11.The umbrella is not a new invention. The Chinese 11 umbrellas in the
eleventh century B.C. 12 China they traveled to India, Persia, and Egypt.
But in Greece and Rome, men 13 use them. They believed umbrellas were 14 for women.
When the Spanish explorers went to Mexico, they saw the Aztec kings 15
umbrellas. English explorers found out that Indian princes also carried
umbrellas on the east coast of North America. It 16 that people in different parts of the world invented umbrellas at different times.
England was probably the first country in Europe 17 ordinary people used umbrellas 18 the rain. England has a rainy climate, and umbrellas are
very useful there.
The umbrella is now a very ordinary 19 . Everybody uses it today. It keeps the rain and the sun off people. Some umbrellas fold up, 20 it is easy to
【題組】11. (A) have had (B) had (C) have (D) having
21.A person's self-concept is reflected in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people's reactions. 21 , the way people
think about themselves 22 a profound effect on all areas of their lives. For
instance, people who have a 23 sense of self-esteem usually act with
confidence. 24 they have self-assurance, they do not need constant praise and encouragement from others to feel 25 about themselves. Self-confident people are their own best friends. They participate 26 life enthusiastically
and spontaneously. They are not affected by 27 others think they "should"
do. People 28 high self-esteem are not hurt by criticism; they do not 29
criticism as personal rejection. 30 , they tend to believe criticism to be
suggestion for improvement.
【題組】21. (A) By and by (B) Luckily (C) In general (D) Even so
Most heroes are people like you. But what makes them heroes? They find special courage when they need it. They are brave enough to help in an
emergency while others may stand by. A hero sees what needs to be done and does it.
Sometimes heroes are rewarded for their brave acts. One such reward is
the Carnegie Medal. It is given to people who act bravely and face danger
to save the lives of others.
The medal was named after Andrew Carnegie. In 1886, Carnegie heard
about a young man by the name of William Hunter who lost his life trying to save two other boys from drowning. Carnegie became a very rich businessman and set aside money to honor heroes like William. Sometimes these
heroes are in need or are hurt. If so, they receive money as well as the
Over 6,000 people have received the Carnegie Medal. Some have saved
people from drowning or from burning buildings. Others have pulled people in front of moving trains or saved them from attacks by wild animals. All these heroes have one thing in common, however. They put someone else's
safety ahead of their own.
【題組】31. The Carnegie Medal is given to those who are
(A) sick and poor. (B) rich and famous.
(C) young and brave. (D) unselfish and courageous.
32.【題組】32. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) William Hunter was a very brave boy.
(B) Hunter saved Carnegie from drowning.
(C) Some heroes have been rewarded for their bravery.
(D) Carnegie was a rich businessman and liked to help people.
33.【題組】33. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Carnegie knew Hunter in person.
(B) Brave deeds can take many different forms.
(C) Over 6,000 people are Carnegie Medal recipients.
(D) Some heroes have received money as well as the Medal.
On May 26, 1977, George Willig traveled to the top of the 1,350-foot-tall
World Trade Center in New York City. He did not take the elevator,
however. Instead, like a human fly, George Willig climbed the outside of the immense 110-story building. His climb, which began at 6:30 a.m., took
three and a half hours to finish.
At the top, Willig was greeted by both police and reporters. Some of the
police officers asked him for his autograph. Then they wanted to put him in jail and charged him with violation of law for climbing the building without a
permit. Furthermore, the city also planned to sue him for a quarter of a
million dollars. The amount, the police department reported, would pay the costs of rushing special equipment and eighty police officers in order to
By the next day, city officials had reevaluated the situation. At City Hall,
Mayor Abraham Beame hosted a news conference that turned into a
ceremony in George Willig's honor. Beame announced that the city would not punish "The Human Fly." Instead, he would be fined a penny for each
of the 110 floors he had climbed. Instead of punishing Willig, the city
treated him as a hero who attempted the impossible and met the challenge.
【題組】34. George Willig reached the top of the World Trade Center in New York at
(A) six thirty in the morning of May 26, 1977.
(B) six thirty in the evening of May 26, 1977.
(C) ten o'clock in the morning of May 26, 1977.
(D) ten o'clock in the evening of May 26, 1977.
35.【題組】35. This passage is a story about
(A) a man who enjoys dangers and risks.
(B) a human being who can fly like a fly.
(C) a man who has escaped from the jail.
(D) a fly which climbs like a human being.
36.【題組】36. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A) Willig was fined $250,000.
(B) Willig was sent to prison for a year.
(C) Willig was honored in a party and fined only $1.10.
(D) Willig climbed the World Trade Center with permission.
Printing is one of the most important means of communication. Without it
you would not now be reading this passage. Even the development of
radio and television has not diminished the importance of printing.
The first printing was done from wood blocks one letter at a time by hand. This was a slow process, requiring much skill and patience, and every page of every book had to be cut separately.
A great step forward was the use of movable type. The Chinese discovered this in the 11th century, but it was not known in Europe until about 1440. In this method of printing, individual letters were made from separate pieces
of metal. If these letters were linked over and pressed on to paper, they
would print the words. When the printing was finished, the letters could be taken apart and rearranged to print something else.
One of the first European books to be printed in movable type was
Johannes Gutenberg's 42-line Bible. The first book to be printed likewise in English was about the history of Troy. It was printed in Flanders in 1474 by an Englishman, William Caxton. In 1476 he returned to England and established a printing press at Westminster. Altogether he printed nearly 80
books, many being his own translations from the French.
【題組】37. Printing is important because
(A) it is a Chinese invention.
(B) it has made reading books possible.
(C) it has helped to develop radio and television.
(D) William Caxton printed 80 books in English.
39.【題組】39. According to the passage, the use of movable type was considered as a "great step forward" because
(A) it did not need a lot of wood.
(B) it required less skill and patience.
(C) the printing letters could be reused.
(D) every page of every book required individual carving.
40.【題組】40. The first English book printed in movable type was
(A) done from wood blocks one letter at a time.
(B) done in a printing press at Westminster.
(C) Johannes Gutenberg's 42-line Bible.
(D) about the history of Troy.
41.For many years, people thought the 1 of smoking were 2 to smokers. But
new studies have found that smoke from cigarettes can be 3 to non-smokers too.
In December 1987, a U.S. Government report 4 that non-smokers could risk getting lung cancer from 5 in other people's cigarette smoke.
Another study looked at non-smoking 6 athletes who had smoking parents or friends. Being 7 cigarette smoke hurt the athletes' lungs, and made them 8 more than athletes who did not have smokers close 9 , the study said.
Studies like these have promoted the banning of smoking in 10 places.
(AB) activated (AC) cough (AD) breathing
(AE) adopting (BC) indicated (BD) symptoms
(BE) near (CD) harmful (CE) damages
(DE) limited (ABC) to (ABD) by
(ABE) weak (BCD) teenage (BCE) public
【非選題】 56.Ⅱ. 英文作文(20分)
題目：Things Are Not As Difficult As They Appear
Things are not as difficult as they appear. I have a personal experience to prove this.