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111 年 - 111 移民行政特種考試_三等_移民行政(選試英文):外國文(英文兼試移民專業英文)#110370 

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1.1 A new economic immigration bill was passed in 2018 to recruit foreign workers and talent necessary for Taiwan’s national development without affecting ________ job opportunities and wage level.
(A) intrinsic
(B) communal
(C) societal
(D) domestic


2.2 Interpol is an international organization that________ worldwide police cooperation and crime control.
(A) probes
(B) mediates
(C) facilitates
(D) alleviates


3.3 The law provides that an asylum seeker, a recognized refugee, or a person under humanitarian protection may not be________ to the situation which would threaten his/her life or freedom.
(A) returned
(B) replaced
(C) refined
(D) relayed


4.4 Under the Level 3 epidemic alert, the visa extension will be automatically________on the agency’s computer system. Visitors who would like formal documentation can have their passports stamped at the service stations as well.
(A) registered
(B) enlisted
(C) coined
(D) forged


5.5 The Coast Guard Administration seized thousands of packs of________ cigarettes, which had a street value of 14 million NTD, from a fishing boat in Keelung.
(A) snuggled
(B) smuggled
(C) smashed
(D) shrugged


6.6 While some immigrants are able to hold dual or multiple citizenship, others are required to________ their original citizenship if they officially change their nationality.
(A) announce
(B) denounce
(C) renounce
(D) pronounce


7.7 Tennis star Novak Djokovic faced deportation after the Australian government________ his visa on public interest grounds, three days before the Australian Open was to begin.
(A) erased
(B) disarmed
(C) discharged
(D) revoked


8.8 The digital environment opens new channels for education; however, children can also come across harmful and violent content or________ of information online.
(A) manipulation
(B) manifestation
(C) marginalization
(D) materialization


9.9 Inspired by Malala’s courage, many young people all over the globe are joining her________ to combat gender discrimination.
(A) cruiser
(B) crusade
(C) comrade
(D) command


10.10 The chapters in this book combine theory and extensive empirical data to provide a balanced account of government performance under the president’s ________ .
(A) reign
(B) forum
(C) bureau
(D) commission


11.請依下文回答第 11 題至第 15 題
 For more than ten years, sociologist Martin Jankowski did participant observation of thirty-seven gangs in Boston, Los Angeles, and New York City.__11__ stereotypes, Jankowski did not find that the motive for joining was to escape from a broken home because there were as many members from__     12__ as from broken homes. Neither did Jankowski find that they joined to seek a substitute family since as many boys said they were close to their families as said they were not. Rather, the boys joined to gain access to money, to have __13__ , such as girls and drugs, to maintain anonymity in committing crimes, to get protection, and to help the community. This last reason may seem surprising, but in some neighborhoods, gangs protect residents from outsiders. The boys also saw the gang as a(n) __14__to the dead-end jobs held by their parents. Neighborhood residents are __15__ about gangs. On the one hand, they fear the violence. On the other hand, many adults once belonged to gangs, and stated that since gang members are the children of people who live in the neighborhood, they often provide better protection than the police.

【題組】11
(A) Owing to
(B) As a result of
(C) In opposition to
(D) In agreement with


12.【題組】12
(A) rich
(B) tidy
(C) foster
(D) intact


13.【題組】13
(A) recreation
(B) aspiration
(C) delusion
(D) fusion


14.【題組】14
(A) dilemma
(B) treatment
(C) alternative
(D) orientation


15.【題組】15
(A) frustrated
(B) ambivalent
(C) determined
(D) light-hearted


16.請依下文回答第 16 題至第 20 題 
        College classrooms are often drab and dreary places. Walls are painted a variation of “institutional gray”; furniture is easy to clean, but uncomfortable and unattractive. Chairs are lined up in straight rows facing the teacher’s desk or lectern. In one study, over 80% of university students rated their classrooms negatively, describing them as ugly, cramped, stuffy, and uncomfortable. The research by environmental psychologists is beginning to show that unattractive classrooms are not only unappealing; they may also adversely affect academic performance. 
       A more carefully controlled study of classroom environments was conducted a few years ago. The researchers selected two identical classrooms located side by side in the psychology building. The control classroom, which they called the “sterile classroom,” had white walls, a gray carpet, and rows of plastic desks. Besides, an alcohol-based beautiful hand sanitizer was placed in the room for students to use. The experimental classroom, which they called the “friendly classroom,” was redecorated with the help of a design consultant. Several walls were painted bright colors, art posters hung on the walls, large plants added to the room, and colorful Chinese kites hung from the ceiling. In addition to traditional desks, a part of the room was outfitted with area rugs, color-coordinated cushions, and wooden cubes to provide nontraditional seating. 
     The researchers investigated how these two different environments affected performance in actual college classes. Two professors teaching introductory psychology agreed to participate in the study although they were not informed of the purpose of the research. When school began, each class was randomly assigned to one of the two rooms. Halfway through the term, the classes switched rooms. Thus, students in both classes spent half the term in the control room and half in the experimental room. Students were not told they were being studied; the switch in rooms was explained as occurring because the original room was needed for videotaping. The most striking finding from this study was that students performed significantly better on regular course exams when they were in the friendly rather than the sterile room.

【題組】16 According to this passage, the word “sterile” means__________  .
(A) lifeless
(B) clean
(C) empty
(D) safe


17.【題組】17 The main pattern of organization of the second paragraph is__________    .
(A) time order
(B) definition and example
(C) cause and effect
(D) comparison and/or contrast


18.【題組】18 We can conclude from the passage that the two professors might have guessed the purpose of the study they were in because__________    .
(A) they had read about the interests of the researchers
(B) one of the two rooms they taught in was decorated unusually
(C) research assistants gave them hints about the purpose of the study
(D) the study was carried out many times before they participated in this study


19.【題組】19 The sentence “__________    ” best expresses the central point of this passage.
(A) College classrooms are often drab and dreary places.
(B) In one study, over 80% of university students rated their classrooms negatively, describing them as ugly, cramped, stuffy, and uncomfortable.
(C) The research by environmental psychologists is beginning to show that unattractive classrooms are not only unappealing; they may also adversely affect academic performance.
(D) The researchers investigated how these two different environments affected performance in actual college classes.


20.【題組】20 The sentence “__________    ” is NOT relevant support for the setting of the two classrooms designed by the researchers.
(A) The researchers selected two identical classrooms located side by side in the psychology building.
(B) Besides, an alcohol-based beautiful hand sanitizer was placed in the room for students to use.
(C) Several walls were painted bright colors, art posters hung on the walls, large plants added to the room, and colorful Chinese kites hung from the ceiling.
(D) In addition to traditional desks, a part of the room was outfitted with area rugs, color-coordinated cushions, and wooden cubes to provide nontraditional seating.


【非選題】
21.一、中翻英:Please translate the following passage into English.(20 分)
 心理學家和治療師說,氣候變遷的煩惱對一些人可能會造成短暫焦慮, 但對其他人可能會刺激出更黑暗的念頭。在 2020 年一項調查中,超過半 數美國人表示,對於氣候變遷影響他們的心理健康感到焦慮,而超過三 分之二的人說,他們對氣候變遷會如何影響地球感到憂心。


【非選題】
22.二、英翻中:Please translate the following passage into Chinese.(20 分)
 Engagement is what flow is defined by—high, high levels of engagement. People experience flow in many kinds of work, from looking at the tiniest cells to exploring the largest scales of the universe. One of the famous cell biologists described flow looking through a microscope; astronomers describe it looking through telescopes. Similar flow states are described by musicians, painters, computer programmers, tile setters, writers, scientists, public speakers, surgeons, and Olympic athletes. People experience it playing chess, writing poetry, rock climbing, and disco dancing. Almost without exception, the flow state is when one does his or her best work.


【非選題】
23.三、英文作文: (35 分)
 Write a well-organized essay in about 250 words, with a title, an introduction, a body, and a conclusion to respond to the following question. People attend graduate schools for different reasons, for example, life- changing education, new experience, career preparation, or professional knowledge. Why do people attend graduate schools in Taiwan? Remember to use specific reasons and examples to elaborate your answer.


懸賞詳解

國二國文下第三次

25. 下列哪一個詞語的解釋錯誤? (A)臃腫:態度大方的樣子 (B)蜷伏:彎曲著身體  (C)乾癟:枯瘦 (D)斑斕:形容花紋鮮麗,光彩奪目。 ...

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