95 年 - 2006年12月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷#12954
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them are four choices marked A), B), C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
As we have seen, the focus of medical care in our society has been shifting from curing disease to preventing disease – especially in terms of changing our many unhealthy behaviors, such as poor eating habits, smoking, and failure to exercise. The line of thought involved in this shift can be pursued further. Imagine a person who is about the right weight , but does not eat very nutritious(有营养的) foods, who feels OK but exercises only occasionally, who goes to work every day, but is not an outstanding worker, who drinks a few beers at home most nights but does not drive while drunk , and who has no chest pains or abnormal blood counts, but sleeps a lot and often feels tired. This person is not ill. He may not even be at risk for any particular disease. But we can imagine that this person could be a lot healthier.
The field of medicine has not traditionally distinguished between someone who is merely “ not ill” and someone who is in excellent health and pays attention to the body’s special needs. Both types have simply been called “well”. In recent years, however, some health specialists have begun to apply the terms “well” and “wellness” only to those who are actively striving to maintain and improve their health. People who are well are concerned with nutrition and exercise and they make a point of monitoring their body's condition. Most important, perhaps, people who are well take active responsibility for all matters related to their health. Even people who have a physical disease or handicap (缺陷) may be "well," in this new sense, if they make an effort to maintain the best possible health they can in the face of their physical limitations. "Wellness" may perhaps best be viewed not as a state that people can achieve, but as an ideal that people can strive for. People who are well are likely to be better able to resist disease and to fight disease when it strikes. And by focusing attention on healthy ways of living, the concept of wellness can have a beneficial impact on the ways in which people face the challenges of daily life.
. Today medical care is placing more stress on______.
(A) removing people's bad living habits
(B) monitoring patients' body functions
(C) ensuring people's psychological well-being
(D) keeping people in a healthy physical condition
2.【題組】58. In the first paragraph, people are reminded that_____.
(A) prevention is more difficult than cure
(B) good health is more than not being ill
(C) regular health checks are essential to keeping fit
(D) drinking, even if not to excess, could be harmful
3.【題組】59. Traditionally, a person is considered “well” if he ______.
(A) does not have any physical handicaps
(B) is able to handle his daily routines
(C) is free from any kind of disease
(D) does not have any unhealthy living habits
4.【題組】60. According to the author, the true meaning of “wellness” is for people _____.
(A) to meet the strictest standards of bodily health
(B) to best satisfy their body's special needs
(C) to strive to maintain the best possible health
(D) to keep a proper balance between work and leisure
5.【題組】61. According to what the author advocates, which of the following groups of people would be considered healthy?
(A) People who have strong muscles as well as slim figures.
(B) People who are not presently experiencing any symptoms of disease
(C) People who can recover from illness even without seeking medical care.
(D) People who try to be as possible, regardless of their limitations.
Reading new peaks of popularity in North America is Iceberg Water which is harvested from icebergs off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada.
Arthur von Wiesenberger, who carries the title Water Master, is one of the few water critics in North America. As a boy, he spent time in the larger cities of Italy, France and Switzerland, Where bottled water is consumed daily. Even then, he kept a water journal, noting the brands he liked best. “My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water.” He says.
But is plain tap water all that bad? Not at all. In fact, New York’s municipal water for more than a century was called the champagne of tap water and until recently considered among the best in the world in terms of both taste and purity. Similarly, a magazine in England found that tap water from the Thames River tasted better than several leading brands of bottled water that were 400 times more expensive.
Nevertheless, soft-drink companies view bottled water as the next battle-ground for market share-this despite the fact that over 25 percent of bottled water comes from tap water: PepsiCo’s Aquafina and Coca-Cola’s Dasani are both purified tap water rather than spring water.
As diners thirst for leading brands, bottlers and restaurateurs salivate(垂涎) over the profits. A restaurant’s typical mark-up on wine is 100 to 150 percent, whereas on bottled water it’s often 300 to 500 percent. But since water is much cheaper than wine, and many of the fancier brands aren’t available in stores, most dines don’t notice or care.
As a result, some restaurants are turning up the pressure to sell bottled water. According to an article in The Street Journal, some of the more shameless tactics include placing attractive bottles on the table for a visual sell, listing brands on the menu without prices, and pouring bottled water without even asking the dinners if they want it.
Regardless of how it’s sold, the popularity of bottled water taps into our desire for better health, our wish to appear cultivated, and even a longing for lost purity.
. What do we know about Iceberg Water from the passage?
(A) It is a kind of iced water.
(B) It is a kind of bottled water.
(C) It is a kind of mineral water.
(D) It is just plain tap water.
7.【題組】63. By saying “My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water” (Line 4 Para 2), von Wiesenberger wants to convey the message that _______.
(A) dogs can usually detect a fine difference in taste
(B) bottled water often appeals more to dogs taste
(C) bottled water is clearly superior to tap water
(D) plain tap water is certainly unfit for drinking
8.【題組】64. The “fancier brands” (Line 3 Para 5) refers to _________.
(A) PepsiCo’s Aquafina and Coca-Cola’s Dasani
(B) tap water from the Thames River
(C) famous wines not sold in ordinary stores
(D) expensive bottled water with impressive names
9.【題組】65. Why are some restaurants turning up the pressure to sell bottled water?
(A) Bottled water satisfied diners’ desire to fashionable
(B) Competition from the wine industry is intense
(C) Most diners find bottled water affordable
(D) Bottled water brings in huge profits
10.【題組】66. According to passage, why is bottled water so popular?
(A) It is considered healthier
(B) It is much cheaper than wine
(C) It appeals to more cultivated people
(D) It is more widely promoted in the market
11.Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
Language is the most astonishing behavior in the animal kingdom. It is the species-typical behavior that sets humans completely __67__ from all other animals. Language is a means of communication,__68__it is much more than that. Many animals can __69__. The dance of the honeybee communicates the location of flowers __70__other members of the hive(蜂群). But human language permits communication about anything.__71__things like unicorn(独角兽)that have never existed. The key__72__in the fact that the units of meaning, words, can be __73__together in different ways, according to__74__, to communicate different meanings.
Language is the most important learning we do. Nothing __75__humans so much as our ability to communicate abstract thoughts, __76__about the university the mind, love, dreams, or ordering a drink, It is an immensely complex__77__that we take for granted. Indeed, we are not aware of most __78__of our speech and understanding. Consider what happens when one person is speaking to __79__.The Speaker has to translate thoughts into __80__ language. Brain imaging studies suggest that the time from thoughts to the __81__ of speech is extremely fast. Only 0.04 seconds! The listener must hear the sounds to __82__ out what the speaker means. He must use the sounds of speech to __83__ the words spoken., understand the pattern of __84__ of the words (sentences), and finally __85__ the meaning. This takes somewhat longer, a minimum of about 0.5 seconds. But __86__ started, it is of course a continuous process.