For many, summer is the time to shed the extra pounds piled on all winter. But for some of those trying to lose
weight, there’s often this one spot on their body that just won’t let go of that fat. It turns out there’s a genetic reason for
this and the information is proving helpful to researchers trying to learn who is at risk for diabetes.
Dr. Ronald Kahn, president of Boston’s Joslin Diabetes Center, says the research stems from basic questions people
ask of him. He explains, “People ask me as a diabetes and obesity expert, … ‘Doctor, why is it that when I gain weight it
always goes to my belly?’ Or, ‘When I lose weight my face gets thin and my hips stay big?’”
Kahn and his team have identified genes that match up to where our bodies store fat. Kahn said fat location is an
important risk factor in developing diabetes. He said, “When fat is inter-abdominal—that is, inside our bellies, the
so-called beer belly type of obesity—this fat creates more insulin resistance. And remember that insulin is the major
hormone that controls our blood sugar.” He said doctors might one day be able to analyze someone’s genes and warn
those with the greatest disposition for large bellies.
閱讀上文，回答第 43題至第 46 題 【題組】43 What is the main idea of this passage?
(A)Diabetes comes from extra pounds.
(B)Your weight can be genetically determined.
(C)The belly is where your fat is stored.
(D) Prepare for the summer while you are in the winter.
14.【題組】44 According to this passage, who has the greatest chance of getting diabetes?
(A)People with big hips.
(B) People with too much insulin in their bodies.
(C)People with beer bellies.
(D)People with too much hormone that controls the blood sugar.
16.【題組】46 According to this passage, what determines where a person stores his or
(A) The kind of food this person consumes.
(B) The amount of food one consumes.
(C)Whether one has an inclination for diabetes or not.
(D) The genes inherited from one’s family.
Most visitors land at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and drive to Taipei, where they spend a few days in the city’s perpetual gray haze. But Taipei and the industrial west coast are only a small part of Taiwan. The rest of the island is __47__ with remote, forested mountains, which are laced with hundreds of hiking trails.
Trekking in Taiwan is not for the fainthearted. The Central Mountain Range is steep and wild. Summer thunderstorms rise unseen, temperatures can drop below zero, and facilities are few and far between. But for those willing to carry their own gear, the treks are __48__ the most beautiful in Asia. The top hikes in Taiwan—on Chilai Ridge and Yushan—require a reasonable level of __49__ and the proper equipment, including a tent and a stove, food and water, a sleeping bag, good boots and warm clothes.
It sounds ideal—get out of Taipei, see the mountains, and spend a few days in the fresh air. However, there is one thing you have to attend to. The government requires hikers to have mountain ___50___ , which in turn necessitates a group
of three and a guide.
閱讀上文，回答第 47題至第 50 題 【題組】47 (A) distributed (B)contributed (C) covered (D) recovered