16.The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in the world . 36 springs and streams sometimes means control , particularly in the 37 areas like the desert . The control is possible even without possession of large areas of 38 land . In the early days of the American West , gun fights were not 39 for the water resources (资源). And laws had to be 40 to protect the water rights of the 41 and the use of the water resources accordingly .
42 is known to us all , there is not 43 water in all places for everyone to use as much as he likes . Deciding on the 44 of water that will be used in any particular period
45 careful planning , so that people can manage and use water more 46 . Farmers have to change their use of or demand for water 47 the water supply forecast (预报).
The 48 water supply forecast is based more on the water from the 49 than from the below . Interest is 50 in the ways to increase rainfall by man-made methods , and to get water from the winter snow on mountain 51 . With special equipment , some scientists are studying the ways in which the mountain snow can be 52 , and with the help of a repeater station , they send the 53 data (数据) to the base station .
The operator at the base station can get the data at any time by 54 a button . In the near future , the forecast and use of water 55 probably depend on the advance knowledge of snow on mountains , not of water underground .
【題組】36. (A)Using (B)Holding (C)Owning (D)Finding
Parents often believe that they have a good relationship with their teenagers (青少年). But last summer , Joanna and Henry noticed a change in their older son : suddenly he seemed to be talking far more to his friends than to his parents . “ The door to his room is always shut .” Joanns noted .
Tina and Mark noticed similar changes in their 14-year-old daughter . “She used to cuddle up (蜷伏)with me on the sofa and talk ,” said Mark . “Now we joke that she does this only when she wants something , Sometimes she wants to be treated like a little girl and sometimes like a young lady . The problem is figuring out which time is which .”
Before age 11, children like to tell their parents what’s on their minds . “In fact , parents are first on the list .” said Michael Riera, author of Uncommon Sense for Parents with Teenagers . “This completely changes during the teen years .” Riera explained . “They talk to their friends first , then maybe their teachers , and their parents last .”
Parents who know what’s going on in their teenagers’ lives are in the best position to help them . To break down the wall of silence , parents should crate chances to understand what their children want to say , and try to find ways to talk and write to them . And they must give their children a mental break , for children also need freedom , though young . Another thing parents should remember is that to be a friend , not a manager , with their children is a better way to know them .
【題組】56.“The door to his room is always shut” suggests that the son .
(A)is always busy with his studies (B)doesn’t want to be disturbed
(C)keeps himself away from his parents (D)begins to dislike his parents
37.【題組】57. What troubles Tina and Mark most is that .
(A)their daughter isn’t as lovely as before
(B)they can’t read their daughter’s mind exactly
(C)they don’t know what to say to their daughter
(D)their daughter talks with them only when she needs help
38.【題組】58. Which of the following best explains “ the wall of silence” in the last paragraph ?
(A)Teenagers talk a lot with their friends .
(B)Teenagers do not want to understand their parents .
(C)Teenagers do not talk much with their parents .
(D)Teenagers talk little about their own lives .
39.【題組】59. What can be learned from the passage ?
(A)Parents are unhappy with their growing children .
(B)Parents have suitable ways to talk with their teenagers .
(C)Parents should be patients with their silent teenagers .
(D)Parents should try to understand their teenagers .
There are thousands of products of all colors and shapes in a supermarket , making you believe that they are worth a try . How ? Packaging (包装)is the silent but persuading salesman .
There on the shelves, each bottle, can, box, and jar has been carefully designed and measured to speak to the inner self of the consumer（消费者）, so that is buying not only a product but also his belief in life. Scientists have studied consumer behavior recently and found that the look of the package has a great effect on the “quality” of the product and on how well it sells, because “Consumers generally cannot tell between a product and its package. Many products are packages and many packages are products,” as Louis Cheskin, the first social scientist studying consumers’ feeling for packaging, noticed.
Colors are one of the best tools in packaging. Studies of eye movement have shown that colors draw human attention quickly. Take V8 for example. For many years, the bright red color of tomatoes and carrots on the thin bottle makes you feel that it is very good for your body. And the word “green” today can keep food prices going up.
Shapes are another attraction. Circles often suggest happiness and peacefulness, because these shapes are pleasing to both the eye and the heart. That’s why the round yellow M signs of McDonald’s are inviting to both young and old.
This new consumer response（反应）to the colors and shapes of packages reminds producers and sellers that people buy to satisfy both body and soul.
【題組】60.According to the passage, ______ seems to be able to persuade a consumer to buy the product.
(A)the pleasing color of the package (B)the special taste of the product
(C)the strange shape of the package (D)the belief in the product
41.【題組】61. If a package or a product is round in shape, it can ________.
(A)bring excitement to the consumers
(B)attract the consumers’ attention
(C)catch the eye movement of the consumers
(D)produce a happy and peaceful feeling
42.【題組】62. “And the word ‘green’ today can keep food prices going up.” This sentence suggests that consumers today are ________.
(A)starting to notice the importance of new food
(B)enjoying the beauty of nature more than before
(C)beginning to like green vegetables
(D)paying more attention to their healthy
International Studies (BA)
● Recognizes the “global community”（国际社会）
● Has close connections with practical research
● Much of the teaching is done in small discussion groups
About the course
The course gives you chances to know great power polities between nation states. It will provide more space to study particular issues such as relationship among countries in the European Union, third world debt, local and international disagreement, and the work of such international bodies as the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, and the World Bank.
The course puts theories into the working of the international system with close attention to particular countries. You will also have a better knowledge of methods of solving the international problems.
B(Hons) Community Management
B(Hons) Public Policy and Management
Earth Science (BSc)
● Based on key courses and the latest research findings
● Pays much attention to practical skills
● Offers chances for fieldwork（实地考察）
About the course
The demand for natural resources is becoming an increasingly serious problem for the future of mankind. Graduates in Earth Science will play an important role in meeting this demand, and in knowing the meaning of using the natural resources.
The course covers geography and geology. You will carry out fieldwork in the UK and possibly overseas, and a research in an area of interest to you in the final year.
BSc (Hons) Geograhpy
BSc (Hons) Geology
Mineral, oil, water or other 【題組】64.related engineering industries
International Studies is a course in ________.
(A)international polities (B)international business
(C)international systems (D)international bodies
45.【題組】65. After taking the course of International Studies, the students will _______.
(A)become practical and open-minded
(B)have a greater ability to discuss theories
(C)know how to settle international problems
(D)have good jobs in any international organizations
46.【題組】66. Earth Science, as described in the second text, ________.
(A)is attractive because of the chances for fieldwork
(B)pays more attention to practical skills than theories
(C)is built on important courses and the results of recent studies
(D)encourages students to play a role in using natural resources
47.【題組】67. It can be inferred that the above two texts are written for the students who _______.
(A)enjoy research work (B)plan to choose courses
(C)study in the UK (D)are interested in overseas fieldwork
If you walk slowly through downtown Helsinki（赫尔辛基）during the day, taking in the splendid 19th century buildings, white boats and noise of passing trams（有轨电车）, you will start to understand why it is called a city of two colors: white and blue.
The sea is always present in Helsinki. When you take a walk over the great open space of the central square, you will hear seabirds screaming. When you take the tram, suddenly and unexpectedly, you are faced with a calm, shining blue sea. You may notice that people in Helsinki do not rush about as in other cities. Instead, they walk along the roads, politely letting other people by.
A usual way to see Helsinki for the first time is to start out by the boats. You will walk by the elderly women selling fish and vegetables in the market square and find yourself in front of a beautiful park. You may enjoy a pleasant walk in the park for a few hours and then take the tram. Trams are the perfect way to get around in Helsinki. Watching the old houses, parks, theatres, churches, shops, restaurants and people in the streets, you may have a slightly sad film feeling to it.
The pale summer nights are another wonder in the city. Following the waterfront（滨水区）of the city after sunset, you couldn’t help stopping and listening to the sweet silence, interrupted only by the screaming seabirds and leaving fishing boats.
However, in some way. Helsinki is also the most modern city in northern Europe. You will surely want to visit the white Glass Palace, the modern art museum, and all those extremely popular cafes and design stores.
【題組】68.Helsinki is called a city of two colors mainly because of the colors of its ________.
(A)19th century buildings, boats and parks
(B)19th century buildings, boats and seabirds
(C)old houses, parks and trams
(D)old buildings, boats and the sea
50.【題組】70. The 19th century buildings, the white Glass Palace, popular cafes and design shops in Helsinki all show that Helsinki is _________.
(A)both splendid and traditional (B)both quiet and noisy
(C)both historical and modern (D)both old and new
Thinking is something you choose to do as a fish chooses to live in water. To be human is to think. But thinking may come naturally without your knowing how you do it. Thinking about drinking is the key to critical（判断性的）thinking. When you think critically, you take control of your thinking processes（过程）. Otherwise, you might be controlled by the ideas of others. Indeed, critical thinking is at the heart of education.
The word “critical” here has a special meaning. It does not mean taking one view against another view, as when someone criticizes another person for doing something wrong. The nature of critical thinking is thinking beyond the easily seen-beyond the pictures on TV, the untrue reports in the newspapers, and the faulty reasoning.
Critical thinking is an attitude as much as an activity. If you are curious about life and desire to dig deeper into it, you are a critical thinker. If you find pleasure in deep thinking about different ideas, characters, and facts, you are a critical thinker.
Activities of the mind and higher-order reasoning are processes of deep and careful consideration. They take time, and do not go hand in hand with the fast speed in today’s world: fast foods, instant coffee, and self-developing film. If you are among the people who believe that speed is a measure of intelligence（智力）, you may learn something new from a story about Albert Einstein. The first time Banesh Hoffman, a scientist, was to discuss his work with Albert Einstein. Hoffman was too nervous to speak. But Einstein immediately put Hoffman at ease by saying, “Please go slowly. I don’t understand things quickly.”
【題組】72.Critical thinking is important to us because if we do not think critically, _______.
(A)it will be hard for us to think naturally and fast
(B)we might be controlled by other people’s ideas
(C)we will follow the ideas of others naturally
(D)we might be footed by other people’s ideas
53.【題組】73. If you are a critical thinker, you will ________.
(A)think deeply about different ideas (B)trust the reports in the newspapers
(C)take one view against another view (D)criticize other people for their mistakes
54.【題組】74. In the last paragraph, “something new” suggests that ________.
(A)the smarter you are, the faster you do things
(B)the faster you do things, the smarter you become
(C)speed can improve intelligence
(D)intelligence is not decided by speed