3.28. My parents and grandparents used to schedule their farming activities according to the ________ calendar instead of the solar calendar, because they believed the former was more accurate.
(A)lunar (B)verbal (C)spiritual (D)permanent
15.40. “The City of London” actually refers to only a small part of London, ________ there is a concentration of banks, insurance companies and financial markets.
(A)when (B)which (C)where (D)with which
To make cities more livable, many cities around the world are restricting car travel in certain areas. They are also creating some streets for 41 and bike riders only. When people walk and bike, the result is cleaner air to breathe and healthier and happier residents. Some major world cities that 42 streets for bikes only include Munich, Germany; Barcelona, Spain; and Paris, France. 43 , some cities are charging drivers money to drive into the city. This money is called a “congestion fee.” In Stockholm, Sweden; London, England; and Singapore, drivers must pay this fee to enter parts of the city. As a result, more people are 44 and taking public transportation. Having fewer cars on the road means better air quality. It also means 45 traffic congestion. Congestion fees are working. In one month in Stockholm, there were 100,000 fewer cars on the road than there were the month before the city introduced the fee.
【題組】41. (A)customers (B)passengers (C)pedestrians (D)messengers
One day about two hundred years ago, the French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was looking at a map of the world. Pointing to China, he said, “There is a sleeping giant. Let him sleep! If he awakes, he will shake the world.” These days, you would have to be living on a desert island not to have noticed that China has indeed awakened.
Young Americans are one group that is aware of the Asian giant’s growing importance to the global economy. One way they are showing this awareness is by lining up to study Mandarin Chinese. In American schools, Chinese is rapidly becoming the hot new subject. There are ten times as many students now enrolled
in Mandarin courses as there were in the year 2000. More and more schools, from kindergartens through to universities, are setting up language programs, many with the support of government and business. Traditionally, students of Mandarin in America were either interested in Chinese culture for its own sake, or were pressured into learning it by their ethnic Chinese families. Now, there is a widespread belief among students—and their parents—that proficiency in Mandarin can bring a competitive edge in the job market. That is, they feel that the ability to speak Mandarin may improve their chance of getting a well-paid job and enjoying future success. The increasing interest in Chinese language courses has caught U.S. educators by surprise, and qualified teachers are in demand. Some encouragement has come from Beijing, where the Chinese government funds the National Office for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language. Not only can Chinese products be found in every corner of the world, but this organization is vigorously promoting Chinese culture and language in every part of the world.
【題組】46. What did Napoleon Bonaparte imply about China?
(A)It was the world’s most powerful country then.
(B)It has the potential to become very powerful.
(C)There was a danger that it would threaten France.
(D)It had been a sleeping giant for two hundred years.
22.【題組】47. According to the passage, what have young Americans recently noticed?
(A)China has a strong economy.
(B) Chinese is taught in the U.S.
(C)China has some desert islands.
(D)Mandarin is not hard to learn.
23.【題組】48. In the last fourteen years, the number of students learning Mandarin in the U.S. ________________.
(A)has hardly changed
(B)has slowly decreased
(C)has increased three times
(D)has gone up by 1,000 percent
24.【題組】49. What is the main reason why young Americans are learning Chinese?
(A)To satisfy their curiosity.
(B)To make their family members happy.
(C)To improve their job prospects.
(D)To communicate with their teachers.
25.【題組】50. What does the passage tell us about the government of China?
(A)It is willing to support Mandarin learners in other countries.
(B)It is disappointed that people in the U.S. are not learning Mandarin.
(C)It is surprised at the recent popularity of the Chinese language.
(D)It is afraid of spending too much money on language education.