A team of scientists tried to pinpoint how the Ebola epidemic in West Africa started. They explored an area
in southeastern Guinea 41 2-year-old Emile Ouamouno fell ill around two years ago and died. Health
officials believe he was the first case, and it is reported that he may have been 42 by bats.
The epidemic’s exact 43 has never been determined, but the virus is thought to spread to people from
some sort of animal. Many experts have suspected some species of fruit bat as the source, while others wonder if
the epidemic started through another animal—like a chimpanzee or small antelope—that had got Ebola from bats
before 44 by people. The Ebola virus wasn’t found in the bats the scientists tested, so they weren’t able to
prove the source. Yet, they believe the first Ebola 45 got Ebola from bats that had lived in a hollowed-out
tree. The boy was said to have played in the hollow tree a lot.
【題組】41. (A) that (B) where (C) which (D) who
Have you ever wondered where the name “America” came from? Why aren’t the continents of North and
South America called “Columbusia” after Christopher Columbus? The word “America” actually came from
Amerigo Vespucci, a 15-century Italian explorer. Who made the decision? A mapmaker.
Like Columbus, Vespucci traveled to the New World (first in 1499 and again in 1502). Unlike Columbus,
Vespucci wrote about it. Vespucci’s accounts of his travels were published in 1504 and were widely read in
Europe. Columbus was also hindered because he thought he had discovered another route to Asia; he didn’t
realize America was a whole new continent. Vespucci, however, found that America was not contiguous with
Asia. He was also the first to call it the New World, or Novus Mundus in Latin, in his books. With the discovery
of this “New World,” maps were being redrawn all the time.
In 1507, a German mapmaker named Martin Waldseemüller was drawing a map of the world. He called it
the Universalis Cosmographia, or Universal Cosmography. Comprised of 12 wooden panels, it was eight feet
wide and four-and-a-half feet tall. He based his drawings of the New World on Vespucci’s published travelogues,
and the mapmaker further used Vespucci’s name “Amerigo” to name the new continents “America.” Mapmakers
tended to copy one another’s choices, so Columbus was left off the map. Today, an original of Waldseemüller’s
map is permanently on display at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.
【題組】46. What is the purpose of this passage?
(A) To explain why America was named as it is.
(B) To clarify who had first discovered America.
(C) To give information about mapmaking in Europe.
(D) To compare and contrast two European explorers.
28.【題組】48. Which of the following is a correct description of Waldseemüller’s map?
(A) It was commissioned by Columbus.
(B) It depicted only the lands of America.
(C) He copied another mapmaker’s work.
(D) It is now on display in the United States.
29.【題組】49. What is true about Amerigo Vespucci?
(A) He was a Spanish navigator.
(B) He kept a record about his travel.
(C) He traveled together with Columbus.
(D) He labeled the new world after his own name.