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100 年 - 2011年湖南英语高考真题#12914 

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1.21. The ability _______ an idea is as important as the idea itself.
(A). expressing
(B). expressed
(C). to express
(D). to be expressed
2.22. -----Joan, what _______ in your hand? -----Look! It’s a birthday gift for my grandma.
(A). had you held
(B). are you holding
(C). do you hold
(D). will you hold
3.23. The players _______ from the whole country are expected to bring us honor in this summer game.
(A). selecting
(B). to select
(C). selected
(D). having selected
4.24. I knew that would over discourage him, he would never give up wanting to be a director
(A). something
(B). anything
(C). everything
(D). nothing
5.25. Julia was good at German, French and Russian, all of _______ she spoke fluently.
(A). who
(B). whom
(C). which
(D). that
6.26. One-third of the country _______ covered with trees and the majority of the citizens _______ black people.
(A). is; are
(B). is; is
(C). are; are
(D). are; is
7.27. In 1492, Columbus _______ on one of the Bahama Islands, but the mistook is for an island off India.
(A). lands
(B). landed
(C). has landed
(D). had landed
8.28. -----No one _______ be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball. ----Oh, you are really his big fan.
(A). can
(B). need
(C). must
(D). might
9.29. Do you wake up every morning _______ energetic and ready to start a new day?
(A). feel
(B). to feel
(C). feeling
(D). felt
10.30. It is most instructive lecture that I _______ since I came to this school.
(A). attended
(B). had attended
(C). am attending
(D). have attended
11.31. Before a problem can be solved, it must be obvious _______ the problem itself is.
(A). what
(B). that
(C). which
(D). why
12.32. Only after they had discussed the matter for several hours _______ a decision.
(A). they reached
(B). did they reach
(C). they reach
(D). do they reach
13.33. Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______ he had done something very clever.
(A). as if
(B). in case
(C). while
(D). though
14.34. In the near future, more advances in the robot technology _______ by science.
(A). are making
(B). are made
(C). will make
(D). will be made
15.35. It’s not what we do once in a while _______ shapes our lives, but what we do consistently.
(A). which
(B). that
(C). how
(D). when
16.36.Section B (18 marks) Directions:For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A),B),C) and (D. Fill in each blank with the words or phrases that best fits the context. People in communities have slowly been pushed apart through the years, mostly because people simply aren’t taking the time to say a simple “ hello. ” After considering this phenomenon, I decided I was going to 36 the way I was doing things. My 37 came one morning when I was in the community library. I passed by a girl who 38 her books out of her locker. Thinking like most that someone else would help her pick them up, I continued my way. However, when I had to 39 because I stupidly forgot my book, I noticed she had just finished packing them up by herself. No one h ad stopped to 40 her. “OK,” I thought to myself, “this is where I should have changed.” My best opportunity came a few days later when I saw a man 41 by himself waiting for the library to open, so I sat down next to him and began a 42 . It was difficult to get started, and even when I had to say goodbye, almost every 43 from my new friend had a tone (语气) of doubt in it. And who could blame him? People aren’t used to making an 44 chat with a stranger. But a change, no matter how 45 it is needed, doesn’t just happen. It takes people like us to make it possible. I 46 you to take a small step out of your comfort zone and try to make someone’s day a little brighter. Together, we can really make society come 47 as a whole.
(A). change
(B). explain
(C). learn
(D). show
17.37.
(A). trouble
(B). doubt
(C). wish
(D). opportunity
18.38.
(A). took
(B). dropped
(C). got
(D).pulled
19.39.
(A). come out
(B). stand by
(C). go back
(D). turn up
20.40.
(A). please
(B). greet
(C). help
(D). praise
21.41.
(A). sitting
(B). walking
(C). riding
(D). running
22.42.
(A). discussing
(B). lesson
(C). report
(D). conversation
23.43.
(A). joke
(B). response
(C). cry
(D). story
24.44.
(A). unchangeable
(B). unprepared
(C). unforgettable
(D). unfinished
25.45.
(A). desperately
(B). frequently
(C). simply
(D). widely
26.46.
(A).allow
(B).warm
(C).order
(D).advise
27.47.
(A).later
(B). straighter
(C).closer
(D).slower
28.56.A When first entered, Vanak Restaurant does not look like much of a restaurant, but once the pleasant smells of kabob (烤肉串)hit the senses, you are incapable of calling it anything less. Owned by a local couple, this Persian restaurant has an inviting, homelike atmosphere that many restaurants lack. The space is small with only a few dining tables and nearly no decoration, but the environment is truly chaiming. Lying in a hardly noticeable street corner, the restaurant still attracts all customer especially those experi enced in the delights of Middle Easrern cooking. A common sight is that of old Persian men sitting in the corner talking loudly about world topics, wathcing news events on TV, drinking a black tea known as Persian chai, an reading local Persian nespapers all the while trying to finish off their plates piled wit food. The variety of food at the restaurant is limited, but the amount of each dish is fairly large. Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10, so not only is it affordably but practical as well. The food, especially appeals to health-conscious eaters because each dish is very healthy, made with limited fat and o il and served straight off the grill(烤肉架). The main dish that the restaurant is popular for is its kabobs, which are different style of grilled meat. One delicious and extemely healthy dish is the Jooieh Kabob, which is made of grille chichen picccs served with either rice or bread. Another great kabob is the Chelo Kabob, kabob consinting of grilled beef. Although the restaurant is samall, the atmosphere and the food is delicious. It is a plan that should not be overlooked. When first entering the restaurant ,one can find that it
(A). is splendidly decorated.
(B). has pleasant smells of kabobs.
(C). is crowded with dining table.
(D). looks like a common restaurant.
29.57.What activity is also mentioned apart from dining in the restaurant?
(A). Watching news events on TV.
(B). Drinking a kind of black coffee.
(C). Reading local English newspaper.
(D). Discussing world topics in l oe voices.
30.58.The food of the restaurant
(A). is served in small amounts.
(B). is rather expensive.
(C). is rich in varity.
(D). is very heslthy
31.59.What is the dish Joojeh Kabob mainly made of ?
(A). Rice
(B). Chicken
(C). Bread
(D). Beef
32.60. It can be inferred from the passage that restaurant .
(A). occupies
(B). owns a favorable location
(C). is popular for its special food
(D). has a quiet environment inside
33.61. B My father was chief engineer of a merchant ship ,which was sunk in world war ???the book night of the U-boats told the story。 Memories In September ,1940,my mother ,sister and I went to Swansea ,where my father ‘s ship was getting ready to sail ,we brought him a family photography to be kept with him at all times and keep him safe . Then I remember my mother lying face down ,sobbing .she had heard from a friend that the ship had been sunk by a torpedo (鱼雷). I can remember the arrived of the telegram(电板),which in those days always brought bad news .my grandmother opened it ,it read ,safe .love ted.” My most vivid memory is being woken and brought down to sit on my father’s knee, his arm in a bandage . He was judged unfit to return to sea and took a shore job in Glasgow for the rest of the war, for as long as I can remember ,he had a weak heart ,mother said it was caused by the torpedoes .he said it was because of t he cigarette ,whichever ,he died suddenly in his early 50s. Ten years later I read night of the U-boat and able to complete the story . A toast In my room is the book and the photograph .often , glass in hand, I have wondered how I would have dealt with an explosion ,a sinking ship ,a jump into a vast ocean and a wait for rescue ?lest (以免 )we forget ,I have some more whisky and toast the heroes of the war. we can infer that the mother and children went to Swansea ______.
(A). to meet a friend
(B). to see the father
(C). to take a family
(D). to enjoy the sailing of the ship
34.62.what did the author learn about the father from the telegram ?
(A). he was still alive
(B). his knee was broken
(C). his ship had been sunk
(D). he had arrived in Glasgow
35.63.the underlined word “it ” in paragraph 6 refers to the father ‘s _____ .
(A). weak heart
(B). taking a shore job
(C). failure to return
(D). injury caused by a torpedo
36.64.what can we know about the author ‘s father after his ship was attacked ?
(A). he lost his arm
(B). he repaired the engines
(C). he managed to take a lifeboat
(D). he was the last to leave the ship
37.65what is the passage mainly about ?
(A). a group of forgotten heroes
(B). a book describing a terrifying battle
(C). a ship engineer’s wartime experience
(D). a merchant’s memories of a sea res cue
38.66. C A recent study of ancient and modern elephant has come up with the unexpected conclusion that the African elephant is divided into two distinct (不同的 )species The discovery was made by researchers at York and Harvard University when they were examing the genetic relationship between the ancient woolly mammoth and mastodon modern elephants—the Asian elepphant, African forest elephant, and African savanna elephant. Once they obastain DNA sequences(序列)from two fossils(化石),mammoths and mastodons, the team comparted them with DNA from modern elephants. They found their amazement that mordern forest and savanna elephants are as distinct from each other as Asian elephants and mammoths. The scientists used detailed genetic analysis to prove that the African savanna elephant and the African forest elephant have been distinct species for several million years. The divergence of the two species took place around the time of the divergence of Asian elephants and woolly mamm oths. This result amazed all the scientists. There has long been debate in the scientific community that the two might be separate species, but this is the most convincing scientific evidence so far that they are indeed different species. Previously, many naturalists believed that African savanna elephants and African forest elephants were two populationgs of the same species, despite the elephants’ significant size differences. The savanna elephant has an average shoulder height of 3.5 metres while the forest elephant has an averate shoulder double the weight of the forest elephant. But the fact that they look so differrent does not neccssarily mean they are different species. However the prooflay in the analysisi of the DNA. Alfried Roca, assita nt professor in the Department of Animal Sciences at t he University of Illinois, said, “We now have to treat the forest and savanna elephants as two difficult units for conservation purpose. Since 1950, all Afican elephants have been conserved as one species. Now that we know the forest and savanna elephants have been distinct animals, the forest elephant should become a bigger priority(优先)for conservation purposes.” One of the fossiles studied by the researchers is that of .
(A). the Asian elephant
(B). the forest elephant
(C). the savanna elephant
(D). the maslodon elephant
39.67. The underlined word “divergence” in Paragraph 4 means “ .”
(A). evolution
(B). exhibition
(C). separation
(D). examination
40.68. The researchers’ conclusion was based on a study of the African elephant’s .
(A). DNA
(B). height
(C). weight
(D). population
41.69. What are Alfred Roca’s words mainly about?
(A). The conservation of Afican elephant
(B). The purpose of studying Afican elephant
(C). The way to divide Afican elephants into two units
(D). The renson for the distinction of African elephants
42.70.Which of the following can be the best tille for the passage?
(A). Naturalist’ Beliefs about Elephants
(B). Amazing Experiments about Elephants
(C). An Unexpected Finding ahout Elephants
(D). A Long Scientifif Debate about Elephants
43.21. The ability _______ an idea is as important as the idea itself.
(A) expressing
(B) expressed
(C) to express
(D)to be expressed
44.22. -----Joan, what _______ in your hand? -----Look! It’s a birthday gift for my grandma.
(A) had you held
(B) are you holding
(C) do you hold
(D)will you hold
45.23. The players _______ from the whole country are expected to bring us honor in this summer game.
(A) selecting
(B) to select
(C) selected
(D)having selected
46.24. I knew that would over discourage him, he would never give up wanting to be a director
(A) something
(B) anything
(C) everything
(D)nothing
47.25. Julia was good at German, French and Russian, all of _______ she spoke fluently.
(A) who
(B) whom
(C) which
(D)that
48.26. One-third of the country _______ covered with trees and the majority of the citizens _______ black people.
(A) is; are
(B) is; is
(C) are; are
(D)are; is
49.27. In 1492,Clumbus _______ on one of theBhama Islands, but the mistook is for an island off India.
(A) lands
(B) landed
(C) has landed
(D)had landed
50.28. -----No one _______ be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball. ----Oh, you are really his big fan.
(A) can
(B) need
(C) must
(D)might
51.29. Dyou wake up every morning _______ energetic and ready to start a new day?
(A) feel
(B) to feel
(C) feeling
(D)felt
52.30. It is most instructive lecture that I _______ since I came to this school.
(A) attended
(B) had attended
(C) am attending
(D)have attended
53.31.Bfore a problem can be solved, it must be obvious _______ the problem itself is.
(A) what
(B) that
(C) which
(D)why
54.32. Only after they had discussed the matter for several hours _______ a decision.
(A) they reached
(B) did they reach
(C) they reach
(D)do they reach
55.33. Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______ he had done something very clever.
(A) as if
(B) in case
(C) while
(D)though
56.34. In the near future, more advances in the robot technology _______ by science.
(A) are making
(B) are made
(C) will make
(D)will be made
57.35. It’s not what we do once in a while _______ shapes our lives, but what we do consistently.
(A) which
(B) that
(C) how
(D)when
58.36.SectionB(18 marks) Directions:For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked AB,C and DFill in each blank with the words or phrases that best fits the context. People in communities have slowly been pushed apart through the years, mostly because people simply aren’t taking the time to say a simple “ hello. ” Ater considering this phenomenon, I decided I was going to 36 the way I was doing things. My 37 came one morning when I was in the community library. I passed by a girl who 38 her books out of her locker. Thinking like most that someone else would help her pick them up, I continued my way. However, when I had to 39 because I stupidly forgot my book, I noticed she had just finished packing them up by herself. No one h ad stopped to 40 her. “OK,” I thought to myself, “this is where I should have changed.” My best opportunity came a few days later when I saw a man 41 by himself waiting for the library to open, so I sat down next to him and began a 42 . It was difficult to get started, and even when I had to say goodbye, almost every 43 from my new friend had a tone (语气) of doubt in it. Ad who could blame him? People aren’t used to making an 44 chat with a stranger.Bt a change, no matter how 45 it is needed, doesn’t just happen. It takes people like us to make it possible. I 46 you to take a small step out of your comfort zone and try to make someone’s day a little brighter. Together, we can really make society come 47 as a whole.
(A) change
(B) explain
(C) learn
(D)show
59.37.
(A) trouble
(B) doubt
(C) wish
(D)opportunity
60.38.
(A) took
(B) dropped
(C) got
(D)pulled
61.39.
(A) come out
(B) stand by
(C) go back
(D)turn up
62.40.
(A) please
(B) greet
(C) help
(D)praise
63.41.
(A) sitting
(B) walking
(C) riding
(D)running
64.42.
(A) discussing
(B) lesson
(C) report
(D)conversation
65.43.
(A) joke
(B) response
(C) cry
(D) story
66.44.
(A) unchangeable
(B) unprepared
(C) unforgettable
(D)unfinished
67.45.
(A) desperately
(B) frequently
(C) simply
(D) widely
68.46.
(A)allow
(B)warm
(C)order
(D)advise
69.47.
(A)later
(B) straighter
(C)closer
(D)slower
70.56.A When first entered, Vanak Restaurant does not look like much of a restaurant, but once the pleasant smells of kabob (烤肉串)hit the senses, you are incapable of calling it anything less. Owned by a local couple, this Persian restaurant has an inviting, homelike atmosphere that many restaurants lack. The space is small with only a few dining tables and nearly no decoration, but the environment is truly chaiming. Lying in a hardly noticeable street corner, the restaurant still attracts all customer especially those experi enced in the delights of Middle Easrern cooking. A common sight is that of old Persian men sitting in the corner talking loudly about world topics, wathcing news events on TV, drinking a black tea known as Persian chai, an reading local Persian nespapers all the while trying to finish off their plates piled wit food. The variety of food at the restaurant is limited, but the amount of each dish is fairly large. Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10, so not only is it affordably but practical as well. The food, especially appeals to health-conscious eaters because each dish is very healthy, made with limited fat and o il and served straight off the grill(烤肉架). The main dish that the restaurant is popular for is its kabobs, which are different style of grilled meat. One delicious and extemely healthy dish is the Jooieh Kabob, which is made of grille chichen picccs served with either rice or bread. Aother great kabob is theCelo Kabob, kabob consinting of grilled beef. Athough the restaurant is samall, the atmosphere and the food is delicious. It is a plan that should not be overlooked. When first entering the restaurant ,one can find that it
(A) is splendidly decorated.
(B) has pleasant smells of kabobs.
(C) is crowded with dining table.
(D)looks like a common restaurant.
71.57.What activity is also mentioned apart from dining in the restaurant?
(A) Watching news events on TV.
(B) Drinking a kind of black coffee.
(C) Reading local English newspaper.
(D)Discussing world topics in l oe voices.
72.58.The food of the restaurant
(A) is served in small amounts.
(B) is rather expensive.
(C) is rich in varity.
(D)is very heslthy
73.59.What is the dish Joojeh Kabob mainly made of ?
(A) Rice
(B)Cicken
(C)Bead
(D)Bef
74.60. It can be inferred from the passage that restaurant .
(A) occupies
(B)owns a favorable location
(C)is popular for its special food
(D)has a quiet environment inside
75.61. B My father was chief engineer of a merchant ship ,which was sunk in world war ???the book night of the U-boats told the story。 Memories In September ,1940,my mother ,sister and I went to Swansea ,where my father ‘s ship was getting ready to sail ,we brought him a family photography to be kept with him at all times and keep him safe . Then I remember my mother lying face down ,sobbing .she had heard from a friend that the ship had been sunk by a torpedo (鱼雷). I can remember the arrived of the telegram(电板),which in those days always brought bad news .my grandmother opened it ,it read ,safe .love ted.” My most vivid memory is being woken and brought down to sit on my father’s knee, his arm in a bandage . He was judged unfit to return to sea and took a shore job in Glasgow for the rest of the war, for as long as I can remember ,he had a weak heart ,mother said it was caused by the torpedoes .he said it was because of t he cigarette ,whichever ,he died suddenly in his early 50s. Ten years later I read night of the U-boat and able to complete the story . Atoast In my room is the book and the photograph .often , glass in hand, I have wondered how I would have dealt with an explosion ,a sinking ship ,a jump into a vast ocean and a wait for rescue ?lest (以免 )we forget ,I have some more whisky and toast the heroes of the war. we can infer that the mother and children went to Swansea ______.
(A) to meet a friend
(B)to see the father
(C) to take a family
(D)to enjoy the sailing of the ship
76.62.what did the author learn about the father from the telegram ?
(A) he was still alive
(B)his knee was broken
(C) his ship had been sunk
(D)he had arrived in Glasgow
77.63.the underlined word “it ” in paragraph 6 refers to the father ‘s _____ .
(A) weak heart
(B)taking a shore job
(C) failure to return
(D)injury caused by a torpedo
78.64.what can we know about the author ‘s father after his ship was attacked ?
(A) he lost his arm
(B)he repaired the engines
(C) he managed to take a lifeboat
(D)he was the last to leave the ship
79.65what is the passage mainly about ?
(A) a group of forgotten heroes
(B)a book describing a terrifying battle
(C)a ship engineer’s wartime experience
(D)a merchant’s memories of a sea res cue
80.66. C Arecent study of ancient and modern elephant has come up with the unexpected conclusion that the Arican elephant is divided into two distinct (不同的 )species The discovery was made by researchers at York and Harvard University when they were examing the genetic relationship between the ancient woolly mammoth and mastodon modern elephants—the Aian elepphant, Arican forest elephant, and Arican savanna elephant. Once they obastain DNAsequences(序列)from two fossils(化石),mammoths and mastodons, the team comparted them with DNAfrom modern elephants. They found their amazement that mordern forest and savanna elephants are as distinct from each other as Aian elephants and mammoths. The scientists used detailed genetic analysis to prove that the Arican savanna elephant and the Arican forest elephant have been distinct species for several million years. The divergence of the two species took place around the time of the divergence of Aian elephants and woolly mamm oths. This result amazed all the scientists. There has long been debate in the scientific community that the two might be separate species, but this is the most convincing scientific evidence so far that they are indeed different species. Previously, many naturalists believed that Arican savanna elephants and Arican forest elephants were two populationgs of the same species, despite the elephants’ significant size differences. The savanna elephant has an average shoulder height of 3.5 metres while the forest elephant has an averate shoulder double the weight of the forest elephant.Bt the fact that they look so differrent does not neccssarily mean they are different species. However the prooflay in the analysisi of the DNA Afried Roca, assita nt professor in the Department of Aimal Sciences at t he University of Illinois, said, “We now have to treat the forest and savanna elephants as two difficult units for conservation purpose. Since 1950, all Aican elephants have been conserved as one species. Now that we know the forest and savanna elephants have been distinct animals, the forest elephant should become a bigger priority(优先)for conservation purposes.” One of the fossiles studied by the researchers is that of .
(A) the Aian elephant
(B)the forest elephant
(C)the savanna elephant
(D)the maslodon elephant
81.67. The underlined word “divergence” in Paragraph 4 means “ .”
(A) evolution
(B)exhibition
(C) separation
(D)examination
82.68. The researchers’ conclusion was based on a study of the Arican elephant’s .
(A) DNA
(B)height
(C) weight
(D)population
83.69. What are Afred Roca’s words mainly about?
(A) The conservation of Aican elephant
(B)The purpose of studying Aican elephant
(C) The way to divide Aican elephants into two units
(D)The renson for the distinction of Arican elephants
84.70.Which of the following can be the best tille for the passage?
(A) Naturalist’Bliefs about Elephants
(B)Aazing Experiments about Elephants
(C)A Unexpected Finding ahout Elephants
(D)ALong Scientifif Debate about Elephants