31.31. Excuse me, could you explain the ticket prices again? It doesn't seem to add up.
(A) Just buy another one. (B) That's because there's a discount today.
(C) Don't worry about it. (D) Of course. I can add it up for you.
33.33. You don’t need to worry about him. After all, he’s already an adult.
(A) Well, he worries too much. (B) That’s what I’m worried about.
(C) After all he did to me? (D) I know, but I still feel responsible.
Michael Segell’s 2005 work on the history of the saxophone, titled The Devil’s Horn cites a public
statement from the Vatican saying that the saxophone was “scandalous,” a strange description indeed for
a lifeless piece of metal!
It is fitting then that the saxophone has come to be associated with the rock and roll and jazz worlds.
These musical styles were born in controversy and they have always attracted rebels and
nonconformists – much like the saxophone. At the time of its invention, the saxophone was actively
suppressed by competition from other musical instrument makers. They attacked Adolph Sax, the
inventor of the saxophone, constantly; stealing his equipment, burning down his factory and even
making attempts on his life. Perhaps their most successful tactic was to have the orchestral musicians
union threaten a strike if the saxophone was accepted into regular orchestral ensembles. As a result of
these tactics, the saxophone failed to find a firm foothold in the classical world. Although there have, of
course, been notable individual exceptions, such as the saxophone solo in Mussorgsky’s Pictures at an
Nonetheless, despite the opposition of the traditional musical world and of the church, the
saxophone continues to re-invent itself as an instrument for the modern age. Perhaps this is because Sax
dreamed of making the most flexible of instruments. He wanted to combine the “power of the brass”
instruments with the “flexibility of the strings” and the “tonal variety of the woodwinds”, and he
succeeded, perhaps even more so than he knew. Although the saxophone is still an outsider in the
classical world, it has come to be the most widespread and popular of the winds. It appears in virtually
every country and musical style all around the world. Turkish, Asian and Arabian musicians have all
made the instrument their own. Amusingly, the most powerful symbol of Sax’s eventual success comes
from the classical world. When the trumpet part of Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto number 2 proved to be
too difficult, the legendary saxophonist Marcel Mule stepped in and recorded it.
【題組】41. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) The saxophone doesn’t belong in classical music.
(B) Adolph Sax failed in his dream.
(C) The saxophone is a flexible, successful invention.
(D) The saxophone is an unpleasant instrument.
In computing, phishing is a criminal activity using social engineering techniques. Phishers attempt
to fraudulently acquire sensitive information, such as usernames, passwords and credit card details, by
masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. PayPal and eBay are two of the
most targeted companies, and online banks are also common targets. Phishing is typically carried out
using email or an instant message and often directs users to give details at a website, although phone
contact has been used as well. Attempts to deal with the growing number of reported phishing incidents
include legislation, user training, and technical measures.
The first recorded mention of the word “phishing” is on the alt.online-service.america-online Usenet
newsgroup on January 2, 1996, although the term may have appeared even earlier in the print edition of
the hacker magazine 2600. The term phishing is a variant of “fishing”, probably influenced by
“phreaking”, and alludes to the use of increasingly sophisticated lures to "fish” for users’ financial
information and passwords. These words are examples of so called leetspeak, which is a form of
symbolic writing in which alternative characters are used to replace some letters. In leetspeak, ph is a
common substitution for f.
【題組】44. According to the passage, which of the following is probably an example of leetspeak?
(A) n00b = newbie (B) e-mail = electronic mail
(C) www = world wide web (D) chat = chatter
46.【題組】46. What is the relationship between “phishing” and “fishing”?
(A) People who give out their financial information are as easy to trick as fish.
(B) Phishers try to attract people the way fishermen attract fish.
(C) Phishers are hidden from view, like fish.
(D) Phishers, phreakers and fishermen are all obsessed with their hobbies.
There continues to be great debate concerning the Chinese government’s simplification of the
writing system in china in the 1950’s. The utopian impulses behind standardization and simplification of
a living language are always understandable: increased literacy, administrative efficiency, and ease of
communication are praiseworthy goals. But those impulses can also strip a language of its humor,
whimsy, and play, not to mention its capacity to accommodate new concepts and usages.
Actually, traditional characters and simplified characters never were two separate and independent
language systems — they have always existed on a continuum. Many simplified characters are
adaptations from common usage in Chinese handwritten script. Still, it is unarguable that the inability to
read traditional characters is to close oneself off to much of the Chinese cultural legacy — its history and
arts — before the 1950s.
Since I grew up in Taiwan, where reading and writing in traditional characters is the norm,
simplified characters were a novelty and a bit of a challenge, and perhaps, something to be sniffed at.
But when my first job after college led me to Beijing to work as a literary translator, I spent the first
week furtively consulting a little manual of “Simplified/Traditional Character Conversion” before I
became fully comfortable with the new system, including learning to write my name in a way that was
comprehensible to desk clerks. The experience taught me the dangers of being a cultural purist.
Given the increasing flow of published and online materials among mainland China, Taiwan, and the
overseas Chinese communities, a literate reader must have the ability to use both types of characters.
Thus, the answer to the traditional/simplified debate is not either/or, but — annoyingly for policy
makers — both.
【題組】47. What is the most likely title for this article?
(A) The Advantages of Traditional Characters
(B) The Utopian Ideal in Writing
(C) Chinese Literacy in the Modern World
(D) China’s Cultural Legacy in the Modern World
48.【題組】48. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of simplifying characters?
(A) Making communication easier
(B) Increasing the number of Chinese people who can read and write
(C) Saving time and money
(D) Making classic literature available to everyone.
49.【題組】49. What is the writer’s personal feeling concerning using simplified characters?
(A) They are the wave of the future.
(B) They are simply adaptations that come from the cursive script.
(C) They are less interesting than traditional characters.
(D) They simplify paperwork, but lack interest.
50.【題組】50. What can you infer from the reading?
(A) The writer only uses traditional characters.
(B) Prior to working in China, the writer considered simplified characters to be inferior and unnecessary.
(C) The writer isn't interested in pre 1950’s literature and culture.
(D) The writer isn't interested in the language use of overseas Chinese communities.