21.Itzhak Perlman was born in Israel. Today he lives in New York City. But his music has made him a citizen of the world. He has played in __21__ every major city. He has __22__ fifteen Grammy awards and four Emmys.
Perlman suffered a terrible disease which damaged his __23__ at 4. Today he uses a wheelchair or walks with crutches（拐杖）. But none of these __24__ him from playing the violin. As a young child, he took his first __25__ at the Music Academy of Tel Aviv. Very quickly, his special gift was __26__. At 13 he went to the United States to appear on television. His playing __27__ him to the Juilliard School in New York.
His music is full of power and strength. It can be __28__ or joyful, loud or soft. But people say it is not the music alone that makes his playing so __29__. They say he is able to show the joy he __30__ in playing, and the feelings that great music can express.
Anyone who has__31__ his performances will tell you that it is __32__ to watch him play. His face changes as the __33__ from his violin changes. He smiles and __34__ his eyes when the music is light and happy. He often __35__ dark when the music seems dark and frightening.
Itzhak Perlman has received many honors, and continues to receive honors for his music. 【題組】21.
(A) almost (B) just (C) merely (D) even
36. In 2006, Charleston Middle School started an outdoor classroom program by a smack group of teachers. “This program is well on its way to being a great success for our school and community（社区与）. The students love it because they get to see nature at work. I love it because I see it in their eyes that they are learning about the outdoors.” said Coach Nathan Ross, a 5th grade teacher at Charleston Middle School. These teachers tool their summer break to get this program started. The money for the outdoor classroom came from collecting cans, school plays, and teachers vs students basketball games.
The outdoor classroom has different kinds of trees and plants labeled（挂上标签） so that the students can see and know what is in their school backyard. They built an outdoor theater, bridge and bird-houses. The bridge is a walkway over a small river, which is still under construction. The bird-houses are home to many different kinds of birds. “I think the outdoor classroom is so much fun! My favorite thing is the bird-houses because I love to listen to the birds sing.” said 4th grader Kallee Porter.
The outdoor classroom connects the students with the outdoors and provides a new setting and environments（环境）for learning. “I like the outdoor classroom because we don’t have to sit in the hot classroom all day. We get to go outside and enjoy nature,” said Scott Ross, a 5th grader. 【題組】36.The teacher started an outdoor classroom program in order to____.
(A) help students learn about nature
(B) take students away to the countryside
(C) see what the school backyard looks like
(D) get something to do when school is over
37.【題組】37. Part of the money for the outdoor classroom came from____.
(A) students in the program
(B) the income from students’ plays
(C) a can collector in the community
(D) parents interested in the program
39. Joseph Lemasolai wrote a book about his life. His people, the Maasai, are nomads, meaning they do not stay in one place for long. They move their villages in search of good grass and fresh water for their cattle. “The cow is the centerpiece of pretty much everything we do,” Joseph explains. ”That’s why we move. We could not be nomads without cattle. You can’t move for nothing----you can’t just walk around.
When he was very young, Joseph spent much of his time looking after his family’s cattle, taking them to food and water and watching out for lions. He played on the grassland with his friends.
When Joseph was about six years old, he left his family to attend a boarding school（寄宿学校）. There, Joseph faced difficulties much like other children do. He was laughed at because he was fat. He got into trouble daily with his teachers.
But Joseph also faced difficulty most children do no. “Every time school closed for vocation, I had to find my way home,” Joseph says, “That was one of the hardest things: The village might be 5 miles away, or it might be 50. Sometimes I wouldn’t know exactly where my family was, I had to search for them.”
Joseph later attended high school in a city. After graduation, he went to college. Finally, he became a social studies teacher, and now he is teaching seventh and eighth graders at a school.
Every summer, Joseph travels back to the grassland to visit his mother, brothers, and friends. And he takes a group of students with him to see both the beauty and the difficulty of growing up in that part of the country. “I like to show them the other side of the coin,” Joseph says. 【題組】39.The word “centerpiece” in Paragraph 1 means “____”.
(A) the reason of moving
(B) the things already done
(C) the most important part
(D) the animal in the middle
40.【題組】40. Before going to school, Joseph spent a lot of his time____.
(A) visiting his friends from place to place
(B) getting food and water for his family
(C) taking care of his family’s cattle
(D) watching lions on the grassland
41.【題組】41. When school closed for vocation, Joseph usually had great difficulty _____.
(A) finding out where his home and village were
(B)understanding what he was required to do
(C) getting in touch with his teachers
(D) walking 5 to 50 miles in a day
42.【題組】42. By taking some of his students home, Joseph wants them to ____.
(A) deal with difficult situations
(B) know about his love for his family
(C) realize what the people really need
(D) learn about a different way of living
43.Clay is important because it is used to make containers of all kinds. Workers add water to soften clay. This makes it easier to form into shapes by machine. Then it is heated to a very high temperature. The result is a container that will last for many years.
In many countries, clay was formed from volcanoes（火山）. This kind of clay usually contains many minerals（矿物质）. So the fires to make containers from volcanic clay must be hotter that those used for non-volcanic clay. The fires may be as hot as 1400℃. The high temperature should not be reached too fast so that the containers can be dried slowly.
You can add some materials to clay to gain desired results. For example, you can add sand to prevent tiny breaks or lines from forming on the surface of the final product. But you should not use sand from the coasts of oceans. Instead, you should use sand from rivers or other areas.
Clay often exists in fields covered with some water. The clay will be found about one meter below the ground. River banks often also have clay about one meter or less under the surface. Clay is very shiny when it is wet. You can also take some of the material and add enough water to it. Then press it in your hands until it is about the size of an egg. It is probably clay if it holds together when you stop pressing. 【題組】43. What do workers do with clay to make it into different shapes?
(A) Soften it by putting water into it.
(B) Heat it to a very high temperature.
(C) Harden its surface by pressing it.
(D) Add some materials into it.
44.【題組】44. What’s the difference between volcanic clay and non-volcanic clay?
(A) Volcanic clay can be found in very few countries.
(B) Non-volcanic clay can be dried more quickly.
(C) Non-volcanic clay makes better containers.
(D) Volcanic clay usually has more minerals.
45.【題組】45. In making containers sand is added to clay____.
(A) to produce containers free from tiny breaks
(B) to make desired lines on the surface
(C) to make it easier to shape
(D) to get special patterns
47. Nearly five million people see Grand Canyon each year.
Most of them see it from their cars at overlooks along the South Rim. The South Rim is the easiest to reach in the park.
The South Rim is open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Services are provided and facilities(设施) are open year round.
A much smaller number of people see the Canyon from the North Rim, which lies just miles directly across the Canyon from the South Rim. The North Rim rises a thousand feet higher than the South Rim, and is more difficult to reach. Heavy snows close the road to the North Rim from late October to mid-May of each year. Even in good weather it’s harder to get to.
The inner canyon includes everything below the rim and is seen mainly by campers, mule（骡子）riders, or river runners. There are many opportunities here for adventurous persons who want to camp, ride a mule to Phantom Ranch, or take a river trip though the Canyon on the Colorado River.
Visitor services and facilities inside the national park on the North Rim are only open from mid-May to late October. Weather permitting, the North Rim is open for day use only, following the close of facilities in late October. During this time there are neither services nor overnight facilities. 【題組】47.
What do we learn from the passage about the South Rim?
(A) It attracts over five million visitors each year.
(B) It is hard to get to even in good weather.
(C) It is not open in winter months.
(D) It is lower than the North Rim.
49.【題組】49. To see the inner part of the Canyon visitors can ____.
(A) follow the mules passing by
(B) drive a car to Phantom Ranch
(C) have campers take them there
(D) take a trip on the Colorado River