of the following statements about Wikipedia is NOT true?
(A) Wikipedia is becoming more and more popular.
(B) Researching and learning via Wikipedia is a new way of life.
(C) Wikipedia can best be described as an “open encyclopedia.”
(D) Most encyclopedia publishers think Wikipedia a reliable way to find correct information.
16.【題組】16 Why are vandalized articles rare on Wikipedia?
(A) Any changes to the articles can be easily undone.
(B) Jimmy Wales forbids the opening of Wikipedia to the public.
(C) Wikipedia is open for editing only to people with high social standing.
(D) People with antisocial behavior are generally uninterested in Wikipedia.
17.【題組】17 Why are encyclopedia publishers now on the hot seat?
(A) McHenry, the former editor-in-chief, is not willing to start the heat.
(B) Wikipedia is more often cited than its traditional counterparts.
(C) They cannot wait to change their poor situation they are facing now.
(D) They are turning up the heat of Wikipedia.
18.
 Of the more than 350 known species of shark, roughly one quarter of them are, to one degree or another, 
endangered.     18   
    Sharks’ own biology is among their biggest problems. Most species are slow-growing. Male white sharks are not ready to breed until they are at least 9 or 10 years old, while females do not mature until 15-16 years old—and they produce very few young.   19  
    According to Sonja Fordham, an international shark conservation specialist with the Ocean Conservancy, “We are hopeful that recent restrictions on international trade in white shark teeth, jaws, and fins will work to rebuild depleted shark populations. However, given the species’ slow growth, it will take many years to see such recovery.” 
     20   In October 2004, the United Nations Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) placed great white sharks on its Appendix II list, which prohibits trade unless a country can demonstrate that it will not be detrimental to the species. In the case of great whites, such proof is impossible. A month later, the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas banned all shark finning in its fisheries.  21 

【題組】 18
(A) No one knows if the ban will be enforceable, but at least it is on the books.
(B) Over the past years there have been a couple of very positive developments.
(C) A handful, including the great white shark, may ultimately face total biological extinction.
(D) It is estimated that roughly 100 million sharks are saved worldwide by fishermen every year.
19.【題組】19
(A) Once depleted, most shark populations are slow to recover.
(B) Over the past years there have been a couple of very positive developments.
(C) A handful, including the great white shark, may ultimately face total biological extinction.
(D) It is estimated that roughly 100 million sharks are saved worldwide by fishermen every year.
20.【題組】20
(A) Once depleted, most shark populations are slow to recover.
(B) No one knows if the ban will be enforceable, but at least it is on the books.
(C) Over the past years there have been a couple of very positive developments.
(D) Therefore, that has caused the number of male sharks to decrease sharply in the past few years.
21.【題組】21
(A) Once depleted, most shark populations are slow to recover.
(B) Over the past years there have been a couple of very positive developments.
(C) No one knows if the ban will be enforceable, but at least it is on the books.
(D) It is estimated that roughly 100 million sharks are saved worldwide by fishermen every year.
22.
    Tests are important.   22  
    Many things count when the final grade is decided, such as oral presentations and term reports. Some teachers take account of class recitation when figuring out a grade, and the final grade in certain courses may depend to quite an extent on the term paper.   23   There are many kinds of tests. In college, the test may be all objective questions, all essay questions or a combination of both. A final exam in college can last two or three hours and demand a lot in the way of good skills and solid information.   24   Some basically good students have trouble with tests. Two causes of this are nervousness and lack of knowledge of test-taking techniques.   25   If you have prepared carefully and if you know how to go about taking a test, you have done all you can.

【題組】22
(A) It usually takes months to prepare a comprehensive written test for entrance exams.
(B) For the exam, you need to know both the overall ideas of the course and the supporting facts.
(C) But grades in general tend to be based on tests.
(D) So are test grades.
23.【題組】23
(A) But grades in general tend to be based on tests.
(B) It usually takes months to prepare a comprehensive written test for entrance exams.
(C) Most colleges are in great need of professional examiners to conduct face-to-face interviews.
(D) For the exam, you need to know both the overall ideas of the course and the supporting facts.
24.【題組】24
(A) Practice in note-taking and in test techniques should help answer different kinds of questions.
(B) Most colleges are in great need of professional examiners to conduct face-to-face interviews.
(C) For the exam, you need to know both the overall ideas of the course and the supporting facts.
(D) It usually takes months to prepare a comprehensive written test for entrance exams.
25.【題組】25
(A) Practice in note-taking and in test techniques should help answer different kinds of questions.
(B) For the exam, you need to know both the overall ideas of the course and the supporting facts.
(C) Most colleges are in great need of professional examiners to conduct face-to-face interviews.
(D) But grades in general tend to be based on tests.