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97 年 - 2008年 湖北省高考英语试题及答案#11724 

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1.
   A
Margaret, married with two small children, has been working for the last seven years as a night cleaner, cleaning offices in a big building.
She trained as a nurse, but had to give it up when her elder child became seriously ill. “I would have liked to go back to it, but the shifts(工作班次) are all wrong for me, as I have to be home to get the children up and off to school.”
So she works as a cleaner instead, from 9 a.m. till 6 a.m. five nights a week for just £90, before tax and insurance. “It’s  better than it was  last year, but I still think that people who work ‘unsocial hours’ should get a bit extra.”
The hours she’ s chosen to work meant that she sees plenty of the children, but very little of her husband. However, she doesn’t think that puts any pressure on their relationship.
Her work isn’t physically very hard, but it’s not exactly pleasant, either. “I do get angry with people who leave their offices like a place for raising pigs. If they realized people like me have to do it, perhaps they’d be a bit more careful.”
The fact that she’s working all night doesn’t worry Margaret at all. Unlike some dark buildings at night, the building where she works is fully lit, and the women work in groups of three. “Since I’ve got to be here, I try to enjoy myself——and I usually do, because of the other girls. We all have a good laugh, so the time never drags.”
Another challenge Margaret has to face is the reaction of other people when she tells them what she does for a living. “They think you’re a cleaner because you don’t know how to read and write,” said Margaret. “I used to think what my parents would say if they knew what I’d been doing, but I don’t think that way any more. I don’t dislike the work though I can’t say I’m mad about it.”

【題組】61. Margaret quit her job as a nurse because _______
(A)she wanted to earn more money to support her family
(B)she had suffered a lot of mental pressure
(C)she needed the right time to look after her children
(D)she felt tired of taking care of patients
2.【題組】62. Margaret gets angry with people who work in the office because Margaret _______.
(A)they never clean their offices
(B)they look down upon cleaners
(C)they never do their work carefully
(D)they always make a mess in their offices
3.【題組】63. When at work, Margaret feels _______.
(A)light-hearted because of her fellow workers
(B)happy because the building is fully lit
(C)tired because of the heavy workload
(D)bored because time passed slowly
4.【題組】64. The underlined part in the last paragraph implies that Margaret’s parents would _______.
(A)help care for her children
(B)regret what they had said
(C)show sympathy for her
(D)feel disappointed in her
5.
 B
Kathy started at my nursery school at the age of three. She settled into the group easily, and would be first on the slide and highest up the climbing frame. She could put on her coat without help and not only fasten her own buttons but other children’s too.
She was a lovely child but unfortunately a scratcher. If anyone upset her or stood in her way, her right hand would flash out fast and scratch down the face of her playmates. Children twice her age would fly in fear from her.
This must have been very rewarding for Kathy but obviously it had to be stopped. All the usual ways failed and then I remembered an account by G  Atkinson Highfield School, of how fights in the playground had been stopped. No punishment had been given, but the attacker had been ignored and the victims rewarded. So I decided to try out on Kathy.
With a pocketful of Smarties I followed Kathy around. She was so quick that it was impossible to prevent her scratching, but I was dertermined to stay within arm’s length all afternoon.
All was peaceful but then I saw Kathy’s hand moved and heard the scream. Gently I gathered up the little hurt one in my arms and said “Nice, nice sweetie” and then looked puzzled when she got nothing.
Soon came another scream, this time from John. While holding him in my arms, I said, “Look, Kathy, a nice Smartie for John” and put it into John’s mouth.
A smile of understanding flashed across Kathy’s face. Minutes later, she came to me and said loudly, “Give me a Smartie! I have hurt my finger!”
“No,” I replied, “you’ll get it if someone hurts you.”
On purpose, she turned and scratched a nearby boy, Tom, and waited quietly while I mothered and rewarded him, then she walked away.
She has never scratched a child since.
Parents who find older children bullying younger brothers and sisters might do well to replace shouting and punishment by rewarding and giving more attention to the injured ones. It’s certainly much easier and more effective.

【題組】65 . From the passage, we know that Kathy is _______.
(A)sensitive but slow
(B)smart but a bit rude
(C)independent but selfish
(D)quick but sort of passive.
6.【題組】66. Kathy scratched Tom because _______.
(A)she was angry at Tom, who was in her way
(B)she wanted to get a Smartie from the teacher
(C)she was in the habit of scratching other children
(D)she wanted to know if the teacher meant what she had said
7.【題組】67. According to the passage, the underlined word “bullying” is closest in meaning to“_______”.
(A)helping
(B)punishing
(C)hurting
(D)protecting
8.【題組】68. The writer of this passage aims to recommend an approach to _______.
(A)rewarding children’s good behavior
(B) correcting children’s bad behavior
(C)punishing badly-behaved children
(D)praising well-behaved children
9.
C
One August afternoon, Richard Allen dropped off his last passenger, Mrs. Carey. Lifting two grocery bags, he followed her across the yard and stood on the step of her house. Glancing up, he saw a large wasp(黄蜂) nest under the roof. Allen had heard that wasps can become more likely to sting (sting, sting, stung蜇) in summer. He mentioned this to Mrs. Carey, who had opened the door.
“Oh, they don’t bother me,” she said lightly. “I go in and out all the time.”
Anxiously, Allen looked at the nest again—— to see the wasps flying straight at him. “Hurry!” he shouted to Mrs. Carey. “Get in!”
She stepped quickly inside. Allen ran for his mini-bus. Too late; they were upon him. Just as he jumped aboard, half a dozen red spots showed on his arm, and he felt more on his back and shoulders.
Ahe was driving down the road, Allen felt as if something was burning at the back of his neck, and the “fire” was spreading forward toward his face. And immediate anxiety took hold of him. Allen knew that stings could cause some persons to die. But he had been stung the previous summer and the after-effects soon passed. However, what he didn’t know what that the first sting had turned his body into a time bomb waiting for the next to set off an explosion.
Miles from the nearest medical assistance, Allen began to feel his tongue thick and heavy and his heartbeat louder. Most frightening, he felt his breathing more and more difficult. He reached for the radio mike(话筒), trying to call the mini-bus center, but his words were hardly understandable. Signals were also poor that far out. He knew a rescue team was on 24-hour duty at the Amherst Fire Department’s north station. So his best chance was to make a run for it.
Rushing down the mountain, Allen tried not to panic, focusing his mind on each sharp turn. He was almost through the last of them when he felt sure he was going into shock(休克). Just then he reached for the radio mike again.
“Call fire station,” he shouted, concentrating to form the words. “Emergency. Bee sting. Emergency. There in ten minutes.”
“Five-ten,” the center replied.
Hold on, Allen thought. Keep your eyes open. Breathe. Keep awake.
Alast he reached the station. Two firemen ran out. Allen felt their hands grasp him before he hit the ground. You made it, he thought.

【題組】69. It is mentioned in the passage that wasps are more likely to attack when _______.
(A)there are huge noises
(B)strangers are approaching
(C)the air is filled with food smell
(D)the hottest season comes around
10.【題組】70. Allen didn’t know that if stung by wasps again, he would _______.
(A)have no after-effects
(B)suffer from sharper pain
(C)surely lose his life
(D)become more sensitive
11.【題組】71. Allen failed at his first attempt to send his message to the mini-bus center because _______.
(A)he was unable to speak clearly
(B)his radio equipment was poor
(C)he was in a state of shock
(D)no one was on duty
12.【題組】72. Which would be the best title for the passage?
(A)Allen, A Helpless Driver
(B)Wasps, Bloody Killers
(C)A Race Against Death
(D)War Against Wasps
13.
D
One morning a few years ago, Harvard President Neil Rudenstine overslept. For this busy man, it was a sort of alarm: after years of non-stop hard work, he might wear himself out and die an early death.
Only after a week’s leave—— during which he read novels, listened to music and walked with his wife on a beach—— was Rudenstine able to return to work.
In our modern life, we have lost the rhythm between action and rest. Amazingly, within this world there is a universal but silly saying: “I am so busy.”
We say this to one another as if our tireless efforts were a talent by nature and an ability to successfully deal with stress. The busier we are, the more important we seem to ourselves and, we imagine, to others. To be unavailable to our friends and family, and to be unable to find time to relax—— this has become the model of a successful life.
Because we do not rest, we lose our way. We miss the guide telling us where to go, the food providing is with strength, the quiet giving us wisdom.
How have we allowed this to happen? I believe it is this: we have forgotten the Sabbath, the day of the week—— for followers of some religions—— for rest and praying. It is a day when we are not supposed to work, a time when we devote ourselves to enjoying and celebrating what is beautiful. It is a good time to bless our children and loved ones, give thanks, share meals, walk and sleep. It is a time for us to take a rest, to put our work aside, trusting that there are larger forces at work taking care of the world.
Rest is s spiritual and biological need; however, in our strong ambition to be successful and care for our many responsibilities, we may feel terribly guilty when we take time to rest. The Sabbath gives us permission to stop work. In fact, “Remember the Sabbath” is more than simply permission to rest; it is a rule to obey and a principle to follow.

【題組】73. The “alarm” in the first paragraph refers to “_______”.
(A)a signal of stress
(B)a warning of danger
(C)a sign of age
(D)a spread of disease
14.【題組】74. According to Paragraph 4, a successful person is one who is believed to _______.
(A)be able to work without stress
(B)be more talented than other people
(C)be more important than anyone else
(D)be busying working without time to rest
15.【題組】75. Some people feel guilty when taking time to rest because they _______.
(A)think that taking a rest means lacking ambitions
(B)fail to realize that rest is an essential part of life
(C)fail to realize that religions force them to rest
(D)think that taking a rest means being lazy
16.【題組】76. What is the main idea of this passage?
(A)We should balance work with rest.
(B)The Sabbath gives us permission to rest.
(C)It is silly for anyone to say “I am busy.”
(D)We should be available to our family and friends.
17.
E
Downing the last drop of an expensive famous brand H2O as well as remembering to throw the empty bottle in the recycling bin, makes you feel pretty good about yourself, right? It shouldn’t. Even when the bottles are recycled, there are all kinds of other consequences of swallowing bottled water, says Melissa Peffers, the air-quality program manager for Environmental Defense.
The containers are often filled in faraway lands, then shipped from abroad, and storedin refrigerators at your local store. Compare that with the influence on environment of turning on your tap, filling a glass, and drinking up!
Anyone who is choosing bottled water for health reasons is misguided, says Peffers, “Most bottled water is just tap water.” And what comes out of your tap is carefully monitored to follow the strict rules. Consider another fact that bottled water is surprisingly expensive, especially when compared with the alternative, which is almost free, and it is astonishing that America’s desire for bottled water seems impossible to satisfy, reaching nearly 30 billion bottles a year.
“My parents’ generation never had bottled water,” says Isabelle Silverman, an Environmental Defense legal adviser. She has made a commitment to going bottle free. “You don’t need to fetch it home from the store, and it’s cheaper,” she adds.
Bottled water’s role as a status symbol needs to change, Peffers points out. So when a waiter at an expensive restaurant offers  “And what’s your drink?” that’s no reason to forget your conviction(信念). “Don’t be afraid to say, ‘I’ll have tap.’ Say it loud enough that the other tables nearby can hear you,” Peffers says. “And then spend that money on a dessert.”

【題組】77. In the first paragraph, the underlined sentence “It shouldn’t.” suggest that people _______.
(A)shouldn’t feel pleased with finishing the water in the bottle
(B)shouldn’t feel good about drinking an expensive brand H2O
(C)shouldn’t be content with just recycling empty bottles
(D)shouldn’t be satisfied with drinking only bottled water
18.【題組】78. According to the author, tap water is _______.
(A)as safe as bottled water
(B)morel likely to be polluted
(C)healthier than bottle water
(D)less convenient than bottled water
19.【題組】79. The underlined part “going bottle free” (in Para. 4) means “_______”.
(A)making bottled water free
(B)abandoning bottled water
(C)recycling use water bottles
(D)providing free water containers
20.【題組】80. Why does Peffers ask people to say “I’ll have tap.” Loudly?
(A)To encourage them to set an example for others to follow.
(B)To advise them to save the money for one more dessert.
(C)To remind them to be aware of their social status.
(D)To persuade them to speak confidently in public.