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103 年 - 103年公務人員特種考試警察人員考試英文#16690 

选择:20题,非选:0题
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1.31 A multiple murder on Friday night left two people dead. The police did not release the names of the victims out of_____for their family members.
(A) consideration
(B)disclosure
(C) fulfillment
(D) prudence
2.32 Since first impressions are so important, it is necessary that we deliver a______and positive one every time we make a new professional or social acquaintance.
(A) deliberate
(B) favorable
(C) proficient
(D) suggestive
3.33 The residents finally stopped and caught the drunk man after he had ______ more than ten cars in the neighborhood.
(A)penalized
(B) scandalized
(C)tantalized
(D) vandalized
4.34 It is not until you become initiated into something and gain knowledge that your interest seriously awakens.
(A) Your interest will drive you to initiate yourself into something and gain knowledge.
(B)You will not truly realize your interest until you gain knowledge from what you have taken to.
(C) Whether you become initiated into something depends on whether you gain knowledge from it or not.
(D)You will never truly become initiated into something and gain knowledge until your interest seriously awakens.
5.35 The antifraud tools of the time could not keep up with the crooks.
(A) The crooks are always at the mercy of the anti fraud operations.
(B)The law against deception can hardly prevent swindlers.
(C)The swindlers fail to keep pace with the operations against fraud.
(D) With the antifraud tools, it is time to keep up with what the crooks are trying to do.
6.36 In Taiwan, red flowers can be seen in many weddings and parties because red is considered the most ___________among all colors in Taiwanese culture.
(A)auspicious
(B) congruent
(C) impulsive
(D)platonic
7.37 Mr. Johnson is survived by his wife of 30 years, Ann, and two sons, David and Bill.
(A)Mr. Johnson is still alive; his wife, who was 30 years old, and sons are all dead.
(B)Mr. Johnson’s wife has been dead for 30 years; he and his two sons are alive.
(C)Mr. Johnson has been dead for 30 years; his wife and two sons are all alive.
(D)Mr. Johnson is dead while his wife of 30 years and two sons remain alive.
8.38 Steve Jobs was to technology like John Lennon was to music. They both revolutionized their respective fields and both were taken from the world far too soon.
(A)People consider Jobs and Lennon as the two greatest people of the century.
(B) Jobs and Lennon would be remembered for leaving their fields far too soon.
(C) With the time they had, both Jobs and Lennon took their professions to a new level.
(D)Technology and music are often revolutionized within a short period of time.
9.39 It is one of those beautiful compensations of this life that no one can sincerely try to help another without helping himself.
(A) When you sincerely help others, you are bound to receive a beautiful compensation in the future.
(B)No one can sincerely help others without feeling the beauty of getting compensations in return.
(C)Those who sincerely help others will for sure compensate themselves with kind help from others.
(D)The beautiful compensation for sincerely helping others is that you are helping yourself as well.
10.40 Chinese medicine offers a different vision of health and disease; it refuses to see the individual as an entity separate from his or her environment.
(A)A different system, Chinese medicine has its strengths and weaknesses.
(B)hinese medicine does not produce side effects because it is balanced to reflect a patient’s entire environment.
(C)Chinese medicine is often criticized for the absence of scientific research support.
(D)Chinese medicine seeks to locate illness within the context involving an individual and his or her environment.
11.41 The writer is looked after by a very competent secretary. The routines of life are lifted from him, thus accentuating his inwardness.
(A)Thanks to the effort of the secretary, the introverted writer can concentrate on his work and thus become highly praised.
(B)The inner life of the writer remains secret. Only his secretary knows why he focuses on his writing.
(C)The tedious routine life is too much for the writer to bear, so he needs a secretary to help him.
(D)The writer becomes even more concentrated because everything in life has been taken care of by his secretary.
12.請回答第42題至第46題: In the summer of 1964, the well-known writer and editor Norman Cousins became very ill. He consulted his physician, who did many tests. Eventually he was diagnosed as having ankylosing spondylitis, a very serious and destructive form of arthritis. His doctor told him that he would become immobilized and eventually die of the disease. Despite the diagnosis, Cousins was determined to overcome the disease and survive. He had always been interested in medicine and had read the work of the organic chemist Hans Selye, The Stress of Life (1956). This book discusses the idea of how body chemistry and health can be damaged by emotional stress and negative attitudes. Selye’s book made Cousins think about the possible benefits of positive attitudes and emotions. He decided to concentrate on positive emotions as a remedy to heal some of the symptoms of his ailment. In addition to his conventional medical treatment, he tried to put himself in situations that would elicit positive emotions. “Laugh therapy” became part of his treatment. He scheduled time each day for watching comedy films, reading humorous books, and doing other activities that would bring about laughter and positive emotions. Within eight days of starting his “laugh therapy” program, his pain began to decrease and he was able to sleep more easily. His body chemistry even improved. Doctors were able to see an improvement in his condition. He was able to return to work in a few months’ time and actually reached complete recovery after a few years.
【題組】42 What is the main idea of this passage?
(A)Doctors? diagnoses may not always be correct.
(B)Mind-body interaction may affect a person’s health.
(C)Laugh therapy is very powerful and can cure all kinds of diseases.
(D) When diagnosed with a serious disease, one should seek alternative treatments.
13.【題組】43 How did Norman Cousins react to the doctor’s preliminary diagnosis?
(A)He made up his mind to defeat the disease.
(B)He felt hopeless and refused to receive any medical treatment.
(C)He was skeptical about the diagnosis and asked for more tests.
(D)He tried to get more information about the disease by reading books.
14.【題組】44 What was the result of Cousins’ laugh therapy?
(A)His health gradually returned to normal.
(B)His health first improved but deteriorated afterwards.
(C)His illness was completely cured under laugh therapy for eight days.
(D)The therapy was able to reduce his pain, but it was not able to cure his disease.
15.【題組】45 What does the underlined word “conventional” in the second paragraph mean?
(A) Alternative
(B) Innovative
(C) Traditional
(D) Unusual
16.【題組】46 According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT correct?
(A)Ankylosing spondylitis is a potentially fatal disease.
(B)Negative emotions produce negative changes in the body.
(C)Norman Cousins knew nothing about alternative treatments.
(D)Watching comedy films and reading humorous books may improve a person’s body chemistry.
17.第47題至第50題為篇章結構,各題請依文意,從四個選項中選出最合適者,各題答案內容不重複 
To be a tourist is one of the characteristics of the “modem” experience. Not to “go away” is like not possessing a car or a nice house. It is a marker of status in modem societies and is also thought to be necessary to health. 47_____ In Imperial Rome, for example, a fairly extensive pattern of travel for pleasure and culture existed for the elite. In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, pilgrimages had become a widespread phenomenon practicable and systematized, served by a growing industry of networks of charitable hospices and mass-produced indulgence handbooks. Such pilgrimages often included a mixture of religious devotion and culture and pleasure. The Grand Tour had become firmly established by the end of the seventeenth century for the sons of the aristocracy and the gentry, and by the late eighteenth century for the sons of the professional middle class. 48_____ There was a visualization of the travel experience, or the development of the gaze, aided and assisted by the growth of guidebooks which promoted new ways of seeing. The eighteenth century had also seen the development of a considerable tourist infrastructure in the form of spa towns throughout much of Europe. The whole apparatus of spa life was designed to provide a concentrated urban experience of frenetic socializing for a dispersed rural elite. 49_____ In the countryside work and play were particularly intertwined in the case of fairs. People would often travel considerable distances and the fairs always involved a mixture of business and pleasure normally centered around the tavern. But before the nineteenth century few people outside the upper classes traveled anywhere to see objects for reasons unconnected with work or business. 50_____ Travel is now thought to occupy 40 percent of available “free time.” It is a crucial element of modern life to feel that travel and holidays are necessary.

【題組】47
(A) This is not to suggest that there was no organized travel in premodem societies, but it was very much the preserve of the elite.
(B)And it is this which is the central characteristic of mass tourism in modem societies.
(C)There have always been periods in which much of the mass of the population have engaged in play or recreation.
(D)But people in premodern societies already had the idea of traveling to demonstrate their power and wealth.
18.【題組】48
(A) And it is this which is the central characteristic of mass tourism in modern societies.
(B)There have always been periods in which much of the mass of the population have engaged in play or recreation.
(C)Over this period, treaties on travel shifted from a scholastic emphasis on touring as an opportunity for discourse, to travel as an eyewitness observation.
(D) Travel was considered an essential part of education, which led to the emergence of travel writing.
19.【題組】49
(A) And it is this which is the central characteristic of mass tourism in modern societies.
(B)Travel was considered an essential part of education, which led to the emergence of travel writing.
(C)But people in premodern societies already had the idea of traveling to demonstrate their power and wealth.
(D)There have always been periods in which much of the mass of the population have engaged in play or recreation.
20.【題組】50
(A)Travel was considered an essential part of education, which led to the emergence of travel writing.
(B)And it is this which is the central characteristic of mass tourism in modem societies.
(C)There have always been periods in which much of the mass of the population have engaged in play or recreation.
(D)This is not to suggest that there was no organized travel in premodern societies, but it was very much the preserve of the elite.