1.1. Scientists find that smoking can ______ short-term memory, or even ability to remember recently learned information.
(A) impeach (B)impede (C)improvise (D)import
2.2. Public opinions sometimes can be _________ so many things cannot be trusted or accepted at face value.
(A)spurious (B)stingy (C)succinct (D)exuberant
3.3. _______ kicks in a football game are often decisive, especially in low-scoring games.
(A)Punishment (B)Prevention (C)Penalty (D)Personnel
4.4. The owner of the company invited his employees to _____ some of his expensive wine at the party.
(A)imbibe (B)proscribe (C)slander (D)supplant
5.5. Bourchier's claim that his case had not been given a hearing was _____ by the judges.
(A)refuted (B)succumbed (C)resided (D)intrigued
6.6. Erhard Loretan, often described as one of the greatest mountaineers of all times, used a compass to _____ his location on a map.
(A)pinpoint (B)ooze (C)excess (D)abate
7.7. Make sure invitation letters are _____ and enthusiastic. Failure to be positive might lead to a refusal.
(A)cordial (B)bulky (C)shrewd (D)inquisitive
8.8. The man’s _____ purpose was charity, but his real goal was popularity.
(A)ostensible (B)arrogant (C)reluctant (D)tranquil
9.9. Patty wrote a _____ story about a young prince who became a frog.
(A)equivocal (B)fictitious (C)drowsy (D)tardy
10.10. There is no need to ____ Sam—he did the best he could.
(A)confound (B)reproach (C)avert (D)affiliate
11.11. Nowadays some people still have the _____ belief that touching someone with AIDS will infect them.
(A)elusive (B)indigenous (C)fallacious (D)facile
12.12. Business licenses are _____ if a business has broken the law and conducted illegal business deals.
(A)recuperated (B)rendered (C)rekindled (D)revoked
13.13. Health officials _____ the rise of measles to more and more people refusing vaccinations.
(A)attribute (B)characterize (C)obscure (D)vanquish
14.14. Fat has been blamed for heart diseases, and the _____ of fat is so deeply embedded in American culture that it has helped the market for fat
replacers to grow rapidly.
(A)resilience (B)negligence (C)exploitation (D)vilification
15.15. _____ get energy and nutrients from eating a diet containing a large variety of food options, such as plants, animals, algae and fungi. Man is one
(A)Altruists (B)Omnivores (C)Decomposers (D)Scavengers
16.16. Saltwater Crocodiles, the most aggressive, actively predatory crocodilian species, carry the most _____ disposition, and have the physical
capability to kill other reptiles.
(A)ferocious (B)duplicitous (C)perverse (D)benign
17.17. The newly elected Ukrainian President _____admitted that they would like to have Sweden or Canada for a neighbor, but they have Russia. They
cannot change the hard facts of geography.
(A)amorously (B)gleefully (C)grudgingly (D)thrillingly
18.18. John was very upset because his computer was attacked by a virus that would rewrite the hard drive. Everything on it has been _____.
(A)disclosed (B)obliterated (C)escalated (D)surpassed
19.19. Bill’s account had been declared _____ by the bank as he had not used it for two years. He had to reactivate the account before he could do
anything with it.
(A)blunt (B)captive (C)dormant (D)smothered
20.20. The police have issued _____ warnings to the villagers of a coming typhoon in a hope that they can be effectively evacuated in time to avoid
(A) dire (B)pathetic (C)radiate (D)truant
21.21. _____ who are trying to lose weight are doing so not only for social reasons.
(A)Most all people (B)Among those people (C)Most people (D)Most of people
22.22. _____ May became an ESL teacher is that she likes to work with people from other countries.
(A)Why does (B)One reason of (C)The reason for (D)One of the reasons that
23.23. Joseph would have attended your wedding if he _____ so busy last month.
(A)was not (B)hadn’t been (C)isn’t (D)were not
24.24. The student in Ms. Wang’s class finally admitted to _____ a lie to the principal of her school.
(A)have told (B)having told (C)be told (D)being told
25.25. The teacher told the class that all the lights must _____ before they leave the classroom.
(A)be switched off (B)be switch (C)switch off (D)switch
The individual’s striving for his own gain without equal emphasis on social (26) no longer automatically brings good to the
community. (27) , this type of individual competitiveness—in which for you to fail in a deal is (28) me to succeed, since it pushes me
ahead in the scramble up the ladder— (29) many psychological problems. It makes every man the potential enemy of his neighbor; it
generates much interpersonal hostility and (30) and increases greatly our anxiety and isolation from each other. As his hostility has come
closer to the surface in recent decades we have tried to cover it up by various devices—by becoming “joiners” of all sorts of service organizations,
by being good fellows, well liked by all, and so on. But the conflicts sooner or later (31) .
【題組】26. (A)connections (B)welfare (C)media (D)security
27.【題組】27. (A)Nevertheless (B)Anyway (C)To sum up (D)Furthermore
28.【題組】28. (A)as good as for (B)no longer to (C)no better than (D)sooner than later to
31.【題組】31. (A)move away (B)go with the flow (C)hold the key (D)burst into the open
32. As school nutrition officials gathered around a conference table in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building on May 27, Michelle Obama’s
trademark hug-a-stranger vibe was notably absent. “This is unacceptable,” she said curtly. “It’s unacceptable to me not just as First Lady but also
as a mother.”
What was (32) Obama was an attempt by the Republican-controlled House of Representatives to ease school nutrition standards she
helped pass in 2010. “The stakes couldn’t be higher on this issue,” Obama said, noting that 1 in 3 U.S. children will develop Type 2 diabetes.
“The last thing we can afford to do right now is play politics with our kids’ health.”
But in the nation’s capital, even kids’ health can be political. In Congress, the interests of farmers and food companies regularly (33)
with the concerns of parents and the nutritional recommendations of the USDA. Nor is the school-lunch fight new: The standards the First Lady
is fighting to preserve have already been weakened once before (34) food-industry opposition.
This was, to some extent, inevitable. Ever since she made school meals a signature issue early in the President’s first term, the First Lady
has tried to join forces with the food industry on initiatives to shrink package sizes and include healthier fare on kids’ menus. In exchange, she
has moderated her criticism of junk food and acknowledged that there is nothing wrong with the occasional (35) . (She notably handed out
sugar-sweet marshmallow Peeps at the annual White House Easter Egg Roll and has called french fries a favorite food.)
But that tenuous alliance has been (36) as House Republicans, food-industry groups, and other stakeholders have pushed to allow
schools to delay the new federal standards. In 2011, Republicans held up funding for new rules in order to extract concessions favorable to the
potato and cheese industries. The First Lady’s critics also argue that the rules are inflexible and full compliance is too costly for some districts.
【題組】32. (A)aspiring (B)entrancing (C)irritating (D)ushering
33.【題組】33. (A)clash (B)grill (C)merge (D)wrench
34.【題組】34. (A)with respect to (B)in response to (C)in spite of (D)on top of
36.【題組】36. (A)breaking down (B)lagging behind (C)giving ground (D)coming into being
37. When does the simple digital tracking of your location and movements start to be truly revealing? When do the data points and inferences
that can be drawn from it strongly suggest, say, trips to a psychiatrist, a mosque, an abortion clinic, a strip club or an AIDS treatment center?
The answer, according to a new research paper, is about a week, when the data portrait of a person becomes sufficiently detailed to (37)
as an “unreasonable search” and a potential violation of an individual’s Fourth Amendment rights.
The research paper, a collaboration of computer scientists and lawyers, wades into the debate over the legal and policing implications of
modern data collection and analysis technology. It explores (38) in legal circles is called the “mosaic theory” of the Fourth Amendment,
which essentially states that when linked and analyzed by software, a much richer picture emerges from combined information than from discrete
The main technology for making these inferences is machine learning, a branch of artificial intelligence. In the paper, the authors write that
their goal was “to identify the (39) at which enough is enough—the point at which long-term government surveillance becomes objectively
The issue of when location data and analysis might (40) a violation of the Fourth Amendment came up most prominently in a
Supreme Court case, United States v. Jones, in 2012. In the case, Antoine Jones, a nightclub owner in Washington, D.C., was suspected by the
police of dealing drugs. The local police, working with federal agents, put a GPS tracking device on his car, without a warrant, and gathered his
location data for four weeks.
Mr. Jones was (41) convicted of drug trafficking conspiracy, based in part on thousands of pages of location information sent from the
GPS tracker over 28 days. But then the Supreme Court ruled for Mr. Jones, saying his Fourth Amendment rights had been violated because
placing the GPS device on his car, without a warrant and without his knowledge, was “an unauthorized physical intrusion,” as if someone had
come into his home.
【題組】37. (A)bypass (B)classify (C)function (D)qualify
42.IV. Reading Comprehension
The sonnets are Shakespeare’s contribution to a popular vogue, but his cycle is quite unlike the other sonnet sequence of his day.
Shakespeare’s cycle suggests a story, though the details are vague, and there is doubt even whether the sonnets as published in 1609 are in the
correct order. Certain motifs are clear: a series celebrating the beauty of a young man and urging him to marry; some sonnets to a lady; some
sonnets (like 144) about a strange triangle of love involving two men and a woman; sonnets on the destructive power of time and the permanence
of poetry; sonnets about a rival poet; and incidental sonnets of moral insight, like 129 and 146. The biographical background of the sonnets has
aroused much speculation, but very little of it is convincing. The poems themselves are what is important. Though the vocabulary is often simple,
the metaphorical style of the sonnets is rich. “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day” is a question which might lead to a very ordinary conceit;
instead it introduces a profound meditation on time, change and beauty.
The structure of the sonnet frequently reinforces the power of the metaphors; each quatrain in 73 develops an image of lateness, of
approaching extinction – of a season; of a day, and of a fire, but they also apply to a life. The three quatrains may be equally and successively at
work preparing for the conclusion in the couplet, or the first eight lines may contain a catalogue and last six turn in quite a different direction, as
in sonnet 29. The rhetorical strategy of the sonnets is also worth careful attention. Some begin with a purported reminiscence; some are
imperative; others make an almost proverbial statement, then elaborate it. The imagery comes from a wide variety of sources: gardening,
navigation, law, farming, business, pictorial art, astrology, domestic affairs. The moods are also not confined to what the Renaissance thought
were those of the despairing Petrachan lover; they include delight, pride, melancholy, shame, disgust, fear. It is evident that the poet of the
sonnets is also the author of the great plays.
【題組】42. Which of the following statements about Shakespearean sonnets is CORRECT?
(A)Shakespeare primarily followed the sonnet conventions at his time.
(B)Shakespearean sonnets are mostly autobiographical.
(C)Shakespearean sonnets deal with a wide range of themes and motifs.
(D)Shakespearean sonnets were regarded as less popular than his plays.
43.【題組】43. According to the author, which of the following can be seen in Petrachan sonnets?
(A)unrequited love (B)happy ending
(C)timeless love (D)to be loved in return
44.【題組】44. Which of the following sonnets written by Shakespeare is probably didactic?
(A)29 (B)73 (C)144 (D)146
45.【題組】45. The word “conceit” in the first paragraph refers to the ___________ usage.
(A)allegorical (B)proverbial (C)reflective (D)metaphorical
46.【題組】46. Which of the following statements about Shakespearean sonnet NO. 29 is CORRECT?
(A)It contains a cataloguing of things in its first quatrain only.
(B)It can be analyzed by two parts: an octave and a sestet.
(C)It presents a twist in its ending couplet.
(D)The first three quatrains have not been successively at work.
47. Maoritanga means “Maori culture,” and embraces the language, customs, and traditions that make up the rich heritage of the indigenous
people of Aotearoa New Zealand.
At the time of the 1991 census, there were 434,847 people who identified themselves as New Zealand Maori, making up 12.9% of the
population. Maori people today have adopted many aspects of western life, while sustaining their own unique culture, which colors and enriches
many facets of the New Zealand way of life.
Maori oral traditions and history explain the place of the Maori people in the world and in Aotearoa. The Maori creation story tells of
Ranginui, the sky father, and Papatuanuku, the earth mother, who were the parents of all the gods. Their son Tane, creator of the bush and all its
living creatures, also created the first woman from the earth, and from them all people are descended.
There are many legends about Maui. Stories of his cleverness, magic and trickery explain elements of natural history such as the discovery
of fire. Children are taught how Maui outwitted his brothers to join them on a fishing trip, catching the mighty fish that became the North Island
of New Zealand.
Genealogy or whakapapa traces the descent of a Maori individual from the gods, to their ancestors from Hawaiki who sailed canoes across
TeMoana-nui a Kiwa (the Pacific Ocean) and then down to their present tribal groupings in Aotearoa. Tribal lands and kinship links are still key
factors that bind Maori society.
In addition to Maori living in their tribal areas, there are also Maori who have migrated to the cities. These urban Maori have established
multi-tribal meeting places or marae which enable them to continue their maoritanga, and to ensure the protocols and traditions continue to be
passed from generation to generation.
Behavior on the marae follows strict protocols (kawa) and observance ensures proper respect at a tangi (funeral) or hui (conference). Marae
protocol may be learned also by Pakeha (European) people who visit marae in the course of their employment, or to further their understanding
of Maori culture.
Perhaps the best known internationally of all Maori traditions is the haka, a dance often performed to daunt the enemy and to prepare
warriors for battle. Today, it starts every All Blacks international rugby match, and is frequently televised world-wide.
The Treaty of Waitangi was an instrument designed to bring law and order to the trading settlements and to protect Maori rights in dealings
with the British settlers. It reflected the attitudes prevailing in Britain at that time. When Maori people began to restrict land sales, however, the
government came under pressure from the increasing number of British settlers. Relations between Maori and British settlers deteriorated and
war broke out in the early 1860s.
Around the turn of the century, several Maori leaders used their knowledge of the law and their positions in Parliament to satisfy some
Maori needs within a Pakeha legal framework. Rural Maori communities were revitalized, but Maori still had little influence on the mainstream
of New Zealand life.
【題組】47. Which of the following statements about Maui is INCORRECT?
(A)Maui is known for his shrewdness and magic power.
(B)It is believed that Maui was the discoverer of fire.
(C)The legend of North Island in New Zealand is attributed to Maui’s cunningness.
(D)Maui is believed to sail across the Pacific Ocean with his brothers.
48.【題組】48. The words “marae/kawa/haka/pakeha” in Maoritanga can be translated into __________ in English.
49.【題組】49. Which of the following statements about Maori is INCORRECT?
(A)Maori perform haka to inaugurate the All Black International rugby games.
(B)Maori’s haka is considered to be worldwide famous as it is often shown on media.
(C)Maori traditions have exerted a significant impact on New Zealand main stream cultures.
(D)Maori people live across urban and rural areas in New Zealand.
50.【題組】50. According to the author, what is the mission of the Treaty of Waitangi?
(A)To preserve Maori languages and traditions in the common framework of Commonwealth.
(B)To reconcile the disagreements between British settlers and the natives.
(C)To justify New Zealand’s national identity and its de facto independence.
(D)To specify guidelines and rules on poll income taxation in New Zealand.