103 年 - 103學年度中區縣市政府教師甄選策略聯盟--英文科#16937
1.1. Charles Darwin’s “The Origin of Species” set out the revolutionary view that all living
things had ___________ by natural selection.
2.2. Research ___________ a variety of hardware platforms, such as computer hardware, cell
phones and other mobile devices and applications.
(B) is composed
(D) is engaged
3.3. Shortages of energy made people anxious, particularly under the present conditions of
perceived worldwide ___________ .
4.4. The dumping of highly radioactive nuclear wastes into the Pacific Ocean constitutes a
potential ___________ to a process of global radioactive contamination.
5.5. The United States Capitol building, in Washington, D.C., is ___________ in a small park
surrounded by a number of impressive government buildings.
6.6. Shere Hite’s book has been more widely debated. The media throughout the country
have brought the author’s ___________ opinions to the public’s attention.
7.7. The Chinese, who began systematic astronomical and weather observations shortly after
the ancient Egyptians, were assiduous record-keepers. Because of this, they can claim
humanity’s longer continuous ___________ of natural events.
8.8. Technology offers a picture of the self that seems to ___________ the fragile and unreliable
accounts of it we like to give each other.
9.9. In ___________ their winning approach, members of Taichung University’s team knew they
would not be able to rely on access to specialized component parts.
10.10. Those who make the right call at the right moment attain a sage-like status and
subsequently ___________ a great deal of attention.
11.11. A majority of people in the world can get the protein their bodies___________ from the food
(C) to require
12.12. If there had been fringe benefits, I ___________the position.
(A) could consider
(C) would have considered
(D) will be considering
13.13. Although the bite of black spiders is rarely fatal, it might cause flesh wounds, posing the
greatest danger to the infant and___________ .
(A) the elder
(B) the elderly
(C) the older
(D) the age
14.14. ___________of measurement has ever equaled the metric system in simplicity.
(A) Another system
(B) Other systems
(C) No other system
(D) No system other
15.15. Manufacturers are investing increasing amounts of money in new forms of automation,
including robots, to increase productivity,___________ , and improve product quality and
reliability in order to retain their competitive position.
(A) product cost which was reduced
(B) product cost was reduced
(C) reducing product cost
(D) reduce product cost
16.16. ___________over a million different species of insects exist in the world, more than all other
animal species combined.
(A) It is estimated that
(B) There is estimate
(C) That is estimated
(D) The estimate is
17.17. According to Clifford Seertz’s definition, religion is a symbolic presentation of___________ to
(A) which is conceived
(B) what is conceived
(C) what it is conceived
(D) that which is conceived
18.18. He declares himself ___________by the contentious campaigns by some U.S. state governors
to wrestle down costly public sector wage and benefits settlements.
(A) is encouraging
(B) is encouraged
19.19. Taipei School is a university preparatory school for___________students, grades 7 to 12.
20.20. People ___________written texts for over a thousand years, dissecting sentences to reveal the
hidden truths beneath.
(A) have been analyzing
(B) are analyzing
(C) has analyzed
(D) is analyzing
Please read the passages below. For each blank, choose the answer that best fits
the whole text.
James Bond, is a fictional character created by British journalist and novelist Ian
Fleming in 1953. He is the 21 of the James Bond series of novels, films, comics
and video games. Fleming wrote twelve Bond novels and two short story collections
before his death. The Bond character is a secret service agent, code number 007,
residing in London but active internationally. Bond was a 22 character who was
based on a number of 23 whom Fleming knew during his service in the Naval
Intelligence Division during World War II; Bond's name was 24 from American
ornithologist James Bond. Bond has a number of character traits which run throughout
the books, including an enjoyment of cars, a love of food and drink, and an average
intake of sixty 25 cigarettes a day.
(A) making customized
(D) made customized
Of Homer’s two epic poems, the Odyssey has always been more popular than
the Iliad, perhaps because it includes more features of mythology 26 readers.
Its subject (to use Maynard Mack’s categories) is “life-as-spectacle”: for readers,
27 by its various incidents, observe its hero Odysseus primarily from without;
the tragic Iliad, however, presents “life-as-experience”: readers are asked to identify
with the mind of Achilles, 28 motivations render him a not particularly likable
hero. In addition, the Iliad, more than the Odyssey, suggests the complexity of the
gods’ involvement in human actions, and 29 that modern readers find this
complexity a needless complication, the Iliad is less satisfying than the Odyssey,
with its simpler scheme of divine justice. Finally, since the Iliad present a
historically verifiable action, Troy’s siege, the poem raises historical questions
30 the Odyssey’s blithely imaginative world.
(A) that have access to
(B) that has access to
(C) that are accessible to
(D) that is accessible to
(A) to date
(B) to my surprise
(C) to my knowledge
(D) to the extent
(A) that are absent from
(B) that are devoid of
(C) that devolve to
(D) that are devoted to
IV. Error Correction
Please identify the underlined part that must be changed in order for the sentence
to be correct.
31.31. As technology has become more readily available( A ), more blue-collar jobs have
required to manipulate( B ) computers well in order to collect and analyze data about
productivity and market trends( C ) to stay competitively( D ).
32.32. In a recently published book entitled( A ) Whole Brain Learning, the concept and process
of whole brain learning are expanded( B ), differentiated and deeped( C ) in its philosophy,
perspective, paradigm, and applications of these( D ) to the development of human
33.33. Along the Taihsuei River’s shores are( A ) the Taiwan’s most popular( B ) nature reserve,
in which( C ) varied and abundant foliage grows( D ).
34.34. That( A ) copper and bronze were first used( B ) in the world is ( C ) an interesting question
in science history( D ).
35.35. Indians in pre-Colombian times( A ) developed a wide range( B ) of medicines derived
of( C ) plants, including digitalis, which they utilized( D ) in the treatment of heart disease.
36.36. Its strength and lightness make aluminum is( A ) an excellent material for( B ) constructing
the external walls( C ) of both( D ) homes and offices.
37.37. Legends often contain an element( A ) of fact, but( B ) sometimes it is( C ) totally( D )
38.38. Examining( A ) specific instances of language use gives( B ) us insights into how language
works which would never have obtained( C ) by simply introspecting about( D ) the
39.39. Language learners need to know both( A ) how and when to use conjunctions. Their( B )
presence or absence in discourse often contribute to( C ) style, and some conjunctions can
sound very pompous when used( D ) inappropriately.
40.40. In spoken language, learners get less help( A ) from standard pedagogic descriptions than
those( B ) for writing, and therefore( C ) often need to work out the use of linguistic
features for themselves( D ).
41.V. Reading Comprehension
Please read the passages below. Each passage will be followed by several
questions. Choose the option that best answers each of these questions on the
basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.
Andrew Carnegie soon turned to manufacturing iron and steel in Pittsburgh, taking
full and grateful benefit of protective tariffs—although he had previously been an
advocate of free trade and later, after he had his millions, would be one again. Each
year he alternated between amassing his huge fortune in America and traveling to
Britain. There he followed in the tradition of his grandfather by making radical
speeches against all forms of special privilege. His rhetoric was noticeably tamer in
Carnegie’s principles almost always seemed to bend to fit his interest. Yet, if he
had been less principled, less impeded by such inhibitions as principle placed in his path
through the nineteenth-century capitalistic jungle, it is quite probable that his legacy
would have been less benign. After all, he did found and endow the Carnegie
Corporation of New York, which in the first half-century after his death would make
grants almost equal to his entire fortune while at the same time greatly increasing its
capital. If he did not quite die poor, he made a game try at and probably worked harder
at giving money away than he ever had at making it.
【題組】41. According to the author, Carnegie was able to make a great fortune partly because
(A) favorable tariffs
(B) free trade
(C) his grandfather
(D) his radical speeches
42.【題組】42. Carnegie’s attitude toward free trade was apparently .
(A) expressed frequently in Pittsburgh
(B) a great hindrance to his business dealings
(C) adjusted to accommodate his business interests
(D) an unchanging conviction throughout his life
43.【題組】43. The passage implies that nineteenth-century capitalists .
(A) resembled wild beasts in tropical forests
(B) were somewhat inhibited by principles
(C) were at least no worse than Carnegie
(D) had a hard time giving money away
44.【題組】44. We can infer that Carnegie’s speeches were tamer in Pittsburgh because .
(A) he was too busy there to spend time on speeches
(B) he was only there part of the time
(C) his grandfather lived there
(D) he would otherwise have harmed his business interests
45.【題組】45. By the time of his death, Carnegie had succeeded in .
(A) giving away an enormous amount of money
(B) losing most of the fortune he had made
(C) putting his entire fortune in trust for his heirs
(D) losing most of the fortune he had made
Perhaps the most striking quality of satiric literature is its freshness, its originality
of perspective. Satire rarely offers original ideas. Instead it presents the familiar in a new
form. Satirists do not offer the world new philosophies. What they do is look at familiar
conditions from a perspective that makes these conditions seem foolish, harmful or
affected. Satire jars us out of complacence into a pleasantly shocked realization that
many of the values we unquestioningly accept are false. Don Quixote makes chivalry
seem absurd. Brave New World ridicules the pretensions of science. A Modest Proposal
dramatizes starvation by advocating cannibalism. None of these ideas is original.
Chivalry was suspected before Cervantes, humanists objected to the claims of pure
science before Aldous Huxley and people were aware of famine before Swift. It was not
the originality of the idea that made these satires popular. It was the manner of
expression the satiric method that made them interesting and entertaining Satires are
read because they are aesthetically satisfying works of art, not because they are morally
wholesome or ethically instructive. They are stimulating and refreshing because with
commonsense briskness they brush away illusions and secondhand opinions. With
spontaneous irreverence, satire rearranges perspectives, scrambles familiar objects into
incongruous juxtaposition and speaks in a personal idiom instead of abstract platitude.
Satire exists because there is a need for it. It has lived because readers appreciate a
refreshing stimulus, an irreverent reminder that they lived in a world of platitudinous
thinking, cheap moralizing, and foolish philosophy. Satire serves to prod people into an
awareness of truth. Satire tends to remind people that much of what they see, hear, and
read in popular media is sanctimonious, sentimental, and only partially true. Life
resembles in only a slight degree the popular image of it. Soldiers rarely hold the ideals
that movies attribute to them, nor do ordinary citizens devote their lives to unselfish
service of community. Intelligent people know these things but tend to forget them when
they do not hear them expressed.
【題組】46. What does this passage mainly discuss? .
(A) Reasons for the popularity of satire
(B) Popular topics of satire
(C) New philosophies emerging from satiric literature
(D) Difficulties of writing satiric literature
47.【題組】47. Why does the author mention Don Quixote, Brave New World and A Modest
(A) They present commonsense solutions to problems
(B) They are appropriate for readers of all ages
(C) They are books with similar stories
(D) They are famous examples of satiric literature
48.【題組】48. Which of the following can be found in satire literature? .
(A) Abstract discussion of moral and ethnics
(B) Odd combinations of objects and ideas
(C) Newly emerging philosophies
(D) Wholesome characters who are unselfish
49.【題組】49. According to this passage, there is a need for satire because people need to be .
(A) exposed to original philosophies when they are formulated
(B) reminded that popular ideas are often inaccurate
(C) told how they can be of service to their communities
(D) informed about new scientific development
50.【題組】50. Which of the following is NOT a purpose of satire? .
(A) Reminding readers of the truth
(B) Brushing away illusions
(C) Introducing readers to unfamiliar situations
(D) Exposing false values