Ramsey Ramsey>试卷(2014/08/21)

高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文題庫 下載題庫

103 年 - 103 司法人員、海岸巡防人員、移民行政人員 三等 英文#17281 

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1.31 Over the ensuing century, with our increased knowledge of the wild and its ____ , the old city zoo began to wither and fade.
(A)fangs
(B)inhabitants
(C)prosperities
(D)reveries
2.32 TV advertisers may be reluctant to sponsor a program that deals with ____ social issues. If they do, they may insist that the issues be portrayed delicately.
(A)controversial
(B)eccentric
(C)obsolete
(D)superficial
3.33 Great chefs understand how to use spices such as ginger and pepper to ____ the flavor of their food.
(A)detect
(B)enrich
(C)implant
(D)insist
4.34 There is much ____ about the use of animals in scientific studies; some believe it is necessary because it helps cure diseases, while some think it is cruel and should be stopped.
(A)controversy
(B)distraction
(C)negotiation
(D)superstition
5.35 As a sharp and straightforward businesswoman, Mandy often speaks directly and ____ to get her points crossed.
(A)punctually
(B)raucously
(C)squeamishly
(D)trenchantly
6.請依下文回答第 36 題至第 38 題: The development of seawater agriculture has taken two directions. Some investigators have attempted to breed salt tolerance into conventional crops, such as barley and wheat. For example, Emanuel Epstein’s research team at the University of California at Davis showed as early as 1979 that strains of barley propagated for generations in the presence of low levels of salt could produce small amounts of grain when irrigated by comparatively saltier seawater. Unfortunately, subsequent efforts to increase the salt tolerance of conventional crops through selective breeding and genetic engineering─in which genes for salt tolerance were added directly to the plants─have not produced good candidates for seawater irrigation. The upper salinity limit for the long-term irrigation of even the most salt-tolerant crops, such as the date palm, is still less than five part per 1,000(ppt)─less than 15 percent of the salt content of seawater. Normal seawater is 35 ppt salt. Our approach has been to domesticate wild, salt-tolerant plants, called halophytes, for use as food, forage, and oilseed crops. We reasoned that changing the basic physiology of a traditional crop plant from salt-sensitive to salt-tolerant would be difficult and that it might be more feasible to domesticate a wild, salt-tolerant plant. After all, our modern crops started out as wild plants. Indeed, some halophytes─such as grain from the saltgrass Disticblis Palmeri─ were eaten for generations by native peoples, including the Cocopah, who live where the Colorado River empties into the Gulf of California.
【題組】36 Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
(A)It is possible to domesticate a wild, salt-tolerant plant.
(B)It is feasible to add genes for salt tolerance to the plants.
(C)It is worthwhile to reduce the salt content of seawater from 35 ppt salt to 15 ppt salt.
(D)It is promising to change a traditional crop plant from salt-sensitive to salt-tolerant.
7.【題組】37 According to the passage, which of the following plants will grow and produce crops when irrigated by seawater with over 5 ppt salt?
(A)Barley
(B)Wheat
(C)Disticblis Palmeri
(D)Date Palm
8.【題組】38 Where do you think the Cocopah live?
(A)At the origin of the Colorado River
(B)At the mouth of the Colorado River
(C)Along the Colorado River
(D)At the dried part of the Colorado River
9.請依下文回答第 39 題至第 42 題: What makes people smart? It is a question that scientists and philosophers have thought about for centuries, prompting complex calibrations, from head measurements to brain-bending tests. Yet the drive to probe the powers—and the limits—of the human mind has been thwarted by the hard facts of life:the brain was virtually a black box, its inner secrets locked within. Now, scientists are using the latest technology to peer inside. Using machines such as the PET scanner and FMRI machines, which map the changes in the brain’s blood flow, researchers at U.C. Irvine and elsewhere are producing the first images of how gifted, and not-so-gifted, minds go about the task of thinking. In one study, Professor Richard Haier of U.C. Irvine found that brighter people have lower metabolic rate probably because their brains are more efficient. However, when bright people are given harder tasks, their brains work harder than the average person’s. Apparently, brain activity depends, to some extent, on the difficulty level of the task and the level of effort required.
【題組】39 Why is it so hard to examine the powers and limits of the human brain?
(A)The hard facts of life cannot be measured.
(B)The inner secrets of the brain have not been revealed yet.
(C)The drive to test the human brain has been encouraged.
(D)Complex calibrations are prompted.
10.【題組】40 What is the newest way for scientists nowadays to explore the human brain?
(A)Giving brain-bending tests
(B)Mapping the changes surrounding the brain
(C)Giving tasks of calibration
(D)Using machines like the PET scanner
11.【題組】41 Which of the following facts was found by Professor Haier?
(A)Bright people always have lower metabolic rate.
(B)The average person does not work hard when he is given hard tasks.
(C)Brighter people have higher metabolic rate when they are given harder tasks.
(D)The level of effort required is not in proportion to the difficulty level of the task.
12.【題組】42 What do the underlined words “a question” refer to?
(A)How to prompt complex calibration
(B)How to set up the limits of the mind
(C)How to measure the head with brain-bending tests
(D)How to investigate the powers and limits of the human brain
13.請依下文回答第 43 題至第 46 題: New Yorkers are not notably genial neighbors. Many get to know one another solely by what manages to permeate their deadbolted doors—an odoriferous stew, the wail of a child, the hushed sighs of intimate moments. But the boom in condos loaded with amenities, along with the construction of some high-end rental buildings, has created opportunities for neighbors to make the transition from polite elevator nods to cocktail-caliber mingling. More and more properties in the city feature community amenities like gyms, lounges, and roof decks. These, and more novel spaces—cinemas, wet bars, squash courts, outdoor rain showers, are putting lounges with a lonely television set to shame, and they are fostering a clubby college-dormitory atmosphere in several developments. “We’re extremely social creatures, and I think people in New York suffer from an inability to really interact with people,” said Susan Meiklejohn, associate professor of urban planning at Hunter College. This is not because New Yorkers are cold, Dr. Meiklejohn said, but because the city is so dense that people avoid one another to establish buffer zones. “What level of friendliness can you possibly sustain each day if you have to say hello to everybody you meet on 34th Street?” she said. The design of many new buildings, however, are gradually making New Yorkers venture beyond tight-lipped hellos at the mailbox.
【題組】43 According to Dr. Meiklejohn, what accounts for New Yorkers’ lack of true interaction with others?
(A)New York is too cold.
(B)New York is too crowded.
(C)New York is too expensive.
(D)New York is too dangerous.
14.【題組】44 According to the passage, what is the change New Yorkers have undergone?
(A)They are building more condos and expensive rental buildings.
(B)They have learned to enjoy tight-lipped hellos and polite elevator nods.
(C)They are developing closer relationships with their neighbors.
(D)They have become used to whatever permeates their deadbolted doors.
15.【題組】45 According to the passage, which amenity has gradually become out of date for the new buildings in New York?
(A)Community gyms
(B)Clubby roof decks
(C)Outdoor rain showers
(D)Lounges with a TV set
16.【題組】46 Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
(A)New Yorkers are obsessed with cocktail-caliber mingling.
(B)New Yorkers change along with their living space.
(C)New Yorkers will never make genial neighbors.
(D)New Yorkers no longer need buffer zones.
17.第 47 題至第 50 題為篇章結構,各題請依文意,從四個選項中選出最合適者,各題答案內容不重複 Even in this modern, high-tech age, money is still a great cultural taboo that is rarely discussed openly in the United States, experts say. People can find advice from many self-help books on how to become rich. 47 Not until recently, with large numbers of people afflicted by what psychologists call “money disorders,” psychologists and financial planners seem to have found a way to join forces in the budding field of financial therapy, where budget planning meets psychological counseling. While it is difficult to pinpoint the number of patients or practitioners, experts in psychology and financial planning say the number of professionals offering to treat money disorders has multiplied in the last few years. 48 For example, Dr. Brad Klontz, a financial psychologist, in his study looked at various money disorders at a treatment center, Onsite, in Nashville. 49 It costs $2,650 and involves six days of group therapy and financial counseling to treat a wide variety of unhealthy and self-destructive behaviors that are not as extreme as pathological gambling or compulsive shopping. Nevertheless, under the American Psychological Association’s professional code of ethics, therapist should not enter into outside relationships with clients, including business arrangements like financial planning. 50 “It could violate the ethical standards of the mental health field if a financial planner who was also trained as a therapist crossed the boundary from asset management or coaching into the realm of providing therapy,” said Dr. Klontz.
【題組】47
(A)Onsite is one of a number of programs and workshops devoted to money disorders.
(B)However, the fields of psychology and financial planning have been slow to link money and emotion.
(C)In addition, research studies have been conducted to examine the state and treatment of money disorders.
(D)With the field of financial therapy so new, Dr. Klontz and others tried to have their voices heard about the murky ethics.
18.【題組】48
(A)Onsite is one of a number of programs and workshops devoted to money disorders.
(B)However, the fields of psychology and financial planning have been slow to link money and emotion.
(C)In addition, research studies have been conducted to examine the state and treatment of money disorders.
(D)Problematic money behaviors like gambling and compulsive shopping are treated at more traditional rehab facilities.
19.【題組】49
(A)Onsite is one of a number of programs and workshops devoted to money disorders.
(B)In addition, research studies have been conducted to examine the state and treatment of money disorders.
(C)Problematic money behaviors like gambling and compulsive shopping are treated at more traditional rehab facilities.
(D)And when people come for help around money, “it goes so much deeper than what is in their bank accounts,” said Dr. Klontz.
20.【題組】50
(A)In addition, research studies have been conducted to examine the state and treatment of money disorders.
(B)Problematic money behaviors like gambling and compulsive shopping are treated at more traditional rehab facilities.
(C)With the field of financial therapy so new, Dr. Klontz and others tried to have their voices heard about the murky ethics.
(D)And when people come for help around money, “it goes so much deeper than what is in their bank accounts,” said Dr. Klontz.