週三"阿摩用功日",VIP免費領取 前往
【站僕】摩檸Morning>試卷(2020/03/31)

學士後西醫-化學題庫 下載題庫

93 年 - 46學士後西醫化學93化學#84263 

選擇:80題,非選:0題
立即測驗 
我要補題 回報試卷錯誤
1.1. Coco-Cola® is carbonated by injecting the liquid with carbon dioxide gas. Under what conditions is the solubility of carbon dioxide gas the greatest?
(A) low temperature, low pressure
(B) low temperature, high pressure
(C) low temperature, pressure is not a factor
(D) high pressure, temperature is not a factor
(E) high temperature, high pressure .

2.重新載圖

2. Ninhydrin is the hydrate of a triketone and is in equilibrium with it.
5e82e7303b722.jpg
In the following statements which one is TRUE?
(A) Ninhydrin is a good reagent for testing α-amino acids, usually carried out at acidic condition.
(B) The positive ninhydrin test usually exhibits an intense purple color.
(C) Ninhydrin is a good reagent for testing nucleosides, usually carried out at basic condition.
(D) The positive ninhydrin test usually exhibits a red color.
(E) The positive ninhydrin test usually exhibits a green color.

.


3.3. Which one is WRONG for gas chromatography?
(A) The mobile phase does not interact with molecules of the sample.
(B) Capillary columns provide higher resolution than packed columns.
(C) Reproducible retention times require control of the column temperature.
(D) Immobilized liquid phase should be chemical inert and low volatile.
(E) This method is applicable to species that are appreciably non-volatile. .

4.4. Which of the following contains the metal with the lowest oxidation number?
(A) CaCl2
(B) FeSO4
(C) MnO2
(D) CrO3
(E) NaBr .

5.5. Which detector is used in the infrared spectrum?
(A) phototube
(B) photomultiplier tube
(C) photodiode arrays
(D) silicon photodiodes
(E) thermal detector .

6.6. A fatty acid gives nonanal and 9-oxononanoic acid on ozonolysis followed by zinc treatment. This fatty acid gives stearic acid on hydrogenation by H2/Pd. What is this fatty acid?
(A) Lauric acid
(B) Palmitic acid
(C) Arachidic acid
(D) Oleic acid
(E) Arachidonic acid .

7.7. Cell membranes are composed mostly of _____________ organized into a lipid bilayer which serves as an effective barrier to the passage of water, ions, and other components into and out of cells.
(A) glycerophospholipids
(B) sphingomyelins
(C) prostaglandins
(D) lipids
(E) fatty acid .

8.重新載圖

8. Wohl degradation: a multi-step reaction sequence for degrading an aldose into the next lower homolog. What is the missing reagent in the following Wohl degradation?
5e82e81cd7ce2.jpg
(A) KMnO4
(B) AgO
(C) NH3
(D) NH2NH2
(E) NH2OH

.


9.9. Lactose yields 1 equivalent D-glucose and 1 equivalent _________ on hydrolysis.
(A) D-fructose
(B) D-galactose
(C) D-mannose
(D) D-ribose
(E) D-deoxyribose .

10.10. Sucrose is an example of__________.
(A) a reducing sugar
(B) a ketohexose
(C) an anomer of ribose
(D) an aldohexose
(E) a disaccharide .

11.11. Glucosamine, the monosaccharide unit from chitin has an amino group at what position?
(A) C1
(B) C2
(C) C3
(D) C4
(E) C5 .

12.重新載圖

12. Which of the following Fischer projections of glyceraldehydes represent the same configuration with A?
5e82e86b9a62e.jpg

(A) 1, 3
(B) 1, 2
(C) 2, 3
(D) 1, 2, 3
(E) none of these

.


13.重新載圖

13. Choose the set of reagents which best accomplishes the desired conversion.
  5e82e8c135e20.jpg

(A) sulfuric acid, H2O
(B) 1. hydrogen peroxide, H2O; 2. KOH
(C) 1. sodium borohydride; 2. KOH
(D) 1. hydroxylamine; 2. H2O
(E) 1. hydrazine; 2. KOH, H2O

.


14.14. The mass spectrum of 5-methyl-2-hexanone shows two typical fragments. One is m/z = 43 due to α-cleavage at the more highly substituted side of the carbonyl group, the other one is m/z = ? due to McLafferty rearrangement.
(A) 51
(B) 54
(C) 56
(D) 58
(E) 60 .

15.15. A nitro group is ___________ electrophilic aromatic substitution.
(A) displaced in
(B) reduced in
(C) activating for
(D) para directing for
(E) deactivating for .

16.16. How many different alkenes have the molecular formula C5H10, including E, Z isomers?
(A) 4
(B) 5
(C) 6
(D) 8
(E) none of the above .

17.

17. From each pair pick the compound with the higher boiling point.
(i) ① acetic acid or ② propanoic acid
(ii)③ n-pentane or  ④neopentane
(iii)⑤ methane or  ⑥ methyl chloride
(A)①③⑤
(B)①④⑤
(C)②④⑥
(D)②③⑥
(E)①④⑥

.

18.重新載圖

18. Place in order of stability (most stable FIRST):
5e82ea76dbe9c.jpg
 
(A)④②③①
(B)②③①④
(C)②①③④
(D)④②①③
(E) none of the above is correct

.


19.19. Pentane can be distinguished from ethyl ether by the following test:
(A) Only ether liberates hydrogen when sodium is added.
(B) Only ether dissolves in concentrated sulfuric acid.
(C) Only ether gives a positive iodoform test.
(D) Only ether is reduced by sodium borohydride.
(E) Only ether is oxidized by aqueous dichromate. .

20.20. If 1-hexyne is added to a solution of sodium amide, a gas is evolved. What is it?
(A) C6H14
(B) NH3
(C) C6H12
(D) C6H10
(E) C2H2 .

21.重新載圖

21. In the following reaction, choose the MAJOR organic product.
5e82eb7075144.jpg
(A) N-methylpiperidine
(B) methylcyclohexane
(C) 2-methylcyclohexanone
(D) 1-methylcyclohexanol
(E) 1-methylcyclohexene

.


22.22. The pinacol rearrangement proceeds via ________ route.
(A) an electrophilic substitution
(B) a free radical
(C) a cycloaddition
(D) a carbocation
(E) a carbanion .

23.23. If the nitrogen of pyrrole is protonated, the ring is ________.
(A) cleaved
(B) no longer aromatic
(C) susceptible to electrophilic substitution
(D) expanded
(E) unaffected .

24.24. The anilinium ion exhibits __________.
(A) no characteristic IR bands
(B) increased solubility in hexane compared to aniline
(C) a purple color due to charge delocalization
(D) decreased reactivity for electrophilic substitution compared to aniline
(E) a facile decomposition to ammonia .

25.25. How many hydrogen atoms are present in each molecule of 1,3-dimethylbicyclo[1.1.0]butane?
(A) 10
(B) 12
(C) 13
(D) 14
(E) 15 .

26.

26. Consider ①Cl-, ②OH-, ③SH-, and④CH3-. The CORRECT order of nucleophile reactivity is (strongest nucleophile LAST):
(A)④③②①
(B)④②①③
(C)②①③④
(D)①②③④
(E)①③④②

.

27.27. How many grams of Ca(NO3)2 can be produced by reacting excess HNO3 with 7.40 g of Ca(OH)2? [Ca = 40]
(A) 10.2 g
(B) 16.4 g
(C) 32.8 g
(D) 8.22 g
(E) 7.40 g .

28.重新載圖

28. For the redox reaction 2 Fe2+ + Cl2→ 2 Fe3+ + 6 Cl-, which of the following are the correct half-reaction?
5e82ed4418de1.jpg
(A)① and ④
(B) ① and ⑤
(C) ② and ④
(D) ② and ⑤
(E) ③ and ④

.


29.重新載圖

29. Samples of the gases H2(g) and SO2(g) have equal masses and are at the same temperature and pressure. Calculate the ratio of volumes  5e82ee0fdfe1d.jpg .
(A) 1.0
(B) 0.18
(C) 32
(D) 5.6
(E) 180

.


30.重新載圖

30. For the following reaction
PCl5 (g) 5e82ef9b6d4e3.jpg PCl3 (g) + Cl2 (g)  △H = -89 KJ
How can the equilibrium be shifted to the right?
(A) add more PCl5
(B) decrease the pressure by changing the volume
(C) remove Cl2
(D) remove PCl3
(E) all of the above are correct

.


31.重新載圖

31. Given the following data
5e82efd092d7f.jpg
(A) 1.18 J / K mole
(B) 11.8 J / K mole
(C) 118 J / K mole
(D) 1180 J / K mole
(E) none of the above

.


32.32. Calculate the pH of 0.10 M NH4CN. (Kb for NH3 = 1.8 x 10-5; Ka for HCN = 6.2 x 10-10)
(A) 9.23
(B) 8.87
(C) 8.21
(D) 5.79
(E) 5.13 .

33.33. Calculate the work for the expansion of CO2 from 1.0 to 2.5 liters against a pressure of 1.0 atm at constant temperature.
(A) 1.5 liter.atm
(B) 2.5 liter.atm
(C) 0
(D) -1.5 liter.atm
(E) -2.5 liter.atm .

34.34. Green light has a wavelength of 5.50 x 102 nm. The energy of a photon of green light is:
(A) 3.64 x 10-38 J
(B) 2.17 x 105 J
(C) 3.61 x 10-19 J
(D) 1.09 x 10-27 J
(E) 5.45 x 1012 J .

35.35. According to the Bohr model for the atom:
(A) electrons are located in similar orbitals
(B) electrons have identical energies
(C) protons spin counterclockwise
(D) electrons can only occupy specific orbitals
(E) all of the above are correct .

36.36. The maximum number of electrons that can occupy a 4d sub-shell is:
(A) 4
(B) 6
(C) 8
(D) 10
(E) varies .

37.37. How many electrons are in a hydride ion if it has a charge of -1?
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
(E) 1.5 .

38.38. A polar covalent bond results from two atoms:
(A) unequally sharing a pair of electrons
(B) equally sharing a pair of electrons
(C) one atom giving up an electron
(D) two atoms sharing a single electron
(E) hydrogen atom overlap .

39.39. Which of the following molecules would you expect to be polar?
(A) CO2
(B) CH4
(C) CH2Cl2
(D) H2
(E) F2 .

40.40. The entropy of the universe is always increasing. This is a statement of .
(A) 1st law of thermodynamic
(B) 2nd law of thermodynamics
(C) 3rd law of thermodynamics
(D) Hess’ law
(E) Gibbs’ law .

41.41. The reaction of NaOH with a fat is referred to as:
(A) esterification
(B) dissociation
(C) hydrolysis
(D) saponification
(E) condensation .

42.42. For a reaction to be spontaneous, which of the following must be TRUE?
(A) delta H must be negative
(B) delta H must be positive
(C) delta S must be negative
(D) delta S must be positive
(E) delta G must be negative .

43.43. How many mL of 15 M HNO3 are needed to make 500 mL of a 2 M solution?
(A) 0.015
(B) 0.03
(C) 33.3
(D) 66.7
(E) 15 .

44.44. Which of the following is NOT a property of alcohols compared to alkenes?
(A) exhibit hydrogen bonding
(B) higher solubility in water
(C) can be oxidized to form aldehydes or ketones
(D) undergo dehydration in acid
(E) undergo addition reaction with bromine .

45.45. Which of the following process is used by nuclear power plant?
(A) Fission
(B) Fusion
(C) Gamma emission
(D) Isotope dilution
(E) Radiation .

46.46. What is the complementary sequence (3' → 5') to the DNA segment CAT ?
(A) ATG
(B) TAA
(C) AGG
(D) CAT
(E) GTA .

47.47. An atom becomes an ion by:
(A) gaining or losing protons
(B) gaining or losing electrons
(C) gaining or losing neutrons
(D) gaining or losing mass
(E) gaining or losing isotope .

48.48. In order for the electron to return to the ground state, what must happen?
(A) energy is absorbed
(B) energy is released
(C) no energy change
(D) electron is lost
(E) electron is gained .

49.49. Which bond is the least polar? (Electronegativities: H = 2.2; N = 3.0; O = 3.5; P = 2.1; S = 2. 5)
(A) N-H
(B) P-H
(C) O-H
(D) S-H
(E) P-S .

50.50. For a double displacement reaction demonstration in class, a solution of potassium iodide and a solution of lead (II) nitrate were combined. A precipitate was formed as a product. What color was the precipitate?
(A) white
(B) green
(C) yellow
(D) black
(E) red .

51.51. Which one is WRONG for the safety in the laboratory?
(A) Wear eye protection at all times.
(B) In the event of contact with acids, immediately flood the affected area with copious quantities of water.
(C) Never work alone in the laboratory.
(D) Never use your mouth to provide suction.
(E) It is legal to flush solutions containing heavy metal ions or organic liquids down the drain. .

52.52. Which working electrode is used for pH measurement?
(A) Ag/AgCl electrode
(B) Calomel electrode
(C) Hg electrode
(D) Glass electrode
(E) Pt electrode .

53.53. Salt A and salt B were dissolved separately in 100 mL beakers of water. The water temperatures were measured and recorded as shown in the table below:
Salt A: initial water temp. 25.1°C final water temp. 30.2°C
Salt B: initial water temp. 25.1°C final water temp. 20.0°C
Which statement is a CORRECT interpretation of these data?
(A) The dissolving of only salt A was endothermic.
(B) The dissolving of only salt B was exothermic.
(C) The dissolving of both salt A and salt B was endothermic.
(D) The dissolving of salt A was exothermic and the dissolving of salt B was endothermic.
(E) The dissolving of both salt A and salt B was endothermic. .

54.54. How many moles of oxygen gas, O2, will react with 2 moles of nitrogen monoxide gas, NO, according to the following equation? ___ NO (g) + ___ O2(g) ____ NO2(g) [O2 = 32.00 g/mol; NO = 30.01; NO2 = 46.01]
(A) 1 mol
(B) 2 mol
(C) 3 mol
(D) 4 mol
(E) none of the above .

55.重新載圖

55. Which pair of Lewis electron-dot symbols correctly depicts the elements: boron and carbon?
(A) 5e82f591554bb.jpg
(B) 5e82f599029ae.jpg
(C) 5e82f5a0ab83e.jpg
(D) 5e82f5a7ad432.jpg
(E) 5e82f5ad1f877.jpg

.


56.56. Which pair of words correctly completes this statement: Ultraviolet light is more dangerous than infrared light because it has more energy. The _______________ of ultraviolet light is _____________ than infrared light.
(A) wavelength – longer
(B) frequency – higher
(C) speed – greater
(D) speed – less
(E) frequency – lower .

57.重新載圖

57. Which orbital diagram violates the rule "no two electrons can have the same set of four identical quantum numbers"?
    5e82f600ca7fa.jpg

.


58.重新載圖

58. Which of the following plots correctly describe ideal gas behavior?
5e82f61925e69.jpg
(A)①②③
(B) only① and②
(C) only① and③
(D) only② and③
(E) only①

.


59.重新載圖

59. These compounds are:
5e82f661e570f.jpg
(A) enantiomers
(B) diasteroisomers
(C) conformers
(D) geometrical isomers
(E) identical

.


60.

60. Rank the following molecules in order of decreasing C-C bond length of their shortest C-C bonds. ① benzene ② 1,3-butadiene (CH2CHCHCH2) ③ 1,2-propadiene (CH2CCH2) ④ethyne (HCCH)
(A) ① > ②> ③ >④ 
(B) ④> ③> ②> ①
(C) ③> ②> ④ > ① 
(D) ①> ③> ② > ④ 
(E) ④> ② > ③> ① 

.

61.II. Choose one correct answer for the following questions
61. Which one is CORRECT for buffer capacity of a solution?
(A) It is defined as the number of moles of a strong acid or a strong base that cause 1 mL of the buffer to undergo a 1.00-unit change in pH.
(B) It depends only on the total concentration of buffers, not on their concentration ratio.
(C) The pKa of the acid chosen for a given application should lie within ± 1 unit of the desired pH for the buffer.
(D) A buffer solution of any desired pH can be prepared by combining calculated quantities of buffer pair, no need any adjustment.
(E) Dissociation constants would not interfere with the predicted pH values. .

62.62. There is a titration of 50.00 mL of 0.0500 M Fe2+ with 0.1000 M Ce4+ in a medium (1.0 M H2SO4). Calculate the potential after the addition of 25.00 mL of Ce4+.
Ce4+ + e- → Ce3+      Eo = 1.44 V (1 M H2SO4)
Fe3+ + e- → Fe2+       Eo = 0.68 V (1 M H2SO4)
(A) 0.64 V
(B) 1.06 V
(C) 1.56 V
(D) 2.01 V
(E) 2.21 V .

63.63. What mass of Ba(IO3)2 (487 g/mol) (Ksp = 1.57 × 10-9) can be dissolved in 400.0 mL of water at 25℃?
(A) 0.732 mg
(B) 5.45 mg
(C) 0.142 g
(D) 0.178 g
(E) 0.280 g .

64.64. The iron in a 0.6656-g ore sample was reduced quantitatively to the +2 state and then titrated with 26.75 mL of the KMnO4 solution (0.02966 M). Calculate the percentage of Fe2O3 (Fe=55.8 g/mol) in the sample.
(A) 95.12 %
(B) 47.56 %
(C) 43.12 %
(D) 38.04 %
(E) 19.02 % .

65.65. Which of the following compounds does NOT react with acetyl chloride?
(A) C2H5OH
(B) C6H6 + AlCl3
(C) CH3COONa
(D) C2H5Cl
(E) C2H5NHC2H4OH .

66.66. A compound exhibits an infrared band at 2245 cm-1 and is hydrolysed by mineral acid to give an organic acid. The original compound is:
(A) an ester
(B) an amide
(C) a nitrile
(D) an acid anhydride
(E) an alkyne .

67.67. Compound X has an empirical formula CH2 and a molecular weight of 84. When X is subjected to ozonolysis two organic products are obtained; only one of these reduces Fehling's solution and both give positive iodoform reactions. X is:
(A) hex-1-ene
(B) hex-2-ene
(C) hexa-1,4-diene
(D) 3-methylpent-2-ene
(E) 2,3-dimethylbut-2-ene .

68.重新載圖

68. Metathesis reactions have been known for many years, and one of examples is given as follow.
5e82f97f10448.jpg
What catalyst is commonly used in running the metathesis reactions?
(A) Lindlar catalyst
(B) Raney nickel
(C) Grubbs’ catalyst
(D) Pd(OH)2/C
(E) None of above

.


69.重新載圖

69.If the above reaction was strictly SN1, the organic product(s) would be: 5e82f9a61aa8a.jpg
(A) ① only
(B) ① and ②
(C) ①, ② and ③
(D) ② only
(E) ③ only

.


70.70. The minimum concentration of oxygen necessary to sustain fish life in an aquarium is 4 mg/L. Assuming the density of the aquarium water solution is 1.00 g/mL, what is the minimum concentration of O2 expressed in parts per million (ppm).
(A) 2 ppm
(B) 4 ppm
(C) 2000 ppm
(D) 250 ppm
(E) 0.004 ppm .

71.重新載圖

71. For the reaction 2 A + B → products, determine the rate law for the reaction given the following data:
5e82fa1f2e841.jpg
(A) rate = k[B]2
(B) rate = k[A]
(C) rate = k[A][B]
(D) rate = k[A]2
(E) rate = k[A][B]0

.


72.72. A certain carbohydrate compound (containing only C, H and O) is 53.3 % C, 11.1 % H, and 35.6 % O by mass. The experimentally determined molecular mass is 90 amu. What is the empirical and chemical formula for this carbohydrate?
(A) C2H5O
(B) C3H5O
(C) CH3O
(D) C3H5O2
(E) C4H10O2 .

73.重新載圖

73. Given the standard reaction enthalpies for the following reactions:
What is △Ho for the reaction: C3H8(g) + 5 O2(g) → 3 CO2(g) + 4 H2O(g)
5e82fabe0bf8f.jpg
 
(A) 773.3 kJ
(B) -773.3 kJ
(C) -2043.9 kJ
(D) -2251.5 kJ
(E) -2527.5 kJ

.


74.74. Propose a structure for a compound C5H10O that fit the following 1H-NMR data: δ 0.92 (3H, t, J = 7 Hz), 1.20 (6H, s), 1.50 (2H, q, J = 7 Hz), 1.64 (1H, br s).
(A) isopentanol
(B) 2-methyl-2-butanol
(C) isopropyl methyl ketone
(D) 2-methyl-1-butanol
(E) ethyl propyl ether .

75.重新載圖

75. How many signals are expected in the 13C NMR spectrum of the following compound?
5e82fb212d01d.jpg
(A) 5
(B) 6
(C) 7
(D) 8
(E) 10

.


76.重新載圖

76. What is the product of the following reaction?
5e82fb47a28ff.jpg
(A) 5e82fb54a6a01.jpg
(B) 5e82fb5b85201.jpg
(C) 5e82fb62debf1.jpg
(D) 5e82fb6dd83bb.jpg
(E) 5e82fb73aa9b2.jpg

.


77.重新載圖

77. Rank the following in order of decreasing acid strength (most acidic FIRST). 5e82fb8a224ec.jpg
(A) ② > ④ > ① > ③
(B) ① > ③> ④ > ② 
(C) ③> ① > ②> ④ 
(D) ③> ①> ④ > ② 
(E) ①> ② > ③> ④

.


78.重新載圖

78. Which of the following choices correctly describe the solubility of benzoic acid (I) and 2-naphthol (II) in the aqueous solution shown?
5e82fc75e1746.jpg

.


79.重新載圖

79. Which of the following compounds will undergo decarboxylation on heating?
5e82fc8d84f7f.jpg
(A) ①and ②
(B) ② and ③
(C) ③ and ④
(D) ③only
(E) ④ only

.


80.重新載圖

80. What is the product from the following esterification?
5e82fcd6d149c.jpg
(A) 5e82fce3a5f45.jpg
(B) 5e82fcea07164.jpg
(C) 5e82fcf28211e.jpg
(D) 5e82fd0a55970.jpg

.


懸賞詳解

國一公民上第一次

重新載圖2.( )下列何組人物之間的對話符合「性別平等」的觀念? (A) (B) (C) (D) ....

50 x

前往解題

93 年 - 46學士後西醫化學93化學#84263-阿摩線上測驗

93 年 - 46學士後西醫化學93化學#84263