1.The meaning of the word “volunteer ” may be a little different in different countries, but it usually means “one who offers his or her services.” There are many different ways in which people can volunteer, such as taking care of sick people, working in homes for homeless children, and picking up garbage(垃圾) from beaches and parks. Volunteers may work within their own countries or in other countries. They are often people with a strong wish to help those who are less fortunate than themselves. Volunteers don’t expect any kind of pay. At the root of volunteering is the idea that one person may have the ability to offer services that can help other people. Tracy, a good friend of mine, however, recently came back from India with a new idea of what being a volunteer means. She worked for two and a half weeks in one of Mother Teresa’s homes in Calcutta. The following is her story. “I first heard about Mother Teresa in my high school, we watched a video(录像) about her work in India and all over the world. I was so moved by her spirit to help others and her endless love for every human being that after I graduated from high school, I too wanted to try her kind of work. So with two friends I flew to Calcutta for a few weeks.” “I was asked to work in a home for sick people. I helped wash clothes and sheets, and pass out lunch. I also fed the people who were too weak to feed themselves and tried to cheer the up. I felt it was better to share with them than to think that I have helped them. To be honest, I don’t think I was helping very much. It was then that I realized that I had not really come to help, but to learn about and experience another culture(文化) that helped improve my own understanding of life and the world.”
【題組】36. According to the text, a volunteer refers to a person who ______.
(A) is willing to help those in need without pay
(B) can afford to travel to different places
(C) has a strong wish to be successful
(D) has made a big fortune in life
3.【題組】38. Why did Tracy choose to be a volunteer?
(A) She liked to work with Mother Teresa.
(B) She had already had some experience.
(C) She was asked by Mother Teresa’s example.
(D) She wanted to follow Mother Teresa’s example.
4.【題組】39. What is Tracy’s “new idea” (Paragraph 2) of being a volunteer?
(A) Going abroad to help the sick.
(B) Working in Mother Teresa’s home.
(C) Doing simple things to help the poor.
(D) Improving oneself through helping others.
5.As nanny(保姆), cook, cleaner, shopper, driver, and gardener, she has one of the most demanding jobs in Britain today. And paying someone else to do the chores(家务活) which take the average housewife 71 hours a week would cost €349. At over €18,000 a year that’s more than the earnings of 70 percent of the population, including train drivers, firemen, prison officers, and social worker. Looking after a baby less than a year old takes a housewife into a even higher pay league. According to a stud, she earns €457 a week – at nearly €24,000 a year, the same as teachers, engineers, and chemists. Researchers put a price on each chore, then tried to find out how long the average person takes doing them. They found housewives spend an average 70.7 hours a week on housework – with looking after the children (17.9hours) and cooking and cleaning (12.9 hours each) the most time-consuming(费时). A wife with a part-time job still works and average of 59 hours a week at home. Those in full-time employment put in longer hours at home than in the workplace. The good news is that these hours sharply as children get older. While the average mother with child under one puts in 90 hours weekly, the figure drops to 80 hours from one to four and to 66 hours from five to ten. Mother-of-four Karen Williams from London said, “Paying the housewives may not be practical, but the government should recognize the value of housework, perhaps through the tax. Running a house takes a lot of time and most husbands don’t understand this. For example, my husband only puts a shelf up now and again. He never cleans the kitchen – that’s the real test.” 【題組】40. Who earns most according to the text?
(A) A social worker.
(B) A fireman.
(C) A gardener.
(D) A teacher.
6.【題組】41. We lean from the text that looking after children ______.
(A) takes more time than doing any other housework
(B) means more duties than being a teacher
(C) requires the mother to be well-educated
(D) prevents the mother from working outside
8.【題組】43. By mentioning her husband, Karen Williams wants to show that ______.
(A) housework is no easy job
(B) her husband has no time to clean the kitchen
(C) a housewife needs to be paid for cleaning
(D) the kitchen is hard to clean
9.Are you sometimes a little tired and sleepy in the early afternoon? Many people feel this way after lunch. They may think that eating lunch is the cause of the sleepiness. Or, in summer, they may think it is the heat. However, the real reason lies inside their bodies. At that time – about eight hours after you wake up – your body temperature goes down. This is what makes you slow down and feel sleepy. Scientists have tested sleep habits in experiments where there was no night or day. The people in these experiments almost always followed a similar sleeping pattern. They slept for one long period and then for one short period about eight hours later. In many parts of the world, people take naps(小睡) in the middle of the day. This is especially true in warmer climates(气候), where the heat makes work difficult in the early afternoon. Researchers are now saying that naps are good for everyone in any climate. A daily nap gives one a more rested body and mind and therefore is good for health in general. In countries where naps are traditional (传统的), people often suffer less from problem such as heart disease. Many working people, unfortunately, have no time to take naps. Though doctors may advise taking naps, employers do not allow it! If you do have the chance, however, here are a few tips about making the most of your nap. Remember that the best time to take a nap is about eight hours after you get up. A short sleep too late in the day may only make you feel more tired and sleepy afterward. This can also happen if you sleep for too long. If you do not have enough time, try a short nap – even ten minutes of sleep can be helpful.
【題組】44. Why do people feel sleepy in the early afternoon according to the text?
(A) They eat too much for lunch.
(B) They sleep too little at night.
(C) Their body temperature becomes lower.
(D) The weather becomes a lot warmer.
12.Five million people visit Grand Canyon in the US every year. For the purpose of helping project Grand Canyon for your fellow visitors and future generations, please follow the guidelines below. Camping To project the park, camping is allowed only within permitted campgrounds. Permits are required for overnight camping at the North Rim. Advance booking can be received by mail. Please write: Information Center, P.O. Box 129, Grand Canyon, AZ 86023 Fires Because of the extreme fire danger, campfires are not allowed except at Mather and Desert View campgrounds. Collection of firewood is not allowed either. Hiking(远足) Please stay on permitted paths. Otherwise you may destroy desert plants. Pack out what you pack in, so you leave no signs of your visit. It is important to keep in mind that you are in a national park where wildlife exists. Weather The weather at Grand Canyon can change very quickly. With so much rock, lightning(闪电) causes a particular danger during sudden summer storms. These storms also frequently bring floods inside valleys, a danger to hikers. Watch the skies and check daily weather reports. Wildlife Do not feed park wildlife. There have been a few cases at Grand Canyon National Park where deer(鹿) were purposely shot because they are plastic bags that left them sick and weak. Hungry deer can be danger and have kicked and bitten visitors at Grand Canyon. Some other animals will also beg and bite. For your own safety and the well-being of the animals, please do not feed wildlife, no matter how gentle they may appear. 【題組】47. What can you do first if you want to go camping?
(A) Know the permitted
(B) Book campgrounds in advance
(C) Make sure not to make a fire
(D) Stop at Mather and Desert View
13.【題組】48. What do the underlined words “pack out what you pack in” in Paragraph 4 probably mean?
(A) keep every out of campgrounds
(B) take away everything you bring in
(C) carry all the necessary food
(D) look after your personal belongings
14.【題組】49. Why were some deer killed on purpose at Grand Canyon?
(A) They ate wrong things and became very ill.
(B) They were a danger to other gentle animals.
(C) They begged food from visitors.
(D) They kicked and bit visitors.
16.At a certain time in our lives we consider every place as the possible sites(地点) for a house. I have thus searched the country within a dozen miles of where I live. In imagination I have bought all the farms, one after another, and I knew their prices. The nearest thing that I came to actual ownership was when I bought the Hollowell place. But before the owner completed the sale with me, his wife changed her mind and wished to keep it, and he offered me additional dollars to return the farm to him. However, I let him keep the additional dollars and sold him the farm for just what I gave for it. The real attractions of the Hollowell farm to me were its position, being about two miles from the village, half a mile from the nearest neighbor, bounded(相邻) on one side by the river, and separated from the highway by a wide field. The poor condition of the house and fences showed that it hadn’t been used for some time. I remembered from my earliest trip up the river that the house used to be hidden behind a forest area, and I was in a hurry to buy it before the owner finished getting out some rocks, cutting down the apples trees, and clearing away some young trees which had grown up in the fields. I wanted to buy it before he made any more of his improvements. But it turned out as I have said. I was not really troubled by the loss. I had always had a garden, but I don’t thing I was ready for a large farm. I believe that as long as possible it is better to live free and uncommitted (无牵挂的). It makes but little difference whether you own a farm or not. 【題組】51.What do we know about the author?
(A) He wanted to buy the oldest farm near where he lived.
(B) He made a study of many farms before buying.
(C) He made money by buying and selling farms.
(D) He had the money to buy the best farm in the country.
18.【題組】53. Why did the author want to buy the farm in a hurry?
(A) He was afraid the owner might changes his mind.
(B) He hoped to enlarge the forest on the farm.
(C) He wanted to keep the farm as it was.
(D) He was eager to become a farm owner.
19.【題組】54. The underlined words “the loss” in the last paragraph refer to ___.
(A) the money the author lost in buying the farm
(B) the sale of the garden in the Hollowell place
(C) the removal of the trees around the house
(D) the failure to possess the Hollowell place