51.When I was a boy, children always objected 51 wearing school uniform but teachers were 52 on it because they said all of us looked 53 . Otherwise, they said, children would compete with 54 and the poorer children would be unhappy because people would see how poor they were. In recent years, however, many schools have 55 the idea of making children wear uniform but funnily enough, now that children can wear 56 they like, they have adopted a uniform of their own. When some journalists visited a London school, they found that all the boys and girls were dressed in jeans (牛仔裤). One girl said she would rather die than wear a coat instead of a jersey (运动套衫) because 57 wants to look different 58 the other children in the class. Parents may not be as happy about this as children, but they 59 to be, because this new kind of uniform is one that the children like, not something they have been forced to wear, and it is also 60 cheaper than school uniform used to be. 【題組】51.
(A) against (B) to
(C) for (D)on
61.As you are students of English, it’s very possible that you’ll be interested in England. That’s where the language was first spoken. But England is often called by other names. This often confuses people and I wonder if you know what these names mean. So, now I would like to tell you about this matter of names. I believe that you have heard people use the names—England, Britain or Great Britain. Let’s see what each of these names means. If you look at a map of Europe, you’ll see a group of islands—one larger island off the northwest coast, one smaller and many tiny ones. These make up what is called the British
Isles (不列颠群岛). The largest island of the British Isles is Britain. It is also called Great Britain. The smaller island is Ireland (爱尔兰).
Britain is divided into three parts: Scotland, Wales and England. But sometimes the Word “England” is used instead of “Britain”. Why so?
In ancient times, what is Britain now used to be three different countries. People in These different countries spoke different language. Over many years the three countries became one. England is the largest and richest of the three and it has the most people. So
the English people take it for granted that their own name stands for the whole island. There’s another thing that confuses people: sometimes you may hear people say “the Untied Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”. That is official name of the country. Northern Ireland is only one sixth of the island of Ireland. The rest of the island is an independent state, called the Republic of Ireland. So we have the names of “England”, “Britain”, “Great Britain”, and “the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”. Now do you know what each of them means? 【題組】61.
English was first spoken in .
(A) Britain (B) England (C) Great Britain (D) Ireland
63.【題組】63. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A) Wales is the richest of the three (B) Scotland is the largest of the three
(C) Sometimes English is used instead of Britain
(D) Britain is the only name of the largest island of British Isles
64.【題組】64. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is .
(A) part of Britain (B) part of British Isles
(C) the official name of the whole country England (D) the largest country of all mentioned in the passage
66..Every year just after Christmas the January Sales start. All the shops reduce their prices and for two weeks, they are full of people looking for bargains. My husband and I do not normally go to the sales as we don’t like crowds and in any case are short of money as we have to buy lots of Christmas presents.
Last year, however, I took my husband with me to the sales at the large shop in the center of London. We both needed some new clothes and were hoping to find a television set.
When we got to station. So I left my husband and started looking around the shops. Unfortunately all the clothes were in very large sizes and so were not suitable for me. But I did buy a television at a very cheap price, so I felt quite pleased with myself.
When I arrived at the station, my husband was not there. So I sat down in a nearby cafe to have a cup of tea. I quickly finished my tea when I saw my husband and went out to meet him. He looked very happy. Then I saw he was carrying a large and heavy cardboard box. “Oh, dear!” I thought. Yes, we had no new clothes but two televisions. We shall not be going to the sales again. 【題組】66
In January .
(A) lots of people go shopping for discount
(B) people have a lot of money to spend after Christmas
(C) all the shops close for a two-week Christmas holiday
(D) people don’t have enough money to go looking for bargains
67.【題組】67. In this passage, the word “bargain” could best be replaced by “something ”.
(A) given to people
(B) offered at a reduced price
(C) offered, sold or bought which is expensive (D) sold for the purpose of reaching an agreement
68.【題組】68. The husband and wife in the story .
(A) wished to buy a TV
(B) went to the sales the year before (C) often went to the sales to buy clothes
(D) were usually not short of money after Christmas
71.Some people argue that the pressure on international sportsmen and sportswomen kills the essence (真谛) of sport —the pursuit of personal excellence. Children kick a football around for fun. When they get older and play for local school teams, they become competitive but they still enjoy playing. The individual representing his country cannot afford to think about enjoying himself, he has to think only about winning. He is responsible for entire nation’s hopes, dreams and reputation.
A good example is the football Word Cup. Football is the world’s most important sport. Winning the World Cup is perhaps the summit of international sporting success. Mention Argentina (阿根廷) to someone and the chances are that he’ll think of football. In a sense, winning the World Cup put Argentina on the map.
Sports fans and supporters get quite unreasonable about the World Cup. People in England felt that their country was somehow important after they won in 1966. Last year thousands of Scots sold their cars, and even their houses, and spent all their money traveling to Argentina, where the finals were played.
So, am I arguing that international competition kills the idea of sport? Certainly not! Do the Argentinian really believe that because eleven of their men proved the most skillful at football, their nation is in every way better than all others? Not really, But it’s nice to know that you won and that in one way at least your country is the best. 【題組】71.
What is the author’s main purpose in the passage?
(A) To explain the role of sport
(B) To compare Scotland with Argentina
(C) To show that Argentina is better than all others
(D) To prove that football is the world’s most important sport
73.【題組】73. According to the passage, Argentina is world-famous because of its .
(A) obvious position on the map (B) successes in the football World Cup (C) excellence at most important sports (D) large number of sports fans and supporters
75.【題組】75. What is the author’s attitude towards international games?
(A) Nations that meet on a football field are unlikely to meet on a battlefield
(B) Nations that win the football World Cup are regarded as best in all aspects.
(C) Nations that win in international games prove the best on the sports field at least.
(D) Nations that give much attention to international competitions are world-famous in many ways.
76..When the TV viewer turns on his set, what sort of programs does he have to choose from? You might think there would be more programs devoted to entertainment than to anything else, but that’s not the case. In most countries, fewer than 20% of broadcasting hours are devoted to entertainment. U.S. figures are high——34.8%，and the funlovig Canadians are even higher with 44%. Except Canada and Italy, all countries give more broadcasting time to education than to either information (news, documentaries and so on) or entertainment programs. Of course, few educational broadcasts take place during peak viewing times. In Japan though, more than 60% of broadcasting time is taken up with education of one kind of another- just another example of the businesslike Japanese philosophy. In the U.K., the figure is 56.4%. The Italians have fewer educational programs than anyone else. They don’t go in for entertainment either. Only about ten percent of viewing time is devoted to dramas and serials, quiz shows, music, sports, etc. You will find more news information programs on Italian TV than anything else. That’s understandable in a country experiencing social and political changes. Italians rely on TV to tell them what’s going on ——and events are happening almost too fast to follow. The percentage of time the U.S. devoted to news and documentary programs is much smaller. After education, most TV time is given to entertainment. Many of these programs are shown around the world. 【題組】76.Based on this passage, the percentage of TV broadcasting hours devoted to education is greatest in .
(A) Japan (B) Italy
(C) Canada (D) the United States
77.【題組】77. More news information programs are broadcast on Italian TV than anywhere else because the Italians .
(A) are interested in what is happening in the world (B) like to undergo social and political changes
(C) prefer to learn news information on TV rather than in newspapers
(D) expect TV to tell them the latest news about what is going on in their country
78.【題組】78. So far as the broadcasting hours devoted to entertainment are concerned, .
(A) the Japanese figure is the highest in the world (B) the U. S. figure is smaller than the U.K. figure (C) the U.K. figure is second to the Japanese figure
(D) the Canadian figure is higher than that of any other country
79.【題組】79. From this passage, we learn that most TV stations in the world devoted more broadcasting hours to .
(A) educational programs (B) entertainment programs (C) news information programs
(D) dramas, serials, music, sports and so on 80. In the United States, .
80.【題組】80. In the United States, .
(A) TV programs are shown for world audience to watch
(B) most of TV broadcasting hours are given to entertainment
(C) educational programs are shown during peak viewing times
(D) TV broadcasting hours devoted to education are more than those devoted to entertainment