8.請依下文回答第 38 題至第 42 題
There’s no question that taking care of the elderly and frail will incur huge costs, stretching already overburdened
pension and health-care systems. But with people living longer and continuing to contribute productively to society, we
need to recalibrate just what we mean by old. In Japan, for instance, more than a quarter of the population is currently at
the age of 60 or older, a figure that’s set to reach 42% by 2050. However, many of these folks are hardly sitting idly at
home. One in three Japanese aged 60 or over is still part of the labor force. Keeping older folks employed is particularly
important because by mid-century, says the UN, the world will have more elderly people than children. By 2050, nearly a
third of the developed world’s labor force will be aged 50 or older. Many elderly are spending more, too. While a good
chunk of their savings will be needed to fund longer retirements and higher health payments, older people have
considerable purchasing power. Britons over 50 years of age, for instance, control 75% of the country’s wealth.
Businesses catering to a so-called silver economy are booming, offering everything from elderly-friendly housing to trips
for retiree globetrotters.
With the older generation controlling so much of the world’s money, it’s hardly fair to dismiss senior citizens as an
inevitable burden on society. “Many Japanese are living so long, it’s like they’ve been given second lives,” says Toshiko
Katayose, editor of a Tokyo magazine. “They’re doing everything with energy: working, turning kimonos into cool
patchwork designs; even doing math drills to keep mentally fit. ” 【題組】38 Which of the following is the main idea of the passage?
(A) The older generation can still contribute to society.
(B) Elderly people in Japan are considered a burden on society.
(C) Programs to help senior citizens have been overlooked.
(D) Rich and old people in Japan refuse to retire at the age of 50.
9.【題組】39 Which of the following statements is true?
(A) More than 40% of the population in Japan is older than 60.
(B) One out of three Japanese aged 60 or older is still employed.
(C) 75% of the wealth in Britain is in the hands of those older than 60.
(D) In order to save up for health payments, old people tend to spent very little. 代號：2201
10.【題組】40 What does the author think of the elderly?
(A) They are an inevitable burden on society.
(B) The government has to do more to ensure their welfare.
(C) They have to rely on their children for necessities.
(D) Many of them are living with great enthusiasm.
12.【題組】42 What does the phrase “retiree globetrotters” in the first paragraph refer to?
(A) People who are reluctant to retire.
(B) Old people who are seeking housing.
(C) People unwilling to spend a lot of money on traveling.
(D) Retired people interested in traveling around the world.
13.請依下文回答第 43 題至第 46 題
You forgot where the car was parked at the airport yesterday. The name of that old boyfriend or girlfriend
is 43 your tongue—but what is it? Your memory is terrible. Or so you think. But common sense tells us that
forgetfulness is vital to a healthy brain by clearing our minds of decaying memories.
Today, a small band of scientists are trying to discover how and why the brain chooses to erase certain memories.
Their aim isn’t to increase our ability to remember, 44 are they researching some kind of evil memory-erasing pill.
What interest them is the prospect of helping people get rid of the unwanted memories that, researchers are discovering,
can 45 mental illnesses such as depression and mental disorder caused by an unpleasant experience.
If you can’t remember what you had for breakfast, it’s probably because your brain never bothered to encode the
information. Also evidence suggests that the brain naturally suppresses unwanted memories. In at least some cases,
forgetting is not a passive process of decay, 46 an active process of governing and controlling.
【題組】43 (A) on the tip of (B) from the top of (C) in the front of (D) at the edge of
17.請依下文回答第 47 題至第 50 題
While the merchants of Europe were looking for a sea route to India and the Far East, the admiral Cheng Ho set
out from China to travel west. He took with him a huge 47 that included 62 treasure ships and 250 smaller
vessels. He made seven journeys across the China Sea and the Indian Ocean, visiting thirty countries and gathering
information about 48 . Their vessels carried up to 30,000 people, including doctors, translators, merchants,
craftspeople, and priests. The ships stayed at sea for months 49 . On his seventh voyage, Cheng Ho’s ships sailed
a distance of over 12,600 miles. In the journeys, they knew more about keeping healthy at sea than the Europeans did.
Cheng Ho’s 50 grew vegetables on board, and doctors looked after the sick. Nevertheless, the journeys were full
of hazards, and many people did not survive them.
【題組】47 (A) fleet (B) flesh (C) flock (D) fluid