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100 年 - 2011年北京高考真题(英语)#13315 

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1.21. Experiments of this kind ______________in both the U. S and Europe well before the Second World War.
(A) have conducted
(B) have been conducted
(C) had conducted
(D) had been conducted
2.22. ______________ Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness.
(A) Which
(B) What
(C) That
(D) Whom
3.23. Tom ______________ in the library every night over the last three months.
(A) works
(B) worked
(C) has been working
(D) had been working
4.24. — I don’t really like Jams. Why did you invite him? — Don’t worry. He _____ come. He said he wasn’t certain what his plans were.
(A) must not
(B) need not
(C) would not
(D) might not
5.25. It’s important for the figures ______________ regularly.
(A) to be undated
(B) to have been updated
(C) to update
(D) to have updated
6.26. Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others. ______________, of course, made all the others upset.
(A) who
(B) which
(C) what
(D) that
7.27. That must have been a long trip. Yeah, it ______ us a whole week yet there.
(A) takes
(B) had taken
(C) took
(D) was taking
8.28. Where are the children? The dinner’s going to be completely ruined. — I wish they ______________ always late.
(A) weren’t
(B) hadn’t been
(C) wouldn’t he
(D) wouldn’t have been
9.29. _______ volleyball is her main focus, she’s also great at basketball.
(A) Since
(B) Once
(C) Unless
(D) While
10.30. May be if I ______________ science, and not literature then. I would be able to give your more help.
(A) studied
(B) would study
(C) had studied
(D) was studying
11.31. The shocking news made me realize ______________ terrible problems we would face.
(A) what
(B) how
(C) that
(D) why
12.32. — Bob has gone to California. — Oh, can you tell me when he ______________?
(A) had left
(B) left
(C) is leaving
(D) would leave
13.33. Sit down. Emma. You will only make yourself more worried, ______________ on your feet.
(A) to keep
(B) keeping
(C) having kept
(D) to have kept
14.34. The employment rate has continued to rise in big cities thanks to the efforts of the local governments to increase ______________.
(A) them
(B) those
(C) it
(D) that
15.35. With new technology, pictures of underwater valleys can be taken _____________ color.
(A) by
(B) for
(C) with
(D) in
16.I used to hate being called upon in class mainly because. I didn’t like attention drawn to myself. And 36 otherwise assigned (指定) a seat by the teacher. I always 37 to sit at the back of the classroom. All this 38 after I joined a sports team. It began when a teacher suggested. I try out for the basketball team. At first I thought it was a crazy 39 because I didn’t have a good sense of balance nor did I have the 40 to keep pace with the others on the team and they would tease me. But for the teacher who kept insisting on my “ 41 for it”, I wouldn’t have decided to give it a try. Getting up the courage to go to the tryouts was only the 42 of it. When I first started 43 the practice sessions. I didn’t even know the rules of the game much 44 what I was doing. Sometimes I’d get 45 and take a shot at the wrong direction—which made me feel really stupid. 46 . I wasn’t the only one “new” at the game, so I decided to 47 on learning the game, do my best at each practice session, and not be too hard on myself for the things I didn’t 48 “just yet”. I practiced and practiced. Soon I knew the 49 and the “moves” Being part of a team was fun and motivating. Very soon the competitive 50 in me was winning over my lack of confidence. With time, I learned how to play and made friends in the 51 — friends who respected my efforts to work hard and be a team player. I never had so much fun! With my 52 self-confidence comes more praise from teachers and classmates. I have gone from “ 53 ” in the back of the classroom and not wanting to call attention to myself. 54 raising my hand — even when I sometimes wasn’t 100 percent 55 I had the right answer. Now I have more self-confidence in myself.
【題組】36.
(A) as
(B) until
(C) unless
(D) though
17.【題組】37.
(A) hoped
(B) agreed
(C) meant
(D) chose
18.【題組】38.
(A) continued
(B) changed
(C) settled
(D) started
19.【題組】39.
(A) idea
(B) plan
(C) belief
(D) saying
20.【題組】40.
(A) right
(B) chance
(C) ability
(D) patience
21.【題組】41.
(A) going
(B) looking
(C) cheering
(D) applying
22.【題組】42.
(A) point
(B) half
(C) rest
(D) basis
23.【題組】43.
(A) enjoying
(B) preparing
(C) attending
(D) watching
24.【題組】44.
(A) less
(B) later
(C) worse
(D) further
25.【題組】45.
(A) committed
(B) motivated
(C) embarrassed
(D) confused
26.【題組】46.
(A) Interestingly
(B) Fortunately
(C) Obviously
(D) Hopefully
27.【題組】47.
(A) focus
(B) act
(C) rely
(D) try
28.【題組】48.
(A) want
(B) do
(C) support
(D) know
29.【題組】49.
(A) steps
(B) orders
(C) rules
(D) games
30.【題組】50.
(A) role
(B) part
(C) mind
(D) value
31.【題組】51.
(A) process
(B) operation
(C) movement
(D) situation
32.【題組】52.
(A) expressed
(B) improved
(C) preserved
(D) recognized
33.【題組】53.
(A) dreaming
(B) playing
(C) relaxing
(D) hiding
34.【題組】54.
(A) by
(B) for
(C) with
(D) to
35.【題組】55.
(A) lucky
(B) happy
(C) sure
(D) satisfied
36.A “I Went Skydiving at 84!” As a young girl growing up in the 1930s, I always wanted to fly a plane, but back then it was almost unheard of for a woman to do that. I got a taste of the dream in 2001, when my husband arranged for me to ride in a hot air balloon for my birthday. But the experience turned out to be very dull. Around that time, I told my husband that I wanted to skydive. So when our retirement community (社区)announced that they were having an essay competition and the topic was an experience of a lifetime that you wanted to have. I decided to write about my dream. In the essay, I wrote about my desire to skydive, stating Gorge Bush Sr. did it at age 80. Why not me? I was just 84 and in pretty good health . A year went by and I heard nothing. But then at a community party in late April 2009, they announced that I was one of the winners. I just couldn’t believe it. Inspired by this. I decided to realize my dream, even though some of my family members and my doctor were against it. On June 11,2009, nearly 40 of my family and friends gathered in the area close to where I would land while I headed up in the airplane. My instructor, Jay, guided me through the experience. The plane was the noisiest one I had ever been in, but I wasn’t frightened-I was really just looking forward to the experience. When we reached 13,000 feet, Jay instructed me to throw myself out of the plane. When we first hit the air, the wind was so strong that I could hardly breathe. For a second I thought, “What have I gotten myself into?” But then everything got calmer. We were in a free fall for about a minute before Jay opened the parachute (降落伞), then we just floated downward for about five minutes . Being up in the clouds and looking at the view below was unlike anything I have ever felt-much better than the hot air balloon. I was just enjoying it. Skydiving was really one of the greatest experiences of my life. I hope other people will look at me and really one of the greatest experiences of my life. I hope other people will look at me and realize that you don’t stop living just because you are 84 years old. If there’s something you want to experience, look into it. If it’s something that is possible, make it happen.
【題組】56. What happened to the author in 2001?
(A) She flew an airplane.
(B) She entered a competition.
(C) She went on a hot air balloon ride.
(D) She moved into a retirement community.
37.【題組】57. The author mentioned George Bush Sr. in the essay to .
(A) build up her own reputation
(B) show her admiration for him
(C) compare their health condition
(D) make her argument persuasive
38.【題組】58. How did the author feel immediately after she jumped out of the plane?
(A) Excited.
(B) Scared.
(C) Nervous
(D) Regretful
39.【題組】59. What did the author enjoy most when she was skydiving?
(A) The beautiful clouds.
(B) The wonderful view.
(C) The company of Jay
(D) The one-minute free fall
40.B Submission Guidelines Before sending us a manuscript(稿件), look through recent issues(刊物)of the Post to get an idea of the range and style of articles we publish. You will discover that our focus has broadened to include well-researched, timely and informative articles on finance, home improvement, travel, humor, and many other fields. The Post’s goal is to remain unique, with content that provides additional understandings on the ever-evolving American scene. In addition to feature-length(专题长度的) articles, the Post buys anecdotes, cartoons, and photos. Payment ranges from $25 to $400. Our nonfiction needs include how-to, useful articles on gardening, pet care and training, financial planning, and subjects of interest to a 45-plus, home-loving readership. For nonfiction articles, indicate any special qualifications you have for writing about the subject, especially scientific material. Include one or two published pieces with your article. We prefer typed articles between 1,000 and 2,000 words in length. We encourage you to send both printed and online versions. We also welcome new fiction. A light, humorous touch is appreciated. We are always in need of straight humor articles. Make us laugh, and we’ll buy it. Feature articles average about 1,000 to 2,000 words. We like positive, fresh angles to Post articles, and we ask that they be thoroughly researched. We normally respond to article submissions within six weeks. You are tree to submit the article elsewhere at the same time. Please submit all articles to Features Editor. The Saturday Evening Post,1100 Waterway Boulevard. Indianapolis. IN 46202, (317) 634-1100.
【題組】60. Before sending a manuscript to the Post, a contributor is advised to .
(A) get a better understanding of American issues
(B) find out the range of the articles in the Post
(C) increase his knowledge in many fields
(D) broaden his research focus
41.【題組】61. To submit nonfiction articles, a contributor must .
(A) provide his special qualifications
(B) be a regular reader of the Post
(C) produce printed versions
(D) be over 45 years old
42.【題組】62. From the passage we can learn that the Post .
(A) allows article submissions within six weeks
(B) favors science articles within 2,000 words
(C) has a huge demand for humorous works
(D) prefers nonfiction to fiction articles
43.C Students and Technology in the Classroom I love my Blackberry—it’s my little connection to the larger world that can go anywhere with me. I also love my laptop computer, as it holds all of my writing and thoughts. Despite this love of technology, I know that there are times when I need to move away from there devices(设备)and truly communicate with others. On occasion, I teach a course called History Matters for a group of higher education managers. My goals for the class include a full discussion of historical themes and ideas. Because I want students to thoroughly study the material and exchange their ideas with each other in the classroom, I have a rule-no laptops, iPads, etc. When students were told my rule in advance of the class, some of them were not happy. Most students assume that my reasons for this rule include unpleasant experiences in the past with students misusing technology. There’s a bit of truth to that. Some students assume that I am anti-technology. There’s no truth in that at all. I love technology and try to keep up with it so I can relate to my students. The real reason why I ask students to leave technology at the door is that I think there are very few places in which we can have deep conversations and truly engage complex ideas. Interruptions by technology often break concentration and allow for too much dependence on out information for ideas. I want students to dig deep within themselves for inspiration and ideas. I want them to push each other to think differently and to make connections between the course material and the class discussion. I’ve been teaching my history class in this way for many years and the evaluations reflect student satisfaction with the environment that I create. Students realize that with deep conversation and challenge, they learn at a level that helps them keep the course material beyond the classroom I’m not saying that I won’t ever change my mind about technology use in my history class, but until I hear a really good reason for the change, I’m sticking to my plan. A few hours of technology-free dialogue is just too sweet to give up.
【題組】63. Some of the students in the history class were unhappy with
(A) the course material
(B) others’ misuse of technology
(C) discussion topics
(D) the author’s class regulations
44.【題組】64. The underlined word “engage” in Para.4 probably means .
(A) explore
(B) accept
(C) change
(D) reject
45.【題組】65. According to the author, the use of technology in the classroom may .
(A) keep students from doing independent thinking
(B) encourage students to have in-depth conversations
(C) help students to better understand complex themes
(D) affect students’ concentration on course evaluation
46.【題組】66. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that the author.
(A) is quite stubborn
(B) will give up teaching history
(C) will change his teaching plan soon
(D) values technology-free dialogues in his class
47.D As the railroads and the highways shaped the American West in the past centuries, a new electrical generating(发电)and transmission (输送) system for the 21th century will leave a lasting mark on the West, for better or worse. Much of the real significance of railroads and highways is not in their direct physical effect on the scenery, but in the ways that they affect the surrounding community. The same is true of big solar plants and the power lines that will be laid down to move electricity around. The 19 th century saw land grants(政府拨地) offered to railroad companies to build the transcontinental railroads, leaving public land in between privately owned land. In much of the West, some of the railroad sections were developed while others remained undeveloped, and in both cases the landownership has presented unique challenges to land management. With the completion of the interstate highway system, many of the small towns, which sprang up as railway stops and developed well, have lost their lifeblood and died. Big solar plants and their power lines will also have effects far beyond their direct footprint in the West. This is not an argument against building them. We need alternative energy badly, and to really take advantage of it we need to be able to move electricity around far more readily than we can now. So trade-offs will have to be made. Some scenic spots will be sacrificed. Some species(物种) will be forced to move, or will be carefully moved to special accommodations. Deals will be struck to reduce the immediate effects. The lasting effects of these trade-offs are another matter. The 21th century development of the American West as an ideal place for alternative energy is going to throw off a lot of power and money in the region. There are chances for that power and money to do a lot of good. But it is just as likely that they will be spent wastefully and will leave new problems behind, just like the railroads and the highways. The money set aside in negotiated trade-offs and the institutions that control it will shape the West far beyond the immediate footprint of power plants and transmission lines. So let’s remember the effects of the railroads and the highways as we construct these new power plants in the West.
【題組】67. What was the problem caused by the construction of the railways?
(A) Small towns along the railways became abandoned.
(B) Some railroad stops remained underused.
(C) Land in the West was hard to manage.
(D) Land grants went into private hands.
48.【題組】68. What is the major concern in the development of alternative energy according to the last two paragraphs?
(A) The transmission of power.
(B) The use of money and power.
(C) The conservation of solar energy.
(D) The selection of an ideal place.
49.【題組】69. What is the author’s attitude towards building solar plants?
(A) Cautious
(B) Approving
(C) Doubtful
(D) Disapproving
50.【題組】70. Which is the best title for the passage?
(A) How the Railways Have Affected the West
(B) How Solar Energy Could Reshape the West
(C) How the Effects of Power Plants Can Be Reduced
(D) How the Problems of the Highways Have Been Settled