21.The first snowboards were made in the 1960s. However, it was in the late 70s that they became more__21__. Throughout the80s, more and more people began taking up the sport, even though snowboards were not allowed on most ski hills. __22__ its earlier problems, snowboarding is now the world’s __23__ growing winter sport and most resorts(度假地)welcome snowboards.
In 1963, a Grade 8 student named Tom Sims __24__ a ski-board for a school project in New Jersey. Then, in 1966, a man name Sherman Poppen __25__ two skis together for his kids on Christmas day. He called his invention “ the Snurfer,” which __26__ the words “snow” and “surf”. In 1969, Jake Burton Carpenter received a __27__ for Christmas. He soon began designing boards, and today “Burton” is a popular __28__ of snowboard.
By the 1980s, snowboarding had become very popular. __29__, most ski resorts did not allow snowboarding because they thought it was too __30__.Since many snowboarders were young, many older skiers did not want them on the ski hills. The snowboarders had to go to the backcountry, __31__patrolled（有巡逻的）resorts.
Rejection at the resorts did not __32__ snowboarding from growing in popularity. Eventually, the owners of ski resorts changed their views. They __33__ that they could make more money by allowing snowboarding. One by one, the resorts __34__ to welcome snowboards. Today, many resorts even set __35__special areas where snowboarders can practice their creative tricks. 【題組】21.
A spreading B popular C ordinary D interesting
36.There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and (D) Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. Passage One Win a week in England!
You still don’t know what to do this summer? Well, here’s your chance to win a one-week language course in Kent, England! Free4Fun and ETC (English Travel Connections) are giving away two trips to Rochester. This history city is less than an hour’s drive from London and close to the sea resort of Herne Bay. It is also the home of one of England’s most famous writers, Charles Dickens. The town of Rochester is in Southeast England. Charles Dickens often wrote about it in his books. His home, Gad’s Hill, is there, too. A popular attraction is Rochester Castle, a large Norman fortress. It was built in the 11th century and rebuilt during the 14th century. Other attractions are Rochester Cathedral, which was built during the 13th century, and Dickens Centre. It has got its name in honor of Dickens himself.
The trip to England includes:
travel by train (via the Euro tunnel) to and from any railway station in Germany room and full board with a guest family for one week language course in small groups two trips to London
large choice of sports and entertainment
German-speaking advisors available 24 hours a day
Interested? All you have to do is to answer the following question:
When was Charles Dickens born?
So, take the chance and send your answer by 1 May to: Free4Fun”Rochester”
Free4Fun,24 Elphinstone Road, Hastings,2FQ6VJ fax: 089/85 763-103
The two winners will be contacted directly before 5 May. They will also be announced in the June issue of Free4Fun Good luck! For further information contact:
phone: (03212)144 43 fax: (03212)144 42 e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org 【題組】36.
Rochester Catherdral was built in the _____.
A 1100s B 1200s C 1300s D 1400s
40.In 2000, with little but a bar and a church left to make it a destination, tiny St. James, Nebraska, was taken off state highway maps. Then the church closed, and the small farm village in the state’s northeast corner looked set to just disappear. Thanks to five devoted women, it didn’t.
In May 2001, after meeting with staff from the Center for Rural Affairs, the friends—Louis Guy, Vicky Koch, Jeanette Pinkelman, Mary Rose Pinkelman and Violet Pinkelman—opened a weekend market for vendors(小商贩) to sell handcrafts and local food.
“We felt like, what can we do to bring the community together?” says Mary Rose Pinkelman, “We decided to make a place to sell local goods.” They set up shop in the church school, which, though closed for nearly 40 years, had been well maintained. The first weekend, 16 vendors look over an old classroom. The result was an instant hit. Today, the market draws up to 70 vendors----who sell such items as homemade jellies, baked goods, hand-woven rugs, and farm-grown produce----and what Pinkelman calls an unexpected number of visitors. In the process, the market has made St. James a destination again, putting it back on the state road map. 【題組】40.
According to Para. 1, what fate was St. James Nebraska suffering?
A The replacement of the church school B The disappearance from highway maps C The closedown of the bar D The set-up of a market
43.【題組】43. St. James has been put back to the state road map due to____ A the efforts of five women
B the efforts of the Center for Rural Affairs C the vendors in the local place D the unexpected number of visitors
44.Romeo and Juliet was probably written in 1595, when Shakespeare was a young successful playwright. He had already written comedies and history plays, but had not yet developed his shill in tragedy.
The power of fate is strong to Shakespeare’s play. Chance and evil eventually join to bring tragedy. Chance involves Romeo in a murder, chance prevents a message from reaching Romeo in time, chance brings about a deadly meeting in a cemetery.
Many Elizabethans were followers of astrology(星相术) and believed that the stars could control events. Thus, Romeo and Juliet art referred to as” star-crossed lovers” whose stars doomed(命中注定)them to disaster.
Elizabethans also had a concept of fate in the person of Dame Fortune (命运女神). By spinning her wheel, she could raise the state of a beggar or a lower that of a king. One of the fascinations of Shakespeare is the way in which he put these ideas into the play.
One of the most difficult things to decide about this play is the question of responsibility. Did irresistible fate bring tragedy to Romeo and Juliet, or were they themselves to blame? The fact that this question is not resolved by the author also helps to make Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet a fascinating work. 【題組】44.
According to Para.1, Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet ____.
A when he succeeded in comedy and history plays B after he had developed his skill in tragedy C before he wrote comedies and history plays D when he was no longer young
45.【題組】45. According to the passage, chance_____. A involves Julies in a murder
B sends Romeo and Juliet into evil-doing C causes late arrival of a message for Romeo D leads to a happy meeting between Romeo and Juliet
47.【題組】47. What is unresolved about this play is ____. A who is responsible for the tragedy
B whether Romeo and Juliet are tragic characters C what the most fascinating element of the play is D how tragic fate can be avoided
48.Friends become a child’s chosen family. If his social life is going well, he gains confidence. If he has trouble connecting, it hurts and can make him feel sad and withdrawn and lonely.
1. Help your child communicate. Naturally outgoing kids have an easier time expressing their
interest in other children than shy ones do. But you can help build this skill through practice. Ask your child about his favorite games and toys. Praise him for specifics when he shows interest in other people:” You were so nice to let Roger talk about his little dog. I am proud of you.”
2. Keep play short and sweet. Parents should keep early play date short, so no one gets too tired
and everyone has fun. Schedule the next one soon after that, so kids can quickly build on their comfort foundation.
3. Know your child. If your child is bossy, tale with him and agree beforehand on which toys
will be shared and which ones should be put away because your child just can’t seem to share them. If you have a shy child, match him with a younger child so he has a chance to be the leader.
4. Help your child help others. Encourage your child to be a better friend by helping him include
others in play. If you see someone being excluded, don’t ignore it. This is an opportunity to work on your child’s ability to understand others. “Rachel is being left out. That must make her feel very sad. Can you think of a way to include her in the game?”
5. Help your kids help themselves. If your child is the one who’s being ignored or treated badly,
teach him to speak up. 【題組】48.
Which word can best describe a child who is good at connecting?
A Bossy B Confident C Proud D Showy
49.【題組】49. According to the passage, parents can help their children communicate by____.
A showing their own interest in other children B encouraging their interest in other children C playing games with them D buying them more toys
52..Memory is the ability to keep track of things that have happened in the past. Memory really is leaning. One needs memory to ride a bicycle. A dog needs to remember if it is to come when called.
Memory is said to be stored in the brain as a “memory trace (记忆痕) .” What makes up this trace is not known. Some scientists believe that certain chemical substances may carry certain memories. For example, one substance, when given to rats, causes them to dear the dark.
Other research into memory has to do with how the brain works. Psychologists use three means to find out how a person remembers. For example, give a person a grocery list. Let the person memorize the list, then put it away. The most natural way to find out how much a person remembers of the grocery list is to ask what he or she remembers. This is called the method of recall. Another method is called recognition. Gibe the person another grocery list. Ask him or her to choose items on the first list from the items that are on only the second list. Often a person will be able to recognize thins that he or she cannot recall. A third method of finding how much a person remembers is called relearning. Here the person is asked to read over the first list. The person will probably learn the list the second time faster than he did the first time. The difference in the time it takes to relearn the list is thought of as a measure of how much a person has remembered.
One way of remembering something is to repeat it many times. Interest is very important. Boring lists of facts are much more difficult to remember than something that we understand and are interested in. Motivation, or wanting to do something, is also important. Motivation is linked with reward. For example, a hungry animal quickly learn how to do something if that action gets the animal food. In humans, wanting to learn is often motivation. The praise of a teacher or the knowledge that an answer is correct is rewarding. 【題組】52.
We can learn from the 2nd paragraph that_____.
A bad memories may cause rats to fear the dark
B it is hard to tell what a memory trace consists of C chemical substances carry certain memories D memory is stored in the brain as a substance