8.28. Leonardo da Vinci (1452 - 1519) ________ birds kept in cages in order to have the pleasure of setting them free.
(A)is said to be buying (B)is said to have bought
(C). had said to buy (D)has said to have bought
16..In the clinic, I asked if Michael could be retested, so the specialist tested him again.
To my __36__, it was the same score.
Later that evening, I _37_ told Frank what I had learned that day. After talking it over,
we agree that we knew our _38_ much better than an IQ(智商) test. We _39_ that Michael’s
score must have been a __40___ and we should treat him ___41___ as usual.
We moved to Indiana in 1962, and Michael studied at Concordia High School in the same year.
He got _42 _ grades in the school, especially _43_ biology and chemistry, which was a great comfort.
Michael _44_ Indiana University in 1965 as a pre-medical student, soon afterwards,
his teachers permitted him to take more courses than _45_. In 1968,
he was accepted by the School of Medicine, Yale University.
On graduation day in 1972, Frank and I _46_ the ceremony (典礼) at Yale. After the ceremony,
we told Michael about the _47_ IQ score he got when he was six. Since that day, Michael sometimes
would look at us and say _48_, “My dear mom and dad never told me that I couldn’t be a doctor,
not until after I graduated from medical school!” It is his special way of thanking us for the _49_ we had in him.
Interestingly, Michael then _50_ another IQ test. We went to the same clinic where he
had _51_ the test eighteen years before. This time Michael scored 126, an increase of 36 points.
A result like that was supposed to be _52_.
Children often do as _53_ as what adults, particularly parents and teachers, _54_ of them.
That is, tell a child he is “ _55_”, and he may play the role of a foolish child.
【題組】36 (A)joy (B)surprise (C)dislike (D)disappointment
The very wealthy English Baron Fitzgerald had only one child, a son, who understandably
was the apple of his eye. His wife died when the child was in his early teens.
So Fitzgerald devoted himself to fathering the kid. Unfortunately the son died in his late teens.
Meanwhile, Fitzgerald's wealth greatly increased. He spent a lot on art works of the masters.
Later Fitzgerald himself became seriously ill. Before his death, he had carefully prepared his
will as to how his wealth would be settled-to sell his entire collection at an auction(拍卖）.
Because of the large quantity and high quality of his collection, a huge crowd of possible
buyers gathered for the auction. Many of them were museum directors and private collectors
eager to bid（出价）. Before the auction, the art works were shown, among which was a
painting of Fitzgerald's son by an unknown artist. Because of its poor quality, it received little attention.
When it was time for the auction, the auctioneer gaveled（敲槌）the crowd to attention.
First the lawyer read from Fitzgerald's will that the first art work to be auctioned was the painting of his son.
The poor-quality painting didn't receive any bidders. . . except one-the old servant who
had served the son and loved him, and who for emotional reasons offered the only bid.
Asoon as the servant bought the painting for less than one English pound, the auctioneer
stopped the bidding and asked the lawyer to read again from the will. The crowd became quiet,
and the lawyer read from the will: “Whoever buys the painting of my son gets all my collection. ”Then the auction was over.
【題組】56.The English Baron Fitzgerald was __________.
(A)a museum director (B)a master of art
(C)an art collector (D)an art dealer
37.【題組】57. Why did the old servant bid for the painting of Fitzgerald's son?
(A)He was devoted to the family. (B)He saw that no one bid for it.
(C)He knew the content of the will. (D)He found it cheap for him to buy.
38.【題組】58. Fitzgerald's will showed __________.
(A)his desire to fool the bidders
(B)his invaluable love for his son
(C)his sadness at the death of his son
(D)his regret of having no children to take over his wealth
Camp memories last forever! We make sure they are unforgettable!
Shadow Ridge Summer Camps offer so many exciting things for campers to do.
Unlike other camp programs that include horses as a small part of their program,
at Shadow Ridge horses ARE the program! We are 100%horse from stable(马厩)management,
nature walks, and track rides to bedroom furnishings.
Horses help us achieve many of our aims. Girls can learn to develop responsibility,
self-confidence and personal connections in their lives while having fun. Using horses as
a wonderful tool for education, our camps offer an interesting place for growth and learning.
Imagine each girl having her very own horse to spend time with and a best friend to love and
take care of. Each camper is responsible for a horse for the week. Our riding program provides a
lot of riding and lesson time. Campers will learn how to take care of the horse and the tack(马具),
as well as how to ride. Days are filled with horse-related activities to strengthen the connection
between each girl and horse, as the girls learn to work safely around the horses.
AShadow Ridge we try to create a loving, caring family atmosphere for our campers.
We have “The Bunkhouse”(4 girls), the“ Wranglers Roost”(4 girls), and “The Hideout”(2 girls)in
our comfortable 177-year-old farm house. All meals are home cooked, offering delicious and healthy food for the hungry rider.
Our excellent activities create personalized memories of your child's vacation, Each child will receive
a camp T-shirt and a photo album(usually 300-500 pictures)of their stay at camp.
Our camps are offered during June, July and August 2007, for small groups of girls aged 13-16 years,
not only from Canada but also other parts of the world.
We will send you full program descriptions at your request.
【題組】59.What is the main purpose of the passage?
(A)To attract people to the camps. (B)To talk about camping experiences.
(C)To describe the programs of the camps. (D)To explain the aims of the camps.
40.【題組】60. What do we know about the campprograms at Shadow Ridge?
(A)Campers are required to wear camp T-shirts.
(B)Horses play a central role in the activities.
(C)Campers learn to cook food for themselves.
(D)Horse lessons are offered all the year round.
Please read Professor Hume's email about his next lecture on Rosa Parks.
Please forward this message to students of my history class.
Besides the life story of Rosa Parks in the textbook, the students are also required to read the
passage below and some related stories that can be borrowed from the school library.
The early experiences of Rosa Parks(1913-2005), long known as the “mother of the civil rights
movement, ”were not different from those of many African-Americans at that time. The black
woman, however, turned the course of American history in December 1955 when she refused
to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. “Bsitting down, ”remarked John Lewis,
“she was standing up for all Americans. ”
Among the numerous awards Parks received in her life were the Presidential Medal
of Freedom(1996)and the Congressional Gold Medal(1999).
Parks died on Oct. 24, 2005. ASt. Paul AM. E Church in Montgomery, a large crowd
including Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice celebrated her life. Rice said she and others,
who grew up when the political activities of Parks held public attention, might not have
realized her impact(影响)on their lives, “but I can honestly say that without Mrs. Parks,
I probably would not be standing here as Secretary of State. ”
After her casket(灵柩)was placed at the Capitol, U. S. President Bush, members of Congress
and ordinary Americans paid their respects. In American history Parks is the first woman to
lie in state at the Capitol, a very high regard usually reserved for Presidents of the United States.
【題組】63.What is the main purpose of Susan’s email?
(A)To make arrangements for Professor Hume's class.
(B)To introduce to the students Rosa Parks.
(C)To help the students organize a lecture.
(D)To answer Professor Hume's last email.
45.【題組】65. The political impact of Rosa Parks lies in the fact that she .
(A)helped Condoleezza Rice achieve political success
(B)joined the civil rights movement at a young age
(C)made racial equality a common value in American society
(D)set a good example in her early life for other black Americans
46.【題組】66. How was Rosa Parks treated after her death?
(A)She was named “mother of the civil rights movement. ”
(B)She was received by President Bush at the Capitol.
(C)She was given the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
(D)She was honored to lie in state at the Capitol.
The African elephant, the largest land animal remaining on earth , is of great importance
to African ecosystem(生态系统). Unlike other animals, the African elephant is to a great
extent the builder of its environment. Aa big plant-eater, it largely shapes the
forest-and-savanna(大草原)surroundings in which it lives, therefore setting the terms
of existence for millions of other animals that live in its habitat(栖息地).
It is the elephant's great desire for food that makes it a disturber of the environment
and an important builder of its habitat. In its continuous search for the 300 pounds of
plants it must have every day, it kills small trees and underbushes, and pulls branches
off big trees. This results in numerous open spaces in both deep tropical forests and in the woodlands that cover part of
the African savannas. In these open spaces are numerous plants in various stages of growth that attract a variety of other plant-eaters.
Take the rain forests for example. In their natural state, the spreading branches overhead shut
out sunlight and prevent the growth of plants on the forest floor. Bpulling down trees and
eating plants, elephants make open spaces, allowing new plants to grow on the forest floor.
In such situations, the forests become suitable for large hoofed plant-eaters to move around
and for small plant-eaters to get their food as well.
What worries scientists now is that the African elephant has become an endangered
species. If the elephant disappears, scientists say, many other animals will also disappear
from vast areas of forest and savanna, greatly changing and worsening the whole ecosystem.
【題組】67.What is the passage mainly about?
(A)Disappearance of African elephants.
(B)Forests and savannas as habitats for African elephants.
(C)The effect of African elephants' search for food.
(D)The eating habit of African elephants.
49.【題組】69. What do we know about the open spaces in the passage?
(A)They result from the destruction of rain forests.
(B)They provide food mainly for African elephants.
(C)They are home to many endangered animals.
(D)They are attractive to plant-eating animals of different kinds.
50.【題組】70. The passage is developed mainly by.
(A)showing the effect and then explaining the causes
(B)pointing out similarities and differences
(C)describing the changes in space order
Throughout the history of the arts, the nature of creativity has remained constant to artists.
No matter what objects they select, artists are to bring forth new forces and forms that cause
change-to find poetry where no one has ever seen or experienced it before.
Landscape(风景) is another unchanging element of art. It can be found from ancient times through the 17th-century Dutch painters to the 19th-century romanticists and impressionists. In the 1970s Alfred Leslie,
one of the new American realists, continued this practice. Leslie sought out the same place where Thomas
Cole, a romanticist, had produced paintings of the same scene a century and a half before. Unlike Cole
who insists on a feeling of loneliness and the idea of finding peace in nature, Leslie paints what he
actually sees. In his paintings, there is no particular change in emotion, and he includes ordinary
things like the highway in the background. He also takes advantage of the latest developments
of color photography(摄影术) to help both the eye and the memory when he improves his
ainting back in his workroom.
Besides, all art begs the age-old question: What is real? Each generation of artists has
shown their understanding of reality in one form or another. The impressionists saw reality
in brief emotional effects, the realists in everyday subjects and in forest scenes, and the
Cro-Magnon cave people in their naturalistic drawings of the animals in the ancient forests.
to sum up, understanding reality is a necessary struggle for artists of all periods.
Over thousands of years the function of the arts has remained relatively constant.
Past or present, Eastern or Western, the arts are a basic part of our immediate experience.
Many and different are the faces of art, and together they express the basic need and hope of human beings.
【題組】71.The underlined word “poetry” most probably means __________.
(A)an object for artistic creation (B)acollection of poems
(C)an unusual quality (D)a natural scene
52.【題組】72. Leslie's paintings are extraordinary because .
(A)they are close in style to works in ancient times
(B)they look like works by 19th-century painters
(C)they draw attention to common things in life
(D)they depend heavily on color photography
53.【題組】73. What is the author's opinion of artistic reality?
(A)It will not be found in future works of art.
(B)It does not have a long-lasting standard.
(C)It is expressed in a fixed artistic form.
(D)It is lacking in modern works of art.
54.【題組】74. What does the author suggest about the arts in the last paragraph?
(A)They express people's curiosity about the past.
(B)They make people interested in everyday experience.
(C)They are considered important for variety in form.
(D)They are regarded as a mirror of the human situation.