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99 年 - 2010年全国统一考试(四川卷)#11823 

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1.I grew up in a house where the TV was seldom turned on and with one wall in my bedroom entirely lined with bookshelves, most of my childhood was spent on books I could get hold of. In fact, I grew up thinking of reading as natural as breathing and books unbelievably powerful in shaping perspectives (观点) by creating worlds we could step into, take part. in. and liv e in.
     With this unshakable belief, I, at. fourteen, decided to become a writer. Here too, reading became useful. Every writer starts off knowing that he has something to say, but being unable to find the right ways to say it. He has to find his own voice by reading widely and discovering which parts of the writers he agrees or disagrees with, or agrees with so strongly that it reshapes his own world. He cannot write without loving to read, because only through reading other people’s writing can one discover what works, what doesn’t and, in the end, together with lots of practice, what voice he has.
Now I am in college, and have come to realize how important it is to read fiction (文学作品).As a. law student, my reading is in fact limited to subject matter—the volume (量) of what I have to read for classes every week means there is little time to read anything else. Such reading made it all the clearer to me that I live in a very small part in this great place called life. Reading fiction reminds me that there is life beyond my own. It allows me to travel across the high seas and along the Silk Road, all from the comfort of my own armchair, to experience, though secondhand, exciting experiences that I wouldn't necessarily be able to have in my lifetime.

【題組】41. What can be inferred about the author as a child?
(A) He never watched TV.
(B) He read what he had to.
(C) He found reading unbelievable.
(D) He considered reading part of his life.
2.【題組】42. The underlined word "voice" in the second paragraph most probably means “ ”.
(A) an idea
(B) a sound quality
(C) a way of writing
(D) a world to write about
3.【題組】43. What effect does reading have on the author?
(A) It helps him to realize his dream.
(B) It opens up a wider world for him.
(C) It makes his college life more interesting.
(D) It increases his interest in worldwide travel.
4.【題組】44. Which of the following can be the best title of this text?
(A) Why do I read?
(B) How do I read?
(C) What do I read?
(D) When do I read?
5.    Boiler rooms are often dirty and steamy, but this one is el.ean and cool. Fox Point is a very new47-unit living building in South Bronx, one of the city’s poorest areas. Two-thirds of the people living there are formerly (以前) homeless people, whose rent is paid by the government. The rest are low-income families.  The boiler room has special equipment, which produces energy for electricity and heat. It reuses heat that would otherwise be lost to the air, reducing carbon emissions(碳排放)while also cutting costs.
 Fox Point is operated by Palladia, a group that specializes in providing housing and services to needy, people. Palladia received support from Enterprise Community Partners (ECP), which helps build affordable housing by providing support to housing developers.
ECP has created national standards for healthy, environmentally (环境方面) clever and affordable homes which are called, the Green Communities Standards. These standards include water keeping, energy saving and the use of environmentally friendly building materials.  Meeting the standards increases housing construction costs by 2%, which is rapidly paid back by lower running costs. Even the positioning of a window to get most daylight can help save energy.
Michael. Bloomberg, New York's mayor, plans to create 165,000 affordable housing units for500,000 New Yorkers. Almost 80%  of New York City’s greenhouse-gas emissions come from buildings, and 40% of those are caused, by housing.  So he recently announced that the city’s Department of Housing and Preservation and Development (DHPD) , whos e duty is to develop and keep the city’s supply of affordable housing, will require all its new projects to follow ECP’s green standards.
Similar measures have been taken by other cities such as Cleveland and Denver, but New York’s DHPD is the largest city developer of affordable housing in the country.

【題組】45. What is the purpose of describing the boiler room in the first paragraph?
(A) To explain the measures the city takes to care for poor people.
(B) To suggest that affordable housing is possible in all areas.
(C) To show how the environment-friendly building works.
(D) To compare old and new boiler rooms.
6.【題組】46. What is an advantage of the buildings meeting the Green Communities Standards?
(A) Lower running costs.
(B) Costing less in construction.
(C) Less air to be lost in hot days.
(D) Better prices for homeless people.
7.【題組】47. It can be learned from the text that,
(A) New York City is seriously polluted
(B) people’s daily life causes many carbon emissions in New York City
(C) a great number of people in New York City don't have houses to live in
(D) some other cities have developed more affordable housing than New York City
8.【題組】48. What is the main purpose of this text?
(A) To call on people to pay more attention to housing problems.
(B) To prove that some standards are needed for affordable housing.
(C) To ask society to help homeless people and low-income families.
(D) To introduce healthy, environmentally clever-and affordable housing.
9.   Alex London Research Laboratory (ALRL) is part of Alex Co., Ltd., a major Australian medicine-making company. Opened in 1992, ALRL specialises in the development of new medicines for the treatment of heart diseases.
    A position is now open for a Research Operations Manager(ROM) to support our growing research team at the new laboratories in Hatfield,due to open in the autumn of 2010.
    Reporting to the Director,you will help set up and run the technical and scientific support services of our new laboratories now under construction.You will be expected to provide expert knowledge about and be in charge of all areas of ALRL’S Health and Safety,and to communicate (沟通)with support employees at ALRL’S laboratories based at University College London.Working closely with scientists and other operations and technical employees,you will manage a small number of research support employees providing services to help with the research activities to be carried out at the new laboratories.
    Candidates(申请人) will have experience of both management and research support/technical services.Knowledge of research operations and excellent communication skills are necessary. Education to degree level is also desirable.
    If you are interested in this position,please send your CV(简历)to Alex London Research
 Laboratory,University College London,Hatfield,London,W1E 6B7 or by email to ALRL@alex.co.uk
   For more Information.please visit www.alex.co.uk

【題組】49.What can be learnt about the new laboratories from the text?
(A)They have not yet been set up.
(B)They are in Hatfield,Australia.
(C)They belong to University College London.
(D)They are new workplaces for Australian researchers only.
10.【題組】

50.What are the duties of a ROM,according to the text?


(A)a,b,c.


(B)a,b,d.


(C)b,c,d.


(D)a,c,d.

11.【題組】51.What does the fourth paragraph mainly talk about?
(A)The technical skills of a would—be ROM.
(B)The practical experience of a would—be ROM.
(C)The personal information of a would—be ROM.
(D)The necessary requirements for a would—be ROM.
12.【題組】52.What is the purpose of the text?
(A)To describe the job of a ROM.
(B)To provide information about ALRL.
(C)To announce an open position at ALRL.
(D)To make known the op ening of the new laboratories.
13.     Somali pirates(海盗) robbed three Thai fishing ships with 77 sailors on board nearly l,200 Miles off the Somali coast,the farthest-off-shore attack to date,an officer said Tuesday.
Pirates have gone farther south and east in answer to increased patrols(巡逻)by warships off the Somali shore. The robbing of the three ships Sunday was about 600 miles outside the normal operation area for the international force,said a spokesman.
The spokesman said the attack so far out at sea was a clear sign that the int ernational patrols against pirates were having a “marked effect on pirate activity in the area”.
“Once they start attacking that far out,you’re not even really talking about the Somali basin or areas of water that have any connection with Somalia,” said an officer,Roger Middleton.“Once you’re that far out,it's just the Indian Ocean,and it means you’re looking at trade going from the Gulf to Asia,from Asia to South Africa.”
  "This is the farthest robbing to date.They are now operating near the Maldives and India,”said another officer.
  The three ships--the MV Prantal ay l l,12,and l 4—had 77 members on board in total.All of them are Thai, the spokesman said.Before the Sunday robbing,pirates held l l ships and 228 sailors.
Pirates have increased attacks over the past year in hopes。f catching more dollar payments. Because of increased patrols and defenses on board ships,the success rate(率)has gone down,though the number of successful attacks has stayed the same year over year.

【題組】53. The pirate attack reported in the text happened .
(A)far out in the Indian Ocean
(B)in the normal patrol area
(C)near the Somali, coast
(D)in the south of Africa
14.【題組】54.According to the text, which can best describe the sit uation of the pirate problems?
(A)More goods on board are lost.
(B)Pirate attacks happen in a larger area now.
(C)The number of attacks has stayed the same these years.
(D)Pirate attacks are as serious as before along the Somali coast.
15.【題組】55.Which is true about the warship patrols according to the text?
(A)The patrols are of little effect.
(B)The patrols are more difficult.
(C)More patrols are quite necessary even in Asia.
(D)The patrols only drive the pirates to other areas.
16.【題組】56.How many sailors were held by the pirates up to the time of the report?
(A)228.
(B)77.
(C)383.
(D)305.
17.        Fear plays no part in this latest problem.“I’m not afraid I'll lose my children.I won't lose my children. We live together, and nothing, nothing,”she repeats, her voice rising when speaking to John's lawyer, “will stop me from being with my children. A law? Year, right. Don't disturb me when it comes to my children. You are never going to win. If John wants to see them, I cannot stop him. He's their father¬¬—I want them to see him! However, his visit in his present condition will disturb the children's stable (稳定的) life.”
    John, who has spent much of his time in California recently, has only hired a house for himself in Pennsylvania, according to his lawyer. "If he'd like to stick to a regular life, I'd be more than happy to do that," Jane says. "The best thing for any child of a divorced (离婚的) parent is a stable life. I want nothing more than for him to set up a stable life for himself, so that he can be part of making our children's lives more stable. "
    While matters of money and care won't be settled for weeks, Jane hardly puts her life on hold. Last week the ABC network announced that Jane would return with her own show, Twist of Jane, in which she gives advice to other moms.Jane and her eight children will also return to ABC in a series  of  Jane Plus 8 specials showing them on various adventures.It’s a rest for Jane.who insists that she needs her new,busy life to provide f or her family.“I have to lead such a life.and I’m thankful that I’ve built it to the top where now I can support my children.”she says.
  And  whether a bellicose(好斗的)dance judge or a bellicose former wife,Jane plans to keep  0n facing attacks on her.  “Some people try to knock me down—only to make me more fierce,more protective,more determined to do better,”she says.“Go ahead,take me on.This will just make me stronger.”

【題組】57. According to Jane in the first paragraph,the low
(A) can’t take her children away from her
(B) can’t do anything with the case
(C) will best settle the problem
(D) will disturb her children
18.【題組】58 . What does “to do that” refer to in the second paragraph?
(A) To live with John.
(B)To hire a house for John.
(C)To allow John to see the children
(D)To ask John to set up a regular life.
19.【題組】59. What does the underlined sentence in the third paragraph mean?
(A)Jane’s life is very difficult.
(B)Jane continues to live as usual.
(C)Jane almost can’t control her lire
(D)Jane works very hard to live a happy life.
20.【題組】60 . Which word can best describe Jane?
(A) Proud.
(B)Fierce.
(C)Determined.
(D)Independent