1.use a lot of resources and contribute to global warming. As a result, more and more couples are now looking
for ways to make their traditional weddings kinder to the environment.
Before their weddings, these couples mail invitations that are printed on recycled paper. Or, they avoid using
paper altogether by e-mailing invitations instead. Couples also register at stores that sell environmentally-friendly
gifts, such as bed sheets made of bamboo and towels made of organic cotton. Then, these couples know that they
will receive “green” gifts from their wedding guests.
Many couples choose to hold their weddings outdoors in parks or on farms rather than in churches or other
buildings. This can greatly reduce the amount of electricity needed for the weddings. The couples also look for
locations that are as close as possible to their guests. Why? Because the farther their guests have to drive, the more
pollution they will produce.
During the reception, “green” couples serve organic foods, which are better for the environment because no
chemicals are used to grow them. They also purchase food that is grown locally, not thousands of miles away. This
reduces the pollution that results from transporting the food for long distances. Finally, they serve their food and
drinks using cups, plates and utensils made of recycled materials. 【題組】
1. According to the article, what do these green couples care about?
(A) Having babies. (B) Saving money. (C) Receiving presents. (D) Protecting the earth.
2.【題組】2. Which of the following is a drawback of traditional weddings in the US?
(A) They are unkind to the environment. (B) They are still very popular in America.
(C) They help couples receive gifts they want. (D) They have nothing to do with global warming.
3.【題組】3. How do green couples invite guests to their wedding?
(A) By making phone calls. (B) By e-mailing invitations.
(C) By sending text messages. (D) By visiting guests in person.
4.【題組】4. Where might green couples choose to hold their wedding?
(A) In a park. (B) In a hotel. (C) In a church. (D) In a restaurant.
5.【題組】5. How do green couples plan their reception?
(A) They buy food grown far away. (B) They serve food grown without chemicals.
(C) They serve food without using cups or plates. (D) They ask guests to take food to the reception.
Do you often find yourself rushing to finish a report right before the deadline? Or maybe you always leave
your Christmas shopping until Christmas Eve. If so, you are a typical procrastinator.
Procrastinators are people who tend to put off doing tasks until the very last minute. Trying to avoid their fear
of failure, procrastinators actively look for distractions. They also lie to themselves by saying things like “I’ll feel
more like doing this tomorrow.” Thus, instead of getting things done, they usually end up falling behind schedule.
With a few simple steps, however, procrastination can be overcome. Make a list of the tasks you have to do;
this helps you organize your time and your mind. You can also split up these tasks into smaller parts to make them
easier. Set realistic goals and give yourself plenty of time to complete each task. When the task is completed,
reward yourself with a treat. A reward can be a great way to motivate yourself to work harder.
As the saying goes, “Procrastination is the thief of time.” If you can stop procrastinating and take charge of
your life, you’ll be more confident than ever before.
【題組】6. What is this article mainly about?
(A) A useful tool and how to use it. (B) A fatal illness and how to stop it.
(C) A bad habit and how to break it. (D) A technical skill and how to acquire it.
7.【題組】7. Which of the following phrase is closest in meaning to the word procrastinate?
(A) To put off doing something. (B) To end up doing something.
(C) To feel like doing something. (D) To take charge of something.
8.【題組】8. Why do procrastinators purposely look for excuses for delaying doing tasks?
(A) They want to fall behind schedule. (B) They try to avoid their fear of failure.
(C) They need more time to get things well done. (D) They hope to motivate themselves to work harder.
9.【題組】9. According to the reading, which of the following is NOT a way to overcome procrastination?
(A) Make a list of the tasks you have to do. (B) Split up the tasks into smaller parts to make them easier.
(C) Force yourself to complete each task as soon as possible. (D) Reward yourself with a treat when the task is completed.
10.【題組】10. According to the reading, what is the advantage of stopping procrastinating?
(A) You have less control over your life. (B) You can stop someone stealing from you.
(C) You feel more like doing tasks the following day. (D) You feel more certain about your ability to do things well.
Australia’s cuddly koala rarely drinks water and doesn't have any sweat glands, long leaving scientists to wonder
how it cools off in a heatwave.
On Wednesday, zoologists announced they had uncovered the iconic mammal’s secret—hugging trees, whose
trunks can be several degrees cooler than the surroundings.
Koalas have high mortality rates in heatwaves. Unable to sweat, they use panting as a way of evaporative
cooling, but in the wild, they rarely drink and when they need to, water is often scarce. As tree-dwellers, koalas don't
generally seek out cool, shadowy ground surfaces like many other animals.
Keen to unlock the marsupials' secret, a team of zoologists observed 37 koalas in the wild during winter and
summer seasons in southeastern Australia in 2009 and 2010-11. On hotter days, they found, the animals were more
frequently positioned with all their limbs outstretched so they appeared to be hugging the tree trunk or lower branches.
The warmer it got, the lower the marsupials were found in the trees, and more often in trees other than eucalyptus,
their food source. This could be explained by the eucalyptus being only about 1.46-1.87 degrees Celsius cooler than
air temperature, compared to about 5.0 C for the acacia.
Based on their observations of tree temperature and koala behavior, the team concluded the animals lose
“substantial” body heat to tree trunks in hot weather. Water savings from this behavior could be critical for the
survival of this species during heatwaves when water availability is limited.
【題組】11. Where is this passage most likely taken from?
(A) A guide to forestry. (B) A biology journal. (C) A health magazine. (D) A geology textbook.
12.【題組】12. Which of the following is the most effective way for koalas to cool off in a heatwave?
(A) Drinking water. (B) Sweating a lot. (C) Getting more sleep. (D) Hugging trees.
13.【題組】13. What does the word “marsupials” refer to?
(A) Koalas. (B) Eucalyptus. (C) Zoologists. (D) Acacias.
14.【題組】14. Where are koalas most likely found on a hot summer day?
(A) In a cool water pool. (B) On shadowy ground surfaces.
(C) On the lower part of the acacia trees. (D) On the higher part of the eucalyptus trees.
15.【題組】15. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Panting is a way of evaporative cooling for koalas.
(B) Stretching out their limbs on the tree helps koalas save water in their body.
(C) Koalas have many overactive sweat glands and are vulnerable to heat related problems.
(D) Since tree trunks are cooler than air temperature, koalas lose body heat to them when hugging them
The lighting industry has finally come up with an energy-efficient replacement for the standard incandescent
bulb that people actually seem to like: the LED bulb. Although priced at around 20 times more than the
old-fashioned incandescents, bulbs based on LEDs last much longer and use far less electricity, a saving that
homeowners are beginning to recognize. Prices for the bulbs are falling steadily as retailers sell them aggressively
and manufacturers improve the technology.