12.12. The teacher’s role is to _____ students in their own education by inviting them to
enter into the process of thinking critically about their reality.
31.III. Reading Comprehension (40%)
The Academy Awards is an American awards ceremony held annually to honor
achievements in the film industry. Winners are awarded the statuette, the Oscar, which
is officially named the Academy Award of Merit. As the oldest entertainment awards
ceremony in the United States, the Oscars has many equivalents—the Emmy Awards
for television, the Tony Awards for theatre, and the Grammy Awards for music and
recording, which are all modeled after the Academy Awards.
In 1929, the first Academy Awards was presented at a private dinner at the
Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. A total of 270 people attended the ceremony and fifteen
golden statuettes were awarded to distinguished artists, directors and other
personalities of the film-making industry for their works. At the 29th ceremony, the
Best Foreign Language Film category was first introduced. After that,
foreign-language films were honored with the Special Achievement Award. As of the
83rd Academy Awards ceremony held in 2011, a total of 2,894 Oscars have been given
for 1,853 awards.
【題組】31. What is this the best title for this passage?
(A) The film-making industry
(B) The Oscar statuettes
(C) The Academy Awards
(D)A The Roosevelt Hotel
32.【題組】32. According to the article, which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) The Academy Awards is held annually.
(B) The Oscars is an entertainment awards.
(C) Winners of the Academy Awards are awarded a statuette.
(D) The Best Foreign Language Film category was first introduced in 1929.
33.【題組】33. According to the article, which of the following statements is true about the
(A) It was first presented in 1929.
(B) It is held at a Hollywood hotel annually.
(C) It invites 270 people to the ceremony every year.
(D) The Oscars are given to winners from television industry.
36.The teddy bear, a child’s toy, is a nice soft stuffed animal suitable for cuddling. In
fact, it is a toy with an interesting history behind it.
Theodore Roosevelt, also called Teddy, was the president of the United States from
1902 to 1909. He was an unusually active man with varied hobbies, one of which was
hunting. One day the president was invited to take part in a bear hunt; and inasmuch
as Teddy was president, his hosts wanted to ensure that he caught a bear. A bear was
therefore captured, clanked over the head to knock it out, and tied to a tree; however,
Teddy who really wanted to actually hunt, refused to shoot the bear and in fact
demanded that the bear be extricated from the ropes; that is, he demanded that the
bear be set free.
The incident attracted a lot of attention among journalists. First a cartoon—drawn
by Clifford K. Berryman to make fun of this situation—appeared in the Washington
Post, and the cartoon was a toy bear which they called “Teddy Bear,” and the Teddy
Bear became the most widely recognized symbol of Roosevelt’s presidency.
【題組】36. What is this passage mainly about?
(A) The history of Teddy Bear
(B) The presidency of Theodore Roosevelt
(C) A famous cartoon, “teddy bear”
(D) How Theodore Roosevelt became the president
37.【題組】37. Why did the host tie a bear to a tree?
(A) The president wanted to buy a bear.
(B) The president wanted to shoot the bear.
(C) The host wanted to make the president happy.
(D) The host wanted to give the bear to the hunter.
39.There is a pecking order in the respectability of time-wasting at work, and
computer games are at the bottom of it. Minute for minute, all time-wasting activities
eat up the same amount of time, but employers tend not to see it like that. Luckily for
me, the activity I like the best is the most respectable. It is chatting. Strictly speaking,
this is twice as wasteful, as you are not just squandering your own time but also that of
the person you are talking to. However, most modern organizations do not merely
tolerate chatting but actively encourage it.
Next to chatting come frequent visits to the vending machine and the loo.
Companies generally do not object to this. You meet people on the way and then chat
some there. Further down the pecking order are shopping on the internet and
researching obscure medical conditions on Google. Some organizations outlaw this
sort of thing but most tolerate it, more or less.
【題組】39. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
(A) All the companies think that all the time-wasting activities should be banned.
(B) Most modern companies allow their workers chatting at work.
(C) Chatting wastes more time than playing computer games.
(D) The author prefers chatting to computer games.
41.From its inception, children’s literature had in it an unusual educational function,
which is to show horror and dire consequences in order to lead one into a certain
pattern. Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella Story from China, for instance, relied on brutal
intimidation to frighten children into docile behavior. In the story, Yeh-Shen was
disfavored by her stepmother, and had to take care of all the house chores. At the
village where Yeh-Shen lived, a festival would be held in springtime. All young men
and women would like to attend the festival since it provided them with a chance to
meet other youths, and possibly further spouse. As the festival was approaching,
Yeh-Shen longed to go. But, her stepmother forbade her to leave the house.
Desperately, she asked help from the magic bones that her fish friend left to her before.
Immediately, she was transformed into a beauty. That night at the festival, everyone
marveled at her prettiness. However, in order to hide from her stepmother and
stepsister, she ran away from the party. She therefore lost one of her slippers. She had
to find her shoe and return to the bones; otherwise, the bones would no longer have
any responses to her. When she went to take her lost shoe back, her beauty attracted
the prince. Eventually, the prince asked for her hand in marriage. As she was rewarded
for her good heart, hard work, and inner beauty, her stepmother and stepsister were
crushed to death in a shower of stones because of their wickedness and malice. In short,
through a combined representation of a good girl and a wicked stepsister, this tale
promotes a pedagogy of fear and terror through images of death and disaster to pave
the path for children to move into their expected roles.
【題組】41. What is the main purpose of this passage?
(A) To describe the origin of a tale
(B) To explain one educational function in stories for children
(C) To interpret how the representation of reward can function in a tale
(D)A To argue how the representation of the means of punishment can function in a
42.【題組】42. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A) Yeh-Shen has two stepsisters.
(B) Yeh-Shen’s father is an official.
(C) Yeh-Shen is a Chinese daughter.
(D) Yeh-Shen is one of Cinderella’s sisters-in-law.
44.【題組】44. Why was Yeh-Shen eager to attend the spring festival?
(A) To meet people and find a match.
(B) To show off her prettiness in public.
(C) To know why her stepmother and stepsister go there.
(D) To bring something back in order to feed her fish bone.
45.【題組】45. According to this passage, which is the major moral of this tale, Yeh-Shen?
(A) When you encounter problems, don’t be afraid to ask help.
(B) Do your best to attend the party, and then chances will arrive.
(C) The prince is always the best choice for one’s future spouse.
(D) The good will be rewarded, and the wicked will receive punishment.
46.In recent years our society has become increasingly aware that when researchers
study people, they may inadvertently harm them---not just physically but emotionally,
by embarrassing them or violating their privacy. So every college or university now
has a Human Subjects Committee that reviews all research directly or indirectly
involving people, when done by students or professional researchers. Its aim is to
make sure that researchers follow the rule that should govern research as it does
medicine: Do no harm. So check with that committee if you use people as sources of
data---by interviewing them, surveying them, or even just observing them. You don’t
need clearance if you informally talk with a few dorm mates for a paper in a first-year
writing class (to be polite, you should still tell them what you intend to do with the
information they give you). You will likely need clearance if you are a graduate
student and want to do a survey on campus that collects personal data of any kind. But
if you are an advanced researcher, you must without fail get clearance before you do
any kind of research that involves people. Going through these steps may be annoying,
but if you don’t, you could harm those who help you in ways you don’t anticipate and
your institution could pay a price.
【題組】46. What is the topic of this passage?
(A) Research methods
(B) Research ethics
(C) Data collection procedure
(D)A Different types of researchers
47.【題組】47. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
(A) There is a Human Subjects Committee in all levels of schools now.
(B) The Human Subjects Committee does not review research conducted by students.
(C) Research that involve people indirectly do not need clearance.
(D)A You might hurt your research subjects by simply observing them.
48.【題組】48. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
(A) The maxim of medicine is: do no harm to people.
(B) The maxim of research is: do no harm to your subjects.
(C) People were not aware that they might harm research subjects unconsciously.
(D)A Many researchers believe that the process of seeking clearance is too simplistic.
49.【題組】49. Which of the following research requires clearance from the Human Subjects
(A) A survey of learning styles in the class you are teaching
(B) Informal talks with your dorm mates
(C) Frequency counts of certain English word
(D)A Writing an autobiography
50.【題組】50. For what purpose is a Human Subject Committee set up?
(A) To avoid loss of research fund
(B) To reconcile theoretical conflicts of different research
(C) To prevent the unintentional damages to the studied people
(D)A To avoid research projects being sabotaged