23.23. You _________ the car before we hit the road. Now, our car has broken down and we are in the middle of
(A)should check (B)should have checked (C)shouldn’t check (D)shouldn’t have checked
More and more researchers care about this matter. They perform studies, gathering information on how parents use
technology in the development of their kids. 31 their interest in the matter, some questions have been answered.
For example, at what age should children be 32 to use tablets and smartphones? According to experts, children
under the age of two had better not interact with tablets, smartphones or other 33 such as computers or TV. This
idea has been backed up by doctors and the reason is 34 little children at that age are encouraged to explore their
environment and learn how the world works. 35 , in this stage of their life, their bodies are developing. Sitting idly
in front of a screen can lead to health problems in the future. 【題組】31. (A)In spite of (B)Aside from (C)Thanks to (D)Judging from
Research says that husbands do not help enough around the house. A study from an American university says it
is 36 for men to do an equal share of housework. Researchers looked at 182 working couples. Both partners
worked the same number of hours in full-time jobs. Men did five hours a week 37 housework than their wives
after their baby was born, even though both parents worked the same number of hours in their job. They spent 16
hours or so a week 38 with the baby.
Becoming a parent added about 21 hours per week to a mother's work. Most of this was 39 her baby. New
fathers did not do extra work because they did not realize the mother was doing so much more. 40 reason is that
after a baby is born, fathers follow the traditional roles in society, where the mother takes care of the baby and the
father works. This happens even when the mother is working the same number of hours in her job.
【題組】36. (A)cruel (B)rare (C)easy (D)likely
If you want to teach your children about money, giving them pocket money is a good idea. They’re going to need a
place to put it, which is how the three-jar system came into existence: one for spending, one for saving and one for giving.
Almost every child understands the first jar and has a long list of things they want to spend money on right now. The save
jar teaches patience, a concept that parents are constantly trying to reinforce in all sorts of ways.
But the give jar is more mysterious. Give to whom? And why give at all? Quite often our answer is to give back
because it’s the right thing to do. However, it won’t satisfy your children’s curiosity, so let me suggest another one: One
great reason to give is to honor your own family’s history of being helped.
First, this is an opportunity to tell stories about you and your relatives that your children may not have heard before.
People they know, perhaps even their mother or father, have benefited from someone else’s donations. And since your
family was lucky enough to receive help, it’s only fair that you help some other families, too.
In our family, we tell several stories about it. Telling these stories has helped make our present-day volunteer work
and donations more real. When my wife and I showed our now 9-year-old daughter how we divided the money we wanted
to donate, she understood why we were so generous with others.
There are stories waiting for you to tell your children. And once you do, chances are they will know just what to do
with that money accumulating in their Give jars.
【題組】41. What is the main purpose of this passage?
(A)To compare the stories told in different families.
(B)To show how money is given to those in need.
(C)To explain how parents can teach children to give.
(D)To introduce a new way of saving money for kids.
44.【題組】44. According to the passage, how does the author teach his children to give?
(A)By taking his children to visit poor people and give them money.
(B)By forcing his children to donate money to the people who need it.
(C)By telling his children how their family have benefited from others’ donations.
(D)By showing his children how he divides his money into three parts.
45.【題組】45. According to the passage, which of the following statement is true?
(A)The author doesn’t know how to teach his children to be patient and to be honest.
(B)The author lets his 9-year-old daughter know clearly that she won’t be generous with others.
(C)The author doesn’t like the idea of three-jar system because it leads to the biggest waste of money.
(D)The author believes that one great reason to give is to honor the family’s history of being helped.
One of the biggest shopping days of the year has brought out millions of bargain hunters across the world.
The day is called Black Friday. Real and online stores offer discounts of up to 70 percent on thousands of items. It
is traditionally a big shopping day in the USA, but four years ago it crossed the Atlantic and is now huge in the
U.K. It has become so popular in Britain that the police had to be called to four supermarkets just after midnight on
Friday (the bargains went on sale at one minute past midnight). The police were worried about shoppers getting
crushed in the crowds. A police spokesman said, "Officers have worked with store staff to ensure that sale-goers
were able to enter and exit the stores safely."
While shoppers in the U.K. were happy to head to the shops, many store workers in the USA were angry this year.
Many stores decided to start Black Friday a day early, which was on the US celebration of Thanksgiving. Store employees
and shoppers thought it was wrong for stores to ask employees to work on Thanksgiving, which is traditionally a time for
people to spend with their family. A “Boycott Black Thursday” Facebook page has more than 114,000 likes. Many big
stores, such as Costco and IKEA did not open. CNN reports that there are over 60 petitions on the website Change.org
trying to get stores and customers to change Black Friday. They want a bigger focus on family instead of profits.
【題組】46. What is the article mainly about?
(A)Why people in the U.K. boycott Black Friday now.
(B)How American people celebrated Thanksgiving this year.
(C)What happened in the U.K. and in the USA on Black Friday this year.
(D)How Facebook helped to keep the tradition of Thanksgiving.
47.【題組】47. What does Thanksgiving mean to American people?
(A)It is a time for making friends. (B)It is a time for shopping online.
(C)It is a time for making profits. (D)It is a time to spend with family.
48.【題組】48. According to the passage, why did the police in the U.K. have to work with store staff on Black Friday?
(A)To make sure that those stores did offer discounts to the shoppers.
(B)To ensure that sale-goers were able to enter and exit the stores safely.
(C)To make sure that every shopper waited in line before midnight on Black Friday.
(D)To ensure the safety of the items which were put up for sale.
49.【題組】49. According to the passage, why were many store workers in the USA angry this year?
(A)Many stores decided to start Black Friday a day early.
(B)The US government decided to cancel the celebration of Thanksgiving.
(C)Their bosses decided to have a salary cut.
(D)Many big stores, such as Costco and IKEA, did not open on Black Friday.
50.【題組】50. According to the passage, which of the following statement is true?
(A)Online stores never offer discounts on Black Friday.
(B)Black Friday first started in the U.K. ten years ago.
(C)Shoppers thought it was right for stores to ask employees to work on Thanksgiving.
(D)Black Friday is now huge in the U.K.