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103 年 - 103年普考 英文#16856 

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1.31 Where Darwin had traced man’s animal ancestry, Freud revealed the animal drives which still ___his behaviour.
2.32 Online courses are ____higher education, creating new opportunities for the best and huge problems for the rest.
3.33 Due to global warming and deforestation, many animals and plants are on the brink of _____ .
4.34 Every employee in the company has the rights to use the ____inside, including gym and library.
5.35 Be careful when moving the ______ porcelain vase, or you may break it.
請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題: 
   The speech of every group of people has developed differently. One reason for this is that each group often lived in isolation. Another reason is that each language grew up 36___ under different conditions. Gradually, over many centuries, some groups came in contact with other groups. When this happened, their languages grew more and more 
 37____ . In other cases, however, a group would break apart, and new languages would grow from the original one. The 
new languages, though distinct in many ways, would 38_____ similarities to one another. 
   There are many different countries in the world today. One might conclude that each country has its own language and that languages are only as numerous as countries. Actually, there are many more languages than there are countries.  39____ , in the United States, we have considered English the one language of the people. Yet at one time, on the Great Plains alone, more than 22 native American languages were spoken. 
   In addition, a single language may have two or more dialects, or varieties. 40_____ is estimated that there are several thousand languages and dialects spoken in the world today. 

(A) On the contrary
(B) For example
(C)By degrees
(D)On the spot
請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題: 
   Ken Aston is an internationally known soccer referee. He came from England. Aston began playing soccer when he was a young boy. In 1936, when he was 19 years old, he hurt his ankle and stopped playing soccer. He decided to become a referee and qualified as one in the same year. In 1946, he became the first referee to wear the black uniform with white trim that later became the standard for referees. 
   As a soccer referee, Aston made an important contribution to the sport. He invented the card system. In modern soccer competitions, referees give cards to players who break rules. A yellow card is a warning. A red card means that the player is out of the game. According to Aston, the card system prevents language problems. The cards are an international language. Every player understands what the yellow and red cards mean. 
   Aston said he got the idea while stopping at a traffic light. He was driving home from a 1966 World Cup match. In that game, a German-speaking referee didn’t make his disciplinary calls clear. Some of the players could not understand him and had confusion in mind even after the game. So Aston came up with and pushed for the idea of showing a yellow card for an official warning and a red card for an ejection. The card system was introduced at the 1970 World Cup finals  and are now used universally. Today all soccer players understand the meaning of the cards. 

【題組】41 What is this passage mainly about?
(A)The history of soccer.
(B)Ken Aston’s career and contribution.
(C)How Aston got the idea for the card system.
(D)The meaning of a red or yellow card in soccer.
12.【題組】42 Which of the following statements about Ken Aston is true?
(A)He used to be a famous soccer player in England.
(B)He became a referee when he was about thirty years old.
(C)He designed the white uniform with black trim for referees.
(D)He created the card system to avoid language problems in soccer games.
13.【題組】43 Which of the following statements about the card system in soccer is true?
(A)It was invented at the 1970 World Cup finals.
(B)It was first used by a German-speaking referee.
(C)It was created by Aston while he was observing the traffic signal.
(D)It was used as an international language to replace English.
14.【題組】44 Why did Aston push for the card system in soccer games?
(A)It could avoid soccer players’ confusion over the calls by referees.
(B)He could make a lot of money by inventing the system.
(C)He wanted to become a well-known soccer referee.
(D)It was one of his dreams as a young boy.
15.【題組】45 Which of the following best explains the phrase “disciplinary calls” in this passage?
(A)Informative remarks.
(B) Encouraging phone calls.
(C)Strange but interesting calls.
(D) Corrective or punishing rulings.
請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題: 
   Owning closets of shoes may seem superficial, but in reality women are merely paying homage to the bricklayers of modern civilization. The history of shoes dates back to 4000 B.C. when they appeared on the walls of Egyptian temples and tombs. While women today fancy a pair of stylish heels, in 1500, it was men, descendants of European nobility, who 
began to wear heeled shoes. Since then “well heeled” suggests being wealthy or able to afford costly shoes. 
   In 1533, the wedding of an Italian lady with a French nobleman brought high heels in vogue for women. The bride insisted on having heels made for her wedding, which set the rage for the new shoes in Paris. High heels stayed in style until the late 18th century, as during the French Revolution, it was considered in bad taste to show any sign of wealth. Finally, 
high heels emerged again in Europe in the late 19th century and continued to spread their enchantment around the world. 

【題組】46 What is this passage mainly about?
(A)The reasons why women wear high heels.
(B)Fashions of shoe styles in different countries.
(C)The history of high heels.
(D)The defense for men who wear high heels.
17.【題組】47 What did a pair of heeled shoes suggest in the sixteenth-century Europe?
(A)High education.
(B)Respectable ancestry.
(C)Outstanding taste.
(D)Great wealth.
18.【題組】48 According to this passage, where can we find the earliest appearance of shoes in human history?
19.【題組】49 When did women start to wear high heels?
(A)As soon as heels were invented.
(B)After a noble wedding in Paris.
(C)After the French Revolution.
(D)After the late nineteenth century.
20.【題組】50 Which of the following statements is true?
(A)The author thinks women’s craze for heels is superficial.
(B)A French nobleman designed a pair of heels for his bride.
(C)The first pair of heels for women did not gain much attention.
(D)Heels fell out of favor during the French Revolution.