21. One afternoon，my son Adam asked me，“Are all people the same even if they are different in color?”
I thought for a minute，and then I said，“I’ll explain, _21_ you can just wait until we make a quick 22 at the grocery store. I have something 23 to show you.＂
At the grocery store， we 24 some apples—red，green and yellow ones．Back home．I told Adam，＂It’s time to 25 your question．”I put one apple of each 26 on the table．Then I looked at Adam, who had a 27 look on his face.
“People are like apples．They come in all 28 colors，shapes and sizes．On the 29 ,some of the apples may not 30 look as delicious as the others．”As I was talking, Adam was 31 each one carefully.
Then, I took each of the apples and peeled（削皮）them, 32 them back on the table, but 33 a different place.
“okay, Adam, tell me which is which.”
He said, “I 34 tell. They all look the same now.” “Take a bite of 35 . See if that helps you 36 which one is which.”
He took 37 , and then a huge smile came across his face. “People are 38 like apples! They are all different, but once you 39 the outside, they’re pretty much the same on the inside.”
【題組】21. He totally 40 it. I didn’t need to say or do anything else.
(A)although (B)so (C)because (D)if
It was the first snow of winter – an exciting day for every child but not for most teachers. Up until now, I had been old enough to dress myself, but today I would need some help. Miss Finlayson, my kindergarten teacher, had been through first snow days many times, but I think she may still remember this one.
I managed to get into my wool snow trousers. But I Struggled with my jacket because it didn’t fit well. It was a hand-me-down from my brother, and it made me wonder why I had to wear his ugly clothes. At least my hat and scarf were mine, and they were quite pretty. Finally it was time to have Miss Finlayson help me with my boots（靴子）.
In her calm, motherly voice she said, “By the end of winter, you will all be able to put on your own boots.” I didn’t realize at the time that this was more a statement of hope than of confidence（信心）.
I handed her my boots and stuck out my foot. Like most children, I expected grown-ups to do all the work. After much pushing, she managed to get the first one into place and then, with a sigh, worked the second one on too.
I announced, “They’re on the wrong feet.”
She struggled to get the boots off and went through the joyless task of putting them on again.
“They’re my brother’s boots, you know,” I said“I hate them!”
Somehow, from long years of practice, she managed to act as though I wasn’t an annoying（烦人的）little girl, She pushed and pushed, less gently this time. With a greater sigh, seeing the end of her struggle with me, she asked, “Now, where are your mittens（连指手套）?”
I looked into her eyes and said, “I didn’t want to lose them, so I hid them in the toes of my boots.”
【題組】41. The little girl was more satisfied with her__________.
(A)trousers (B)jacket (C)boots (D)hat
42.【題組】42．Miss Finlayson had difficulty with the girl’s boots mainly because_____.
(A)the girl got them from her brother (B)the girl put something in them
(C)they were on the wrong feet (D)they did not fit the girl well
43.【題組】43．Why does the author say Miss Finlayson would remember that first snow day?
(A)Because the little girl was in her brother’s clothes.
(B)Because it was the most exciting day of the winter.
(C)Because the little girl played a trick on her.
(D)Because the little girl wore a pretty scarf.
44.【題組】44．We can learn from the text that Miss Finlayson_________.
(A)was losing confidence in the little girl
(B)gradually lost patience with the little girl
(C)because disappointed with the little girl
(D)was getting bored with the little girl
When people hear a president speak, they seldom think about others helping to shape the presentation（报告）. Today, however, presidents depend on writers such as J. Terry Edmonds to help them communicate（交流）effectively. Edmonds is the first African American ever to work as a full-time speechwriter for a U.S. president; he is also the first African American to serve as director of speechwriting for the White House. His is an all-American story of success.
Edmonds grew up in Baltimore, Maryland; his father drove a truck, and his mother worked as a waitress. A great reader, Edmonds showed a gift for writing at his high School, Baltimore City College. After graduating in 1967, Edmonds went on to Morgan State University.
Edmonds began his career in business, with jobs in public relations and communications, He joined the world of politics as news secretary for his congressman (国会议员) from Baltimore, During Bill Clinton’s presidency, he worked speeches for Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala and worked in a number of jobs in the White House and in governmental departments. President Clinton then appointed (任命) him to the office of director of speechwriting, Following the 2000 elections, Edmonds returned to Morgan State University as the school’s special assistant to the president for 2001-2002.
【題組】45.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?
(A)Edmonds proved himself to be good at writing at high school.
(B)Edmonds graduated from Morgan State University in 1967.
(C)Edmonds was the first full-time speechwriter.
(D)Edmonds served the White House after 2000.
46.【題組】46. Edmonds entered the world of politics first as
(A)news secretary for a congressman
(B)a speechwriter for President Clinton
(C)news secretary in the White House
(D)a speechwriter for Secretary Donna Shalala
“Old wives tales” are beliefs passed down from one generation to another, For Example, most of us remember our parents’ telling us to eat more of certain foods or not to do certain things. Is there any truth in these teachings? Some of them agree with present medical thinking, but others have not passed the test of time.
Did your mother ever tell you to eat your carrots because they are good for your eyes? Scientists now report that eating carrots can help prevent a serious eye disease called macular degeneration. Eating just one carrot a day can reduce the possibility of getting this disease by 40%. Garlic (蒜) is good for you, too. It can kill the type of virus that causes colds.
Unfortunately, not all of Mom’ s advice passed the test of medical studies, For example, generations of children have been told not to go swimming within an hour after eating. But research suggests that there is no danger in doing so. Do sweets cause tooth problems? Well, yes and no. Sticky sweets made with grains tend to cause more problems than sweets made with simple sugars.
Even though science can tell us that some of our traditional beliefs don’t hold water, there is still a lot of truth in the old wives’ tales. After all, much of this knowledge has been accumulated (积累) from thousands of years of experience in family health care. We should respect this body of knowledge even as we search for clear scientific support to prove it true or false.
【題組】48.Which of the following is TRUE according to the test?
(A)Eating garlic is good for our eyes.
(B)Sticky sweets are damaging to our teeth.
(C)Swimming after a meal is dangerous.
(D)Carrots prevent people from catching colds.
Brian arrived at the San Francisco airport two hours before the flight to Paris. He was wearing three shirts, a jacket, two pairs of socks, a pair of shorts, and two pairs of jeans. He was carrying one small backpack, which was very full, but he didn’t have any other luggage. Brian needed to meet a man named Tony before he checked in for his flight. He found Tony near the Air France counter. Tony gave him a round-trip ticket and a small package.
“Give this package to Jean-Paul at the airport in Paris. He will have a sign with your name on it. I think you can find him easily ,” Tony said, ”You don’t have any luggage, right?”
“Only this backpack,” Brian answered”You said I could bring one carry-on bag.”
“That’s right. One carry-on bag is fine. Have a good trip.”
Is Brian a criminal(罪犯)? Not at all. He is an air-courier. And he paid only $110 for the round-trip ticket to Paris. Air couriers get cheap airline tickets because they take important packages and papers to foreign countries. Businesses sometimes need to get packages and papers to people in foreign countries by the next day. Often, the only way they can do this is to use an air-courier company. It is not cheap for a business to send a package with an air courier, but it is quick.
Every year about 80,000 people worldwide travel as air couriers. The number of tickets for courier travel is growing by about 10 percent a year. However, air-courier travel isn’t for everyone. But if you have very little money, can be flexible(灵活的) about your travel plans, and don’t mind wearing the same clothes for a week, it can be a great way to take a vacation!
【題組】52. Why was Brian wearing so many clothes for his travel?
(A)Because they were the uniforms for air couriers.
(B)Because that made him easier to be recognized.
(C)Because his backpack had no room his clothes.
(D)Because he did not have any luggage with him
53.【題組】53. An air courier is a person who_________
(A)manages a business company in foreign countries
(B)organizes international flights for tourists
(C)travels around the world with cheap tickets
(D)delivers papers and packages to foreign countries.
55.【題組】55. One of the disadvantages of traveling as an air courier is that he_____.
(A)cannot decide when and where to travel
(B)cannot take any luggage with him
(C)has to wear two pairs of jeans
(D)saves little money from the travel
56.【題組】56. The author of the text mainly______.
(A)describes the activities of a law-breaker
(B)suggests an ideal way to travel
(C)argues against the air-courier travel
(D)tells us about a developing business
Successful people in international business understand the cultures of other countries and learn to change their practices in different cultures. They understand the importance of avoiding business decisions based on misconceptions-mistaken ideas.
One cause of misconceptions is ethnocentrism, the belief that one’s own culture’s way of doing things is better than the way of other cultures. It’s ethnocentrism that leads to failure in international business. To avoid ethnocentrism, it’s necessary to study the different elements(组成部分) of culture: language, values and attitudes ,and customs and manners.
A knowledge of the local language can help international business people in four ways. First, people can communicates directly. Second, people are usually more open in their communication
With someone who speaks their language. Third, an understanding of the language allows people to infer meanings that are not said directly. Finally, knowing the language helps people to understand the culture better.
Values and Attitudes
Values are people’s basic beliefs about the difference between right and wrong, good and badAn attitude is way of thinking or acting. Values and attitudes influence international business. For
Example, many people in the United States believe that chocolate from Switzerland is better than chocolate from other countries, and they buy a lot of it.
Customs and Manners
Customs are common social practices. Manners are ways of acting that the society believes are polite. For example, in the United States, it is custom to have salad(色拉) before the main course at dinner, not after. It’s not acceptable to talk with food in mouth at table. Failure to understand the customs and manners of other countries will bring difficulty selling their products. Orange juice as a breakfast drink of an American company in France doesn’t sell well because the French don’t usually drink juice with breakfast.
【題組】57.A knowledge of the local language allows international business people __________.
(A)to be more open with their customers
(B)to communicate without outside help
(C)to express their thoughts indirectly
(D)to have a better idea of their own culture
60.【題組】60. The author’s purpose of writing this article is to tell people _________.
(A)how to take a right attitude in business
(B)how to avoid misunderstandings in business
(C)how to use a local language in business
(D)how to act politely and properly in business