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98 年 - 2009年北京高考真题(英语)#13318 

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1.21. John plays basketball well, ___his favorite sport is badminton.
(A) so
(B) or
(C) yet
(D) for

2.22. You may use the room as you like ___ you clean it up afterwards.
(A) so far as
(B) so long as
(C) in case
(D) even if

3.23. Scientists have many theories about how the universe ___ into being.
(A) came
(B) was coming
(C) had come
(D) would come

4.24. For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit ___ on his own farm.
(A) grown
(B) being grown
(C) to be grown
(D) to grow

5.25. One of the few things you ___ say about English people with certainty is that they talk a lot about the weather.
(A) need
(B) must
(C) should
(D) can

6.26. –What do you think of teaching, Bob? –I find it fun and challenging. It is a job ___ you are doing something serious but interesting.
(A) where
(B) Which
(C) When
(D) that

7.27. The way the guests ___ in the hotel influenced their evaluation of the service.
(A) treated
(B) were treated
(C) would treat
(D) would be treated

8.28. All of them try to use the power of the workstation ___ information in a more effective way.
(A) presenting
(B) presented
(C) being presented
(D) to present

9.29. The wine industry in the area has developed in a special way, ____ little foreign ownership.
(A) by
(B) of
(C) with
(D) from

10.30. When I talked with my grandma on the phone, she sounded weak, but by the time we ___ up, her voice had been full of life.
(A) were hanging
(B) had hung
(C) hung
(D) would hang

11.31. At first he hated the new job but decided to give himself a few months to see ___ it got any better.
(A) when
(B) how
(C) why
(D) if

12.32. John was given the same suitcase his father and grandfather ___ with them to school.
(A) took
(B) had taken
(C) were taking
(D) would take

13.33. The biggest whale is ___ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long—the height of ___ 9-story building.
(A) the; the
(B) a; a
(C) a; the
(D) the; a

14.34. ____ twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we changed our dog.
(A) Being bitten
(B) Bitten
(C) Having bitten
(D) To be bitten

15.35. Being a parent is not always easy, and being the parent of a child with special needs often carries with ___ extra stress.
(A) it
(B) them
(C) one
(D) him

16.James’s New Bicycle James shook his money box again. Nothing! He carefully __36__ the coins that lay on the bed. $24.52 was all that he had. The bicycle he wanted was at least $90! __37__ on earth was he going to get the __38__ of the money? He knew that his friends all had bicycles. It was __39__ to hang around with people when you were the only one without wheels. He thought about what he could do. There was no __40__ asking his parents, for he knew they had no money to __41__. There was only one way to get money, and that was to __42__ it. He would have to find a job. __43__ who would hire him and what could he do? He decided to ask Mr. Clay for advice, who usually had __44__ on most things. “Well, you can start right here,” said Mr. Clay. “My windows need cleaning and my car needs washing.” That was the __45__ of James’s odd-job(零工) business. For three months he worked every day after finishing his homework. He was amazed by the __46__ of jobs that people found for him to do. He took dogs and babies for walks, cleared out cupboards, and mended books. He lost count of the __47__ of cars he washed and windows he cleaned, but the __48__ increased and he knew that he would soon have __49__ for the bicycle he longed for. The day __50__ came when James counted his money and found $94.32. He __51__ no time and went down to the shop to pick up the bicycle he wanted. He rode __52__ home, looking forward to showing his new bicycle to his friends. It had been hard __53__ for the money, but James knew that he valued his bicycle far more __54__ he had bought it with his own money. He had __55__what he thought was impossible, and that was worth even more than the bicycle.
(A) cleaned
(B) covered
(C) counted
(D) checked

(A) How
(B) Why
(C) Who
(D) What

(A) amount
(B) part
(C) sum
(D) rest

(A) brave
(B) hard
(C) smart
(D) unfair

(A) point
(B) reason
(C) result
(D) right

(A) split
(B) spend
(C) spare
(D) save

(A) borrow
(B) earn
(C) raise
(D) collect

(A) Or
(B) So
(C) For
(D) But

(A) decisions
(B) experience
(C) opinions
(D) knowledge

(A) beginning
(B) introduction
(C) requirement
(D) opening

(A) similarity
(B) quality
(C) suitability
(D) variety

(A) brand
(B) number
(C) size
(D) type

(A) effort
(B) pressure
(C) money
(D) trouble

(A) all
(B) enough
(C) much
(D) some

(A) finally
(B) instantly
(C) normally
(D) regularly

(A) gave
(B) left
(C) took
(D) wasted

(A) patiently
(B) proudly
(C) silently
(D) tiredly

(A) applying
(B) asking
(C) looking
(D) working

(A) since
(B) if
(C) than
(D) though

(A) deserved
(B) benefited
(C) achieved
(D) learned

36.A How I Turned to Be Optimistic I began to grow up that winter night when my parents and I were returning from my aunt's house, and my mother said that we might soon be leaving for America. We were on the bus then. I was crying, and some people on the bus were turning around to look at me. I remember that I could not bear the thought of never hearing again the radio program for school children to which I listened every morning. I do not remember myself crying for this reason again. In fact, I think I cried very little when I was saying goodbye to my friends and relatives. When we were leaving I thought about all the places I was going to see-—the strange and magical places I had known only from books and pictures. The country I was leaving never to come back was hardly in my head then. The four years that followed taught me the importance of optimism, but the idea did not come to me at once. For the first two years in New York I was really lost—having to study in three schools as a result of family moves. I did not quite know what I was or what I should be. Mother remarried, and things became even more complex for me. Some time passed before my stepfather and I got used to each other. I was often sad, and saw no end to "the hard times." My responsibilities in the family increased a lot since I knew English better than everyone else at home. I wrote letters, filled out forms, translated at interviews with Immigration officers, took my grandparents to the doctor and translated there, and even discussed telephone bills with company representatives. From my experiences I have learned one important rule: almost all common troubles eventually go away! Something good is certain to happen in the end when you do not give up, and just wait a little! I believe that my life will turn out all right, even though it will not be that easy.
【題組】56. How did the author get to know America?
(A) From her relatives.
(B) From her mother.
(C) From books and pictures.
(D) From radio programs.

37.【題組】57.Upon leaving for America the author felt_______.
(A) confused
(B) excited
(C) worried
(D) amazed

38.【題組】58. For the first two years in New York, the author _________.
(A) often lost her way
(B) did not think about her future
(C) studied in three different schools
(D) got on well with her stepfather

39.【題組】59.What can we learn about the author from Paragraph 4?
(A) She worked as a translator.
(B) She attended a lot of job interviews.
(C) She paid telephone bills for her family.
(D) She helped her family with her English.

40.【題組】60.The author believes that______.
(A) her future will be free from troubles
(B) it is difficult to learn to become patient
(C) there are more good things than bad things
(D) good things will happen if one keeps trying

41.B Dear Friend, The recent success of children's books has made the general public aware that there's a huge market out there. And there's a growing need for new writers trained to create the $3 billion worth of children's books bought each year ... plus stories and articles needed by over 650 publishers of magazines for children and teenagers. Who are these needed writers? They're ordinary folks like you and me. But am I good enough? I was once where you might be now. My thoughts of writing had been pushed down by self-doubt, and I didn't know where to turn for help. Then, I accepted a free offer from the Institute to test my writing aptitude(潜能), and it turned out to be the inspiration I needed. The promise that paid off The Institute made the same promise to me that they will make to you, if you show basic writing ability: You will complete at least one manuscript(手稿) suitable to hand in to a publisher by the time you finish our course. I really didn't expect any publication before I finished the course, but that happened. I sold three stories. And I soon discovered that was not unusual at the Institute. Since graduation, I have authored 34 nationally published children's books and over 300 stories and articles. Free test and brochure We offer a free aptitude test and will send you a copy of our brochure describing our recognized home-study courses on the basis of one-on-one training. Realize your writing dream today. There's nothing sadder than a dream delayed until it fades forever. Sincerely, Kristi Holl, Instructor Institute of Children's Literature
【題組】61. From the first three paragraphs, we learn that_____.
(A) children's books are usually bestsellers
(B) publishers are making $3 billion each year
(C) magazines for teenagers have drawn public attention
(D) there is a growing need for writers of children's books

42.【題組】62.. When finishing the course, you are promised to_____.
(A) be a successful publisher
(B) become a confident editor
(C) finish one work for publication
(D) get one story or article published

43.【題組】63.. Kristi Holl mentions her experience mainly to_____.
(A) prove she is a good instructor
(B) promote the writing program
(C) give her advice on course preparation
(D) show she sold more stories than article

44.How Room Designs Affect Our Work and Feelings Architects have long had the feeling that the places we live in can affect our thoughts, feelings and behaviors. But now scientists are giving this feeling an empirical(经验的,实证的) basis. They are discovering how to design spaces that promote creativity, keep people focused and lead to relaxation. Researches show that aspects of the physical environment can influence creativity. In 2007, Joan Meyers-Levy at the University of Minnesota, reported that the height of a room's ceiling affects how people think. Her research indicates that higher ceilings encourage people to think more freely, which may lead them to make more abstract connections. Low ceilings, on the other hand, may inspire a more detailed outlook. In additions to ceiling height, the view afforded by a building may influence an occupant's ability to concentrate. Nancy Wells and her colleagues at Cornell University found in their study that kids who experienced the greatest increase in greenness as a result of a family move made the most gains on a standard test of attention. Using nature to improve focus of attention ought to pay off academically, and it seems to, according to a study led by CKenneth Tanner, head of the School Design & Planning Laboratory at the University of Georgia. Tanner and his team found that students in classrooms with unblocked views of at least 50 feet outside the window had higher scores on tests of vocabulary, language arts and maths than did students whose classrooms primarily overlooked roads and parking lots. Recent study on room lighting design suggests than dim(暗淡的) light helps people to loosen up. If that is true generally, keeping the light low during dinner or at parties could increase relaxation. Researchers of Harvard Medical School also discovered that furniture with rounded edges could help visitors relax. So far scientists have focused mainly on public buildings. "We have a very limited number of studies, so we're almost looking at the problem through a straw(吸管)," architect David Allison says. "How do you take answers to very specific questions and make broad, generalized use of them? That's what we're all struggling with."
【題組】64. What does Joan Meyers-Levy focus on in her research?
(A) Light.
(B) Ceilings.
(C) Windows.
(D) Furniture.

45.【題組】65.The passage tells us that ______.
(A) the shape of furniture may affect people's feelings
(B) lower ceilings may help improve students' creativity
(C) children in a dim classroom may improve their grades
(D) students in rooms with unblocked views may feel relaxed

46.【題組】66.The underlined sentence in the last paragraph probably means that ______.
(A) the problem is not approached step by step
(B) the researches so far have faults in themselves
(C) the problem is too difficult for researchers to detect
(D) research in this area is not enough to make generalized patterns

47.【題組】67... Which of the following shows the organization of the passage? CP: Central Point P: Point SP: Sub-point(次要点) C: Conclusion
48.D When students and parents are asked to rate subjects according to their importance, the arts are unavoidably at the bottom of the list. Music is nice, people seem to say, but not important. Too often it is viewed as mere entertainment, but certainly not an education priority(优先). This view is shortsighted. In fact, music education is beneficial and important for all students. Music tells us who we are. Because music is an expression of the beings who create it, it reflects their thinking and values, as well ad the social environment it came influence that George Gershwin and other musicians introduced into their music is obviously American because it came from American musical traditions. Music expresses our character and values. It gives us identity as a society. Music provides a kind of perception(感知)that cannot be acquired any other way. Science can explain how the sun rises and sets. The arts explore the emotive(情感的)meaning of the same phenomenon. We need every possible way to discover and respond to our world for one simple but powerful reason: No one way can get it all. The arts are forms of thought as powerful in what they communicate as mathematical and scientific symbols. They are ways we human beings “talk” to each other. They are the language of civilization through which we express our fears, our curiosities, our hungers, our discoveries, our hopes. The arts are ways we give form to our ideas and imagination so that they can be shared with others. When we do not give children access to an important way of expressing themselves such as music, we take away from them the meanings that music expresses. Science and technology do not tell us what it means to be human. The arts do. Music is an important way we express human suffering, celebration, the meaning and value of peace and love. So music education is far more necessary than people seem to realize.
【題組】68. According to Paragraph 1, students
(A) regard music as a way of entertainment
(B) disagree with their parents on education
(C) view music as an overlooked subject
(D) prefer the arts to science

49.【題組】69. In Paragraph 2, the author uses jazz an example to
(A) compare it with rock music
(B) show music identifies a society
(C) introduce American musical traditions
(D) prove music influences people’s lifestyles

50.【題組】70..According to the passage, the arts and science .
(A) approach the world from different angles
(B) explore different phenomena of the world
(C) express people’s feelings in different ways
(D) explain what it means to be human differently

51.【題組】71. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) Music education deserves more attention.
(B) Music should be of top education priority.
(C) Music is an effective communication tool.
(D) Music education makes students more imaginative.

52.E Camping wild is a wonderful way to experience the natural world and, at its best, it makes little environmental influence. But with increasing numbers of people wanting to escape into the wilderness, it is becoming more and more important to camp unobtrusively(不引人注目地)and leave no mark. Wild camping is not permitted in many places, particularly in crowded lowland Britain. Wherever you are, find out about organizations responsible for managing wild spaces, and contact them to find out their policy on camping and shelter building. For example, it is fine to camp wild in remote parts of Scotland, but in England you must ask the landowner’s permission, except in national parks. Camping is about having relaxation, sleeping outdoors, experiencing bad weather, and making do without modern conveniences. A busy, fully-equipped campsite(野营地)seems to go against this, so seek out smaller, more remote places with easy access to open spaces and perhaps beaches. Better still, find a campsite with no road access: walking in makes a real adventure. Finding the right spot to camp is the first step to guaranteeing a good night’s sleep. Choose a campsite with privacy and minimum influence on others and the environment. Try to use an area where people have obviously camped before rather than creating a new spot. When camping in woodland, avoid standing dead trees, which may fall on a windy night. Avoid animal runs and caves, and possible homes of biting insects. Make sure you have most protection on the windward side. If you make a fire, do so downwind of your shelter. Always consider what influence you might have on the natural world. Avoid damaging plants. A good campsite is found, not made—changing it should be unnecessary.
【題組】72. You needn’t ask for permission when camping in .
(A) national parks in England
(B) most parts of Scotland
(C) crowded lowland Britain
(D) most parts of England

53.【題組】73. The author thinks that a good campsite is one .
(A) with easy access
(B) used previously
(C) with modern conveniences
(D) far away from beaches

54.【題組】74. The last paragraph mainly deals with
(A) protecting animals
(B) building a campfire
(C) camping in woodland
(D) finding a campsite with privacy

55.【題組】75 The passage is mainly about
(A) the protection of campsites
(B) the importance of wild camping
(C) the human influence on campsites
(D) the dos and don’ts of wild camping